The Economics and Sociology of Capitalism

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Author: Joseph Alois Schumpeter

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691003832

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 492

View: 8936

The renowned economist Joseph A. Schumpeter (1883-1950) made seminal contributions not only to economic theory but also to sociology and economic history. His work is now attracting wide attention among sociologists, as well as experiencing a remarkable revival among economists. This anthology, which serves as an excellent introduction to Schumpeter, emphasizes his broad socio-economic vision and his attempt to analyze economic reality from several different perspectives. An ambitious introductory essay by Richard Swedberg uses many new sources to enhance our understanding of Schumpeter's life and work and to help analyze his fascinating character. This essay stresses Schumpeter's ability to draw on several social sciences in his study of capitalism. Some of the articles in the anthology are published for the first time. The most important of these are Schumpeter's Lowell Lectures from 1941, "An Economic Interpretation of Our Time." Also included is the transcript of his lecture "Can Capitalism Survive?" (1936) and the high-spirited debate that followed. The anthology contains many of Schumpeter's classical sociological articles, such as his essays on the tax state, imperialism, and social classes. And, finally, there are lesser known articles on the future of private enterprise, on the concept of rationality in the social sciences, and on the work of Max Weber, with whom Schumpeter collaborated on several occasions.

The Economic Sociology of Capitalism

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Author: Victor Nee,Richard Swedberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691119589

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 457

View: 2304

Contributors examine the nature & workings of capitalism from the perspective of economic sociology.

The Handbook of Economic Sociology

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Author: Neil J. Smelser,Richard Swedberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400835585

Category: Social Science

Page: 752

View: 8836

The Handbook of Economic Sociology, Second Edition is the most comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of economic sociology available. The first edition, copublished in 1994 by Princeton University Press and the Russell Sage Foundation as a synthesis of the burgeoning field of economic sociology, soon established itself as the definitive presentation of the field, and has been widely read, reviewed, and adopted. Since then, the field of economic sociology has continued to grow by leaps and bounds and to move into new theoretical and empirical territory. The second edition, while being as all-embracing in its coverage as the first edition, represents a wholesale revamping. Neil Smelser and Richard Swedberg have kept the main overall framework intact, but nearly two-thirds of the chapters are new or have new authors. As in the first edition, they bring together leading sociologists as well as representatives of other social sciences. But the thirty chapters of this volume incorporate many substantial thematic changes and new lines of research--for example, more focus on international and global concerns, chapters on institutional analysis, the transition from socialist economies, organization and networks, and the economic sociology of the ancient world. The Handbook of Economic Sociology, Second Edition is the definitive resource on what continues to be one of the leading edges of sociology and one of its most important interdisciplinary adventures. It is a must read for all faculty, graduate students, and undergraduates doing work in the field. A thoroughly revised and updated version of the most comprehensive treatment of economic sociology available Almost two-thirds of the chapters are new or have new authors Authors include leading sociologists as well as representatives of other social sciences Substantial thematic changes and new lines of research, including more focus on international and global concerns, institutional analysis, the transition from socialist economies, and organization and networks The definitive resource on what continues to be one of the leading edges of sociology and one of its most important interdisciplinary adventures A must read for faculty, graduate students, and undergraduates doing work in the field

Max Weber and the Idea of Economic Sociology

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Author: Richard Swedberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691187665

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7649

While most people are familiar with The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, few know that during the last decade of his life Max Weber (1864-1920) also tried to develop a new way of analyzing economic phenomena, which he termed "economic sociology." Indeed, this effort occupies the central place in Weber's thought during the years just before his death. Richard Swedberg here offers a critical presentation and the first major study of this fascinating part of Weber's work. This book shows how Weber laid a solid theoretical foundation for economic sociology and developed a series of new and highly evocative concepts. He not only investigated economic phenomena but also linked them clearly with political, legal, and religious phenomena. Swedberg also demonstrates that Weber's approach to economic sociology addresses a major problem that has haunted economic analysis since the nineteenth century: how to effectively unite an interest-driven type of analysis (popular with economists) with a social one (of course preferred by sociologists). Exploring Weber's views of the economy and how he viewed its relationship to politics, law, and religion, Swedberg furthermore discusses similarities and differences between Weber's economic sociology and present-day thinking on the same topic. In addition, the author shows how economic sociology has recently gained greater credibility as economists and sociologists have begun to collaborate in studying problems of organizations, political structures, social problems, and economic culture more generally. Swedberg's book will be sure to further this new cooperation.

