The Economic Sociology of Immigration

Essays on Networks, Ethnicity, and Entrepreneurship

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Author: Alejandro Portes

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610444523

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 8823

"Portes suggests that immigration constitutes an especially appropriate Mertonian 'strategic research site' for economic sociology in that it provides very good opportunities for investigating the embeddedness of economic relationships in social situations....the contributors expand the conventional domain of economic sociology quite literally in both time and space."—Contemporary Sociology "Alejandro Portes and his splendid band of collaborators make clear that the causes, processes, and consequences of migration vary dramatically from group to group, that a group's history makes a profound difference to its fate in the American economy. They have produced a sinewy book, a book worth arguing with."—Charles Tilly, Columbia University The Economic Sociology of Immigration forges a dynamic link between the theoretical innovations of economic sociology with the latest empirical findings from immigration research, an area of critical concern as the problems of ethnic poverty and inequality become increasingly profound. Alejandro Portes' lucid overview of sociological approaches to economic phenomena provides the framework for six thoughtful, wide-ranging investigations into ethnic and immigrant labor networks and social resources, entrepreneurship, and cultural assimilation. Mark Granovetter illustrates how small businesses built on the bonds of ethnicity and kinship can, under certain conditions, flourish remarkably well. Bryan R. Roberts demonstrates how immigrant groups' expectations of the duration of their stay influence their propensity toward entrepreneurship. Ivan Light and Carolyn Rosenstein chart how specific metropolitan environments have stimulated or impeded entrepreneurial ventures in five ethnic populations. Saskia Sassen provides a revealing analysis of the unexpectedly flexible and vital labor market networks maintained between immigrants and their native countries, while M. Patricia Fernandez Kelly looks specifically at the black inner city to examine how insular cultural values hinder the acquisition of skills and jobs outside the neighborhood. Alejandro Portes also depicts the difference between the attitudes of American-born youths and those of recent immigrants and its effect on the economic success of immigrant children.

An Economic Sociology of Immigrant Life in Canada

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Author: Abdolmohammad Kazemipur

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590339763

Category: Social Science

Page: 115

View: 7310

Not long ago, the integration of immigrants in host societies was perceived mostly in terms of assimilation, an overly simplistic scenario, based on which immigrants would learn the language and culture of the native population, and the rest would just follow. However, the developments of the past two decades have shown just how complex this process can be. This new book shows the diverse experiences of various groups of immigrants. This book takes a fresh look at the experiences of immigrants to Canada. The contents of the book are based on over five years of research the author has carried out in Canada and elsewhere, using a variety of data sources, from quantitative census data through specially-designed survey information, to materials derived from qualitative research. The book is structured in such a way that it can be beneficial to a wide range of readers: those interested in in-depth examination of immigration issues, those leaning more towards narrative texts, and those looking only for general research trends and theoretical and policy implications. Literature; The Calm Before the Storm: Preparing to Migrate to Canada; Haves and Have-nots: Poverty Experiences of Immigrants; The New Kid in Town: Neighbourhood Poverty and Economic Performance; What You Know, and Who You Know: Human Capital, Social Capital, and Immigrant Life; Wrap-up and Implications; References; Index.

Der Selbstmord Europas

Immigration, Identität, Islam

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Author: Douglas Murray

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960921802

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 4555

Sinkende Geburtenraten, unkontrollierte Masseneinwanderung und eine lange Tradition des verinnerlichten Misstrauens: Europa scheint unfähig zu sein, seine Interessen zu verteidigen. Douglas Murray, gefeierter Autor, sieht in seinem neuen Bestseller Europa gar an der Schwelle zum Freitod – zumindest scheinen sich seine politischen Führer für den Selbstmord entschieden zu haben. Doch warum haben die europäischen Regierungen einen Prozess angestoßen, wohl wissend, dass sie dessen Folgen weder absehen können noch im Griff haben? Warum laden sie Tausende von muslimischen Einwanderern ein, nach Europa zu kommen, wenn die Bevölkerung diese mit jedem Jahr stärker ablehnt? Sehen die Regierungen nicht, dass ihre Entscheidungen nicht nur die Bevölkerung ihrer Länder auseinandertreiben, sondern letztlich auch Europa zerreißen werden? Oder sind sie so sehr von ihrer Vision eines neuen europäischen Menschen, eines neuen Europas und der arroganten Überzeugung von deren Machbarkeit geblendet? Der Selbstmord Europas ist kein spontan entstandenes Pamphlet einer vagen Befindlichkeit. Akribisch hat Douglas Murray die Einwanderung aus Afrika und dem Nahen Osten nach Europa recherchiert und ihre Anfänge, ihre Entwicklung sowie die gesellschaftlichen Folgen über mehrere Jahrzehnte ebenso studiert wie ihre Einmündung in den alltäglich werdenden Terrorismus. Eine beeindruckende und erschütternde Analyse der Zeit, in der wir leben, sowie der Zustände, auf die wir zusteuern.

