The Challenge of Pluralism

Church and State in Five Democracies


Author: Stephen V. Monsma,J. Christopher Soper

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742554160

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

View: 3805

Provides a comparative analysis of church-state issues in the United States, the Netherlands, Australia, England, and Germany, and argues that the U.S. is unique in the way it resolves religious freedom and religious establishment questions.

The Challenge of Pluralism

Church and State in Six Democracies


Author: J. Christopher Soper,Kevin R. den Dulk,Stephen V. Monsma

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442250445

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 8139

In a thoroughly revised and expanded edition that now includes France, this essential text offers a rigorous, systematic comparison of church-state relations in six Western nations: the United States, France, England, Germany, the Netherlands, and Australia. As successful and stable political democracies, these countries share a commitment to protecting the religious rights of their citizens. The book demonstrates, however, that each has taken substantially different approaches to resolving basic church-state questions. The authors examine both the historical roots of those differences and more recent conflicts over Islam and other religious minorities, explain how contemporary church-state issues are addressed, and provide a framework for assessing the success of each of the six states in protecting the religious rights of its citizens using a framework based on the ideal of governmental neutrality and evenhandedness toward people of all faiths and of none. Responding to the general confusion about the relationship between church and state in the West, this book offers a much-needed comparative analysis of a topic that is increasingly a source of political conflict. The authors argue that the US conception of church-state separation, with its emphasis on avoiding government establishment of religion, is unique among political democracies and discriminates against religious groups by denying religious organizations access to government services provided to other organizations. The authors persuasively conclude that the United States can learn a great deal from other Western nations in promoting religious neutrality and the free exercise of religion.

Religious Education and the Challenge of Pluralism


Author: Adam B. Seligman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199399476

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 5503

The essays in this volume offer a groundbreaking comparative analysis of religious education, and state policies towards religious education in seven different countries and in the European Union as a whole. They pose a crucial question: can religious education contribute to a shared public sphere and foster solidarity across different ethnic and religious communities? In many traditional societies and even in what are largely secular European societies, our place in creation, the meaning of good and evil, and the definition of the good life, virtue, and moral action, are all primarily addressed in religious terms. It is in fact hard to come to grips with these issues without recourse to religious language, traditions, and frames of reference. Yet, religious languages and identities divide as much as unite, and provide a site of contestation and strife as much as a sense of peace and belonging Not surprisingly, different countries approach religious education in dramatically different ways. Religious Education and the Challenge of Pluralism addresses a pervasive problem: how can religious education provide a framework of meaning, replete with its language of inclusion and community, without at the same time drawing borders and so excluding certain individuals and communities from its terms of collective membership and belonging? The authors offer in-depth analysis of such pluralistic countries as Bulgaria, Israel, Malaysia, and Turkey, as well as Cyprus - a country split along lines of ethno-religious difference. They also examine the connection between religious education and the terms of citizenship in the EU, France, and the USA, illuminating the challenges of educating our citizenry in an age of religious resurgence and global politics.

Politik und Religion


Author: Michael Minkenberg,Ulrich Willems

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531137186

Category: Political Science

Page: 616

View: 5696

Ohne Zweifel ist die Religion auf die politische Agenda zurückgekehrt. Eine Vielzahl von Entwicklungen innerhalb und außerhalb Europas belegt die Beharrlichkeit der Religion auch in der Politik und eine veränderte Rolle ihr gegenüber. Religion und darauf gegründete kulturelle Unterschiede scheinen eine neue Bedeutung für die Politik und das Funktionieren der jeweiligen Herrschaftsordnungen zu gewinnen. Dies stellt die immer noch weit verbreitete säkularisierungstheoretische Annahme vom Niedergang der Religion in Frage. Ebenso problematisch ist jedoch eine Verengung des Blickwinkels auf den religiösen Fundamentalismus. Die Beiträge dieses Sonderheftes greifen diese sowie weitere Fragen vornehmlich in vergleichender Perspektive auf und diskutieren Perspektiven für die Ausgestaltung des Verhältnisses von Politik und Religion in unterschiedlichen gesellschaftlichen und politischen Kontexten.

