The Computing Universe

A Journey through a Revolution

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Author: Tony Hey,Gyuri Pápay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521766451

Category: Computers

Page: 424

View: 8693

This exciting and accessible book takes us on a journey from the early days of computers to the cutting-edge research of the present day that will shape computing in the coming decades. It introduces a fascinating cast of dreamers and inventors who brought these great technological developments into every corner of the modern world, and will open up the universe of computing to anyone who has ever wondered where his or her smartphone came from.

The Computing Universe

A Journey through a Revolution

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Author: Tony Hey,Gyuri Pápay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316123227

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 6975

Computers now impact almost every aspect of our lives, from our social interactions to the safety and performance of our cars. How did this happen in such a short time? And this is just the beginning. In this book, Tony Hey and Gyuri Pápay lead us on a journey from the early days of computers in the 1930s to the cutting-edge research of the present day that will shape computing in the coming decades. Along the way, they explain the ideas behind hardware, software, algorithms, Moore's Law, the birth of the personal computer, the Internet and the Web, the Turing Test, Jeopardy's Watson, World of Warcraft, spyware, Google, Facebook and quantum computing. This book also introduces the fascinating cast of dreamers and inventors who brought these great technological developments into every corner of the modern world. This exciting and accessible introduction will open up the universe of computing to anyone who has ever wondered where his or her smartphone came from.

Programming the Universe

A Quantum Computer Scientist Takes on the Cosmos

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Author: Seth Lloyd

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307264718

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 5057

Is the universe actually a giant quantum computer? According to Seth Lloyd, the answer is yes. All interactions between particles in the universe, Lloyd explains, convey not only energy but also information–in other words, particles not only collide, they compute. What is the entire universe computing, ultimately? “Its own dynamical evolution,” he says. “As the computation proceeds, reality unfolds.” Programming the Universe, a wonderfully accessible book, presents an original and compelling vision of reality, revealing our world in an entirely new light. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Turing's Cathedral

The Origins of the Digital Universe

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Author: George Dyson

Publisher: Pantheon

ISBN: 0375422773

Category: Science

Page: 401

View: 8746

Documents the innovations of a group of eccentric geniuses who developed computer code in the mid-20th century as part of mathematician Alan Turin's theoretical universal machine idea, exploring how their ideas led to such developments as digital television, modern genetics and the hydrogen bomb.

Calculating the Cosmos

How Mathematics Unveils the Universe

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Author: Ian Stewart

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465096115

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 3045

A prize-winning popular science writer uses mathematical modeling to explain the cosmos. In Calculating the Cosmos, Ian Stewart presents an exhilarating guide to the cosmos, from our solar system to the entire universe. He describes the architecture of space and time, dark matter and dark energy, how galaxies form, why stars implode, how everything began, and how it's all going to end. He considers parallel universes, the fine-tuning of the cosmos for life, what forms extraterrestrial life might take, and the likelihood of life on Earth being snuffed out by an asteroid. Beginning with the Babylonian integration of mathematics into the study of astronomy and cosmology, Stewart traces the evolution of our understanding of the cosmos: How Kepler's laws of planetary motion led Newton to formulate his theory of gravity. How, two centuries later, tiny irregularities in the motion of Mars inspired Einstein to devise his general theory of relativity. How, eighty years ago, the discovery that the universe is expanding led to the development of the Big Bang theory of its origins. How single-point origin and expansion led cosmologists to theorize new components of the universe, such as inflation, dark matter, and dark energy. But does inflation explain the structure of today's universe? Does dark matter actually exist? Could a scientific revolution that will challenge the long-held scientific orthodoxy and once again transform our understanding of the universe be on the way? In an exciting and engaging style, Calculating the Cosmos is a mathematical quest through the intricate realms of astronomy and cosmology.

