The Evolution of the British Welfare State

A History of Social Policy Since the Industrial Revolution


Author: Derek Fraser

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9781403904690

Category: History

Page: 387

View: 2405

This text on the course of social policy and social ideas in Britain since the Industrial Revolution has fully updated and revised chapters in the light of new research. It also has a whole new chapter on the first half century of the Welfare State, taking the story up to the Blair government.

The Origin of the Welfare State in England and Germany, 1850-1914

Social Policies Compared


Author: E. P. Hennock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521592127

Category: History

Page: 381

View: 6335

This 2007 book is a comparative study of the origin of the welfare state in England and Germany, from 1850 to 1914. It presents original conclusions about the differences between British and German approaches. Peter Hennock analyses policies on social security and the public provision of medical care, dealing with public poor relief, industrial injury, with sickness, invalidity and old age, and with unemployment. In each case policies in Britain and in the German Empire are compared for their actual provisions, their consequences and the politics that produced them. He demonstrates that national insurance has played a larger role in Germany than in Britain from the beginning, as it still does today, and that decisions taken before 1914 are crucial to the long-term differences between the welfare state in the two countries. The book will appeal to students and scholars of British and European political history, social history and social policy.

Bread for All


Author: Chris Renwick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780141980355


Page: 336

View: 2561

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The Five Giants [New Edition]: A Biography of the Welfare State


Author: Nicholas Timmins

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: 000823616X

Category: Political Science

Page: 816

View: 6513

A TIMES POLITICAL BOOK OF THE YEAR A LONGMAN/HISTORY TODAY BOOK OF THE YEAR The award-winning history of the British Welfare State – now fully revised and updated for the 21st Century. ‘A masterpiece’ Sunday Times

The Evolution of British Social Policy and the Welfare State, C. 1800-1993


Author: Keith Laybourn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781853310768

Category: Great Britain

Page: 319

View: 4755

This thorough and accessible survey of British social policy provides a useful appraisal of the Poor Law, the factory question, education, poverty and philanthropy; the social impact of two world wars, the Attlee years and the challenge to the Welfare State since 1951. Recent developments are covered, analysing the extent to which today's welfare decisions are made on political rather than economic or social grounds.

The Welfare State in Britain since 1945


Author: Rodney Lowe

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349270121

Category: Great Britain

Page: 406

View: 6824

This is the third edition of a book which has established itself as a standard work on the British welfare state for students and general readers alike. Rodney Lowe incorporates recent developments and the latest research, providing a clear guide to the evidence on which to base informed judgments on the past record, and future prospects, of the welfare state in Britain.

The Twentieth-Century Welfare State


Author: David Gladstone

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349275255

Category: Human services

Page: 192

View: 5895

The welfare state has been one of the most significant developments in 20th-century Britain. Drawing on recent research, this volume narrates its principal changes and provides a thematic historical introduction.

The National Health Service

A Political History


Author: Charles Webster

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199251100

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 8476

The foundation of the National Health Service on 5 July 1948 was a momentous development in the history of the United Kingdom. Issues of health care touch the lives of everyone, and the NHS has come to be regarded as the cornerstone of the welfare state and as a model for state-organised health care systems elsewhere. Yet throughout its history, the Service has existed in an atmosphere of crisis. Charles Webster's political history is an entirely new and original examination of the NHS from its inception through to its management under the first term of the current Labour government, providing the necessary framewrork for assessing its future as we enter the new millennium.

The British Welfare Revolution, 1906-14


Author: John Cooper

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350025755

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 7845

The Welfare Revolution of the early 20th century did not start with Clement Attlee's Labour governments of 1945 to 1951 but had its origins in the Liberal government of forty years earlier. The British Welfare Revolution, 1906-14 offers a fresh perspective on the social reforms introduced by these Liberal governments in the years 1906 to 1914. Reforms conceived during this time created the foundations of the Welfare State and transformed modern Britain; they touched every major area of social policy, from school meals to pensions, the minimum wage to the health service. Cooper uses an innovative approach, the concept of the Counter-Elite, to explain the emergence of the New Liberalism and examines the research that was carried out to devise ways to meet each specific social problem facing Britain in the early 20th century. For example, a group of businessmen, including Booth and Rowntree, invented the poverty survey to pinpoint those living below the poverty line and encouraged a new generation of sociologists. This comprehensive single volume survey presents a new critical angle on the origins of the British welfare state and is an original analysis of the reforms and the leading personalities of the Liberal governments from the late Edwardian period to the advent of the First World War.

