The Cuban Revolution

Origins, Course and Legacy

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Author: Marifeli Pérez-Stable

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195367089

Category: History

Page: 207

View: 5052

This timely and provocative study provides a reexamination of the Cuban revolution and places it firmly in a historical context. Beginning with the inauguration of the republic in 1902 and addressing Castro's triumphant entry into Santiago de Cuba in 1959, The Cuban Revolution highlights the factors that made Cuba susceptible to revolution, including its one-crop (sugar) economy and U.S. interference in Cuban affairs. While identifying radical nationalism--the defense of national sovereignty and social justice--as a legitimate factor behind the revolution, author Marifeli P�rez-Stable also provides insight into the problems facing Castro's Cuba. Arguing that the revolution actually ended in 1970, she blames its defeat on the regime's profitable yet doomed dependence on the Soviet Union. She further charges that Cuba's leaders failed to diversify the economy, to sustain development, or to create democratic institutions. Ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in Latin American history and politics, The Cuban Revolution, Third Edition, offers students fresh insights into contemporary Cuba. New to this Edition * Revised coverage of radical nationalism that demonstrates how the actions of Cubans themselves-the elites, the popular sectors, and the middle classes-made the revolution possible * A more central focus on the tensions between Fidel Castro's leadership, Cuban institutions, and economic policies * New, largely unpublished research in Chapters 2 and 3 * A new concluding chapter, in which the author updates the transition from Fidel to Ra�l Castro

A History of the Cuban Revolution

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Author: Aviva Chomsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444329561

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 4030

A History of the Cuban Revolution presents a concise socio-historical account of the Cuban Revolution of 1959, an event that continues to spark debate 50 years later. Balances a comprehensive overview of the political and economic events of the revolution with a look at the revolution’s social impact Provides a lively, on-the-ground look at the lives of ordinary people Features both U.S. and Cuban perspectives to provide a complete and well-rounded look at the revolution and its repercussions Encourages students to understand history through the viewpoint of individuals living it Selected as a 2011 Outstanding Academic Title by CHOICE

The Origins of the Cuban Revolution Reconsidered

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Author: Samuel Farber

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807877098

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 5186

Analyzing the crucial period of the Cuban Revolution from 1959 to 1961, Samuel Farber challenges dominant scholarly and popular views of the revolution's sources, shape, and historical trajectory. Unlike many observers, who treat Cuba's revolutionary leaders as having merely reacted to U.S. policies or domestic socioeconomic conditions, Farber shows that revolutionary leaders, while acting under serious constraints, were nevertheless autonomous agents pursuing their own independent ideological visions, although not necessarily according to a master plan. Exploring how historical conflicts between U.S. and Cuban interests colored the reactions of both nations' leaders after the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista, Farber argues that the structure of Cuba's economy and politics in the first half of the twentieth century made the island ripe for radical social and economic change, and the ascendant Soviet Union was on hand to provide early assistance. Taking advantage of recently declassified U.S. and Soviet documents as well as biographical and narrative literature from Cuba, Farber focuses on three key years to explain how the Cuban rebellion rapidly evolved from a multiclass, antidictatorial movement into a full-fledged social revolution.

Cuba 1952-1959

The True Story of Castro's Rise to Power

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Author: Manuel Marquez-Sterling

Publisher: Kleiopatria Digital Press

ISBN: 0615318568

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 1750

Author Manuel Marquez-Sterling writes about Fidel Castro and his revolution from direct personal experience, as a historian with broad and deep knowledge of 50s Cuba. The author knew and had contact with many of the historical figures in the book's pages. His penetrating analysis of the public and behind-the-scenes events clears the fog and shatters myths to reveal the real story of the Cuban Revolution. The book explains how Castro came to power through the convergence of rabid partisanship, radical student politics, media bias, and venal politicians who placed self interest ahead of preserving democracy. Facing a constitutional crisis, these parties espoused "the end justifies the means," embracing political gangsterism and eschewing negotiations with political opponents- resulting in a power vacuum Castro exploited to seize power. Masterful propaganda cast Castro as pro-democracy hero, avoiding scrutiny of his plans for a totalitarian state under his control.

Cuban Revolution in America

Havana and the Making of a United States Left, 1968–1992

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Author: Teishan A. Latner

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 146963547X

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 1630

Cuba's grassroots revolution prevailed on America's doorstep in 1959, fueling intense interest within the multiracial American Left even as it provoked a backlash from the U.S. political establishment. In this groundbreaking book, historian Teishan A. Latner contends that in the era of decolonization, the Vietnam War, and Black Power, socialist Cuba claimed center stage for a generation of Americans who looked to the insurgent Third World for inspiration and political theory. As Americans studied the island's achievements in education, health care, and economic redistribution, Cubans in turn looked to U.S. leftists as collaborators in the global battle against inequality and allies in the nation's Cold War struggle with Washington. By forging ties with organizations such as the Venceremos Brigade, the Black Panther Party, and the Cuban American students of the Antonio Maceo Brigade, and by providing political asylum to activists such as Assata Shakur, Cuba became a durable global influence on the U.S. Left. Drawing from extensive archival and oral history research and declassified FBI and CIA documents, this is the first multidecade examination of the encounter between the Cuban Revolution and the U.S. Left after 1959. By analyzing Cuba's multifaceted impact on American radicalism, Latner contributes to a growing body of scholarship that has globalized the study of U.S. social justice movements.

