The Copernican Revolution

Planetary Astronomy in the Development of Western Thought


Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674171039

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 2172

The significance of the plurality of the Copernican Revolution is the main thrust of this undergraduate text

Theories of the World from Antiquity to the Copernican Revolution

Second Revised Edition


Author: Michael J. Crowe

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486315592

Category: Science

Page: 229

View: 6630

Revised edition re-creates the change from an earth- to a sun-centered conception of the solar system by focusing on an examination of the evidence available in 1615.

The First Copernican

Georg Joachim Rheticus and the Rise of the Copernican Revolution


Author: Dennis Danielson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9780802718488

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 3635

In May, 1539, a young, German mathematician named Georg Joachim Rheticus traveled hundreds of miles across Europe in the hopes of meeting and spending a few days with the legendary astronomer, Nicolas Copernicus, in Frombork, Poland. Two and a half years later, Rheticus was still there, fascinated by what he was discovering, but largely engaged in trying to convince Copernicus to publish his masterwork-De revolutionibus (On the Revolutions of the Heavens), the first book to posit that the sun was the center of the universe. That he was finally able to do so just as Copernicus was dying became a turning point for science and civilization. That he then went on to a legendary career of his own-he founded the field of trigonometry, for example-will be one of the many surprises in this eye-opening book, which will restore Rheticus to his rightful place in the history of science.

The Genesis of the Copernican World


Author: Hans Blumenberg

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262022675

Category: Philosophy

Page: 772

View: 3000

This major work by the German philosopher Hans Blumenberg is a monumental rethinking of the significance of the Copernican revolution for our understanding of modernity.

Puzzles and Revolutions

Case Study of the Copernican Revolution


Author: N.A

Publisher: Hyperion Books

ISBN: 9780868283685

Category: Planetary theory

Page: 70

View: 3236

Produced for unit HU108 (Knowledge and power) offered by the School of Humanities in Deakin University's Open Campus Program.

The last frontier

imagining other worlds, from the Copernican revolution to modern science fiction


Author: Karl Siegfried Guthke

Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr


Category: Science

Page: 402

View: 9871

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

50th Anniversary Edition


Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226458148

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 7290

A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.

The Copernican Revolution in Homeopathy - The New Way of Dealing with Life Energy


Author: Pal Dragos

Publisher: Wachstumstrend F.

ISBN: 3839102812


Page: 112

View: 2469

Homeopathy is not a timeless object of research. Embedding it in today's postmodern culture requires a reflexive historicizing. Classical homeopathy is based on the classical subject. Today, the crisis of the civil subject is conspicuous. Homeopathy must find its answer to this challenge and to the cultural immunodeficiency of society. As a consequence of the crisis of the subject, the significance of life energy is substantially changing. The author speaks of a Copernican Revolution. The new way of dealing with life energy also demands a metamorphosis of classical homeopathy. The book is oriented towards the energy body philosophy, yet written in a language that is understandable for the interested layman.

Copernicus' Secret

How the Scientific Revolution Began


Author: Jack Repcheck

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 074328951X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 239

View: 5926

Repcheck's riveting story tells of the enigmatic genius responsible for one of the most important scientific theories ever--and why it took several decades and a stranger's intervention before his groundbreaking "On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres" was published.

The Next Copernican Revolution

Book One


Author: Troy Wiley

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781539604792


Page: 200

View: 9354

"We want to create the more beautiful world our hearts tell us is possible--a sacred world, a world that works for everybody, a world that is healing, a world of peace." Charles Eisenstein Take a moment to imagine where we might be today, in terms of human progress, had mavericks like Copernicus and Galileo, and many others throughout history, not found the courage and freedom to come forward and speak their truths. Would we still believe that the earth was the center of the universe? It takes great courage to not just accept things as they are, but instead to speak our own unconventional truths in the face of the status quo. However scary this prospect may seem, it can lead not only to our own individual liberation, but also to the liberation of humanity. Imagine the wonderful future we could create if we are bold enough. This book takes a whole-systems, evolutionary perspective in addressing our greatest challenges like climate change, human rights, our dying economic system, and modern day slavery, in all its forms. There's a new abolitionist movement sweeping the planet to free us of our economic shackles. It's time to embrace a new story, beyond the old paradigm of fear, separation and fighting a civil war that would be too big and too global to fight, let alone win. This is a book of hope and optimism which aims to unravel the reality of where we are, the scope of what's needed, and the 21st-century tools that we now have at our fingertips, literally. I hope you'll join me on this journey and help shape this more beautiful world that is on its way. We live in the most remarkable and awe-inspiring time to be alive in all of human history. I am humbled and grateful to be a part of this great transition. "Another world is not only possible, she is on her way. On a quiet day, I can hear her breathing." Arundhati Roy

The Book Nobody Read

Chasing the Revolutions of Nicolaus Copernicus


Author: Owen Gingerich

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9780802718129

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 7364

After three decades of investigation, and after traveling hundreds of thousands of miles across the globe-from Melbourne to Moscow, Boston to Beijing-Gingerich has written an utterly original book built on his experience and the remarkable insights gleaned from examining some 600 copies of De revolutionibus. He found the books owned and annotated by Galileo, Kepler and many other lesser-known astronomers whom he brings back to life, which illuminate the long, reluctant process of accepting the Sun-centered cosmos and highlight the historic tensions between science and the Catholic Church. He traced the ownership of individual copies through the hands of saints, heretics, scalawags, and bibliomaniacs. He was called as the expert witness in the theft of one copy, witnessed the dramatic auction of another, and proves conclusively that De revolutionibus was as inspirational as it was revolutionary. Part biography of a book, part scientific exploration, part bibliographic detective story, The Book Nobody Read recolors the history of cosmology and offers new appreciation of the enduring power of an extraordinary book and its ideas.

