The Dignity of Commerce

Markets and the Moral Foundations of Contract Law

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Author: Nathan B. Oman

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022641566X

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 7586

Why should the law care about enforcing contracts? We tend to think of a contract as the legal embodiment of a moral obligation to keep a promise. When two parties enter into a transaction, they are obligated as moral beings to play out the transaction in the way that both parties expect. But this overlooks a broader understanding of the moral possibilities of the market. Just as Shakespeare’s Shylock can stand on his contract with Antonio not because Antonio is bound by honor but because the enforcement of contracts is seen as important to maintaining a kind of social arrangement, today’s contracts serve a fundamental role in the functioning of society. With The Dignity of Commerce, Nathan B. Oman argues persuasively that well-functioning markets are morally desirable in and of themselves and thus a fit object of protection through contract law. Markets, Oman shows, are about more than simple economic efficiency. To do business with others, we must demonstrate understanding of and satisfy their needs. This ability to see the world from another’s point of view inculcates key virtues that support a liberal society. Markets also provide a context in which people can peacefully cooperate in the absence of political, religious, or ideological agreement. Finally, the material prosperity generated by commerce has an ameliorative effect on a host of social ills, from racial discrimination to environmental destruction. The first book to place the moral status of the market at the center of the justification for contract law, The Dignity of Commerce is sure to elicit serious discussion about this central area of legal studies.

Key Ideas in Contract Law

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Author: Nicholas McBride

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 150990722X

Category: Law

Page: 128

View: 1473

This book introduces the reader to a number of ideas and issues that underlie the English law of contract-an area of law that is often regarded as forbiddingly dry and technical but which is here made easy to understand and full of interest. Taking as its starting point the role contract law plays in helping markets to operate, the book explains how contract law regulates the commercial risks people take, while at the same time placing limits on what may be bought and sold, and ensuring that contractual powers are not unacceptably abused. A final chapter discusses how contract law can be used to make gifts of binding promises to other people. The book provides a rigorous and stimulating journey through the ideas underpinning contract law and is essential reading for anyone with an interest in the subject. 'Clearly written and bursting with interesting and novel ideas, this lively book will be a great resource for anyone interested in Contract Law.' Paul S Davies, Professor of Commercial Law, University College London

Markets and Morals

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Author: Yew-Kwang Ng

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107194946

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 254

View: 9485

The book is researched and written with strong academic rigor and persuasive argument that also makes it accessible to the general public. Considering efficiency, equality, and morality, it argues for market expansion, particularly in legalizing kidney sales and prostitution. These are highly controversial issues with important public policy significance.

Reimagining Contract Law Pedagogy

A New Agenda for Teaching

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Author: Warren Swain,David Campbell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351712608

Category: Education

Page: 236

View: 7404

Reimagining Contract Law Pedagogy examines why existing contract teaching pedagogy has remained in place for so long and argues for an overhaul of the way it is taught. With contributions from a range of jurisdictions and types of university, it provides a survey of contract law courses across the common law world, reviewing current practice and expressing concern that the emphasis the current approach places on some features of contract doctrine fails to reflect reality. The book engages with the major criticism of the standard contract course, which is that it is too narrow and rarely engages with ordinary life, or at least ordinary contracts, and argues that students are left without vital knowledge. This collection is designed to be a platform for sharing innovative teaching experiences, with the aim of building a new approach that addresses such issues. This book will have international appeal and will be of interest to academics, researchers and postgraduates in the fields of law and education. It will also appeal to teachers of contract law, as well as governmental and legal profession policymakers.