The Glass Universe

How the Ladies of the Harvard Observatory Took the Measure of the Stars

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Author: Dava Sobel

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 069814869X

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 877

New from #1 New York Times bestselling author Dava Sobel, the "inspiring" (People), little-known true story of women's landmark contributions to astronomy "A joy to read.” —The Wall Street Journal Named one of the best books of the year by NPR, The Economist, Smithsonian, Nature, and NPR's Science Friday Nominated for the PEN/E.O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award In the mid-nineteenth century, the Harvard College Observatory began employing women as calculators, or “human computers,” to interpret the observations their male counterparts made via telescope each night. At the outset this group included the wives, sisters, and daughters of the resident astronomers, but soon the female corps included graduates of the new women's colleges—Vassar, Wellesley, and Smith. As photography transformed the practice of astronomy, the ladies turned from computation to studying the stars captured nightly on glass photographic plates. The “glass universe” of half a million plates that Harvard amassed over the ensuing decades—through the generous support of Mrs. Anna Palmer Draper, the widow of a pioneer in stellar photography—enabled the women to make extraordinary discoveries that attracted worldwide acclaim. They helped discern what stars were made of, divided the stars into meaningful categories for further research, and found a way to measure distances across space by starlight. Their ranks included Williamina Fleming, a Scottish woman originally hired as a maid who went on to identify ten novae and more than three hundred variable stars; Annie Jump Cannon, who designed a stellar classification system that was adopted by astronomers the world over and is still in use; and Dr. Cecilia Helena Payne, who in 1956 became the first ever woman professor of astronomy at Harvard—and Harvard’s first female department chair. Elegantly written and enriched by excerpts from letters, diaries, and memoirs, The Glass Universe is the hidden history of the women whose contributions to the burgeoning field of astronomy forever changed our understanding of the stars and our place in the universe.

How Old Is the Universe?

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Author: David A. Weintraub

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691147314

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 7336

"Tells the story of how astronomers solved one of the most compelling mysteries in science and, along the way, introduces readers to fundamental concepts and cutting-edge advances in modern astronomy"--From publisher description.

The Convoluted Universe: Book 3

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Author: Dolores Cannon

Publisher: Ozark Mountain Publishing

ISBN: 1886940797

Category: History

Page: 693

View: 6721

This sequel to The Convoluted Universe - Book One provides metaphysical information obtained through numerous subjects by hypnotic past-life regression.

God and the Universe

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Author: Arthur Gibson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136365656

Category: Religion

Page: 404

View: 3989

Ambitious, controversial and absorbing, God and the Universe tackles the highly-charged issue of God's relevance in the light of new scientific thinking on cosmology. Engaging with poststructuralism, ethics, mathematics, and philosophy through the ages, this persuasively argued book reinvigorates religious debate for the new millennium.

Cycles of Time

An Extraordinary New View of the Universe

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Author: Roger Penrose

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307596745

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 3704

This groundbreaking book presents a new perspective on three of cosmology’s essential questions: What came before the Big Bang? What is the source of order in our universe? And what cosmic future awaits us? Penrose shows how the expected fate of our ever-accelerating and expanding universe—heat death or ultimate entropy—can actually be reinterpreted as the conditions that will begin a new “Big Bang.” He details the basic principles beneath our universe, explaining various standard and non-standard cosmological models, the fundamental role of the cosmic microwave background, the paramount significance of black holes, and other basic building blocks of contemporary physics. Intellectually thrilling and widely accessible, Cycles of Time is a welcome new contribution to our understanding of the universe from one of our greatest mathematicians and thinkers.

Quantum Computing Since Democritus

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Author: Scott Aaronson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521199565

Category: Computers

Page: 370

View: 338

Takes students and researchers on a tour through some of the deepest ideas of maths, computer science and physics.

Everything Else in the Universe

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Author: Tracy Holczer

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698173856

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 272

View: 351

In the midst of the Vietnam War, a young girl struggles to embrace change in this tender family story for fans of Cynthia Lord and Wendy Maas Lucy is a practical, orderly person--just like her dad. He taught her to appreciate reason and good sense, instilling in her the same values he learned at medical school. But when he's sent to Vietnam to serve as an Army doctor, Lucy and her mother are forced to move to San Jose, California, to be near their relatives--the Rossis--people known for their superstitions and all around quirky ways. Lucy can't wait for life to go back to normal, so she's over the moon when she learns her father is coming home early. It doesn't even matter that he's coming back "different." That she can't ask too many questions or use the word "amputation." It just matters that he'll be home. But Lucy quickly realizes there's something very wrong when her mother sends her to spend the summer with the Rossis to give her father some space. Lucy's beside herself, but what's a twelve-year-old to do? It's a curious boy named Milo, a mysterious packet of photographs and an eye-opening mission that makes Lucy see there's more to life than schedules and plans, and helps to heal her broken family. The latest from critically-acclaimed author Tracy Holczer is a pitch-perfect middle grade tale of family and friendship that's sure to delight fans of One for the Murphys and Rules.