A History of the Cuban Revolution

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Author: Aviva Chomsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118942280

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 6068

A fully–revised and updated new edition of a concise and insightfulsocio–historical analysis of the Cuban revolution. Includes a new material to add to the book’s coverage ofCuba over the past decade under Raúl Castro All of the existing chapters have been fully updated to includerecent scholarship Balances social and historical insight into the revolution witheconomic and political analysis extending into the twenty–firstcentury Juxtaposes U.S. and Cuban perspectives on the historical impactof the revolution

Cuba Since the Revolution of 1959

A Critical Assessment

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Author: Samuel Farber

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 1608461661

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 2735

Uncritically lauded by the left and impulsively denounced by the right, the Cuban Revolution is almost universally viewed one dimensionally. Samuel Farber, one of its most informed left-wing critics, provides a much needed critical assessment of the Revolution's impact and legacy.

The Unthinkable Revolution in Iran

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Author: Charles Kurzman

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674039834

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9297

The shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, would remain on the throne for the foreseeable future: This was the firm conclusion of a top-secret CIA analysis issued in October 1978. One hundred days later the shah--despite his massive military, fearsome security police, and superpower support was overthrown by a popular and largely peaceful revolution. But the CIA was not alone in its myopia, as Charles Kurzman reveals in this penetrating work; Iranians themselves, except for a tiny minority, considered a revolution inconceivable until it actually occurred. Revisiting the circumstances surrounding the fall of the shah, Kurzman offers rare insight into the nature and evolution of the Iranian revolution and into the ultimate unpredictability of protest movements in general. As one Iranian recalls, "The future was up in the air." Through interviews and eyewitness accounts, declassified security documents and underground pamphlets, Kurzman documents the overwhelming sense of confusion that gripped pre-revolutionary Iran, and that characterizes major protest movements. His book provides a striking picture of the chaotic conditions under which Iranians acted, participating in protest only when they expected others to do so too, the process approaching critical mass in unforeseen and unforeseeable ways. Only when large numbers of Iranians began to "think the unthinkable," in the words of the U.S. ambassador, did revolutionary expectations become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A corrective to 20-20 hindsight, this book reveals shortcomings of analyses that make the Iranian revolution or any major protest movement seem inevitable in retrospect.

Creating a Third World

Mexico, Cuba, and the United States During the Castro Era

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Author: Christopher M. White

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826342386

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 4565

The relationship between Mexico and Cuba grabbed international headlines early in the twenty-first century due to a rift in a relationship generally understood to be unique, special, and friendly since Fidel Castro's rise to power in Cuba in 1959. Much of the goodwill between the two countries existed because Mexico retained its allegiance to Cuba between 1964 and 1970 when all other Latin American countries severed relations with Cuba. In one of the first English-language studies to examine relationships in a trilateral context, Christopher White portrays a broad-based history of this unique and complex association and identifies the processes that led to the recent strain between the two countries. White asserts that Mexico and Cuba utilized the Cold War to define themselves as influential leaders in the developing world through their exertion of autonomy in international relations. White also views this relationship as an example of an alternative path from that taken by many developing world nations that buckled under the pressures of being caught between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Sugar, Cigars, and Revolution

The Making of Cuban New York

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Author: Lisandro Pérez

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479874809

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 8504

The dramatic story of the origins of the Cuban community in nineteenth-century New York. More than one hundred years before the Cuban Revolution of 1959 sparked an exodus that created today’s prominent Cuban American presence, Cubans were settling in New York City in what became largest community of Latin Americans in the nineteenth-century Northeast. This bookbrings this community to vivid life, tracing its formation and how it was shaped by both the sugar trade and the long struggle for independence from Spain. New York City’s refineries bought vast quantities of raw sugar from Cuba, ultimately creating an important center of commerce for Cuban émigrés as the island tumbled into the tumultuous decades that would close out the century and define Cuban nationhood and identity. New York became the primary destination for Cuban émigrés in search of an education, opportunity, wealth, to start a new life or forget an old one, to evade royal authority, plot a revolution, experience freedom, or to buy and sell goods. While many of their stories ended tragically, others were steeped in heroism and sacrifice, and still others in opportunism and mendacity. Lisandro Pérez beautifully weaves together all these stories, showing the rise of a vibrant and influential community. Historically rich and engrossing, Sugar, Cigars, and Revolution immerses the reader in the riveting drama of Cuban New York. Lisandro Pérez analyzes the major forces that shaped the community, but also tells the stories of individuals and families that made up the fabric of a little-known immigrant world that represents the origins of New York City's dynamic Latino presence.

