The Computing Universe

A Journey through a Revolution

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Author: Tony Hey,Gyuri Pápay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521766451

Category: Computers

Page: 424

View: 7308

This exciting and accessible book takes us on a journey from the early days of computers to the cutting-edge research of the present day that will shape computing in the coming decades. It introduces a fascinating cast of dreamers and inventors who brought these great technological developments into every corner of the modern world, and will open up the universe of computing to anyone who has ever wondered where his or her smartphone came from.

Security and Policy Driven Computing

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Author: Lei Liu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439825807

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 7776

Security and Policy Driven Computing covers recent advances in security, storage, parallelization, and computing as well as applications. The author incorporates a wealth of analysis, including studies on intrusion detection and key management, computer storage policy, and transactional management. The book first describes multiple variables and index structure derivation for high dimensional data distribution and applies numeric methods to proposed search methods. It also focuses on discovering relations, logic, and knowledge for policy management. To manage performance, the text discusses contention management for transactional structures, buffer tuning, and test environments. It then illustrates search optimization using truncated functions with paralleled techniques. The final chapters present structures, recovery, message conflicts, and test coverage of quantum policies and explain methods of quantum protection for intrusion prevention. An overview of security and policy applications for systems and computing, this book explores the latest R&D, emerging technology, and state-of-the-art technical studies of security and policy issues. It also looks to future research and technologies that will propel the innovation of next-generation systems.

A Computable Universe

Understanding and Exploring Nature as Computation

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Author: Hector Zenil

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981437430X

Category: Computers

Page: 810

View: 2494

This volume, with a foreword by Sir Roger Penrose, discusses the foundations of computation in relation to nature.It focuses on two main questions: What is computation? How does nature compute?The contributors are world-renowned experts who have helped shape a cutting-edge computational understanding of the universe. They discuss computation in the world from a variety of perspectives, ranging from foundational concepts to pragmatic models to ontological conceptions and philosophical implications.The volume provides a state-of-the-art collection of technical papers and non-technical essays, representing a field that assumes information and computation to be key in understanding and explaining the basic structure underpinning physical reality. It also includes a new edition of Konrad Zuse''s OC Calculating SpaceOCO (the MIT translation), and a panel discussion transcription on the topic, featuring worldwide experts in quantum mechanics, physics, cognition, computation and algorithmic complexity.The volume is dedicated to the memory of Alan M Turing OCo the inventor of universal computation, on the 100th anniversary of his birth, and is part of the Turing Centenary celebrations.

Computing Nature

Turing Centenary Perspective

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Author: Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic,Raffaela Giovagnoli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642372252

Category: Computers

Page: 269

View: 2127

This book is about nature considered as the totality of physical existence, the universe, and our present day attempts to understand it. If we see the universe as a network of networks of computational processes at many different levels of organization, what can we learn about physics, biology, cognition, social systems, and ecology expressed through interacting networks of elementary particles, atoms, molecules, cells, (and especially neurons when it comes to understanding of cognition and intelligence), organs, organisms and their ecologies? Regarding our computational models of natural phenomena Feynman famously wondered: “Why should it take an infinite amount of logic to figure out what one tiny piece of space/time is going to do?” Phenomena themselves occur so quickly and automatically in nature. Can we learn how to harness nature’s computational power as we harness its energy and materials? This volume includes a selection of contributions from the Symposium on Natural Computing/Unconventional Computing and Its Philosophical Significance, organized during the AISB/IACAP World Congress 2012, held in Birmingham, UK, on July 2-6, on the occasion of the centenary of Alan Turing’s birth. In this book, leading researchers investigated questions of computing nature by exploring various facets of computation as we find it in nature: relationships between different levels of computation, cognition with learning and intelligence, mathematical background, relationships to classical Turing computation and Turing’s ideas about computing nature - unorganized machines and morphogenesis. It addresses questions of information, representation and computation, interaction as communication, concurrency and agent models; in short this book presents natural computing and unconventional computing as extension of the idea of computation as symbol manipulation.

Global Electronic Commerce

Theory and Case Studies

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Author: J. Christopher Westland,Theodore H. K. Clark

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262232050

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 592

View: 6367

Provides an understanding of the technologies of electronic commerce. The text does not concentrate solely on the Internet but suggests that the Internet is only a bridge technology. Each chapter contains an overview of a theory or practice followed by one or more business case studies.

