Social Ethics: Sociology and the Future of Society

Sociology and the Future of Society

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Author: Charlotte Perkins Gilman

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313057400

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 2114

First serialized in 1914, Social Ethics attempts to convince readers that individualist ethics have failed to make the world a safe place for children, and that we cannot progress to a fully social ethics unless we understand the morality of collective action from a specifically sociological point of view. Gilman argues that in order to be fully progressive, ethics must shift from its traditional focus on individual behaviors to the structure, morality, and outcomes of social or group actions. The social ills she addresses in her attempt to advocate for a reexamination of our ethics include topics still relevant today: militarism, waste, religious intolerance, conspicuous consumption, greed, graft, environmental degradation, preventable diseases, and patriarchal oppression in its numerous manifestations. Hill and Deegan's purpose in recovering this forcefully argued book from obscurity is to show not only that Gilman's central arguments remain largely valid and cogent today, but also that Gilman is a major and substantive contributor to the shape and importance of sociology in its formative years. Traditional ethics, Gilman argues, fail to resolve the enduring problems facing society because our received ethical systems are invariably and mistakenly founded on individualist rather than social logics. The shape of our collective future, if it is to be progressive and morally responsible, depends fundamentally on adopting a sociological perspective, and our guiding principle must be to make the world a safe and nurturing place for babies and children. Anything less, in Gilman's view, is morally degenerate. In their carefully considered introduction, Hill and Deegan locate Gilman's personal and professional sociological identity within a network of influential and collegial sociologists, and relate Social Ethics to Gilman's interests in evolutionary thought, Fabian economics, feminist pragmatism, and the cognate work of Thorstein Veblen. The publication of Social Ethics in book form recovers an important theoretical treatise for a new generation of students, scholars, and fans of Gilman's Herland/Ourland saga.

Sociology of the Future

Theory, Cases and Annotated Bibliography

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Author: Wendell Bell,James Wau

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610440390

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 1739

Concerns itself with the future of sociology, and of all social science. The thirteen authors—among them Wendell Bell, Kai T. Erikson, Scott Greer, Robert Boguslaw, James Mau, and Ivar Oxaal—are oriented toward a redefinition of the role of the social scientist as advisor to policymakers and administrators in all major areas of social concern, for the purpose of studying and shaping the future. This book contains research strategies for such "futurologistic" study, theories on its merits and dangers, as well as an annotated bibliography of social science studies of the future.

Perspectives on the Future of the Sociology of Aging

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Author: Panel on New Directions in Social Demography, Social Epidemiology, and the Sociology of Aging,Committee on Population,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309262453

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 9708

The population of the United States is growing inexorably older. With birth rates historically low and life expectancy continuing to rise, the age distribution of the population in the United States is growing steadily older. This demographic shift is occurring at a time of major economic and social changes, which have important implications for the growing elderly population. Other changes, such as the move away from defined-benefit toward defined-contribution retirement plans, changes in some corporate and municipal pension plans as a result of market pressures, and the 2008 financial crisis precipitated by the crash of the housing market, all have economic implications for older people. They are also likely to make it more difficult for certain groups of future retirees to find their retirements at the level that they had planned and would like. To deal effectively with the challenges created by population aging, it is vital to first understand these demographic, economic, and social changes and, to the extent possible, their causes, consequences, and implications. Sociology offers a knowledge base, a number of useful analytic approaches and tools, and unique theoretical perspectives that can be important aids to this task. The Panel on New Directions in Social Demography, Social Epidemiology, and the Sociology of Aging was established in August 2010 under the auspices of the Committee on Population of the National Research Council to prepare a report that evaluates the recent contributions of social demography, social epidemiology, and sociology to the study of aging and seeks to identify promising new research in these fields. Perspectives on the Future of the Sociology of Aging provides candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making the final published volume as sound as possible and to ensure that the volume meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge.