The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States


Author: Derek H. Davis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190208783

Category: Religion

Page: 592

View: 616

Study of church and state in the United States is incredibly complex. Scholars working in this area have backgrounds in law, religious studies, history, theology, and politics, among other fields. Historically, they have focused on particular angles or dimensions of the church-state relationship, because the field is so vast. The results have mostly been monographs that focus only on narrow cross-sections of the field, and the few works that do aim to give larger perspectives are reference works of factual compendia, which offer little or no analysis. The Oxford Handbook of Church and State in the United States fills this gap, presenting an extensive, multidimensional overview of the field. Twenty-one essays offer a scholarly look at the intricacies and past and current debates that frame the American system of church and state, within five main areas: history, law, theology/philosophy, politics, and sociology. These essays provide factual accounts, but also address issues, problems, debates, controversies, and, where appropriate, suggest resolutions. They also offer analysis of the range of interpretations of the subject offered by various American scholars. This Handbook is an invaluable resource for the study of church-state relations in the United States.

Law and Social Movements


Author: Michael McCann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351560743

Category: Law

Page: 662

View: 8049

The work of both socio-legal scholars and specialists working in social movements research continues to contribute to our understanding of how law relates to and informs the politics of social movements. In the 1990s, an important line of new research, most of it initiated by those working in the law and society tradition, began to bridge the gaps between these two areas of scholarship. This work includes new approaches to group ?legal mobilization? politics; analysis of the judicial impact on social reform struggles; studies of individual legal mobilization in civil disputing and an almost entirely new area of research in ?cause lawyering?. It brings together the best of this research introduced by a detailed essay by the editor.

Rethinking Secularism


Author: Craig Calhoun,Mark Juergensmeyer,Jonathan VanAntwerpen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199911304

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 4907

This collection of essays presents groundbreaking work from an interdisciplinary group of leading theorists and scholars representing the fields of history, philosophy, political science, sociology, and anthropology. The volume will introduce readers to some of the most compelling new conceptual and theoretical understandings of secularism and the secular, while also examining socio-political trends involving the relationship between the religious and the secular from a variety of locations across the globe. In recent decades, the public has become increasingly aware of the important role religious commitments play in the cultural, social, and political dynamics of domestic and world affairs. This so called ''resurgence'' of religion in the public sphere has elicited a wide array of responses, including vehement opposition to the very idea that religious reasons should ever have a right to expression in public political debate. The current global landscape forces scholars to reconsider not only once predominant understandings of secularization, but also the definition and implications of secular assumptions and secularist positions. The notion that there is no singular secularism, but rather a range of multiple secularisms, is one of many emerging efforts to reconceptualize the meanings of religion and the secular. Rethinking Secularism surveys these efforts and helps to reframe discussions of religion in the social sciences by drawing attention to the central issue of how ''the secular'' is constituted and understood. It provides valuable insight into how new understandings of secularism and religion shape analytic perspectives in the social sciences, politics, and international affairs.

Christianity in Chinese Public Life: Religion, Society, and the Rule of Law


Author: J. Carpenter,K. den Dulk,Kevin R. den Dulk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137410183

Category: Social Science

Page: 127

View: 3163

This book analyzes the interaction of religion, society, and governance in China - suggesting it is much more subtle and complex than common convention suggests. The edited work addresses civic engagement, religion, Christianity, and the rule of law in contemporary Chinese society.

Politics of Religion in Western Europe

Modernities in conflict?


Author: François Foret,Xabier Itçaina

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136636404

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8729

Religion is becoming increasingly important to the study of political science and to re-examine key concepts, such as democracy, securitization, foreign policy analysis, and international relations. The secularization of Europe is often understood according to the concept of ‘multiple modernities’—the idea that there may be several roads to modernity, which do not all mean the eradication of religion. This framework provides support for the view that different traditions, societies and groups can come to terms with the components of modernity (capitalism, democracy, human rights, science and reason) while keeping in touch with their religious background, faith and practice. Contributors examine the interaction between EU-integration processes and Western European countries, such as Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Austria, Scandinavia, Italy, and the UK, and shine fresh light on the economic and cultural contexts brought about by relationships between politics and religion, including immigrant religions and new religious movements. This volume combines theoretical perspectives from political sociology and international relations to consider the role of religion as a source of power, identity and ethics in institutions and societies. Politics of Religion in Western Europe will be of interest to scholars of politics, religion, the European Union and political sociology.

