The Design of Prestressed Concrete Bridges

Concepts and Principles

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Author: Robert Benaim

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482267616

Category: Architecture

Page: 608

View: 6000

Examining the fundamental differences between design and analysis, Robert Benaim explores the close relationship between aesthetic and technical creativity and the importance of the intuitive, more imaginative qualities of design that every designer should employ when designing a structure. Aiding designers of concrete bridges in developing an intuitive understanding of structural action, this book encourages innovation and the development of engineering architecture. Simple, relevant calculation techniques that should precede any detailed analysis are summarized. Construction methods used to build concrete bridge decks and substructures are detailed and direct guidance on the choice and the sizing of different types of concrete bridge deck is given. In addition guidance is provided on solving recurring difficult problems of detailed design and realistic examples of the design process are provided. This book enables concrete bridge designers to broaden their scope in design and provides an analysis of the necessary calculations and methods.

Development of Design Specifications and Commentary for Horizontally Curved Concrete Box-girder Bridges

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Author: Nutt, Redfield, and Valentine,David Evans and Associates,National Cooperative Highway Research Program,Zocon Consulting Engineers, Inc

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 030911750X

Category: Box girder bridges

Page: 87

View: 2628

This report provides specifications, commentary, and examples for the design of horizontally curved concrete box-girder highway bridges. The report details the development of the design procedures. Recommended Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) specifications and design examples illustrating the application of the design methods and specifications are included in appendixes (available on the TRB website at http://trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=9596).

Bridge Engineering Handbook, Second Edition

Construction and Maintenance

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Author: Wai-Fah Chen,Lian Duan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439852332

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 661

View: 7109

Over 140 experts, 14 countries, and 89 chapters are represented in the second edition of the Bridge Engineering Handbook. This extensive collection highlights bridge engineering specimens from around the world, contains detailed information on bridge engineering, and thoroughly explains the concepts and practical applications surrounding the subject. Published in five books: Fundamentals, Superstructure Design, Substructure Design, Seismic Design, and Construction and Maintenance, this new edition provides numerous worked-out examples that give readers step-by-step design procedures, includes contributions by leading experts from around the world in their respective areas of bridge engineering, contains 26 completely new chapters, and updates most other chapters. It offers design concepts, specifications, and practice, as well as the various types of bridges. The text includes over 2,500 tables, charts, illustrations, and photos. The book covers new, innovative and traditional methods and practices; explores rehabilitation, retrofit, and maintenance; and examines seismic design and building materials. The fifth book, Construction and Maintenance contains 19 chapters, and covers the practical issues of bridge structures. What’s New in the Second Edition: Includes nine new chapters: Steel Bridge Fabrication, Cable-Supported Bridge Construction, Accelerated Bridge Construction, Bridge Management Using Pontis and Improved Concepts, Bridge Maintenance, Bridge Health Monitoring, Nondestructive Evaluation Methods for Bridge Elements, Life-Cycle Performance Analysis and Optimization, and Bridge Construction Methods Rewrites the Bridge Construction Inspection chapter and retitles it as: Bridge Construction Supervision and Inspection Expands and rewrites the Maintenance Inspection and Rating chapter into three chapters: Bridge Inspection, Steel Bridge Evaluation and Rating, and Concrete Bridge Evaluation and Rating; and the Strengthening and Rehabilitation chapter into two chapters: Rehabilitation and Strengthening of Highway Bridge Superstructures, and Rehabilitation and Strengthening of Orthotropic Steel Bridge Decks This text is an ideal reference for practicing bridge engineers and consultants (design, construction, maintenance), and can also be used as a reference for students in bridge engineering courses.

Bridge Engineering Handbook, Second Edition

Construction and Maintenance

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Author: Wai-Fah Chen,Lian Duan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439852081