Immigrant Businesses

The Economic, Political and Social Environment

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Author: J. Rath

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403905339

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 7849

In the past few years, a considerable number of immigrants have established their own businesses. In doing so, they have contributed in many ways to the economic development of American and European metropolitan areas. Some businesses have been incorporated into the mainstream, while others have stayed on the economic fringes and got engaged in the informal economy. The starting point of this book is that a proper understanding of these businesses is served by focusing on the embeddedness of immigrant businesses in their economic, politico-institutional and social environments from a multi-disciplinary perspective rather than confining the attention to ethnic-cultural or economic sociological aspects only.

Fremde in unserer Mitte

Politische Philosophie der Einwanderung

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Author: David Miller

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518754262

Category: Philosophy

Page: 330

View: 7229

Das Thema Einwanderung wirft gewichtige gesellschaftspolitische, moralische und ethische Fragen auf, die seit einiger Zeit im Zentrum intensiver Debatten stehen. Der renommierte britische Philosoph David Miller verteidigt in seinem Buch eine Position zwischen einem starken Kosmopolitismus, der für uneingeschränkte Bewegungsfreiheit und offene Grenzen plädiert, und einem blinden Nationalismus, der oft in pauschale Ausländerfeindlichkeit und dumpfen Rassismus umschlägt. In ständiger Auseinandersetzung mit Gegenargumenten entwickelt er seinen Standpunkt, der die Rechte sowohl der Immigranten als auch der Staatsbürger berücksichtigen soll – und einen schwachen Kosmopolitismus ebenso einschließt wie das Recht von Nationalstaaten, ihre Grenzen zu kontrollieren. Ziel von Millers Ausführungen ist eine Immigrationspolitik liberaler Demokratien, die so gerecht ist wie möglich und so realistisch wie nötig. Ein beeindruckend präzise und nüchtern argumentierendes Buch, das zum Nachdenken anregt und zum Widerspruch reizt.

Handbook of the Economics of International Migration

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Author: Barry Chiswick,Paul Miller

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044463388X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1702

View: 2933

The economic literature on international migration interests policymakers as well as academics throughout the social sciences. These volumes, the first of a new subseries in the Handbooks in Economics, describe and analyze scholarship created since the inception of serious attention began in the late 1970s. This literature appears in the general economics journals, in various field journals in economics (especially, but not exclusively, those covering labor market and human resource issues), in interdisciplinary immigration journals, and in papers by economists published in journals associated with history, sociology, political science, demography, and linguistics, among others. Covers a range of topics from labor market outcomes and fiscal consequences to the effects of international migration on the level and distribution of income – and everything in between. Encompasses a wide range of topics related to migration and is multidisciplinary in some aspects, which is crucial on the topic of migration Appeals to a large community of scholars interested in this topic and for whom no overviews or summaries exist

The Sociology of Economic Life

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Author: Mark Granovetter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429973969

Category: Social Science

Page: 594

View: 2262

In recent years, sociologists have taken up a fruitful examination of institutions such as capital, labor, and product markets; industrial organization; and stock exchanges. Compared to earlier traditions of economic sociology, recent work shows more interest in phenomena usually studied exclusively by economists while it challenges the adequacy of the neoclassical model. In The Sociology of Economic Life, editors Mark Granovetter and Richard Swedberg incorporate classic and contemporary readings in economic sociology and related disciplines to provide students with a broad understanding of the many dimensions of economic life. A thorough and accessible introduction by the editors traces the history of thought in the field and assesses recent advances and future trends. The third edition is substantially revised and updated with eight new chapters, including original contributions from some of the field's leading scholars that explain cutting-edge research and present the essential scholarship in the field.

West European Immigration and Immigrant Policy in the New Century

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Author: Anthony M. Messina

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275971922

Category: Political Science

Page: 269

View: 5426

Examines the post-1945 impact of immigration and the policies devised to deal with it and to manage domestic social and political fallout.

The New Sociology of Economic Behaviour

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Author: Ralph Fevre

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761966630

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 5797

The New Sociology of Economic Behaviour seeks to revitalize the classical approach and introduces students to the essential ideas in the field. It also shows researchers and graduate students how to make use of concepts like demoralization, cheap labour, dignity at work and a fair day's pay, to develop critiques of current economic arrangements.

