The Ethical Life

Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems

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Author: Russ Shafer-Landau

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190631314

Category: Philosophy

Page: 544

View: 5266

This collection of primary source materials covering the major themes of moral philosophy features forty-two classical and contemporary readings divided into four parts--The Good Life, Normative Ethics, Metaethics, and Moral Problems. Comprehensive yet concise, it introduces students toethical theory and a wide range of moral issues.

The Ethical Life

Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems

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Author: Russ Shafer-Landau

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199997275

Category: Philosophy

Page: 489

View: 2332

This text is a collection of primary source materials in ethics covering the major themes of moral philosophy. Featuring forty classical and contemporary readings divided into four parts-Value Theory, Normative Ethics, Metaethics, and Moral Problems-it introduces students to ethical theory and a wide range of moral issues. Designed as a companion reader to Russ Shafer-Landau's textbook, The Fundamentals of Ethics, Third Edition, this volume is also comprehensive enough to be used on its own.

The Ethical Life

Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems

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Author: Russ Shafer-Landau

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199773527

Category: Philosophy

Page: 456

View: 1975

Brief yet thorough and affordably priced, The Ethical Life: Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems, Second Edition, is ideal for courses in introductory ethics and contemporary moral problems. Featuring forty readings divided into four parts--Value Theory, Normative Ethics, Metaethics, and Moral Problems--it introduces students to ethical theory and a wide range of moral issues. The essays include selections from such historically influential philosophers as Aristotle, Hume, Kant, and Mill alongside work by contemporary philosophers like Philippa Foot, Robert Nozick, Peter Singer, and Judith Jarvis Thomson. Detailed reading introductions provide helpful contextual information. The second edition adds nine new readings, by Plato, Ayn Rand, A.J. Ayer, Harry Gensler, Alan Dershowitz, Alastair Norcross, Paul Taylor, Thomas Hill, Jr., and Philippa Foot. It also features new subcategories in Part IV. Moral Problems: Euthanasia and a Modest Proposal; Terrorism and Torture; The Treatment of Non-Humans (Animals and the Environment); Abortion; The Limits of the Law; and Children and Parents. Designed as a companion reader to Russ Shafer-Landau's textbook, The Fundamentals of Ethics, Second Edition, The Ethical Life, Second Edition, is also comprehensive enough to be used on its own. The book is enhanced by an Instructor's Manual and Testbank on CD (thoroughly updated for the second edition) and a Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/shafer-landau.

The Fundamentals of Ethics

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Author: Russ Shafer-Landau

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190631390

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 664

In The Fundamentals of Ethics, Fourth Edition, author Russ Shafer-Landau employs a uniquely engaging writing style to introduce students to the essential ideas of moral philosophy. Offering more comprehensive coverage of the good life, normative ethics, and metaethics than any other text of its kind, this book also addresses issues that are often omitted from other texts, such as the doctrine of doing and allowing, the doctrine of double effect, ethical particularism, the desire-satisfaction theory of well-being, moral error theory, and Ross's theory of prima facie duties. Shafer-Landau carefully reconstructs and analyzes dozens of arguments in depth, at a level that is understandable to students with no prior philosophical background. Ideal for courses in introductory ethics and contemporary moral problems, this book can be used as a stand-alone text or with the author's companion reader, The Ethical Life: Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems, Fourth Edition.