The Architecture of Markets

An Economic Sociology of Twenty-First-Century Capitalist Societies

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Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 069118626X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 274

View: 3132

Market societies have created more wealth, and more opportunities for more people, than any other system of social organization in history. Yet we still have a rudimentary understanding of how markets themselves are social constructions that require extensive institutional support. This groundbreaking work seeks to fill this gap, to make sense of modern capitalism by developing a sociological theory of market institutions. Addressing the unruly dynamism that capitalism brings with it, leading sociologist Neil Fligstein argues that the basic drift of any one market and its actors, even allowing for competition, is toward stabilization. The Architecture of Markets represents a major and timely step beyond recent, largely empirical studies that oppose the neoclassical model of perfect competition but provide sparse theory toward a coherent economic sociology. Fligstein offers this theory. With it he interprets not just globalization and the information economy, but developments more specific to American capitalism in the past two decades--among them, the 1980s merger movement. He makes new inroads into the ''theory of fields,'' which links the formation of markets and firms to the problems of stability. His political-cultural approach explains why governments remain crucial to markets and why so many national variations of capitalism endure. States help make stable markets possible by, for example, establishing the rule of law and adjudicating the class struggle. State-building and market-building go hand in hand. Fligstein shows that market actors depend mightily upon governments and the members of society for the social conditions that produce wealth. He demonstrates that systems favoring more social justice and redistribution can yield stable markets and economic growth as readily as less egalitarian systems. This book will surely join the classics on capitalism. Economists, sociologists, policymakers, and all those interested in what makes markets function as they do will read it for many years to come.

The Architecture of Illegal Markets

Towards an Economic Sociology of Illegality in the Economy

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Author: Matías Dewey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198794975

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 5906

From illegal drugs, stolen artwork, and forged trademarks, to fraud in financial markets - the phenomenon of illegality in market exchanges is pervasive. Illegal markets have great economic significance, have relevant social and political consequences, and shape economic and political structures. Despite the importance of illegality in the economy, the field of economic sociology unquestioningly accepts the premise that the institutional structures and exchanges taking place in markets are law-abiding in nature. This volume makes a contribution to changing this. Questions that stand at the centre of the chapters are: What are the interfaces between legal and illegal markets? How do demand and supply in illegal markets interact? What role do criminal organizations play in illegal markets? What is the relationship between illegality and governments? Is illegality a phenomenon central to capitalism? Anchored in economic sociology, this book contributes to the analysis and understanding of market exchanges in conditions of illegality from a perspective that focuses on the social organization of markets. Offering both, theoretical reflections and case studies, the chapters assembled in the volume address the consequences of the illegal production, distribution, and consumption of products for the architecture of markets. It also focuses on the underlying causes and the political and social concerns stemming from the infringement of the law.

Essays in Economic Sociology

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Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691009063

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 9707

Economic sociologist and Weber scholar Richard Swedberg has, in this volume, selected essays from Weber's enormous body of writings on the subject of economic sociology. The central themes of the anthology are modern capitalism and its relationships to politics, law, culture and religion.

23 Lügen, die sie uns über den Kapitalismus erzählen

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Author: Ha-Joon Chang

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641041406

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 7184

Provokantes Debattenbuch über den Kapitalismus vor dem Hintergrund der aktuellen Weltwirtschaftskrise Mit seiner provokanten Streitschrift macht Ha-Joon Chang Front gegen die heiligen Kühe des Kapitalismus. In dreiundzwanzig Thesen und Gegenthesen analysiert er die Grundzüge der Marktwirtschaft des 21. Jahrhunderts, sagt, was sie ist und was sie nicht ist, was sie kann und was sie nicht kann. Dabei verbindet er ökonomischen Sachverstand mit gesellschaftlichem Scharfblick und Menschenkenntnis. Knapp, präzise und streitbar bietet Ha-Joon Chang dem Leser das Rüstzeug, die herrschenden Illusionen einer kapitalistischen Ökonomie zu durchschauen, ihre Möglichkeiten realistisch einzuschätzen und zum Wohle aller zu nutzen. Stellt elementare Lehrmeinungen der freien Marktwirtschaft in Frage.

Die Gemeinwirtschaft

Untersuchungen über den Sozialismus

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Author: Ludwig Mises

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110504707

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 538

View: 8032

Economic Sociology

State, Market, and Society in Modern Capitalism

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Author: Carlo Trigilia

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470692855

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9433

This book systematically reconstructs the origins and new advances in economic sociology. By presenting both classical and contemporary theory and research, the volume identifies and describes the continuity between past and present, and the move from economics to economic sociology. Most comprehensive and up-to-date overview available by an internationally renowned, award-winning economic sociologist Systematically reconstructs the origins and new advances in economic sociology Organizes the perspectives and methods of economic sociologists of the classical and contemporary eras, including coverage of modernization, globalization, and the welfare state Provides insights into the social consequences of capitalism in the past and present for students of economic sociology.