The Oxford Handbook of the Welfare State


Author: Francis G. Castles,Stephan Leibfried,Jane Lewis,Herbert Obinger,Christopher Pierson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019162828X

Category: Political Science

Page: 908

View: 7813

The Oxford Handbook of the Welfare State is the authoritative and definitive guide to the contemporary welfare state. In a volume consisting of nearly fifty newly-written chapters, a broad range of the world's leading scholars offer a comprehensive account of everything one needs to know about the modern welfare state. The book is divided into eight sections. It opens with three chapters that evaluate the philosophical case for (and against) the welfare state. Surveys of the welfare state’s history and of the approaches taken to its study are followed by four extended sections, running to some thirty-five chapters in all, which offer a comprehensive and in-depth survey of our current state of knowledge across the whole range of issues that the welfare state embraces. The first of these sections looks at inputs and actors (including the roles of parties, unions, and employers), the impact of gender and religion, patterns of migration and a changing public opinion, the role of international organisations and the impact of globalisation. The next two sections cover policy inputs (in areas such as pensions, health care, disability, care of the elderly, unemployment, and labour market activation) and their outcomes (in terms of inequality and poverty, macroeconomic performance, and retrenchment). The seventh section consists of seven chapters which survey welfare state experience around the globe (and not just within the OECD). Two final chapters consider questions about the global future of the welfare state. The individual chapters of the Handbook are written in an informed but accessible way by leading researchers in their respective fields giving the reader an excellent and truly up-to-date knowledge of the area under discussion. Taken together, they constitute a comprehensive compendium of all that is best in contemporary welfare state research and a unique guide to what is happening now in this most crucial and contested area of social and political development.

Work and the Welfare State

Street-Level Organizations and Workfare Politics


Author: Evelyn Z. Brodkin,Gregory Marston

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1626160015

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 1776

Work and the Welfare State places street-level organizations at the analytic center of welfare-state politics, policy, and management. This volume offers a critical examination of efforts to change the welfare state to a workfare state by looking at on-the-ground issues in six countries: the US, UK, Australia, Denmark, Germany, and the Netherlands. An international group of scholars contribute organizational studies that shed new light on old debates about policies of workfare and activation. Peeling back the political rhetoric and technical policy jargon, these studies investigate what really goes on in the name of workfare and activation policies and what that means for the poor, unemployed, and marginalized populations subject to these policies. By adopting a street-level approach to welfare state research, Work and the Welfare State reveals the critical, yet largely hidden, role of governance and management reforms in the evolution of the global workfare project. It shows how these reforms have altered organizational arrangements and practices to emphasize workfare’s harsher regulatory features and undermine its potentially enabling ones. As a major contribution to expanding the conceptualization of how organizations matter to policy and political transformation, this book will be of special interest to all public management and public policy scholars and students.

What is Social Policy


Author: Daniel Beland

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745645836

Category: Political Science

Page: 199

View: 4035

From housing, pensions and family benefits, to health care, unemployment insurance and social assistance, the welfare state is a key aspect of our lives. But social programs are contested political realities that we can′t hope to understand without locating them within the "big picture." This book provides a concise political and sociological introduction to social policy, helping readers to grasp the nature of social programs and the political struggles surrounding them. It takes a broad comparative and historical viewpoint on the United States, using an international perspective to contextualize American social policy within the developed world. Provocative and engaging, it offers insight into a wide range of social policy issues such as: welfare regimes, welfare state development, the politics of retrenchment and restructuring; the relationship between social programs and various forms of inequality; changing family and economic relations; the role of private social benefits; the potential impact of globalization; and debates about the future of the welfare state. What is Social Policy? will be stimulating reading for upper–level students of sociology, political science, public policy, and social work.