The Humanity of Private Law

Part I: Explanation

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Author: Nicholas McBride

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509911979

Category: Law

Page: 296

View: 3308

The Humanity of Private Law presents a new way of thinking about English private law. Making a decisive break from earlier views of private law, which saw private law as concerned with wealth-maximisation or preserving relationships of mutual independence between its subjects, the author argues that English private law's core concern is the flourishing of its subjects. THIS VOLUME - presents a critique of alternative explanations of private law; - defines and sets out the key building blocks of private law; - sets out the vision of human flourishing (the RP) that English private law has in mind in seeking to promote its subjects' flourishing; - shows how various features of English private law are fine-tuned to ensure that its subjects enjoy a flourishing existence, according to the vision of human flourishing provided by the RP; - explains how other features of English private law are designed to preserve private law's legitimacy while it pursues its core concern of promoting human flourishing; - defends the view of English private law presented here against arguments that it does not adequately fit the rules and doctrines of private law, or that it is implausible to think that English private law is concerned with promoting human flourishing. A follow-up volume will question whether the RP is correct as an account of what human flourishing involves, and consider what private law would look like if it sought to give effect to a more authentic vision of human flourishing. The Humanity of Private Law is essential reading for students, academics and judges who are interested in understanding private law in common law jurisdictions, and for anyone interested in the nature and significance of human flourishing.

Consentability

Consent and its Limits

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Author: Nancy S. Kim

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316732681

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6329

Problems regarding the nature of consent are at the heart of many of today's most pressing issues. For example, the #MeToo movement has underscored the need to move beyond viewing consent as a simple matter of yes or no. Consent is complex because humans and their relationships are complicated. Humans, as a result of cognitive limitations and emotional and physical vulnerabilities, are susceptible to manipulation and mistakes. Given the potential for regret, are there some things to which one should not be permitted to consent? The consentability quandary becomes more urgent with technological advances. Should we allow body hacking? Cryogenics? Consumer travel to Mars? Assisted suicide? In Consentability: Consent and Its Limits, Nancy S. Kim proposes a bold, original framework for evaluating consentability, which considers the complexities surrounding consent.

Was man für Geld nicht kaufen kann

Die moralischen Grenzen des Marktes

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Author: Michael J. Sandel

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843705097

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 2749

Darf ein Staat Söldner verpflichten, um Kriege zu führen? Ist es moralisch vertretbar, Leute dafür zu bezahlen, dass sie Organe spenden? Dürfen Unternehmen gegen Geld das Recht erwerben, die Luft zu verpesten? Fast alles scheint heute käuflich zu sein. Wollten wir das so? Und was können wir dagegen tun? Mit Verve und anhand prägnanter Beispiele widmet sich Michael J. Sandel dieser wichtigen ethischen Frage. Die Regeln des Marktes haben fast alle Lebensbereiche infiltriert, auch jene, die eigentlich jenseits von Konsum und Mehrwert liegen sollten: Medizin, Erziehung, Politik, Recht und Gesetz, Kunst, Sport, sogar Familie und Partnerschaft. Ohne es zu merken, haben wir uns von einer Marktwirtschaft in eine Marktgesellschaft gewandelt. Ist da nicht etwas grundlegend schief gelaufen? Mit Verve und anhand prägnanter Beispiele wirft Michael Sandel eine der wichtigsten ethischen Fragen unserer Zeit auf: Wie können wir den Markt daran hindern, Felder zu beherrschen, in denen er nichts zu suchen hat? Wo liegen seine moralischen Grenzen? Und wie können wir zivilisatorische Errungenschaften bewahren, für die sich der Markt nicht interessiert und die man für kein Geld der Welt kaufen kann?

Las Siete Partidas, Volume 4

Family, Commerce, and the Sea: The Worlds of Women and Merchants (Partidas IV and V)

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Author: Alfonso X (King of Castile and Leon)

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812217411

Category: History

Page: 1492

View: 9681

Las Siete Partidas, or Seven Divisions, is the major law code of thirteenth-century Spain, compiled by Alfonso X the Learned of Castile. Seven centuries later, this compendium of legal and customary information remains the foundation of modern Spanish law. In addition, its influence is notable in the law of Spain's former colonies, including Texas, California, and Louisiana. The work's extraordinary scope offers unparalleled insight into the social, intellectual, and cultural history of medieval Spain. Built on the armature of a law code, it is in effect an encyclopedia of medieval life. Long out of print, the English translation of Las Siete Partidas—first commissioned in 1931 by the American Bar Association—returns in a superior new edition. Editor and distinguished medieval historian Robert I. Burns, S.J., provides critical historical material in a new general Introduction and extensive introductions to each Partida. Jerry Craddock of the University of California, Berkeley, provides updated bibliographical notes, and Joseph O'Callaghan of Fordham University contributes a section on law in Alfonso's time. Las Siete Partidas is presented in five volumes, each available separately: The Medieval Church, Volume 1: The World of Clerics and Laymen (Partida I) Medieval Government, Volume 2: The World of Kings and Warriors (Partida II) The Medieval World of Law, Volume 3: Lawyers and Their Work (Partida III) Family, Commerce, and the Sea, Volume 4: The Worlds of Women and Merchants (Partidas IV and V) Underworlds, Volume 5: The Dead, the Criminal, and the Marginalized (Partidas VI and VII)