Contemporary Moral Problems

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Author: James E. White

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495553204

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 6445

Explore today's challenging moral terrain with James White's CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS. The ninth edition examines the compelling and contentious debate over society's most pressing ethical controversies. This anthology covers divergent viewpoints on ma

Ethical Loneliness

The Injustice of Not Being Heard

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Author: Jill Stauffer

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231538731

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 4464

Ethical loneliness is the experience of being abandoned by humanity, compounded by the cruelty of wrongs not being acknowledged. It is the result of multiple lapses on the part of human beings and political institutions that, in failing to listen well to survivors, deny them redress by negating their testimony and thwarting their claims for justice. Jill Stauffer examines the root causes of ethical loneliness and how those in power revise history to serve their own ends rather than the needs of the abandoned. Out of this discussion, difficult truths about the desire and potential for political forgiveness, transitional justice, and political reconciliation emerge. Moving beyond a singular focus on truth commissions and legal trials, she considers more closely what is lost in the wake of oppression and violence, how selves and worlds are built and demolished, and who is responsible for re-creating lives after they are destroyed. Stauffer boldly argues that rebuilding worlds and just institutions after violence is a broad obligation and that those who care about justice must first confront their own assumptions about autonomy, liberty, and responsibility before an effective response to violence can take place. In building her claims, Stauffer draws on the work of Emmanuel Levinas, Jean Améry, Eve Sedgwick, and Friedrich Nietzsche, as well as concrete cases of justice and injustice across the world.

Living the Good Life

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Author: Steven J. Jensen

Publisher: CUA Press

ISBN: 0813221455

Category: Philosophy

Page: 205

View: 7826

Living the Good Life presents a brief introduction to virtue and vice, self-control and weakness, misery and happiness.

Ethical Theory

An Anthology

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Author: Russ Shafer-Landau

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405133198

Category: Philosophy

Page: 796

View: 5558

Ethical Theory: An Anthology is an authoritative collection of key essays by top scholars in the field, addressing core issues including consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics, as well as traditionally underrepresented topics such as moral knowledge and moral responsibility. Brings together seventy-six classic and contemporary pieces by renowned philosophers, from classic writing by Hume and Kant to contemporary writing by Derek Parfit, Susan Wolf, and Judith Jarvis Thomson Guides students through key areas in the field, among them consequentialism, deontology, contractarianism, and virtue ethics Includes coverage of metaethics, normative ethics, and practical ethics Reaches beyond traditional texts by also including important, but usually underrepresented, topics such as moral knowledge, moral standing, moral responsibility, and ethical particularism Raises questions about the status and rational authority of morality

Human Kindness and the Smell of Warm Croissants

An Introduction to Ethics

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Author: Ruwen Ogien

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023153924X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 8540

Human Kindness and the Smell of Warm Croissants makes philosophy fun, tactile, and popular. Moral thinking is simple, Ruwen Ogien argues, and as inherent as the senses. In our daily experiences, in the situations we confront and in the scenes we witness, we develop an understanding of right and wrong as sophisticated as the moral outlook of the world's most gifted philosophers. By drawing on this knowledge to navigate life's most perplexing problems, ethics becomes second nature. Ogien explores, through experimental philosophy and other methods, the responses nineteen real-world conundrums provoke. Is a short, mediocre life better than no life at all? Is it acceptable to kill a healthy person so his organs can save five others? Would you swap a "natural" life filled with frustration, disappointment, and partial success for a world in which all of your needs are met, but through artificial and mechanical means? Ogien doesn't seek to show how difficult it is to determine right from wrong or how easy it is for humans to become monsters or react like saints. Helping us tap into the wisdom and feeling we already possess in our ethical "toolboxes," Ogien instead encourages readers to question moral presuppositions and rules; embrace an intuitive sense of dignity, virtue, and justice; and pursue a pluralist ethics suited to the principles of human kindness.

Writings on an Ethical Life

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Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1497645581

Category: Philosophy

Page: 374

View: 4709

The essential collection of writings by one of the most visionary and daring philosophers of our time Since bursting sensationally into the public consciousness in 1975 with his groundbreaking work Animal Liberation, Peter Singer has remained one of the most provocative ethicists of the modern age. His reputation, built largely on isolated incendiary quotations and outrage-of-the-moment news coverage, has preceded him ever since. Aiming to present a more accurate and thoughtful picture of Singer’s pioneering work, Writings on an Ethical Life features twenty-seven excerpts from some of his most lauded and controversial essays and books. The reflections on life, death, murder, vegetarianism, poverty, and ethical living found in these pages come together in a must-read collection for anyone seeking a better understanding of the issues that shape our world today. This ebook features an illustrated biography of Peter Singer, including rare photos from the author’s personal collection.

