The Garden in the Machine

The Emerging Science of Artificial Life

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Author: Claus Emmeche

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691029030

Category: Science

Page: 199

View: 2605

What is life? Is it just the biologically familiar--birds, trees, snails, people--or is it an infinitely complex of patterns that a computer could simulate? Emmeche outlines many of the challenges and controversies involved in the dynamic and curious science of artifical life, touching on every aspect of this complex and rapidly developing discipline. 1 halftone. 25 figs.

Towards a Semiotic Biology

Life is the Action of Signs

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Author: Claus Emmeche,Kalevi Kull

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1908977817

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 3091

This book presents programmatic texts on biosemiotics, written collectively by world leading scholars in the field (Deacon, Emmeche, Favareau, Hoffmeyer, Kull, Markoš, Pattee, Stjernfelt). In addition, the book includes chapters which focus closely on semiotic case studies (Bruni, Kotov, Maran, Neuman, Turovski). According to the central thesis of biosemiotics, sign processes characterise all living systems and the very nature of life, and their diverse phenomena can be best explained via the dynamics and typology of sign relations. The authors are therefore presenting a deeper view on biological evolution, intentionality of organisms, the role of communication in the living world and the nature of sign systems — all topics which are described in this volume. This has important consequences on the methodology and epistemology of biology and study of life phenomena in general, which the authors aim to help the reader better understand. Contents:Why Biosemiotics? An Introduction to Our View on the Biology of Life Itself (Kalevi Kull, Claus Emmeche & Jesper Hoffmeyer)Biosemiotic Approach: General Principles:Theses on Biosemiotics: Prolegomena to a Theoretical Biology (Kalevi Kull, Terrence Deacon, Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Frederik Stjernfelt)Biology is Immature Biosemiotics (Jesper Hoffmeyer)Biosemiotic Research Questions (Kalevi Kull, Claus Emmeche & Donald Favareau)Organism and Body: The Semiotics of Emergent Levels of Life (Claus Emmeche)Life is Many, and Sign is Essentially Plural: On the Methodology of Biosemiotics (Kalevi Kull)Applications:The Need for Impression in the Semiotics of Animal Freedom: A Zoologist's Attempt to Perceive the Semiotic Aim of H Hediger (Aleksei Turovski)The Multitrophic Plant-Herbivore-Parasitoid-Pathogen System: A Biosemiotic Perspective (Luis Emilio Bruni)Structure and Semiosis in Biological Mimicry (Timo Maran)Semiosphere is the Relational Biosphere (Kaie Kotov & Kalevi Kull)Why Do We Need Signs in Biology? (Yair Neuman)Conversations:Between Physics and Semiotics (Howard H Pattee & Kalevi Kull)A Roundtable on (Mis)Understanding of Biosemiotics (Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer, Kalevi Kull, Anton Markoš, Frederik Stjernfelt & Donald Favareau)Theories of Signs and Meaning: Views from Copenhagen and Tartu (Jesper Hoffmeyer & Kalevi Kull) Readership: Semioticians, biologists and those interested in the philosophy of science. Keywords:Biosemiotics;Theoretical Biology;Semiosis;Biocommunication;Semiotics;Philosophy of Biology;EthologyKey Features:This is a unique collection of the major recent contributions by the leading scientists in the field of biosemioticsThis volume will for the first time present a collective view of the group of scholars who have built the current understanding of biosemiotics (i.e. the community of researchers emanating from the major biosemiotic centers of Copenhagen and Tartu into other places worldwide)

Emergent Forms of Life and the Anthropological Voice

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Author: Michael M. J. Fischer

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822332381

Category: Social Science

Page: 477

View: 6610

Essays by a leading anthropologist on current dilemmas of theory, science, ethics, and cinema.

Advances in Artificial Life

Third European Conference on Artificial Life, Granada, Spain, June 4 - 6, 1995 Proceedings

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Author: Federico Moran

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540594963

Category:

Page: N.A

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New Technical Books

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Author: New York Public Library

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Engineering

Page: N.A

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Biosemiotics

An Examination Into the Signs of Life and the Life of Signs

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 419

View: 8764

Recent debates surrounding the teaching of biology divide participants into three camps based on how they explain the appearance of the human race: evolution, creationism, or intelligent design. Biosemiotics discovers an intriguing higher ground respecting those opposing theories by arguing that questions of meaning and experiential life can be integrated into the scientific study of nature. This groundbreaking book shows how the linguistic powers of humans imply that consciousness emerges in the evolutionary process and that life is based on sign action, not just molecular interaction. Biosemiotics will be essential reading for anyone interested in the nexus of linguistic possibility and biological reality.

Genes, Information, and Semiosis

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Author: Charbel Niño El-Hani,João Queiroz,Claus Emmeche

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biolinguistics

Page: 252

View: 4045

"Up to the middle of the 20th century, biologists studied genes without seeing them as informational structures; information theory was an engineering tool not dealing with the meaning of messages; and, semiotics, the study of signs and their meaning, dealt only with human culture. Today - after progress in molecular biology and a naturalist turn in general semiotics - researchers are beginning to realize that genes, information and semiosis, or sign action, can no longer be understood in isolation. This insight derives from a new scientific field. Biosemiotics investigates the meaning, interpretation, communication, and habit formation of living systems, and the biochemical conditions for sign action. This book clarifies the information talk in molecular and systems biology by building a semiotic model of genes and protein synthesis. It is consistent with the best scientific understanding, and it is non-reductionist, integrating signs, molecules, and natural interpretation. It offers a new definition of gene in biology, and an understanding of information that does not reduce it to digital bits, but sees it as related to the forms and processes of living organisms. Readers not familiar with molecular biology or semiotics are provided with brief introductions to basic concepts. The book is a challenge to entrenched beliefs in the anthropic nature of signs and the substantial nature of genes. No scientific revolutions are offered, but a set of deeper insights into an exciting, new cross disciplinary perspective upon life and signs"--Publisher description.

Cities and Complexity

Understanding Cities with Cellular Automata, Agent-based Models, and Fractals

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Author: Michael Batty

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 565

View: 5350

Michael Batty offers a comprehensive view of urban dynamics in the context of complexity theory, presenting models that demonstrate how complexity theory can embrace a myriad of processes and elements that combine into organic wholes.

Reports

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Creationism

Page: N.A

View: 3566

Selected Acquisitions of the Library

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Author: Indiana University, Bloomington. Law Library

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Acquisitions (Libraries)

Page: N.A

View: 6528

Quill & Quire

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Book industries and trade

Page: N.A

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Forthcoming Books

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Author: Rose Arny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

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Books in Print

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

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Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Galáxia

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Communication

Page: N.A

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The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

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Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 5131

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 8166

Emergenz

von der Unvorhersagbarkeit zur Selbstorganisation

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Author: Achim Stephan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783897854390

Category:

Page: 292

View: 8246