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 661

View: 8132

Over 140 experts, 14 countries, and 89 chapters are represented in the second edition of the Bridge Engineering Handbook. This extensive collection highlights bridge engineering specimens from around the world, contains detailed information on bridge engineering, and thoroughly explains the concepts and practical applications surrounding the subject. Published in five books: Fundamentals, Superstructure Design, Substructure Design, Seismic Design, and Construction and Maintenance, this new edition provides numerous worked-out examples that give readers step-by-step design procedures, includes contributions by leading experts from around the world in their respective areas of bridge engineering, contains 26 completely new chapters, and updates most other chapters. It offers design concepts, specifications, and practice, as well as the various types of bridges. The text includes over 2,500 tables, charts, illustrations, and photos. The book covers new, innovative and traditional methods and practices; explores rehabilitation, retrofit, and maintenance; and examines seismic design and building materials. The fifth book, Construction and Maintenance contains 19 chapters, and covers the practical issues of bridge structures. What’s New in the Second Edition: Includes nine new chapters: Steel Bridge Fabrication, Cable-Supported Bridge Construction, Accelerated Bridge Construction, Bridge Management Using Pontis and Improved Concepts, Bridge Maintenance, Bridge Health Monitoring, Nondestructive Evaluation Methods for Bridge Elements, Life-Cycle Performance Analysis and Optimization, and Bridge Construction Methods Rewrites the Bridge Construction Inspection chapter and retitles it as: Bridge Construction Supervision and Inspection Expands and rewrites the Maintenance Inspection and Rating chapter into three chapters: Bridge Inspection, Steel Bridge Evaluation and Rating, and Concrete Bridge Evaluation and Rating; and the Strengthening and Rehabilitation chapter into two chapters: Rehabilitation and Strengthening of Highway Bridge Superstructures, and Rehabilitation and Strengthening of Orthotropic Steel Bridge Decks This text is an ideal reference for practicing bridge engineers and consultants (design, construction, maintenance), and can also be used as a reference for students in bridge engineering courses.

Multi-Span Large Bridges

International Conference on Multi-Span Large Bridges, 1-3 July 2015, Porto, Portugal

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Author: Pedro Pacheco,Filipe Magalhaes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315687194

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 440

View: 1114

Throughout the last decades, the increasing development of the urban metropolis and the need to establish fundamental infrastructure networks, promoted the development of important projects worldwide and several Multi-Span Large Bridges have been erected. Certainly, many more will be erected in the next decades. This international context undoubtedly justifies the first International Conference on Multi-Span Large Bridges. The Multi-Span Large Bridges book contains the keynote lectures and the extended abstracts of selected papers presented at the Multi-Span Large Bridges International Conference (MSLB2015), organized by the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto, in cooperation with IST (Lisbon), University of Minho and LNEC, held in Porto, Portugal, from 1st to 3rd July, 2015. The most relevant themes covered in the book are: Landmark Projects, Conceptual Design, Innovative Construction Methods, Special Foundations and Geotechnical Site Investigations, Life Cycle, Monitoring, Maintenance & Management, Incidents and Accidents, New Materials and Special Devices, Extreme Loads, Rehabilitation, Safety and Serviceability, and Structural Analysis. The Multi-Span Large Bridges book shares the knowledge of several world experts, contains the description of relevant experiences and reports state-of-art achievements which, definitely, will be invaluable to bridge engineers, structural engineers and scientists.

Stress Ribbon and Cable-supported Pedestrian Bridges

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Author: Jiřʹi Strʹaskʹy

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727732828

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 1577

By looking at how slender concrete deck is used in the design of suspension and cable stayed structures, Stress Ribbon and Cable-supported Pedestrian Bridges highlights their characteristic feature: their rigidity, which is mainly given by the tension stiffness of prestressed concrete decking so much so that movement caused by pedestrians or wind does not register as discomfort by its users. Illustrated throughout, this book provides examples of outstanding structures, including bridges designed by the author, which have been recently completed.

Design of Prestressed Concrete to Eurocode 2, Second Edition

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Author: Raymond Ian Gilbert,Neil Colin Mickleborough,Gianluca Ranzi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315389517