Robert Michels, Political Sociology and the Future of Democracy

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Author: Juan Linz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351492721

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 7488

These essays by the brilliant historian of political science Juan Linz comprise a remarkable intellectual review of the life and work of Robert Michels, his major book Political Parties, and the dimensions of democracy as a functioning system.Linz elucidates the importance of Michels in a way that offers more than a mechanical view of political parties as some sort of precisely ordered system of authority and influence. Instead, Michels offers a view of politics that is bottom up and untidy, what he calls a "reciprocal deference structure." Michels is not simply the father of the iron law of oligarchy, but the idea of politics as a less than orderly network of responsiveness, responsibility, and accountability. Linz demonstrates, with magisterial power, why Michels must be ranked as a foremost thinker in classical political sociology. The remaining three segments of the volume cover areas with which Linz has also long been identified. Each in its own way illumines aspects of Michels as well. "Time and Regime Change" articulates differences between change within a regime and change of a regime--sometimes hard to identify because of the elongated time frames involved. The next essay explains why Spain is neither a traditional society nor a successful modern nation. The reliance upon central authority displaced the hoped for evolution of a society based on representative democratic institutions. The final section. "Freedom and Autonomy of Intellectuals and Artists" is a topic that gripped Michels and Linz alike. Freedom as a goal of the intelligentsia has been frustrated by those who provide ideological justification for repression of ideas and actions in the name of higher values. This segment provides a bridge between Michels and Weber--not to mention both of these major figures with Linz himself. The role of state power in mediating intellectual freedom is the leitmotif that blankets the twentieth century. The work is graced by a full-length bibliography o

New Technology in Sociology

Practical Applications in Research and Work

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Author: Grant Blank,James L. McCartney,Edward E. Brent

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412829670

Category: Social Science

Page: 185

View: 4292

When technology has been applied in business environments, its justification has usually been cast in terms of saving time or saving money. In the social sciences, the justification must be different; the viability of sociology as a profession, for example, will not be enhanced by cost reductions. The focus in this volume is on a different bottom line: the quality and content of work.

Social Theory and Modern Sociology

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Author: Anthony Giddens

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804713566

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 7048

In this book Anthony Giddens addresses a range of issues concerning current developments in social theory, relating them to the prospects for sociology in the closing decades of the twentieth-century.

The Oxford Handbook of Sociology and Organization Studies

Classical Foundations

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Author: Paul S. Adler

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019953523X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 679

View: 9387

Organizations have profound and pervasive effects on our lives both at work and beyond. Indeed, we live in a society of organizations. Contemporary society and its organizations are in a period of accelerated, profound, and profoundly disconcerting, change. This volume brings together leading sociologists and organizational scholars to consider how various "classic" sociologists can help us understand this change. In recent decades, thefield of organization studies has become well established in both sociology departments and professional schools, most notably business schools. However, with this establishment has come a progressive shift in focus towards the concerns of academic peers and away from the big issues of our times. Ascompared with the increasingly academic focus of research in more recent decades, these classic sociologists were all deeply engaged with broader social and political issues.

Historical Developments and Theoretical Approaches in Sociology - Volume I

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Author: Charles Crothers

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848263317

Category:

Page: 484

View: 3832

Historical Developments and Theoretical Approaches in Sociology in two volumes is a component of Encyclopedia of Social Sciences and Humanities in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Sociology is one of several social science disciplines and smaller bodies of knowledge which seeks to understand the patterns in social life. There is a broad congruence between the objective configurations of social life and the components of the disciplines studying them, the body of sociological knowledge is socially constructed and the pathways to its gaining of knowledge influenced by a variety of factors. Moreover, since social life is ever-changing, sociology often has to scramble to catch-up with the changing social world. This work is built up around four broad topics, the first providing important shared contextual material and then followed by three broad levels of social analysis: with each of these four parts containing a number of chapters with more specific and in-depth information. The theme essay provides a general introduction and overview of the theme as a whole. In total, the work holds 40 contributions written by a selection of many international renowned specialists from 12 countries. It was important to obtain a wide range of viewpoints giving the ways in which social issues arise quite differently in a range of countries. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.

