The Death and Life of American Labor

Toward a New Worker's Movement

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Author: Stanley Aronowitz

Publisher: Verso Trade

ISBN: 1781681384

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 7458

A longtime scholar of the American union movement argues that the labor movement as we have known it for most of the last 100 years is effectively dead and, by looking at new initiatives, strikes, organizations and allies, analyzes the possibilities of labor's renewal.

Globalization and Labour in the Twenty-First Century (Open Access)

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Author: Verity Burgmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317227832

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 9016

The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.Globalization has adversely affected working-class organization and mobilization, increasing inequality by redistribution upwards from labour to capital. However, workers around the world are challenging their increased exploitation by globalizing corporations. In developed countries, many unions are transforming themselves to confront employer power in ways more appropriate to contemporary circumstances; in developing countries, militant new labour movements are emerging. Drawing upon insights in anti-determinist Marxian perspectives, Verity Burgmann shows how working-class resistance is not futile, as protagonists of globalization often claim. She identifies eight characteristics of globalization harmful to workers and describes and analyses how they have responded collectively to these problems since 1990 and especially this century. With case studies from around the world, including Greece since 2008, she pays particular attention to new types of labour movement organization and mobilization that are not simply defensive reactions but are offensive and innovative responses that compel corporations or political institutions to change. Aging and less agile manifestations of the labour movement decline while new expressions of working-class organization and mobilization arise to better battle with corporate globalization. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of labour studies, globalization, political economy, Marxism and sociology of work.

The Palgrave Handbook of Social Movements, Revolution, and Social Transformation

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Author: Berch Berberoglu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319923544

Category: Social Science

Page: 479

View: 691

This handbook on social movements, revolution, and social transformation analyzes people’s struggles to bring about social change in the age of globalization. It examines the origins, nature, dynamics, and challenges of such movements as they aim to change dominant social, economic, and political institutions and structures across the globe. Departing from a theoretical introduction that explores major classical and contemporary theories of social movements and transformation, the contributions collected here use a class-based approach to examine key cases of social movements, rebellions, and revolutions worldwide from the turn of the twentieth to the early twenty-first centuries. Against this wide-ranging background, the handbook concludes by charting the varied and competing future developments and trajectories of social movements, revolutions, and social transformations.

Political Economy of Labor Repression in the United States

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Author: Andrew Kolin

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498524036

Category: Political Science

Page: 436

View: 3175

This book explores the political economy of labor repression and expands the meaning of repression by looking at the relation of politics to economics throughout the course of US history. It explains how and why this relation leads to the repression of labor and considers how it develops over time from the social relation of capital and labor.

On the Left in America

Memoirs of the Scandinavian-American Labor Movement

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Author: Henry Bengston,Swedish-American Historical Society (1983- ),Michael Brook

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 9780809320790

Category: History

Page: 237

View: 2376

Previously available only in an out-of-print Swedish edition published in 1955, Henry Bengston's firsthand account deals with what historian Dag Blanck calls the "other Swedish America." Swedish immigrants in general were conservative, but Bengston and others—most notably Joe Hill—joined the working-class labor movement on the left, primarily as Debsian socialists, although their ranks included other socialists, communists, and anarchists. Involved in the radical labor movement on many fronts, Bengston was the editor of Svenska Socialisten from 1912 until he dropped out of the Scandinavian Socialist Federation in 1920. Even after 1920, however, his sympathies remained with the movement he had once strongly espoused.

American Labor History Made Easy!

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Author: Eric Leif Davin

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 0578006006

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 6197

A brief history of American workers from 1800-2000. Not primarily an institutional history, that is, a history of unions, although unions figure prominently where appropriate. For the most part, this is about the lives of ordinary workers, people like you and me, and how they struggled to build better lives for themselves in changing and often hostile circumstances. Dr. Eric Leif Davin has taught labor history at the University of Pittsburgh for more than 20 years and won the Eugene V. Debs Award for his writing on labor history.

The Life and Death of the Radical Historical Jesus

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Author: David Burns

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199929505

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 4059

This unconventional cultural history explores the lifecycle of the radical historical Jesus, a construct created by the freethinkers, feminists, socialists and anarchists who used the findings of biblical criticism to mount a serious challenge to the authority of elite liberal divines during the Gilded Age and Progressive Era.