Code Complete

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Author: Steve McConnell

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0735636974

Category: Computers

Page: 960

View: 2937

Widely considered one of the best practical guides to programming, Steve McConnell’s original CODE COMPLETE has been helping developers write better software for more than a decade. Now this classic book has been fully updated and revised with leading-edge practices—and hundreds of new code samples—illustrating the art and science of software construction. Capturing the body of knowledge available from research, academia, and everyday commercial practice, McConnell synthesizes the most effective techniques and must-know principles into clear, pragmatic guidance. No matter what your experience level, development environment, or project size, this book will inform and stimulate your thinking—and help you build the highest quality code. Discover the timeless techniques and strategies that help you: Design for minimum complexity and maximum creativity Reap the benefits of collaborative development Apply defensive programming techniques to reduce and flush out errors Exploit opportunities to refactor—or evolve—code, and do it safely Use construction practices that are right-weight for your project Debug problems quickly and effectively Resolve critical construction issues early and correctly Build quality into the beginning, middle, and end of your project

Computation, Information, Cognition

The Nexus and the Liminal

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Author: Susan Stuart,Gordana Dodig Crnkovic

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443809322

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 380

View: 4523

This book draws together a number of important strands in contemporary approaches to the philosophical and scientific questions that emerge when dealing with the issues of computing, information, cognition and the conceptual issues that arise at their intersections. It discovers and develops the connections at the borders and in the interstices of disciplines and debates, and presents a range of essays that deal with the currently vigorous concerns of the philosophy of information, ontology creation and control, bioinformation and biosemiotics, computational and post- computational ap- proaches to the philosophy of cognitive science, computational linguistics, ethics, and education.

Computing anticipatory systems

CASYS'05, seventh international conference, Liège, Belgium, 8-13 August 2005

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Author: D. M. Dubois

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: 9780735403314

Category: Computers

Page: 652

View: 9273

All papers were peer-reviewed. These proceedings include the invited papers as well as those papers that received a best paper award. This conference was enhanced by the presence of Brian D. Josephson, Nobel Prize in Physics, who presented an invited lecture on "General Principles for Brain Design," included in these proceedings. The content of these proceedings deals with the most recent research and development in the area of theoretical developments and applications in the modeling and computing of anticipatory systems in any fields of natural and artificial systems. A computing anticipatory system is a system that computes its current states in taking into account its past and present states but also its potential future states. Strong anticipation refers to an anticipation of events built by or embedded in a system. Weak anticipation refers to an anticipation of events predicted or forecasted from a model of a system. Specific topics include: physics, quantum mechanics, relativity; anticipatory systems, incursion, hyperincursion; logical and dynamical systems; computing systems; soft computing; cognitive systems; neuroscience, biosystems; risk management, economy; as well as engineering systems.

Very Large Scale Computation in the 21st Century

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Author: Jill P. Mesirov

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898712797

Category: Computers

Page: 327

View: 3109

This text on very large scale computation in the 21st century covers such topics as: challenges in the natural sciences and physics; chemistry; fluid dynamics; astrophysics; biology; challenges in engineering; challenges in algorithm design; and challenges in system design.

Structure Formation in the Universe

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Author: T. Padmanabhan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521424868

Category: Science

Page: 483

View: 9029

Understanding the way in which large-scale structures such as galaxies form remains the most challenging problem in cosmology today. This text provides an up-to-date and pedagogical introduction to this exciting area of research. Part 1 deals with the Friedmann model, the thermal history of the universe, and includes a description of observed structures in the universe. Part 2 describes the theory of gravitational instability in both the linear and nonlinear regimes. This part also includes chapters on the microwave background radiation, Large-scale velocity fields, quasars, and high redshift objects. Part 3 of the book covers inflation, cosmic strings, and dark matter. Each chapter is accompanied by a comprehensive set of exercises to help the reader in self-study.

Computing Anticipatory Systems

CASYS'05 - Seventh International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems

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Author: Daniel M. Dubois

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: 9780735403314

Category: Computers

Page: 652

View: 9372

This book constitutes the proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems, CASYS'05. The volume includes all invited papers as well as those papers that received a best paper award. Also included is a lecture on "General Principles for Brain Design," presented by Brian D. Josephson, Nobel Laureate in Physics. The papers discuss recent research and development in the modeling and computing of anticipatory systems in fields of natural and artificial systems.