Soziologische Phantasie

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Author: C. Wright Mills

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810015X

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 5678

Soziologische Phantasie, die erstmals 1963 erschienene deutsche Übersetzung von C. Wright Mills‘ The Sociological Imagination, darf zurecht als Meilenstein wissenschaftlich-politischer Debatten in den Vereinigten Staaten betrachtet werden und zählt auch heute noch zu einer der wichtigsten Selbstkritiken der Soziologie. Mills schlägt hier einen dritten Weg zwischen bloßem Empirismus und abgehobener Theorie ein: Er plädiert für eine kritische Sozialwissenschaft, die sich weder bürokratisch instrumentalisieren lässt noch selbstverliebt vor sich hin prozessiert, sondern gesellschaftliche Bedeutung erlangt, indem sie den Zusammenhang von persönlichen Schwierigkeiten und öffentlichen Problemen erhellt. Eben dies sei Aufgabe und Verheißung einer Soziologie, die sich viel zu häufig „einer merkwürdigen Lust an der Attitüde des Unbeteiligten“ hingebe.

Back for the Future: Sociological Theory and Today's Big Issues

Sociological Theory and Today's Big Issues

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Author: James Simpson

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1326450425

Category: Education

Page: 106

View: 2936

What would the great founders of modern sociology have to say about happiness, modern capitalism, generation rent or pop music? What were their ideas about? Back For the Future introduces the concept of sociological investigation and describes the theoretical approaches of Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber in the context of their times and through the big challenges in society today. The book discusses world happiness research, the internet and 'glocalisation', sexual freedom and gender, 'collective effervescence', modern capitalism, the ever-present bureaucratic model of management in society, social behaviour and cognitive bias amongst many other topics in today's world. You even get fine art samples, a fun puzzle and a great You Tube link to illustrate the ideas! In reader testing Back for the Future was highly rated as an introductory reader, a teaching and learning aid and as a student text that cuts across disciplinary boundaries.

Sociology and the Future of Work

Contemporary Discourses and Debates

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Author: Paul Ransome

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429795041

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 8011

First published in 1999, this book adopts an explicitly forward-looking and dynamic approach in trying to understand not only where the sociology of work has come from but of where it is likely to go next. For the first time in a single volume, it reviews the continuing usefulness of the 'classical' accounts of Karl Marx, Max Webster and Emile Durkheim, the post-industrial accounts of the 1960s and 1970s and the post-Fordist accounts of the 1980s and 1990s. It provides specific treatment of key topics such as technological change and 'flexibility', the impact of gender on work, the changing nature of the relationship between work and personal identity and the possible emergence of economic globalization, all of which are currently receiving much academic and popular attention. The treatments of gender, identity and globalization are challenging and innovative in that they go beyond simply describing current debates, and question the validity of some of the premises on which they are based. For example, that it is not possible to provide a 'unifying' explanation of gender inequality at work because its causes are multiple rather than singular; that it is wrong to imply that work will cease to be an important basis of personal identity; and that evidence of economic globalization is far too patchy to justify the claim that we are living in a 'global economy.' The text combines theoretical analysis with clear descriptions of the key arguments and tests these against current empirical data.