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 665

View: 4790

The design of structures in general, and prestressed concrete structures in particular, requires considerably more information than is contained in building codes. A sound understanding of structural behaviour at all stages of loading is essential. This textbook presents a detailed description and explanation of the behaviour of prestressed concrete members and structures both at service loads and at ultimate loads and, in doing so, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to structural design. Much of the text is based on first principles and relies only on the principles of mechanics and the properties of concrete and steel, with numerous worked examples. However, where the design requirements are code specific, this book refers to the provisions of Eurocode 2: Design of Concrete Structures and, where possible, the notation is the same as in Eurocode 2. A parallel volume is written to the Australian Standard for Concrete Structures AS3600-2009. The text runs from an introduction to the fundamentals to in-depth treatments of more advanced topics in modern prestressed concrete structures. It suits senior undergraduate and graduate students and also practising engineers who want comprehensive introduction to the design of prestressed concrete structures. It retains the clear and concise explanations and the easy-to-read style of the first edition, but the content has been extensively re-organised and considerably expanded and updated. New chapters cover design procedures, actions and loads; prestressing systems and construction requirements; connections and detailing; and design concepts for prestressed concrete bridges. The topic of serviceability is developed extensively throughout. All the authors have been researching and teaching the behaviour and design of prestressed concrete structures for over thirty-five years and the proposed new edition of the book reflects this wealth of experience. The work has also gained much from Professor Gilbert active and long-time involvement in the development of standards for concrete buildings and concrete bridges.

Prestressed Concrete

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Author: N. Rajagopalan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849317200

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 482

View: 4225

Simple design, low life cycle costs, and fast, easy construction are just a few of the reasons that make prestressed concrete attractive for use in bridges, water and wastewater storage tanks, ocean dock construction, flooring, and more. Prestressed Concrete covers the fundamentals of prestressing, systems of prestressing, losses, the ultimate strength of sections in flexure, shear and torsion, anchorage zone stresses, limit state concepts and holistic design of prestressed concrete elements. The book also provides information on design of determinate structures and indeterminate structures (beams and frames) inclusive of cable profiling. It discusses special structures like pipes, water tanks, etc. and the behavior of composite structures such as precast prestressed concrete beams cast- in-situ R.C. slab, along with its design provisions. Prestressed Concrete is a valuable guide for practicing engineers, students, and researchers.

Principles of Structural Design

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Author: W.F. Chen,E.M. Lui

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420037137

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 1761

Many important advances in designing modern structures have occurred over the last several years. Structural engineers need an authoritative source of information that thoroughly and concisely covers the foundational principles of the field. Comprising chapters selected from the second edition of the best-selling Handbook of Structural Engineering, Principles of Structural Design provides a tightly focused, concise, and valuable guide to the theoretical, practical, and computational aspects of structural design. This book systematically explores the fundamental concepts underlying structural design for each major type of structural material. Expert contributors authoritatively discuss steel structures, steel frame design using advanced analysis, cold-formed steel structures, reinforced concrete structures, prestressed concrete, and masonry, timber, and aluminum structures. For each construction material, the chapter explores the material properties, design considerations, and structural principles affecting overall design. Reflecting recent advances, the book includes two chapters devoted to reliability-based structural design and structure configuration based on wind engineering. Computational methods and simulation techniques illustrate the concepts of reliability-based design, while examples of real bridges highlight the application of wind engineering principles and methods. Principles of Structural Design couples fundamental concepts with advanced practices. It is an ideal introduction for newcomers to the field as well as a perfect review and quick-reference guide for seasoned engineers.

Prestressed Concrete Design, Second Edition

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Author: M.K. Hurst

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203476840

Category: Architecture

Page: 280

View: 4636

Prestressed concrete is widely used in the construction industry in buildings, bridges, and other structures. The new edition of this book provides up-to-date guidance on the detailed design of prestressed concrete structures according to the provisions of the latest preliminary version of Eurocode 2: Design of Concrete Structures, DD ENV 1992-1-1: 1992. The emphasis throughout is on design - the problem of providing a structure to fulfil a given purpose - but fundamental concepts are also described in detail. All major topics are dealt with, including prestressed flat slabs, an important and growing application in the design of buildings. The text is illustrated throughout with worked examples and problems for further study. Examples are given of computer spreadsheets for typical design calculations. Prestressed Concrete Design will be a valuable guide to practising engineers, students and research workers.

Bridge Engineering

Rehabilitation, and Maintenance of Modern Highway Bridges

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Author: Demetrios E. Tonias,Jim Zhao

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071459030

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 9199

Aimed at US audience - architects (113,000), civil engineers (228,000), and universities and colleges offering structural engineering programs. This work reflects the bridge design code changes and the newest ASCE [American Association of Civil Engineers] design methods. It uses SI units throughout for international usage.

