The Copernican Revolution

Planetary Astronomy in the Development of Western Thought

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Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674171039

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 1033

The significance of the plurality of the Copernican Revolution is the main thrust of this undergraduate text

Theories of the World from Antiquity to the Copernican Revolution

Second Revised Edition

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Author: Michael J. Crowe

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486315592

Category: Science

Page: 229

View: 5205

Revised edition re-creates the change from an earth- to a sun-centered conception of the solar system by focusing on an examination of the evidence available in 1615.

Die kopernikanische Revolution

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Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663019063

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 9267

Die Geschichte der kopernikanischen Revolution wurde bereits oft geschrieben, doch meines Wissens nicht unter dem Blickwinkel und in dem Umfang, die hier beabsichtigt sind. Vielerlei Einzelereignisse verbergen sich hinter dem Schlagwort von der Wende oder Revolution. Ihr Kern war eine Umwandlung der mathematischen Astronomie, doch brachte sie auch begriff liche Änderungen in der Kosmologie, Physik, Philosophie und Religion mit sich. Einzelaspekte der kopernikanischen Revolution wurden wiederholt untersucht, und ohne die daraus entstandenen Abhandlungen hätte dieses Buch nicht geschrieben werden können. Die Vielfalt der Umwälzungen übersteigt die Fähigkeiten des einzelnen Gelehrten, der die ursprünglichen Quellen studiert. Sowohl spezialisierte Untersuchungen als auch die darauf aufbauenden vereinfachenden Darstellungen verfehlen jedoch notwendiger weise einen der wichtigsten und faszinierendsten Züge der Revolution - ein Charakteristikum, das aus der Vielfalt der Umwälzung selbst entspringt. Wegen dieser Vielfalt bietet die kopernikanische Wende eine ideale Gelegenheit zu sehen, wie und mit welchem Ergebnis Vorstellungen aus vielen verschiedenen Gebieten sich zu einem einzigen Gedankengebäude zusammenfügen. Kopernikus selbst war ein Spezialist, ein mathematischer Astronom, der an der Korrektur esoterischer Methoden zur Berechnung von Planetenpositionen interessiert war. Oft war die Richtung seiner For schung jedoch durch Entwicklungen bestimmt, die mit der Astronomie nichts zu tun hatten. Darunter befanden sich die veränderte Darstellung des Falles von Steinen im Mittelalter, die Wiederbelebung mystischer, antiker Anschau ungen in der Renaissance, die die Sonne als das Abbild Gottes betrachteten, und die Atlantikreisen, die den Horizont des Menschen der Renaissance erweiterten.

The Copernican Revolution in Homeopathy - The New Way of Dealing with Life Energy

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Author: Pal Dragos

Publisher: Wachstumstrend F.

ISBN: 3839102812

Category:

Page: 112

View: 2290

Homeopathy is not a timeless object of research. Embedding it in today's postmodern culture requires a reflexive historicizing. Classical homeopathy is based on the classical subject. Today, the crisis of the civil subject is conspicuous. Homeopathy must find its answer to this challenge and to the cultural immunodeficiency of society. As a consequence of the crisis of the subject, the significance of life energy is substantially changing. The author speaks of a Copernican Revolution. The new way of dealing with life energy also demands a metamorphosis of classical homeopathy. The book is oriented towards the energy body philosophy, yet written in a language that is understandable for the interested layman.

Reason and Wonder: A Copernican Revolution in Science and Spirit

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Author: Dave Pruett

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313399204

Category: Religion

Page: 399

View: 2541

In this enlightening and provocative exploration, Dave Pruett sets out a revolutionary new understanding of our place in the universe, one that reconciles the rational demands of science with the deeper tugs of spirituality.

Puzzles and Revolutions

Case Study of the Copernican Revolution

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Hyperion Books

ISBN: 9780868283685

Category: Planetary theory

Page: 70

View: 2190

Produced for unit HU108 (Knowledge and power) offered by the School of Humanities in Deakin University's Open Campus Program.

Recht und Frieden in der Philosophie Kants

Akten des X. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses

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Author: Kant-Gesellschaft e.V.

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110210347

Category: Philosophy

Page: 3617

View: 1960

The five volumes contain the main papers and lectures of invited speakers that were presented at the X. International Kant Congress in Sao Paolo in 2005.

The last frontier

imagining other worlds, from the Copernican revolution to modern science fiction

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Author: Karl Siegfried Guthke

Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 402

View: 7215

Defending Copernicus and Galileo

Critical Reasoning in the Two Affairs

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Author: Maurice A. Finocchiaro

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048132010

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 7143

Although recent works on Galileo’s trial have reached new heights of erudition, documentation, and sophistication, they often exhibit inflated complexities, neglect 400 years of historiography, or make little effort to learn from Galileo. This book strives to avoid such lacunae by judiciously comparing and contrasting the two Galileo affairs, that is, the original controversy over the earth’s motion ending with his condemnation by the Inquisition in 1633, and the subsequent controversy over the rightness of that condemnation continuing to our day. The book argues that the Copernican Revolution required that the hypothesis of the earth’s motion be not only constructively supported with new reasons and evidence, but also critically defended from numerous old and new objections. This defense in turn required not only the destructive refutation, but also the appreciative understanding of those objections in all their strength. A major Galilean accomplishment was to elaborate such a reasoned, critical, and fair-minded defense of Copernicanism. Galileo’s trial can be interpreted as a series of ecclesiastic attempts to stop him from so defending Copernicus. And an essential thread of the subsequent controversy has been the emergence of many arguments claiming that his condemnation was right, as well as defenses of Galileo from such criticisms. The book’s particular yet overarching thesis is that today the proper defense of Galileo can and should have the reasoned, critical, and fair-minded character which his own defense of Copernicus had.