Las Siete Partidas, Volume 4

Family, Commerce, and the Sea: The Worlds of Women and Merchants (Partidas IV and V)

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Author: Robert I. Burns, S.J.

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812208552

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 5375

Las Siete Partidas, or Seven Divisions, is the major law code of thirteenth-century Spain, compiled by Alfonso X the Learned of Castile. Seven centuries later, this compendium of legal and customary information remains the foundation of modern Spanish law. In addition, its influence is notable in the law of Spain's former colonies, including Texas, California, and Louisiana. The work's extraordinary scope offers unparalleled insight into the social, intellectual, and cultural history of medieval Spain. Built on the armature of a law code, it is in effect an encyclopedia of medieval life. Long out of print, the English translation of Las Siete Partidas—first commissioned in 1931 by the American Bar Association—returns in a superior new edition. Editor and distinguished medieval historian Robert I. Burns, S.J., provides critical historical material in a new general Introduction and extensive introductions to each Partida. Jerry Craddock of the University of California, Berkeley, provides updated bibliographical notes, and Joseph O'Callaghan of Fordham University contributes a section on law in Alfonso's time. Las Siete Partidas is presented in five volumes, each available separately: The Medieval Church, Volume 1: The World of Clerics and Laymen (Partida I) Medieval Government, Volume 2: The World of Kings and Warriors (Partida II) The Medieval World of Law, Volume 3: Lawyers and Their Work (Partida III) Family, Commerce, and the Sea, Volume 4: The Worlds of Women and Merchants (Partidas IV and V) Underworlds, Volume 5: The Dead, the Criminal, and the Marginalized (Partidas VI and VII)

Der Gesellschaftsvertrag

oder Die Grundsätze des Staatsrechtes

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Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3954550539

Category: Philosophy

Page: 108

View: 8378

Mit seiner 1762 veröffentlichten Abhandlung übte der französische Philosoph Jean-Jacques Rousseau einen wesentlichen Einfluss auf die politische Theorie der Französischen Revolution aus, zugleich sind seine radikalen Schlussfolgerungen bis heute umstritten: Im Zentrum des Buchs steht die These, dass zwischen den Individuen der Gesellschaft ein unausgesprochener Gesellschaftsvertrag existiert. Orientiert ist dieser Vertrag jedoch nicht an den Rechten des Einzelnen. Vielmehr dient der Vertrag ausschließlich dem Gemeinwohl, das in Rousseaus Augen das zugleich Vernünftige und deshalb allein Gerechte ist.

Identität

Wie der Verlust der Würde unsere Demokratie gefährdet

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Author: Francis Fukuyama

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455005292

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 4778

In den letzten zehn Jahren ist die Anzahl der demokratischen Staaten weltweit erschreckend schnell zurückgegangen. Erleben wir gerade das Ende der liberalen Demokratie? Der US-amerikanische Politikwissenschaftler Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Weltbestsellers Das Ende der Geschichte, sucht in seinem neuen Buch nach den Gründen, warum sich immer mehr Menschen antidemokratischen Strömungen zuwenden und den Liberalismus ablehnen. Er zeigt, warum die Politik der Stunde geprägt ist von Nationalismus und Wut, welche Rolle linke und recht Parteien bei dieser Entwicklung spielen, und was wir tun können, um unsere gesellschaftliche Identität und damit die liberale Demokratie wieder zu beleben. »Intelligent und klar – wir brauchen mehr Denker, die so weise sind wie Fukuyama.« THE NEW YORK TIMES »Einer der bedeutendsten Politikwissenschaftler der westlichen Welt.« DIE WELT

Congressional Record

Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8382

The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)