Urban Inequality

Evidence From Four Cities

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Author: Alice O'Connor,Chris Tilly,Lawrence Bobo

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610444310

Category: Social Science

Page: 564

View: 1839

Despite today's booming economy, secure work and upward mobility remain out of reach for many central-city residents. Urban Inequality presents an authoritative new look at the racial and economic divisions that continue to beset our nation's cities. Drawing upon a landmark survey of employers and households in four U.S. metropolises, Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, and Los Angeles, the study links both sides of the labor market, inquiring into the job requirements and hiring procedures of employers, as well as the skills, housing situation, and job search strategies of workers. Using this wealth of evidence, the authors discuss the merits of rival explanations of urban inequality. Do racial minorities lack the skills and education demanded by employers in today's global economy? Have the jobs best matched to the skills of inner-city workers moved to outlying suburbs? Or is inequality the result of racial discrimination in hiring, pay, and housing? Each of these explanations may provide part of the story, and the authors shed new light on the links between labor market disadvantage, residential segregation, and exclusionary racial attitudes. In each of the four cities, old industries have declined and new commercial centers have sprung up outside the traditional city limits, while new immigrant groups have entered all levels of the labor market. Despite these transformations, longstanding hostilities and lines of segregation between racial and ethnic communities are still apparent in each city. This book reveals how the disadvantaged position of many minority workers is compounded by racial antipathies and stereotypes that count against them in their search for housing and jobs. Until now, there has been little agreement on the sources of urban disadvantage and no convincing way of adjudicating between rival theories. Urban Inequality aims to advance our understanding of the causes of urban inequality as a first step toward ensuring that the nation's cities can prosper in the future without leaving their minority residents further behind. A Volume in the Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality

Illegal Immigration in America

A Reference Handbook

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Author: David W. Haines,Karen Elaine Rosenblum

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313304361

Category: Social Science

Page: 573

View: 2644

Few issues have provoked as much controversy over the last decade as illegal immigration. While some argue for the need to seal America's borders and withdraw social and governmental support for illegal migrants, others argue for humanitarian treatment--including legalization--for people who fill needs in American industry and agriculture and have left situations of economic hardship or political persecution. The study of illegal immigration confronts a broad range of migrants--from the familiar border crossers to those who enter illegally and overstay their visas, to unrecognized refugees who seek protection under U.S. asylum law. This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date review of this volatile subject.

SWS Rundschau

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Public opinion

Page: N.A

View: 6732

Southeastern Geographer

Summer 2013 Issue

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Author: David M. Cochran Jr.,Carl A. Reese

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469609010

Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 1971

Table of Contents for Volume 53, Number 2 (Summer 2013) Cover Art Sleeping Kudzu J. O. Joby Bass Introduction to Southeastern Geographer, Volume 53, Number 2 David M. Cochran and Carl A. Reese Part I: Papers Recovering Destination from Devastation: Tourism, Image, and Economy Along the Hurricane Coasts Ronald L. Schumann, III Foreign-born Latino Labor Market Concentration in Six Metropolitan Areas in the U.S. South Sara Gleave and Qingfang Wang Downstream Trends in Grain Size, Angularity, and Sorting of Channel-Bed and Bank Deposits in a Coastal Plain Sand-Bed River: the Pascagoula River System, Mississippi, USA Zachary A. Musselman and Allison M. Tarbox Displacement and the Racial State in Olympic Atlanta, 1990–1996 Seth Gustafson Pentagon Contracts and Dixie Barney Warf Part II: Reviews Swamplife: People, Gators, and Mangroves Entangled in the Everglades Laura A. Ogden Reviewed by Scott H. Markwith Cahokia: Ancient America's Great City on the Mississippi Timothy R. Pauketat Reviewed by William I. Woods

Migration, Familie und soziale Lage

Beiträge zu Bildung, Gender und Care

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Author: Thomas Geisen,Tobias Studer,Erol Yildiz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531941275

Category: Social Science

Page: 331

View: 8454

Das Thema „Migration und Familie" findet seit einigen Jahren verstärkt Beachtung. Dies geschieht meist im Zusammenhang mit der Thematisierung von Problemen und Defiziten, insbesondere in den Bereichen Bildung und Erziehung, sowie in Bezug auf das Geschlechterverhältnis. In anderer Weise erfolgt diese Thematisierung im Care-Bereich: Während einerseits Familien bei der Betreuung und Pflege von Angehörigen zunehmend auf die Arbeit von Migrant/innen angewiesen sind, wird anderseits gerade diese Konstellation zur Belastungen für die Familien der Migrant/innen. Die Beiträge des Bandes greifen die Vielfalt und Widersprüchlichkeit familialer Praxen im Kontext von Migration auf und liefern differenzierte Analysen zu aktuellen Fragen von Bildung, Gender und Care.