Make: Elektronik

Eine unterhaltsame Einführung für Maker, Kids und Bastler

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Author: Charles Platt

Publisher: dpunkt.verlag

ISBN: 396088060X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 4113

Möchtest du Elektronik-Grundwissen auf eine unterhaltsame und geschmeidige Weise lernen? Mit diesem Buch tauchst du sofort in die faszinierende Welt der Elektronik ein. Entdecke die Elektronik und verstehe ihre Gesetze durch beeindruckende Experimente: Zuerst baust du etwas zusammen (oder machst etwas absichtlich kaputt) ... dann erst kommt die Theorie! Vom Einfachen zum Komplexen: Du beginnst mit einfachen Anwendungen und gehst dann zügig über zu immer komplexeren Projekten: vom einfachen Stromkreis zum Integrierten Schaltkreis (IC), vom simplen Alarmsignal zum programmierbaren Mikrocontroller. Schritt-für-Schritt-Anleitungen und über 500 farbige Abbildungen und Fotos helfen dir dabei, Elektronik einzusetzen – und zu verstehen. Was auf dich wartet: • Entdecken durch kaputt machen: Experimentiere mit Komponenten und lerne durch Fehler • Schaff dir deine eigene, coole Arbeitsumgebung mit den Werkzeugen, die du wirklich brauchst • Erwirb Wissen über elektronische Bauelemente und ihre Bedeutung für Schaltkreise • Bau eine Alarmanlage, Lichterketten, Elektronik-Schmuck, Audioprozessoren, ein Reflextestgerät und ein Kombinationsschloss • Erhalte klare, leicht verständliche Erklärungen über das, was du tust, und warum du es so machst. Neu in der 2. Auflage: • Komplett neuer Text, mit vielen neuen und überarbeiteten Projekten • Weniger und preiswertere Elektronikkomponenten • Jetzt auch mit Arduino-Experimenten

How the World Computes

Turing Centenary Conference and 8th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2012, Cambridge, UK, June 18-23, 2012, Proceedings

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Author: Barry S. Cooper,Anuj Dawar,Benedikt Löwe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642308708

Category: Computers

Page: 756

View: 5652

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Turing Centenary Conference and the 8th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2012, held in Cambridge, UK, in June 2012. The 53 revised papers presented together with 6 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected with an acceptance rate of under 29,8%. The CiE 2012 Turing Centenary Conference will be remembered as a historic event in the continuing development of the powerful explanatory role of computability across a wide spectrum of research areas. The papers presented at CiE 2012 represent the best of current research in the area, and forms a fitting tribute to the short but brilliant trajectory of Alan Mathison Turing. Both the conference series and the association promote the development of computability-related science, ranging over mathematics, computer science and applications in various natural and engineering sciences such as physics and biology, and also including the promotion of related non-scientific fields such as philosophy and history of computing.

The Deep Universe

Saas-Fee Advanced Course 23. Lecture Notes 1993. Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy

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Author: A.R. Sandage,R.G. Kron,M.S. Longair

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540589139

Category: Science

Page: 526

View: 7894

Written by three celebrated astronomers renowned for their excellence in both research and teaching, the central theme is approached in three complementary ways: the smooth evolution of the universe from the Big Bang to the present structures of matter; as a meandering road paved by our observations of stars, galaxies, and clusters; and how these approaches have been gradually developed and intertwined in the historical process leading to modern-day cosmology.

The Spontaneous Healing of Belief

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Author: Gregg Braden

Publisher: Hay House, Inc

ISBN: 9781401921378

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 353

View: 3061

What would it mean to discover that everything from the DNA of life, to the future of our world, is based upon a simple Reality Code—one that we can change and upgrade by choice? New revelations in physics and biology suggest that we’re about to find out! A growing body of scientific evidence suggests that our universe works like a Consciousness Computer. Rather than the number codes of typical software, our Consciousness Computer uses a language that we all have, yet are only beginning to understand. Life’s reality code is based in the language of human emotion and focused belief. Knowing that belief is our reality-maker, the way we think of ourselves and our world is now more important than ever! For us to change the beliefs that have led to war, disease, and the failed careers and relationships of our past we need a reason to see things differently. Our ancestors used miracles to change what they believed. Today we use science. The Spontaneous Healing of Belief offers us both: the miracles that open the door to a powerful new way of seeing the world, and the science that tells us why the miracles are possible, revealing: why we are not limited by the "laws" of physics and biology as we know them today. Once we become aware of the paradigm-shattering discoveries and true-life miracles, we must think of ourselves differently. And that difference is where the spontaneous healing of belief begins.

The Emerging Physics of Consciousness

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Author: Jack A. Tuszynski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540367233

Category: Science

Page: 487

View: 8470

Seeks answers to these questions using the underlying assumption that consciousness can be understood using the intellectual potential of modern physics and other sciences. There are a number of theories of consciousness, some based on classical physics while others require the use of quantum concepts. The latter ones have drawn criticism from the parts of the scientific establishment while simultaneously claiming that classical approaches are doomed to failure. The contributing authors presents a spectrum of opinions from both sides of this on-going scientific debate, allowing readers to decide for themselves which of the approaches are most likely to succeed.

Large Scale Structures of the Universe

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Author: International Astronomical Union. Symposium,Marc A. Aaronson,Sándor Szalay,International Astronomical Union

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027727442

Category: Science

Page: 622

View: 4761

Proceedings of the 130th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, dedicated to the memory of Marc A. Aaronson (1950-1987), held in Balatonfured, Hungary, June 15-20, 1987