Understanding State Welfare

Social Justice Or Social Exclusion?


Author: Brian Lund

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761967699

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 1188

This accessible and original text combines a systematic examination of the theories of welfare with an historical account of the evolution of the welfare state and its impact in promoting social justice. It identifies the principles governing social distribution and examines the rationales for these different distributive principles. This book also links the theories of distribution to the actual development of social policy and considers their outcomes. State Welfare will be essential reading for students of social policy. It provides a clear understanding of both theories of welfare and the history of the development of the British welfare state.

The New Poverty


Author: Stephen Armstrong

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1786634678

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 5722

75 years after the Beveridge Report: The shocking extent of hardship in the UK Right now in the UK, 13 million people live in poverty; one in five children subsist below the poverty line. Figures such as these suggest devastating repercussions for health, education and life expectancy. The new poor, however, is an even larger group than these official statistics suggest, and its conditions are something new to our era. More often than not, these people are the working poor, living precariously and betrayed by austerity. In The New Poverty, Stephen Armstrong tells the stories of the most vulnerable in British society. He explores an unreported country, abandoned by politicians and stranded as the welfare state has shrunk. Furthermore, as benefit cuts continue into 2018 and beyond, Armstrong asks what will be the long-term impact of Brexit and—on the anniversary of the Beveridge Report—what we can do to keep the giants of indigence at bay.

Warfare State

Britain, 1920–1970


Author: David Edgerton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139448741

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3177

A challenge to the central theme of the existing histories of twentieth-century Britain, that the British state was a welfare state, this book argues that it was also a warfare state, which supported a powerful armaments industry. This insight implies major revisions to our understanding of twentieth-century British history, from appeasement, to wartime industrial and economic policy, and the place of science and technology in government. David Edgerton also shows how British intellectuals came to think of the state in terms of welfare and decline, and includes a devastating analysis of C. P. Snow's two cultures. This groundbreaking book offers a new, post-welfarist and post-declinist, account of Britain, and an original analysis of the relations of science, technology, industry and the military. It will be essential reading for those working on the history and historiography of twentieth-century Britain, the historical sociology of war and the history of science and technology.

Economics of the Welfare State


Author: Nicholas Barr

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199297819

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 386

View: 7948

The fifth edition of this successful textbook discusses the different parts of the welfare system and, in particular, cash benefits, the health service, and education. The text is organized into four parts: Concepts, Cash benefits, Benefits in kind, and Epilogue.

The Political Economy of the Irish Welfare State

Church, State and Capital


Author: Fred Powell

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447332911

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 6461

A fascinating interpretation of the evolution of social policy in modern Ireland, as the product of a triangulated relationship between church, state and capital.

The Spanish Welfare State in European Context


Author: Ana Marta Guillén,Margarita León

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317014979

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 338

View: 2417

Following the death of Franco, Spain underwent a transition to democracy in the mid-1970s. Although a rapid process of modernization occurred, the Spanish welfare state was seen, until fairly recently, as relatively underdeveloped. However, given the progressive Europeanization and expansion of Spanish social policy, questions arise as to whether the Spanish welfare system should still be considered as peripheral to West European welfare states. This volume is divided into three sections. The first section deals with broad trends in the evolution of the Spanish welfare state. To begin with, the consolidation path of social protection policies is explored. Attention is also paid to the process of Europeanization. Furthermore, the analysis explores advances in gender equality policies. In the second section, attention is turned to governance issues, such as collective bargaining, the interplay among levels of government, the welfare mix and public support for social policies. The third and final part of the book addresses five main challenges facing the Spanish welfare state in the 21st century, namely, the need to enhance flexicurity; to achieve a better work-family balance; to coordinate immigration policies with existing social protection; to tackle the persistence of high rates of relative poverty; and to face intense population ageing, both in terms of increasing needs for care and the reform of the pension system.