Die Architektur der Märkte

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Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531159645

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 6149

Die Architektur der Märkte fasst grundlegende Schriften Neil Fligsteins aus verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen zusammen, in denen er eine wirtschaftssoziologische Sicht auf kapitalistische Gesellschaften entwickelt hat. Fligstein hat mit der These von der sozialen Konstruktion oder Architektur von Märkten auf die Bedeutung des Staates und der modernen Unternehmen aufmerksam gemacht und die institutionelle Rahmung des Wirtschaftslebens in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Der Band hat nach seinem Erscheinen für große Aufmerksamkeit gesorgt und gilt zu Recht als eine der wegweisenden Aufsatzsammlungen der neueren Wirtschaftssoziologie.

Der neue Geist des Kapitalismus

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Author: Luc Boltanski,Ève Chiapello

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3744516245

Category: Social Science

Page: 744

View: 5836

Der Geist des Kapitalismus verdankt seinen Triumph der Fähigkeit, die gegen ihn gerichtete Kritik aufzugreifen und zu verarbeiten. So hat das Maß der persönlichen Autonomie am Arbeitsplatz in den kapitalistischen Produktionsformen der Gegenwart zwar erheblich zugenommen, eine Forderung, die die künstlerische Avantgarde der 68er ins Zentrum ihrer Kritik an der Allianz zwischen Bürokratie und Kapital gestellt hatte. Dies geschah allerdings um den Preis der Berufs sicher heit, der Planbarkeit von Karrieren, verlässlicher Strukturen. Soziale Desintegrationsprozesse auf der kollektiven und erhöhter psychischer Druck auf der Ebene des einzelnen Individuums sind Folgen dieser Entwicklung. Einstweilen bleibt die Kritik an diesem neuen Kapitalismus machtlos, weil sie die Gegenwart an vergangenen Idealen misst und die sozialen Konflikte der Gegenwart mit Begriffen zu beschreiben versucht, die in der ökonomischen Realität des 21. Jahrhunderts keinen Sinn mehr ergeben. Neue Interpretationsmuster aber werden den Legitimations druck auf den Kapitalismus erhöhen – insbesondere dort, wo wachsende Gerechtigkeitsdefizite augenscheinlich werden. Der Geist des Kapitalismus wird seine Antwort nicht schuldig bleiben. Luc Boltanski ist Forschungsdirektor an der École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris. Ève Chiapello ist wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin an der École des hautes études commerciales, Paris.

Marshall and Schumpeter on Evolution

Economic Sociology of Capitalist Development

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Author: Yuichi Shionoya,Tamotsu Nishizawa

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848446160

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 285

View: 6395

This collection of essays offers a fresh and challenging interpretation which departs from the received views of two giants among the greatest economists of all times. Distinguished scholars of Marshall and Schumpeter engage in a lively discussion of their work and convincingly argue that, despite their differences, they shared a common drive towards a broader type of social science beyond economics. It is an intriguing account that will not fail to attract and fascinate the majority of readers. Maria Cristina Marcuzzo, Università di Roma, Italy Ever since the development of the theory of biological evolution in the middle of the nineteenth century, evolutionary doctrine has posed challenges to economics. These came directly from the work of Darwin and Huxley and indirectly through economic history and the juxtaposition of dynamics with comparative statics the approach widely adopted by economists by the end of the century. The eminent historians of economics, Yuichi Shionoya and Tamotsu Nishizawa, together with a distinguished team of specialists, have produced an important set of essays that examine the positions on evolution of Marshall and Schumpeter and the economists who surrounded them. This collection is a valuable contribution to the history of economics and is highly relevant to controversies that rage still in the economics discipline today. Craufurd Goodwin, Duke University, US Traditionally it was understood that while Marshall was the synthesizer of neoclassical economics, Schumpeter challenged the dynamic conception of the economy in place of the static structure of economics. While historians of economic thought rarely discuss the work of Alfred Marshall and Joseph Schumpeter jointly, the contributors to this book do exactly this from the perspective of evolutionary thought. This unique and original work contends that, despite the differences between Marshallian and Schumpeterian thinking, they both present formidable challenges to a broad type of social science beyond economics, particularly under the influence of the German historical school. In a departure from the received view on the nature of the works of Marshall and Schumpeter, the contributors explore their themes in terms of an evolutionary vision and method of evolution; social science and evolution; conceptions of evolution; and evolution and capitalism. This timely resource will provide a stimulus not only to Marshall and Schumpeter scholarship within the history of economic thought but also to the recent efforts of economists to explore a research field beyond mainstream equilibrium economics. It will therefore prove a fascinating read for academics, students and researchers of evolutionary and heterodox economics and historians of economic thought.