Foundations of Ethics

An Anthology

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Author: Russ Shafer-Landau,Terence Cuneo

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405129527

Category: Philosophy

Page: 520

View: 6272

A substantial collection of seminal articles, Foundations of Ethics covers all of the major issues in metaethics. Covers all of the major issues in metaethics including moral metaphysics, epistemology, moral psychology, and philosophy of language. Provides an unparalleled offering of primary sources and expert commentary for students of ethical theory. Includes seminal essays by ethicists such as G.E. Moore, Simon Blackburn, Gilbert Harman, Christine Korsgaard, Michael Smith, Bernard Williams, Jonathan Dancy, and many other leading figures of ethical theory.

Consuming Choices

Ethics in a Global Consumer Age

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Author: David T. Schwartz

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442275472

Category: Philosophy

Page: 162

View: 4384

Consuming Choices considers the ethical dimensions of consumer life by exploring several basic questions: Exactly what sorts of unethical practices are implicated in today's consumer products? Does moral culpability for these practices fall solely on the companies that perform them, or does it also fall upon consumers who purchase the products made with such practices? And most importantly, do consumers ever have moral obligations to avoid particular products? To answer, David T. Schwartz provides the most detailed philosophical exploration to date on consumer ethics.

The Status of Morality

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Author: Thomas L. Carson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400963068

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

View: 4580

My interest in the issues considered here arose out of my great frustration in trying to attack the all-pervasive relativism of my students in introductory ethics courses at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. I am grateful to my students for forcing me to take moral relativism and skepticism seriously and for compelling me to argue for my own dogmatically maintained version of moral objectivism. The result is before the reader. The conclusions reached here (which can be described either as a minimal objectivism or as a moderate verson of relativism) are considerably weaker than those that I had expected and would have liked to have defended. I have arrived at these views kicking and screaming and have resisted them to the best of my ability. The arguments of this book are directed at those who deny that moral judgments can ever be correct (in any sense that is opposed to mistaken) and who also deny that we are ever rationally com pelled to accept one moral judgment as opposed to another. I have sought to take their views seriously and to fight them on their own grounds without making use of any assumptions that they would be unwilling to grant. My conclusion is that, while it is possible to refute the kind of extreme irrationalism that one often encounters, it is impossible to defend the kind of objectivist meta-ethical views that most of us want to hold, without begging the question against the non-objectivist.

Ethical Life

Its Natural and Social Histories

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Author: Webb Keane

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400873592

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 3476

The human propensity to take an ethical stance toward oneself and others is found in every known society, yet we also know that values taken for granted in one society can contradict those in another. Does ethical life arise from human nature itself? Is it a universal human trait? Or is it a product of one's cultural and historical context? Webb Keane offers a new approach to the empirical study of ethical life that reconciles these questions, showing how ethics arise at the intersection of human biology and social dynamics. Drawing on the latest findings in psychology, conversational interaction, ethnography, and history, Ethical Life takes readers from inner city America to Samoa and the Inuit Arctic to reveal how we are creatures of our biology as well as our history—and how our ethical lives are contingent on both. Keane looks at Melanesian theories of mind and the training of Buddhist monks, and discusses important social causes such as the British abolitionist movement and American feminism. He explores how styles of child rearing, notions of the person, and moral codes in different communities elaborate on certain basic human tendencies while suppressing or ignoring others. Certain to provoke debate, Ethical Life presents an entirely new way of thinking about ethics, morals, and the factors that shape them.