The Astronomical Revolution

Copernicus - Kepler - Borelli


Author: Alexandre Koyre

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135028346

Category: Philosophy

Page: 532

View: 1973

Originally published in English in 1973. This volume traces the development of the revolution which so drastically altered man’s view of the universe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The "astronomical revolution" was accomplished in three stages, each linked with the work of one man. With Copernicus, the sun became the centre of the universe. With Kepler, celestial dynamics replaced the kinematics of circles and spheres used by Copernicus. With Borelli the unification of celestial and terrestrial physics was completed by abandonment of the circle in favour the straight line to infinity.

The Copernican Question

Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order


Author: Robert Westman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520948165

Category: History

Page: 704

View: 8004

In 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus publicly defended his hypothesis that the earth is a planet and the sun a body resting near the center of a finite universe. But why did Copernicus make this bold proposal? And why did it matter? The Copernican Question reframes this pivotal moment in the history of science, centering the story on a conflict over the credibility of astrology that erupted in Italy just as Copernicus arrived in 1496. Copernicus engendered enormous resistance when he sought to protect astrology by reconstituting its astronomical foundations. Robert S. Westman shows that efforts to answer the astrological skeptics became a crucial unifying theme of the early modern scientific movement. His interpretation of this "long sixteenth century," from the 1490s to the 1610s, offers a new framework for understanding the great transformations in natural philosophy in the century that followed.

Kant's Copernican Revolution


Author: Ermanno Bencivenga

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Philosophy

Page: 262

View: 6907

This is a highly original, wide-ranging, and unorthodox discourse on the idea of philosophy contained in Kant's major work, the Critique of Pure Reason. Bencivenga proposes a novel explanation of the Critique's celebrated "obscurity." This great obstacle to reading Kant, Bencivenga argues, has nothing to do with Kant's being a bad writer or with his having anything very complicated to say; rather, it is the natural result of the kind of operation Kant was performing: a universal conceptual revolution. Bencivenga contends that in rejecting the traditional way of doing philosophy, Kant was proposing a paradigm shift comparable in magnitude to Copernicus's overthrow of the Ptolemaic view of the cosmos. Kant, however, was not successful in establishing his idea of philosophy as the new paradigm, and the old view persists in many contemporary versions. Bencivenga argues in favor of Kant's position, which he sees as entailing the view that the role of philosophy is to offer a plausible story about how objectivity might be grounded in certain principles of coherence of our mental states. This book is the story of Kant's revolutionary turnabout, what motivated it, and where it took him; it reveals Kant not only as a figure of historical importance, but as a source of ideas of great contemporary interest.

New Heavens and a New Earth

The Jewish Reception of Copernican Thought


Author: Jeremy Brown

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199754799

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 9274

Jeremy Brown offers the first major study of the Jewish reception of the Copernican revolution, examining four hundred years of Jewish writings on the Copernican model. Brown shows the ways in which Jews ignored, rejected, or accepted the Copernican model, and the theological and societal underpinnings of their choices.

The Copernicus Complex

Our Cosmic Significance in a Universe of Planets and Probabilities


Author: Caleb Scharf

Publisher: Scientific American / Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 0374709467

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 5539

Longlisted for the 2015 PEN/E.O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award Short-listed for Physics World's Book of the Year The Sunday Times (UK) Best Science Book of 2014 A Publishers Weekly Top 10 Science Book of Fall 2014 An NBC News Top Science and Tech Book of 2014 A Politics & Prose 2014 Staff Pick In the sixteenth century, Nicolaus Copernicus dared to go against the establishment by proposing that Earth rotates around the Sun. Having demoted Earth from its unique position in the cosmos to one of mediocrity, Copernicus set in motion a revolution in scientific thought. This perspective has influenced our thinking for centuries. However, recent evidence challenges the Copernican Principle, hinting that we do in fact live in a special place, at a special time, as the product of a chain of unlikely events. But can we be significant if the Sun is still just one of a billion trillion stars in the observable universe? And what if our universe is just one of a multitude of others-a single slice of an infinity of parallel realities? In The Copernicus Complex, the renowned astrophysicist Caleb Scharf takes us on a scientific adventure, from tiny microbes within the Earth to distant exoplanets, probability theory, and beyond, arguing that there is a solution to this contradiction, a third way of viewing our place in the cosmos, if we weigh the evidence properly. As Scharf explains, we do occupy an unusual time in a 14-billion-year-old universe, in a somewhat unusual type of solar system surrounded by an ocean of unimaginable planetary diversity: hot Jupiters with orbits of less than a day, planet-size rocks spinning around dead stars, and a wealth of alien super-Earths. Yet life here is built from the most common chemistry in the universe, and we are a snapshot taken from billions of years of biological evolution. Bringing us to the cutting edge of scientific discovery, Scharf shows how the answers to fundamental questions of existence will come from embracing the peculiarity of our circumstance without denying the Copernican vision. With characteristic verve, Scharf uses the latest scientific findings to reconsider where we stand in the balance between cosmic significance and mediocrity, order and chaos. Presenting a compelling and bold view of our true status, The Copernicus Complex proposes a way forward in the ultimate quest: determining life's abundance, not just across this universe but across all realities.