Cuba's Forgotten Decade

How the 1970s Shaped the Revolution

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Author: Emily J. Kirk,Anna Clayfield,Isabel Story

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1498568742

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 5464

This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the 1970s in Cuba that challenges the prevailing interpretation of the revolution as simply a period of “Sovietization.” Drawing from multidisciplinary perspectives, this book demonstrates that the decade was a time of intense transformation that proved pivotal to the development of the revolution.

The United States and Cuba

Intimate Enemies

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Author: Marifeli Pérez-Stable

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135221359

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 8431

A great power and a weaker, rival neighbor can eventually have normal relations. Prior to 1959, Cuba and the United States didn’t have a mutually beneficial and respectful relationship, and amid the Cold War, Cuba’s alliance with the Soviet Union made U.S.-Cuba normality even more elusive. What the United States and Cuba now face is relating to each other as normally as possible, a task made all the more difficult by the shadow of the Cold War. After 1989, regime change returned to the heart of U.S.-Cuba policy, a major obstacle for Washington-Havana dialogue. In turn, Cuban leaders have generally shirked their responsibility to do their part to ease the fifty-year enmity with the United States. This book systematically covers the background of U.S.-Cuban relations after the Cold War and explores tensions that extend into the twenty-first century. The author explores the future of this strained relationship under Obama's presidency and in a post-Castro Cuba.

The Chinese Revolution in Historical Perspective

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Author: John E. Schrecker

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275974756

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 6145

Offers a succinct history of China in terms of traditional Chinese historical theories, emphasizing the relationship between China's modern era and its past.

Healing the Masses

Cuban Health Politics at Home and Abroad

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Author: Julie M. Feinsilver

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520082982

Category: History

Page: 307

View: 6899

"An excellent, balanced study of the Cuban health system, based on good data, interviews, and the author's recognized expertise on the subject. Good study of how resources can improve public health, while at the same time acknowledging the difficulties that stem from a planned economy. Overall, a very good analysis, particularly of how the health system of the 1990s is increasingly inadequate"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.

Revolution in the Countryside

Rural Conflict and Agrarian Reform in Guatemala, 1944-1954

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Author: Jim Handy

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807861898

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 3858

Although most discussions of the Guatemalan "revolution" of 1944-54 focus on international and national politics, Revolution in the Countryside presents a more complex and integrated picture of this decade. Jim Handy examines the rural poor, both Maya and Ladino, as key players who had a decisive impact on the nature of change in Guatemala. He looks at the ways in which ethnic and class relations affected government policy and identifies the conflict generated in the countryside by new economic and social policies. Handy provides the most detailed discussion yet of the Guatemalan agrarian reform, and he shows how peasant organizations extended its impact by using it to lay claim to land, despite attempts by agrarian officials and the president to apply the law strictly. By focusing on changes in rural communities, and by detailing the coercive measures used to reverse the "revolution in the countryside" following the overthrow of President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman, Handy provides a framework for interpreting more recent events in Guatemala, especially the continuing struggle for land and democracy.

A Nation of Enemies

Chile Under Pinochet

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Author: Pamela Constable,Arturo Valenzuela

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393309850

Category: History

Page: 367

View: 514

Explains how Pinochet took advantage of a stunted Chilean economy and how he used the backing of U.S. anti-communism to transform Chile into a brutal dictatorship

The Mexican Revolution, 1910-1940

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Author: Michael J. Gonzales

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 082632780X

Category: History

Page: 307

View: 8435

Examines Mexican politics and government from the dictatorship of General Porfirio Dâiaz to the presidency of General Lâazaro Câardenas.

Cuba After Castro

Legacies, Challenges, and Impediments

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Author: Edward Gonzalez,Kevin F. McCarthy,Louay Constant,Gabriella Gonzalez,Jeffery C. Tanner,Bruce Hoffman

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833036173

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 5967

When the end of the Castro era arrives, the successor government and the Cuban people will need to answer certain questions: How is Castro's more than four-decade rule likely to affect a post-Castro Cuba? What will be the political, social, and economic challenges Cuba will confront? What are the impediments to Cuba's economic development and democratic transition? The authors examine Castro's political legacies, Cuba's generational and racial divisions, its demographic predicament, the legacy of a centralized economy, and the need for industrial restructuring.

MONCADA

A Cuban Story

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Author: PAUL WEBSTER HARE

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1450203655

Category: Fiction

Page: 392

View: 9028

Moncada is one of the first words young Cuban biologist Felipe Triana learned as he was growing up. He was taught to say the word, and he was told that it was not just for him, but for every Cuban. Felipe, like many of the other young Cubans, has known nothing but the fifty-year-old revolution which still controls their lives but offers them less and less. An unconventional diplomatic story, Moncada follows the lives of Felipe and six other ordinary Cubans in the week leading up to the major revolutionary festival of Moncada that’s celebrated on July 26. As the day of the festivities draws near, Felipe examines the course of his life in this country. From the economy, to the living conditions, baseball, popular Cuban culture, and the history of the revolution, Moncada presents the essence of present-day Cuba through the eyes of those living there. It gives flavor to a country whose people are deprived of expressing themselves.