The Universe

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Author: Seymour Simon

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0060877251

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 3351

Exceptional nonfiction for children from two of the most trusted names in science education: Seymour Simon and the Smithsonian Institution.

Journey of the Universe

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Author: Brian Thomas Swimme,Mary Evelyn Tucker

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300171900

Category: Nature

Page: 175

View: 4795

The authors tell the epic story of the universe from an inspired new perspective, weaving the findings of modern science together with enduring wisdom found in the humanistic traditions of the West, China, India, and indigenous peoples. This book is part of a larger project that includes a documentary film, educational DVD series, and Web site.

The Universal Machine

From the Dawn of Computing to Digital Consciousness

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Author: Ian Watson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642281028

Category: Computers

Page: 353

View: 3955

The computer unlike other inventions is universal; you can use a computer for many tasks: writing, composing music, designing buildings, creating movies, inhabiting virtual worlds, communicating... This popular science history isn't just about technology but introduces the pioneers: Babbage, Turing, Apple's Wozniak and Jobs, Bill Gates, Tim Berners-Lee, Mark Zuckerberg. This story is about people and the changes computers have caused. In the future ubiquitous computing, AI, quantum and molecular computing could even make us immortal. The computer has been a radical invention. In less than a single human life computers are transforming economies and societies like no human invention before.

The Fabric of Reality

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Author: David Deutsch

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 014196961X

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 6190

An extraordinary and challenging synthesis of ideas uniting Quantum Theory, and the theories of Computation, Knowledge and Evolution, Deutsch's extraordinary book explores the deep connections between these strands which reveal the fabric of realityin which human actions and ideas play essential roles.

Magnitude

The Scale of the Universe

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Author: Megan Watzke,Kimberly Arcand

Publisher: Black Dog & Leventhal

ISBN: 0316502901

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 3833

In the tradition of illustrated science bestsellers, like Thing Explainer and harkening back to the classic film The Powers of Ten, this unique, fully-illustrated, four-color book explores and visualizes the concept of scale in our universe. In Magnitude, Kimberly Arcand and Megan Watzke take us on an expansive journey to the limits of size, mass, distance, time, temperature in our universe, from the tiniest particle within the structure of an atom to the most massive galaxy in the universe; from the speed at which grass grows (about 2 to 6 inches a month) to the speed of light. Fully-illustrated with four-color drawings and infographics throughout and organized into sections including Size and Amount (Distance, Area, Volume, Mass, Time, Temperature), Motion and Rate (Speed, Acceleration, Density, Rotation), and Phenomena and Processes (Energy, Pressure, Sound, Wind, Computation), Magnitude shows us the scale of our world in a clear, visual way that our relatively medium-sized human brains can easily understand.

Security and Policy Driven Computing

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Author: Lei Liu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439825807

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 1955

Security and Policy Driven Computing covers recent advances in security, storage, parallelization, and computing as well as applications. The author incorporates a wealth of analysis, including studies on intrusion detection and key management, computer storage policy, and transactional management. The book first describes multiple variables and index structure derivation for high dimensional data distribution and applies numeric methods to proposed search methods. It also focuses on discovering relations, logic, and knowledge for policy management. To manage performance, the text discusses contention management for transactional structures, buffer tuning, and test environments. It then illustrates search optimization using truncated functions with paralleled techniques. The final chapters present structures, recovery, message conflicts, and test coverage of quantum policies and explain methods of quantum protection for intrusion prevention. An overview of security and policy applications for systems and computing, this book explores the latest R&D, emerging technology, and state-of-the-art technical studies of security and policy issues. It also looks to future research and technologies that will propel the innovation of next-generation systems.

In Quest of the Universe

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Author: Theo Koupelis

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449653790

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 6374

Available with WebAssign! Designed for the nonscience major, In Quest of the Universe, Sixth Edition, is a comprehensive, student-friendly introduction to astronomy. This accessible text guides readers through the development of historical and current astronomical theories to provide a clear account of how science works. Koupelis' distinct explanations acquaint students with their own solar system before moving on to the stars and distant galaxies. With numerous interactive learning tools, the Starry Night planetary software package, and stunning visuals and up-to-date content, In Quest of the Universe, Sixth Edition is an exciting overview of this ever-changing discipline.