The Genesis of the Copernican World

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Author: Hans Blumenberg

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262022675

Category: Philosophy

Page: 772

View: 9743

This major work by the German philosopher Hans Blumenberg is a monumental rethinking of the significance of the Copernican revolution for our understanding of modernity.

Ancient Mythology of Modern Science

A Mythologist Looks (Seriously) at Popular Science Writing

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Author: Gregory Schrempp

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773539891

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 8211

Examining the nature of myth-making and its surprising appearance in popular science writing.

Problems from Kant

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Author: James Van Cleve

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195347012

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 5050

This rigorous examination of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason provides a comprehensive analysis of the major metaphysical and epistemological questions of Kant's most famous work. Author James Van Cleve presents clear and detailed discussions of Kant's positions and arguments on these themes, as well as critical assessments of Kant's reasoning and conclusions. Expansive in its scope, Van Cleves study covers the overall structure of Kant's idealism, the existence and nature of synthetic a priori knowledge, the epistemology of geometry, and the ontological status of space, time, and matter. Other topics explored are the role of synthesis and the categories in making experience and objects of experience possible, the concepts of substance and causation, issues surrounding Kant's notion of the thing in itself, the nature of the thinking self, and the arguments of rational theology. A concluding chapter discusses the affinities between Kant's idealism and contemporary antirealism, in particular the work of Putnam and Dummett. Unlike some interpreters, Van Cleve takes Kant's professed idealism seriously, finding it at work in his solutions to many problems. He offers a critique in Kant's own sense--a critical examination leading to both negative and positive verdicts. While finding little to endorse in some parts of Kant's system that have won contemporary favor (for example, the deduction of the categories) Van Cleve defends other aspects of Kant's thought that are commonly impugned (for instance, the existence of synthetic a priori truths and things in themselves). This vital study makes a significant contribution to the literature, while at the same time making Kant's work accessible to serious students.

Nature

Course Notes from the Collège de France

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Author: Maurice Merleau-Ponty

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 9780810114463

Category: Philosophy

Page: 313

View: 6223

Collected in this text are the written notes of courses on the concept of nature give by Merleau-Ponty at the College de France in the 1950s. The ideas that animated the philosopher's lectures emerge in an early, fluid form in the process of being elaborated, negotiated, critiqued and reconsidered.

The Copernican Question

Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

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Author: Robert Westman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520948165

Category: History

Page: 704

View: 5983

In 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus publicly defended his hypothesis that the earth is a planet and the sun a body resting near the center of a finite universe. But why did Copernicus make this bold proposal? And why did it matter? The Copernican Question reframes this pivotal moment in the history of science, centering the story on a conflict over the credibility of astrology that erupted in Italy just as Copernicus arrived in 1496. Copernicus engendered enormous resistance when he sought to protect astrology by reconstituting its astronomical foundations. Robert S. Westman shows that efforts to answer the astrological skeptics became a crucial unifying theme of the early modern scientific movement. His interpretation of this "long sixteenth century," from the 1490s to the 1610s, offers a new framework for understanding the great transformations in natural philosophy in the century that followed.

Nature, Mind and Modern Science

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Author: Errol E. Harris

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415296144

Category: Philosophy

Page: 455

View: 1677

First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Stranger Behind the Copernican Revolution

Notes, Letters, and Diary Entries of G. Joachim Rheticus, 1539-1543

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Author: Ulrich Maché

Publisher: Ulrica Mache

ISBN: 9780976778967

Category: History

Page: 142

View: 3291

Could religious fanatics end science? What if scientists were too afraid to publish their work because political and relitious fanatics threatened them with death? What would it take for a scientist to risk execution and share his or her discovery with the world? How science won out over superstition is the subject of this extraordinary book.

A Jubilee for All Time

The Copernican Revolution in Jewish-Christian Relations

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Author: Gilbert S. Rosenthal

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 163087762X

Category: Religion

Page: 362

View: 968

In 1965, the Second Vatican Council formally issued a historic document titled Nostra Aetate (In Our Time). It was an attempt to frame the relationship between the Roman Catholic Church and the Jewish people. Never before had an ecumenical council attempted such a task. The landmark document issued by the Council and proclaimed by Pope Paul VI precipitated a Copernican revolution in Catholic-Jewish relations and started a process that has spread to the Protestant and Orthodox worlds as well. This volume, consisting of essays and reflections by Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, and Jewish scholars and theologians, by pastors and professors from the United States, Canada, Ireland, Great Britain, and Israel, is an evaluation of what Nostra Aetate has accomplished thus far and how Christian-Jewish relations must proceed in building bridges of respect, understanding, and trust between the faith groups. A Jubilee for All Times serves as a source of discussion, learning, and dialogue for scholars, students and intelligent laypersons who believe that we must create a positive relationship between Judaism and Christianity.