Soziologische Forschung in Unserer Zeit

Ein Sammelwerk Leopold von Wiese zum 75. Geburtstag

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Author: Karl Gustav Specht

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663029220

Category: Social Science

Page: 353

View: 9922

Dieser Band, der Leopold von Wiese zu seinem 75. Geburtstage auf den Gabentisch gelegt wird, möchte an eine alte Tradition anknüpfen, nämlich eine "Festschrift" zu einem Sammelwerke zu gestalten, dem eine bestimmte Thematik zugrunde liegt; er möchte nicht den heute oft beschrittenen Weg gehen, einzelne Beiträge zu einem Werk zu vereinigen, deren innerer Zusammenhang meistens nur ein sehr lockerer ist. Gewiß: ein solches Vorgehen wäre in unserem Falle mehr als gerechtfertigt gewesen; denn die Forschungsarbeit wie auch die Lehrtätigkeit Leopold von Wieses erstrecken sich über eine Vielzahl von Wissenschaftsbereichen und -disziplinen. Wenn nun hier eine Beschränkung auf die soziologische Wissenschaft geübt wurde, so waren dafür zwei Gründe maßgebend: einmal nimmt die Soziologie im Schaffen des zu Ehrenden wohl den breitesten Platz ein; zum anderen reizte es, gerade auf diesem Gebiete eine Art Bestandsaufnahme zu veran stalten, d. h. aufzuzeigen, wo wir heute stehen, was erforscht wird und mit welchen Methoden man arbeitet: in der allgemeinen Soziologie und auch in ihren Unter- und Nachbardisziplinen. Bei den letztgenannten kommt nun ein wenig von der Vielseitigkeit der Arbeit Leopold von Wieses zum Vorschein: neben der Soziologie kommen in dieser Schrift auch - freilich nur in einem Beitrage jeweils - die Kulturphilosophie, die Anthro pologie, die Nationalökonomie, die Wissenschaft von der Politik und die Sozialpolitik zu Worte. Den Stand der soziologischen Forschung in der heutigen Zeit umreißen zu wollen, muß in der auch im Bereich der Wissenschaft so schnellebigen Zeit vermessen erscheinen.

The Future of Social Theory

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Author: Nicholas Gane

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826470669

Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 4218

The basic concept of society has come under attack - political acts, critical theory, new media and even history itself have undermined what we think of as the social. The Future of Social Theory brings together new interviews with the world's leading social theorists on what society means today: Zygmunt Bauman, John Urry, Saska Sassen, Bruno Latour, Scott Lash, Nikolas Rose, Judith Butler and Francoise Verges. The topics covered include: liquid modernization and the individualization of the society; the shift towards global forms of chaos and complexity; the displacement of the social into global city networks; the shift away from a theory of the social to a theory of space; the transformation of society with the rise of new technology; the continuing influence of historical forms of political power; society as a gendered idea; and society as a product of Empire.

The Future of Social Psychology

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Author: Cookie Stephan,Thomas F. Pettigrew

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461231205

Category: Psychology

Page: 121

View: 2104

Cookie White Stephan and Walter G. Stephan This is a book about the two social psychologies-psychological social psychology and sociological social psychology--written by social psychologists from both disciplines. It focuses on the benefits and costs of interchange between psychological social psychology and sociological social psychology, with the ultimate goal of encouraging interaction among scholars in the two disciplines. The primary questions addressed are: What do the two disciplines have to offer each other? What are the barriers to fruitful interchange? How can these barriers be overcome? In this introductory chapter we will first examine some historical reasons for the lack of interchange between the two social psychologies. Then we will provide a brief preview of the chapters to follow. The Development of the Two Social Psychologies The beginning of concern with the "social animal" can be traced to the ancient Greeks. However, social psychology's formal beginning is usually dated from Norman Triplett's 1897 publication of his findings on the effects of competition or from the publication in 1908 of two books including the words "Social Psychology" in their titles, one by the psychologist William McDougall and the other by the sociologist Edward Alsworth Ross. Thus, from its inception, social psychology was already divided into two distinct academic units, housed in the disciplines of sociology and psychology.

New Directions in Sociology

Essays on Theory and Methodology in the 21st Century

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Author: Ieva Zake,Michael DeCesare

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786485493

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 7507

Written by the new generation of sociologists, these essays chart a course for the future of the discipline, both by revisiting forgotten theories and methods and by suggesting innovative theoretical and methodological approaches. Comprised of seven essays on theory and five on methodology, the volume also attempts to reconnect theorists and methodologists in a discussion about the future of the sociological enterprise.