Markets, Ethics, and Business Ethics

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Author: Steven Scalet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429016018

Category: Philosophy

Page: 298

View: 4079

This book introduces a study of ethics and values to develop a deeper understanding of markets, business, and economic life. Its distinctive feature is its thorough integration across personal and institutional perspectives; across applied ethics and political philosophy; and across philosophy, business, and economics. Part 1 studies markets, property rights, and law, and introduces normative theories with many applications. Part 2 examines the purpose of corporations and their responsibilities. Parts 3 and 4 analyze business and economic life through the ethics and values of welfare and efficiency, liberty, rights, equality, desert, personal character, community, and the common good. This second edition maintains the strengths of the first edition—short, digestible chapters and engaging writing that explains challenging ideas clearly. The material is user-friendly, with an emphasis on a strong theoretical core. Easily adaptable to the instructor’s teaching, the chapters are separable and can be shaped to the interests of the instructor with suggested course outlines and flexible application to case studies. This text is designed both for coursework in business ethics, as well as interdisciplinary programs in philosophy, politics, economics, and law. This second edition: revises presentation of eight normative theories, with increased emphasis on linksto business and economic life; incorporates recent scholarship on shareholder/stakeholder debates about the purpose of corporations, bringing this important topic up to date; includes a new, streamlined preface that provides a quick overview of the book before smoothly guiding the reader to the first chapter; uses updated examples and applications; revamps a useful appendix, including enhancing the popular primer on ethics; includes Key Terms, Discussion Questions, Biographies, and Lists of Further Readings at the end of each chapter; includes a new ending chapter on the value of an ethical life.

Justifying Legal Punishment

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Author: Igor Primoratz

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 159102983X

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6023

Justifying Legal Punishment offers a cogent defense of retributivism . . . a biting critique of utilitarian justifications of punishment, and a tentative defense of capital punishment. . . . A particularly timely book, given the precarious progress of retributivism in the twentieth century.-EthicsBy producing the present, clear, comprehensive, and compelling defense of a strict retributivist justification, Dr. Igor Primoratz has set a challenging standard.-The Philosophical Quarterly

Living Ethics

An Introduction with Readings

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Author: Russ Shafer-Landau

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190272197

Category: Philosophy

Page: 736

View: 6912

Living Ethics: An Introduction with Readings is an ideal all-in-one resource for courses in introduction to ethics and contemporary moral problems. In this hybrid textbook/reader, Russ Shafer-Landau brings moral theory and contemporary moral issues to life with a comprehensive and balanced set of readings, uniquely engaging explanations, and clear analysis of arguments.

Understanding Media Ethics

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Author: David Horner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473911680

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 1154

Our new media landscape of social networking, blogging, and interactivity has forever changed how media content is produced and distributed. Choices about how to gather, evaluate and publish information are ever more complex. This blurring of boundaries between general public values and the values of media professionals has made media ethics an essential issue for media professionals, but also demonstrates how it must be intrinsically part of the wider public conversation. This book teaches students to navigate ethical questions in a digital society and apply ethical concepts and guidelines to their own practice. Using case studies, judgement call boxes and further reading, Understanding Media Ethics clarifies the moral concepts in media contexts, and enables students to apply them to practical decision making through real-life worked examples. Covering key topics such as media freedoms, censorship, privacy, standards, taste, regulation, codes of practice and the ethics of representation, this is an essential guide for students in journalism, media, communication and public relations.

Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy

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Author: Joel Feinberg,Russ Shafer-Landau

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305502442

Category: Education

Page: 720

View: 6014

REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY: READINGS IN SOME BASIC PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY, 16th Edition, has a well-earned reputation for clarity and breadth, with a selection of high-quality readings that cover centuries of philosophical debate. The anthology covers the central issues in metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, and ethics, as well as debates over the value of philosophy and the meaning of life. The book is clearly organized: the readings complement each other, guiding you through contrasting positions on key philosophical issues. Clear, concise introductions provide reading tips and background information to help you engage directly and meaningfully with the primary sources. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.