History of American Labor

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Author: Joseph G. Rayback

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439118993

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 7931

Joseph Rayback’s history of the American labor movement. A compact and comprehensive chronicle of where labor has been and where it is today.

Urban Green

Nature, Recreation, and the Working Class in Industrial Chicago

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Author: Colin Fisher

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469619962

Category: Nature

Page: 248

View: 2820

In early twentieth-century America, affluent city-dwellers made a habit of venturing out of doors and vacationing in resorts and national parks. Yet the rich and the privileged were not the only ones who sought respite in nature. In this pathbreaking book, historian Colin Fisher demonstrates that working-class white immigrants and African Americans in rapidly industrializing Chicago also fled the urban environment during their scarce leisure time. If they had the means, they traveled to wilderness parks just past the city limits as well as to rural resorts in Wisconsin and Michigan. But lacking time and money, they most often sought out nature within the city itself--at urban parks and commercial groves, along the Lake Michigan shore, even in vacant lots. Chicagoans enjoyed a variety of outdoor recreational activities in these green spaces, and they used them to forge ethnic and working-class community. While narrating a crucial era in the history of Chicago's urban development, Fisher makes important interventions in debates about working-class leisure, the history of urban parks, environmental justice, the African American experience, immigration history, and the cultural history of nature.

Labor's Home Front

The American Federation of Labor During World War II

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Author: Andrew E. Kersten

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814747868

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 3198

One of the oldest, strongest, and largest labor organizations in the U.S., the American Federation of Labor (AFL) had 4 million members in over 20,000 union locals during World War II. The AFL played a key role in wartime production and was a major actor in the contentious relationship between the state, organized labor, and the working class in the 1940s. The war years are pivotal in the history of American labor, but books on the AFL’s experiences are scant, with far more on the radical Congress of Industrial Unions (CIO). Andrew E. Kersten closes this gap with Labor’s Home Front, challenging us to reconsider the AFL and its influence on twentieth-century history. Kersten details the union's contributions to wartime labor relations, its opposition to the open shop movement, divided support for fair employment and equity for women and African American workers, its constant battles with the CIO, and its significant efforts to reshape American society, economics, and politics after the war. Throughout, Kersten frames his narrative with an original, central theme: that despite its conservative nature, the AFL was dramatically transformed during World War II, becoming a more powerful progressive force that pushed for liberal change.

States' Laws on Race and Color

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Author: Pauli Murray

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820318837

Category: Law

Page: 746

View: 5689

This remarkable, hard-to-find resource is an exhaustive compilation of state laws and local ordinances in effect in 1950 that mandated racial segregation and of pre-Brown-era civil rights legislation. The volume cites legislation from forty-eight states and the District of Columbia, and ordinances of twenty-four major cities across the country. The complete text of each law or ordinance is included, along with occasional notes about its history and the extent to which it was enforced. Other relevant information found in the volume ranges widely: the texts of various Supreme Court rulings; international documents; federal government executive orders, departmental rules, regulations, and directives; legislation related to aliens and Native Americans; and more. In his introduction Davison M. Douglas comments on the legislation compiled in the book and its relevance to scholars today and also provides biographical background on Pauli Murray, the attorney who was the volume's original editor.

Labor Rights Are Civil Rights

Mexican American Workers in Twentieth-Century America

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Author: Zaragosa Vargas

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400849284

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 1953

In 1937, Mexican workers were among the strikers and supporters beaten, arrested, and murdered by Chicago policemen in the now infamous Republic Steel Mill Strike. Using this event as a springboard, Zaragosa Vargas embarks on the first full-scale history of the Mexican-American labor movement in twentieth-century America. Absorbing and meticulously researched, Labor Rights Are Civil Rightspaints a multifaceted portrait of the complexities and contours of the Mexican American struggle for equality from the 1930s to the postwar era. Drawing on extensive archival research, Vargas focuses on the large Mexican American communities in Texas, Colorado, and California. As he explains, the Great Depression heightened the struggles of Spanish speaking blue-collar workers, and employers began to define citizenship to exclude Mexicans from political rights and erect barriers to resistance. Mexican Americans faced hostility and repatriation. The mounting strife resulted in strikes by Mexican fruit and vegetable farmers. This collective action, combined with involvement in the Communist party, led Mexican workers to unionize. Vargas carefully illustrates how union mobilization in agriculture, tobacco, garment, and other industries became an important vehicle for achieving Mexican American labor and civil rights. He details how interracial unionism proved successful in cross-border alliances, in fighting discriminatory hiring practices, in building local unions, in mobilizing against fascism and in fighting brutal racism. No longer willing to accept their inferior status, a rising Mexican American grassroots movement would utilize direct action to achieve equality.

