The Evolution of British Social Policy and the Welfare State, C. 1800-1993


Author: Keith Laybourn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781853310768

Category: Great Britain

Page: 319

View: 5687

This thorough and accessible survey of British social policy provides a useful appraisal of the Poor Law, the factory question, education, poverty and philanthropy; the social impact of two world wars, the Attlee years and the challenge to the Welfare State since 1951. Recent developments are covered, analysing the extent to which today's welfare decisions are made on political rather than economic or social grounds.

Family, Dependence, and the Origins of the Welfare State

Britain and France, 1914-1945


Author: Susan Pedersen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521558341

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 478

View: 8094

A comparative analysis of social policies in Britain and France between 1914 and 1945.

The Origins of the British Welfare State

Society, State and Social Welfare in England and Wales, 1800-1945


Author: N.A

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137079800


Page: N.A

View: 7248

Over the last 200 years Britain has witnessed profound changes in the nature and extent of state welfare. Drawing on the latest historical and social science research The Origins of the British Welfare State looks at the main developments in the history of social welfare provision in this period. It looks at the nature of problems facing British society in the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries and shows how these provided the foundation for the growth of both statutory and welfare provision in the areas of health, housing, education and the relief of poverty. It also examines the role played by the Liberal government of 1906-14 in reshaping the boundaries of public welfare provision and shows how the momentous changes associated with the First and Second World Wars paved the way for the creation of the 'classic' welfare state after 1945. This comprehensive and broad-ranging yet accessible account encourages the reader to question the 'inevitability' of present-day arrangements and provides an important framework for comparative analysis. It will be essential reading for all concerned with social policy, British social history and public policy.

From Beveridge to Blair

The First Fifty Years of Britain's Welfare State 1948-98


Author: Margaret Jones,Rodney Lowe

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719041037

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 4522

From Beveridge to Blair provides a concise introduction to the evolution of both the structure of the welfare state and attitudes towards it. It concentrates on 5 core services: health care, education, social security, social services and housing.

The Origin of the Welfare State in England and Germany, 1850-1914

Social Policies Compared


Author: E. P. Hennock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521592127

Category: History

Page: 381

View: 1909

This 2007 book is a comparative study of the origin of the welfare state in England and Germany, from 1850 to 1914. It presents original conclusions about the differences between British and German approaches. Peter Hennock analyses policies on social security and the public provision of medical care, dealing with public poor relief, industrial injury, with sickness, invalidity and old age, and with unemployment. In each case policies in Britain and in the German Empire are compared for their actual provisions, their consequences and the politics that produced them. He demonstrates that national insurance has played a larger role in Germany than in Britain from the beginning, as it still does today, and that decisions taken before 1914 are crucial to the long-term differences between the welfare state in the two countries. The book will appeal to students and scholars of British and European political history, social history and social policy.

Bread for All

The Origins of the Welfare State


Author: Chris Renwick

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0241186692

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 4126

SHORTLISTED FOR THE LONGMAN-HISTORY TODAY PRIZE 2018 LONGLISTED FOR THE ORWELL PRIZE 2018 'Makes a gripping human story out of the wisest and most progressive policy achievement of any government in the history of the world ... the welfare state deserves books this good' Stuart Maconie, New Statesman, Books of the Year 'A brilliant book, full of little revelations' Jon Cruddas, Prospect 'Carefully argued, deftly balanced and wittily written, with countless lovely details' Dominic Sandbrook, Sunday Times A landmark book from a remarkable new historian, on a subject that has never been more important - or imperilled Today, everybody seems to agree that something has gone badly wrong with the British welfare state. In the midst of economic crisis, politicians and commentators talk about benefits as a lifestyle choice, and of 'skivers' living off hard-working 'strivers' as they debate what a welfare state fit for the twenty-first century might look like. This major new history tells the story of one the greatest transformations in British intellectual, social and political life: the creation of the welfare state, from the Victorian workhouse, where you had to be destitute to receive help, to a moment just after the Second World War, when government embraced responsibilities for people's housing, education, health and family life, a commitment that was unimaginable just a century earlier. Though these changes were driven by developments in different and sometimes unexpected currents in British life, they were linked by one over-arching idea: that through rational and purposeful intervention, government can remake society. It was an idea that, during the early twentieth century, came to inspire people across the political spectrum. In exploring this extraordinary transformation, Bread for All explores and challenges our assumptions about what the welfare state was originally for, and the kinds of people who were involved in creating it. In doing so, it asks what the idea continues to mean for us today.