Das Paradox des Nationalen

Territorium, Autorität und Rechte im globalen Zeitalter

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Author: Saskia Sassen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518419373

Category: Globalization

Page: 735

View: 1854

From Communists to Foreign Capitalists

The Social Foundations of Foreign Direct Investment in Postsocialist Europe

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Author: Nina Bandelj

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841259

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 5884

From Communists to Foreign Capitalists explores the intersections of two momentous changes in the late twentieth century: the fall of Communism and the rise of globalization. Delving into the economic change that accompanied these shifts in central and Eastern Europe, Nina Bandelj presents a pioneering sociological treatment of the process of foreign direct investment (FDI). She demonstrates how both investors and hosts rely on social networks, institutions, politics, and cultural understandings to make decisions about investment, employing practical rather than rational economic strategies to deal with the true uncertainty that plagues the postsocialist environment. The book explores how eleven postsocialist countries address the very idea of FDI as an integral part of their market transition. The inflows of foreign capital after the collapse of Communism resulted not from the withdrawal of states from the economy, as is commonly expected, but rather from the active involvement of postsocialist states in institutionalizing and legitimizing FDI. Using a wide array of data sources, and combining a macro-level account of national variation in the liberalization to foreign capital with a micro-level account of FDI transactions in the decade following the collapse of Communism in 1989, the book reveals how social forces not only constrain economic transformations but also make them possible. From Communists to Foreign Capitalists is a welcome addition to the growing literature on the social processes that shape economic life.

Beyond a Border

The Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Immigration

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Author: Peter Kivisto,Thomas Faist

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452235872

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9874

The most up-to-date analysis of today's immigration issues As the authors state in Chapter 1, "the movement of people across national borders represents one of the most vivid dramas of social reality in the contemporary world." This comparative text examines contemporary immigration across the globe, focusing on 20 major nations. Noted scholars Peter Kivisto and Thomas Faist introduce students to important topics of inquiry at the heart of the field, including Movement: Explores the theories of migration using a historical perspective of the modern world. Settlement: Provides clarity concerning the controversial matter of immigrant incorporation and refers to the varied ways immigrants come to be a part of a new society. Control: Focuses on the politics of immigration and examines the role of states in shaping how people choose to migrate. Key Features Provides comprehensive coverage of topics not covered in other texts, such as state and immigration control, focusing on policies created to control migratory flow and evolving views of citizenship Offers a global portrait of contemporary immigration, including a demographic overview of today's cross-border movers Offers critical assessments of the achievements of the field to date Encourages students to rethink traditional views about the distinction between citizen and alien in this global age Suggests paths for future research and new theoretical developments

Key Concepts in Migration

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Author: David Bartram,Maritsa Poros,Pierre Monforte

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 147390546X

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 3932

"This very useful and authoritative compendium explicates thirty-eight concepts central to analysis of international migration. It is accessible to undergraduate students and even can enrich graduate courses. It nicely complements books like The Age of Migration or Exceptional People. Concision is a virtue!" - Mark J. Miller, University of Delaware "An essential introduction to migration that is international in scope and rigorous in its attention to the scholars, nuances and debates in the field." - Maggie O'Neill, Durham University "Demonstrates that the study of international migration has really come of age. From acculturation to undocumented immigration, the authors consider more than three dozen concepts at the heart of migration studies. Clearly written in a highly readable style, the book is a valuable resource for students and scholars alike." - Nancy Foner, City University of New York This book provides lucid and intuitive explanations of the most important migration concepts as used in classrooms, among policymakers, and in popular and academic discourse. Arguing that there is a clear need for a better public understanding of migration, it sets out to clarify the field by exploring relevant concepts in a direct and engaging way. Each concept: Includes an easy to understand definition Provides real-world examples Gives suggestions for further reading Is carefully cross-referenced to other related concepts It is an ideal resource for undergraduate and post-graduate students studying migration in sociology, politics, development and throughout the social sciences, as well as scholars in the field and practitioners in governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Die neoliberale Illusion

über die Stagnation der entwickelten Gesellschaften

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Author: Emmanuel Todd

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783858691774

Category: Economic history

Page: 315

View: 8481