Bridge Design for Economy and Durability

Concepts for New, Strengthened and Replacement Bridges

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Author: Brian Pritchard

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727716712

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 172

View: 6509

This book describes a number of new or updated bridging concepts which were developed and successfully applied during the author's forty years of close involvement with UK and international bridge design, construction, maintenance and research. The concepts mainly apply to the small/medium span range of bridges and viaducts most commonly encountered. They all contribute to one or more of the following desirable features, which are constantly sought by aspiring bridge engineers: design and construction economy in both time and money; ease of inspection and minimum maintenance; ride quality and safety; good appearance; strengthening when required with minimum traffic disruption.

Structural Concrete

Theory and Design

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Author: M. Nadim Hassoun,Akthem Al-Manaseer

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 936

View: 7741

New edition helps students make the bridge from concepts to problem-solving The Fourth Edition of Structural Concrete: Theory and Design brings this text fully up to date while maintaining its acclaimed easy-to-follow, logical approach. Working with the text's numerous step-by-step examples, students quickly grasp the principles and techniques of analyzing and designing reinforced and prestressed concrete elements. Moreover, the authors' emphasis on a top quality, economical approach helps students design concrete structures and members with confidence. Fully updated and revised, the Fourth Edition features: Latest coverage reflecting the ACI 318-08 code Seismic design chapter incorporates the latest of the International Building Code (IBC 2006) AASHTO method for predicting concrete creep and shrinkage New chapter dedicated to the design of curved beams SI unit examples, equivalent conversion factors from customary units to SI units, and SI unit design tables Practical problems in each chapter enable students to apply and assess their knowledge as they advance through the text. The text's companion Web site gives students more opportunities to apply their knowledge, with such features as MS Excel spreadsheets that offer an interactive environment for evaluating different design aspects of concrete members. This text is an outgrowth of the two authors' lecture notes, reflecting more than twenty-five years of both classroom teaching and industrial experience. It is structured to cover a two-course sequence on the design of reinforced concrete structures as well as provide a comprehensive up-to-date reference for practicing engineers.

Integral Bridges

A Fundamental Approach to the Time-temperature Loading Problem

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Author: George L. England,David I. Bush,Neil C. M. Tsang

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727728456

Category: Bridges

Page: 152

View: 1264

This work was commissioned by the Highways Agency to produce guidance for bridge designers by addressing the thermally induced soil/structure integration problem created by environmental changes of temperature and the associated cyclical displacements imposed on the granular backfill to the bridge abutments. It develops a better theoretical understanding of the cyclic performance, in particular the strain racheting in the backfill soil when in contact with a stiff structure. It also identifies the governing soil parameters and examines their influence in the interaction problem, develops numerical modelling procedures to predict interactive soil behaviour, and identifies and quantifies the controlling features of bridge structures relevant to the interaction problem.

Practitioners' Guide to Finite Element Modelling of Reinforced Concrete Structures

State-of-the-art Report

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Author: fib Fédération internationale du béton

Publisher: fib Fédération internationale du béton

ISBN: 2883940851

Category: Finite element method

Page: 344

View: 4600

Non-linear computer analysis methods have seen remarkable advancement in the last half-century. The state-of-the-art in non-linear finite element analysis of reinforced concrete has progressed to the point where such procedures are close to being practical, every-day tools for design office engineers. Non-linear computer analysis procedures can be used to provide reliable assessments of the strength and integrity of damaged or deteriorated structures, or of structures built to previous codes, standards or practices deemed to be deficient today. They can serve as valuable tools in assessing the expected behaviour from retrofitted structures, or in investigating and rationally selecting amongst various repair alternatives. fib Bulletin 45 provides an overview of current concepts and techniques relating to computer-based finite element modelling of structural concrete. It summarises the basic knowledge required for use of nonlinear analysis methods as applied to practical design, construction and maintenance of concrete structures, and attempts to provide a diverse and balanced portrayal of the current technical knowledge, recognizing that there are often competing and conflicting viewpoints. This report does not give advice on picking one model over another but, rather, provides guidance to designers on how to use existing and future models as tools in design practice, in benchmarking of their models against established and reliable test data and in selecting an appropriate safety factor as well as recognising various pitfalls. fib Bulletin 45 is intended for practicing engineers, and therefore focuses more on practical application and less on the subtleties of constitutive modelling.