The Development of the British Welfare State


Author: Michael Sullivan

Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR


Category: Great Britain

Page: 284

View: 7757

Focusing on the post World War Two period, this book offers an introduction to the history of the welfare state in Britain. Divided into two parts, it provides a chronological overview of the development of the welfare state, from its origins in the nineteenth century right up to the present, and then concentrates on the history of the five main welfare service sectors - health, education, personal social services, housing, and social security. For sociologists and political scientists.

The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Economic Insecurity and Social Welfare Policy in Britain


Author: George R. Boyer

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691183996

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 547

How did Britain transform itself from a nation of workhouses to one that became a model for the modern welfare state? The Winding Road to the Welfare State investigates the evolution of living standards and welfare policies in Britain from the 1830s to 1950 and provides insights into how British working-class households coped with economic insecurity. George Boyer examines the retrenchment in Victorian poor relief, the Liberal Welfare Reforms, and the beginnings of the postwar welfare state, and he describes how workers altered spending and saving methods based on changing government policies. From the cutting back of the Poor Law after 1834 to Parliament’s abrupt about-face in 1906 with the adoption of the Liberal Welfare Reforms, Boyer offers new explanations for oscillations in Britain’s social policies and how these shaped worker well-being. The Poor Law’s increasing stinginess led skilled manual workers to adopt self-help strategies, but this was not a feasible option for low-skilled workers, many of whom continued to rely on the Poor Law into old age. In contrast, the Liberal Welfare Reforms were a major watershed, marking the end of seven decades of declining support for the needy. Concluding with the Beveridge Report and Labour’s social policies in the late 1940s, Boyer shows how the Liberal Welfare Reforms laid the foundations for a national social safety net. A sweeping look at economic pressures after the Industrial Revolution, The Winding Road to the Welfare State illustrates how British welfare policy waxed and waned over the course of a century.

Die Gesellschaft der Gleichen


Author: Pierre Rosanvallon

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518754629

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 6755

Pierre Rosanvallon spannt ein sozial- sowie begriffsgeschichtliches Panorama der Gleichheitsvorstellungen vom späten 18. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart auf. Und er diagnostiziert einen Riss, der durch die Demokratien der westlichen Welt geht: Immer größer werdende Einkommensunterschiede setzen das soziale Band unter Spannung. Zwar haben die Bürgerinnen und Bürger ihre Fähigkeit, sich einzumischen, beständig erhöht, doch die Bürgerschaft als soziale Körperschaft verschwindet. Hierin liegt die größte Gefahr für die Demokratie. Als »politische Form« ist sie an eine »soziale Form« gebunden, in der sich Gleiche als Freie und Freie als Gleiche begegnen können.

The “big society” and the british welfare state: a paradigm shift or just incremental policy change?


Author: Giulia Leoni

Publisher: Giulia Leoni

ISBN: 8868551993

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9113

The main topic of the dissertation is the innovative Conservative-Liberal Democratic plan of the Big Society, aiming at liberalizing the public sector from an excessive incidence and influence by public institutions and reaching a new conception of “human needs”, empowering local people and communities. Consequently, after an investigation of the innovative range of the Big Society plan, addressed to understand if it entails a paradigm change for the British Welfare State or just an incremental policy change, following the previous governments’ reforms, the second purpose of this study is to capture the viability of the new policies, located not only in a peculiar welfare state structure, but also in a particular historical time, requesting huge retrenchment. Accordingly, a combined approach involving a comparison among the main OECD countries in the wake of Esping-Andersen analysis and an historical methodology focusing on the last fifties years' social policy, underline an unbroken line among the British social policy, supporting an institutionalist theory. Subsequently, making use of civic involvement survey's figures, it will be evaluate the viability of the plan implied in the willingness of the British citizen to be accountable of the public sector and an analytical study will provide data for the first achievements of the Big Society devolving power to local communities and charities in the sake of fighting for the welfare sustainability, threatened by the red tape cut back. The ensued limitation of the methodology adopted during six months of scrupulous research at the London School of Economics and Political Science, dwells in the short-term of the policy implementation, requesting time to reach a new conception of civic involvement and of public sector accountability. Nevertheless, the comparative and historical approaches revealing continuity in the British social policy allow some forecasts regarding the trend of the plan.