Postkapitalismus

Grundrisse einer kommenden Ökonomie

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Author: Paul Mason

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874478X

Category: Political Science

Page: 500

View: 5554

Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen« könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.

The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Finance

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Author: Karin Knorr Cetina,Alex Preda

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191641340

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 640

View: 8468

Recent years have seen a surge of interest in the workings of financial institutions and financial markets beyond the discipline of economics, which has been accelerated by the financial crisis of the early twenty-first century. The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Finance brings together twenty-nine chapters, written by scholars of international repute from Europe, North America, and Asia, to provide comprehensive coverage on a variety of topics related to the role of finance in a globalized world, and its historical development. Topics include global institutions of modern finance, types of actors involved in financial transactions and supporting technologies, mortgage markets, rating agencies, and the role of financial economics. Particular attention is given to financial crises, which are discussed in a special section, as well as to alternative forms of finance, including Islamic finance and the rise of China. The Handbook will be an indispensable tool for academics, researchers, and students of contemporary finance and economic sociology, and will serve as a reference point for the expanding international community of scholars researching these areas from a broadly-defined sociological perspective.

Chinas Kapitalismus

Entstehung, Verlauf, Paradoxien

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Author: Tobias ten Brink

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 359339880X

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 390

Das chinesische Wirtschaftswachstum der letzten 30 Jahre stellt mittlerweile jeden anderen langen Aufschwung der neueren Geschichte in den Schatten. Wie konnte sich diese Entwicklung in einem Land vollziehen, in dem die uneingeschränkte Herrschaft der Kommunistischen Partei gilt? Tobias ten Brink untersucht die politische Ökonomie Chinas erstmals systematisch anhand von Erkenntnissen aus der vergleichenden und internationalen Kapitalismusforschung. Seine Analyse der Dynamiken dieses eigentümlichen Wirtschaftstyps zeigt zudem, dass der chinesische Kapitalismus eine paradoxale Entwicklung durchläuft, die den Aufstieg Chinas zur Weltmacht beeinträchtigen könnte.

Der Sieg des Kapitals

Wie der Reichtum in die Welt kam: Die Geschichte von Wachstum, Geld und Krisen

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Author: Ulrike Herrmann

Publisher: Westend Verlag

ISBN: 3864895057

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 2272

Es mangelt nicht an Büchern, die die Wirtschaft erklären wollen. Aber offenbar verfehlen die allermeisten das Ziel, wirklich aufzuklären, denn die Ratlosigkeit wird ja nicht kleiner. Hier will Ulrike Herrmann Abhilfe schaffen. Sie liefert nicht nur eine ökonomische Analyse, sondern beschreibt, wie sich unser Wirtschaftssystem historisch entwickelt hat. Die anschaulichen Beispiele aus der Geschichte helfen nicht nur, aktuelle Probleme zu verstehen. Sie zeigen auch, dass viele Debatten, die heute als ganz neu gelten, uralt sind. Darüber hinaus arbeitet sie heraus: Wir leben nicht in einer Marktwirtschaft, sondern im Kapitalismus - was nicht das Gleiche ist. Dieser Kapitalismus ist zwar sehr dynamisch, aber ohne den Staat nicht lebensfähig. Solche Zusammenhänge werden jedoch von Wählern, Unternehmern und Politikern permanent missverstanden, was zu dramatischen Fehlentscheidungen führt, die uns alle betreffen. Deswegen gilt: Nur wer weiß, wie der "Sieg des Kapitals" verlaufen ist und verläuft, kann die Lügen der Lobbyisten entlarven.

The Economic Organization of East Asian Capitalism

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Author: Marco Orru,Nicole Woolsey Biggart,Gary Hamilton

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761904809

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 426

View: 555

East Asia's dynamic entrance into the global economy has provided a fruitful avenue for research in economic sociology. In this perceptive and timely volume, the authors theorize Asian capitalism and analyze the economic organization of East Asia. Presenting differing dimensions of a Weberian perspective, the authors first provide a theoretical grounding, then consider capitalism in East Asia comparatively, and finally contrast the economies of East Asia and Europe. The book shows how radically different social and cultural institutions can lead to economies that are organized in remarkably similar ways.