Hirelings

African American Workers and Free Labor in Early Maryland

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Author: Jennifer Hull Dorsey

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801461156

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5352

In Hirelings, Jennifer Dorsey recreates the social and economic milieu of Maryland's Eastern Shore at a time when black slavery and black freedom existed side by side. She follows a generation of manumitted African Americans and their freeborn children and grandchildren through the process of inventing new identities, associations, and communities in the early nineteenth century. Free Africans and their descendants had lived in Maryland since the seventeenth century, but before the American Revolution they were always few in number and lacking in economic resources or political leverage. By contrast, manumitted and freeborn African Americans in the early republic refashioned the Eastern Shore's economy and society, earning their livings as wage laborers while establishing thriving African American communities. As free workers in a slave society, these African Americans contested the legitimacy of the slave system even while they remained dependent laborers. They limited white planters' authority over their time and labor by reuniting their families in autonomous households, settling into free black neighborhoods, negotiating labor contracts that suited the needs of their households, and worshipping in the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Some moved to the cities, but many others migrated between employers as a strategy for meeting their needs and thwarting employers' control. They demonstrated that independent and free African American communities could thrive on their own terms. In all of these actions the free black workers of the Eastern Shore played a pivotal role in ongoing debates about the merits of a free labor system.

Economics of Fatigue and Unrest and the Efficiency of Labour in English and American Industry

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Author: P. Sargant Florence

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134562268

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 4157

Structured in three parts, Economics of Fatigue and Unrest is as relevant today for the study of industrial relations and human resource management as when it was first published. It contains chapters on the following: * The growth of technical efficiency * The theory of fatigue and unrest * The costs of industrial inefficiency * The loss by staff turnover * The loss by absence * The loss by industrial accidents and ill-health

America at the Fair

Chicago's 1893 World's Columbian Exposition

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Author: Chaim M. Rosenberg

Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

ISBN: 143961413X

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 8859

At the time of the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893, the United States was fast becoming the world's leading economy. Chicago, the host city, had grown in less than half a century from a village to the country's second-largest metropolis. During this, the Gilded Age, the world's most extensive railroad and steamship networks poured ceaselessly through Chicago, carrying the raw goods and finished products of America's great age of invention and industrial expansion. The Fair was the largest ever at the time, with 65,000 exhibitors and millions of visitors. It has been called the "Blueprint of the American Future" and marked the beginning of the national economy and consumer culture.

Death and Dying in the Working Class, 1865-1920

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Author: Michael K. Rosenow

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252097114

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 6108

Michael K. Rosenow investigates working people's beliefs, rituals of dying, and the politics of death by honing in on three overarching questions: How did workers, their families, and their communities experience death? Did various identities of class, race, gender, and religion coalesce to form distinct cultures of death for working people? And how did people's attitudes toward death reflect notions of who mattered in U.S. society? Drawing from an eclectic array of sources ranging from Andrew Carnegie to grave markers in Chicago's potter's field, Rosenow portrays the complex political, social, and cultural relationships that fueled the United States' industrial ascent. The result is an undertaking that adds emotional depth to existing history while challenging our understanding of modes of cultural transmission.

From the Ashes of the Old

American Labor and America's Future

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Author: Stanley Aronowitz

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780395881323

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 246

View: 6864

A professor of sociology at the City University of New York examines the decline of the labor movement over the past twenty-five years and its reemergence as a political force in the past five, offering a blueprint for its continued vitality.

Time To Start Thinking

America and the Spectre of Decline

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Author: Edward Luce

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0748118616

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 9929

On its present course, the US faces a world of rising new countries that will compete with it ever more fiecely as its own power is declining. In order to slow and improve this steady leakage of power, the US must change course internationally, economically and domestically. It must also restructure to remain the world's most competitive economy. And it must address quality of life issues and fairness at home. But American politics is broken -- competing forces and interests have led to stasis. With change so tough, where now for a country where the middle classes are suffering as they have never suffered before, the pensions crisis is growing, the deficit out of sight, and radicalism waiting in the wings?