The British Welfare Revolution, 1906-14


Author: John Cooper

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350025747

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 9900

The Welfare Revolution of the early 20th century did not start with Clement Attlee's Labour governments of 1945 to 1951 but had its origins in the Liberal government of forty years earlier. The British Welfare Revolution, 1906-14 offers a fresh perspective on the social reforms introduced by these Liberal governments in the years 1906 to 1914. Reforms conceived during this time created the foundations of the Welfare State and transformed modern Britain; they touched every major area of social policy, from school meals to pensions, the minimum wage to the health service. Cooper uses an innovative approach, the concept of the Counter-Elite, to explain the emergence of the New Liberalism and examines the research that was carried out to devise ways to meet each specific social problem facing Britain in the early 20th century. For example, a group of businessmen, including Booth and Rowntree, invented the poverty survey to pinpoint those living below the poverty line and encouraged a new generation of sociologists. This comprehensive single volume survey presents a new critical angle on the origins of the British welfare state and is an original analysis of the reforms and the leading personalities of the Liberal governments from the late Edwardian period to the advent of the First World War.

Neo-Liberal Ideology


Author: Rachel S Turner

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748688684

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 9095

An original account of neo-liberalism's intellectual foundations, development and conceptual configuration as an ideology. Newly available in paperback.

Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert


Author: Thomas Piketty

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406671322

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 6771

Wie entstehen die Akkumulation und die Distribution von Kapital? Welche Dynamiken sind dafür maßgeblich? Fragen der langfristigen Evolution von Ungleichheit, der Konzentration von Wohlstand in wenigen Händen und nach den Chancen für ökonomisches Wachstum bilden den Kern der Politischen Ökonomie. Aber befriedigende Antworten darauf gab es bislang kaum, weil aussagekräftige Daten und eine überzeugende Theorie fehlten. In Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert analysiert Thomas Piketty ein beeindruckendes Datenmaterial aus 20 Ländern, zurückgehend bis ins 18. Jahrhundert, um auf dieser Basis die entscheidenden ökonomischen und sozialen Abläufe freizulegen. Seine Ergebnisse stellen die Debatte auf eine neue Grundlage und definieren zugleich die Agenda für das künftige Nachdenken über Wohlstand und Ungleichheit. Piketty zeigt uns, dass das ökonomische Wachstum in der Moderne und die Verbreitung des Wissens es uns ermöglicht haben, den Ungleichheiten in jenem apokalyptischen Ausmaß zu entgehen, das Karl Marx prophezeit hatte. Aber wir haben die Strukturen von Kapital und Ungleichheit andererseits nicht so tiefgreifend modifiziert, wie es in den prosperierenden Jahrzehnten nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg den Anschein hatte. Der wichtigste Treiber der Ungleichheit – nämlich die Tendenz von Kapitalgewinnen, die Wachstumsrate zu übertreffen – droht heute extreme Ungleichheiten hervorzubringen, die am Ende auch den sozialen Frieden gefährden und unsere demokratischen Werte in Frage stellen. Doch ökonomische Trends sind keine Gottesurteile. Politisches Handeln hat gefährliche Ungleichheiten in der Vergangenheit korrigiert, so Piketty, und kann das auch wieder tun.

Voluntary Agencies in the Welfare State


Author: Ralph M. Kramer,Ralph Martin Kramer,Harold L. Wilensky

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520042902

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 6365

The Politics of State Expansion

War, State, and Society in Twentieth-century Britain


Author: James E. Cronin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415036232

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 8136

The expansion of the British state was neither automatic nor accidental. Rather, it was the outcome of recurring battles over the proper boundaries of the state and its role in economy and society. The Politics of State Expansion focuses on the interests arrayed on either side of this struggle; providing a new and critical perspective on the growth of the `Keynsian welfare state' and on the more recent retreat from Keynes and from collective provision.

Understanding State Welfare

Social Justice Or Social Exclusion?


Author: Brian Lund

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761967699

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 1182

This accessible and original text combines a systematic examination of the theories of welfare with an historical account of the evolution of the welfare state and its impact in promoting social justice. It identifies the principles governing social distribution and examines the rationales for these different distributive principles. This book also links the theories of distribution to the actual development of social policy and considers their outcomes. State Welfare will be essential reading for students of social policy. It provides a clear understanding of both theories of welfare and the history of the development of the British welfare state.

Charity, Self-Interest And Welfare In Britain

1500 To The Present


Author: Astor Professor of British History Martin Daunton,Martin Daunton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135363811

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 9010

First published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.