Muslims and the State in Britain, France, and Germany


Author: Joel S. Fetzer,J. Christopher Soper

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521535397

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 5285

European governments must struggle with assimilating Muslim newcomers into their countries, with so many more now living in Western Europe. Britain, France, and Germany have dealt with the related problems differently. This book explains why their policies differ and proposes ways of ensuring the successful incorporation of practicing Muslims into liberal democracies. Resolving their issues has become all the more urgent in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought


Author: Paul Barry Clarke,Joe Foweraker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136908633

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 704

Containing almost 200 entries from 'accountability' to the 'Westminster model' the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought explores all the ideas that matter to democracy past, present and future. It is destined to become the first port-of-call for all students, teachers and researchers of political science interested in democratic ideas, democratic practice, and the quality of democratic governance. The Encyclopedia provides extensive coverage of all the key concepts of democratic thought written by a stellar team of distinguished international contributors. The Encyclopedia draws on every tradition of democratic thought, as well as developing new thinking, in order to provide full coverage of the key democratic concepts and engage with their practical implications for the conduct of democratic politics in the world today. In this way, it brings every kind of democratic thinking to bear on the challenges facing contemporary democracies and on the possibilities of the democratic future. The Encyclopedia is global in scope and responds in detail to the democratic revolution of recent decades. Referring both to the established democratic states of Western Europe, North America and Australasia, and to the recent democracies of Latin America, Eastern and Central Europe, Africa and Asia, classical democratic concerns are related to new democracies, and to important changes in the older democracies. Supplemented by full bibliographical information, extensive cross-referencing and suggestions for further reading, the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought is a unique work of reference combining the expertise of many of the world's leading political scientists, political sociologists and political philosophers. It will be welcomed as an essential resource for both teaching and for independent study, and as a solid starting point both for further research and wider exploration.

Confucianism, Democratization, and Human Rights in Taiwan


Author: Joel Fetzer,J Christopher Soper

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739173014

Category: Political Science

Page: 122

View: 4155

Based on elite interviews, survey research, and content analysis of legislative debates and public school textbooks, this study makes a much-needed empirical contribution to the largely theoretical debate about the political effects of Confucianism.

Equal Treatment of Religion in a Pluralistic Society


Author: Stephen V. Monsma,J. Christopher Soper

Publisher: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company


Category: Religion

Page: 211

View: 8168

Few areas of public policy in the United States are as politically contentious and legally confusing as church-state relations. And today the traditional view of a strict separation of church and state is being further confused by increasing levels of religious pluralism. This timely book provides the first analysis of a new paradigm for discussing church-state relations -- equal treatment, also sometimes referred to as neutrality -- that has growing popularity in Congress and has recently been used in several Supreme Court rulings. Ten leading scholars of constitutional law and political science trace the development of equal treatment theory, consider its implications for public policy and church-state relations, and evaluate it from a number of ideological perspectives.

Religion und Politik

zwischen Universalismus und Partikularismus


Author: Michael Minkenberg,Ilona Ostner,Zentrum für Europa- und Nordamerika-Studien

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783810022004

Category: Religion and politics

Page: 287

View: 3781

The Orthodox Churches in a Pluralistic World

An Ecumenical Conversation


Author: Emmanuel Clapsis

Publisher: World Council of Churches

ISBN: 9782825413975

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 8464

Churches seek to supply their people with pastoral support and theological insight, even when the community's self-understanding is evolving in the midst of a pluralistic environment. This anthology explores various ways in which churches of the Orthodox tradition are meeting the challenges of a post-modern world. The authors' presentations identify contemporary opportunities for Christian witness, promoting ministries of healing and renewal within a diverse society. Interesting topics, such as, cultural identity and ethnic conflict, globalization and human rights, violence, forgiveness and reconciliation, world mission and spirituality, are discussed.

Quo Vadis Eastern Europe?

Religion, State and Society After Communism


Author: Ines Angjeli Murzaku

Publisher: Longo Angelo

ISBN: 9788880636106

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 7663

Piety, politics, and pluralism

religion, the courts, and the 2000 election


Author: Mary C. Segers

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc


Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 2654

Piety, Politics, and Pluralism skillfully confronts the question: Is liberal democracy hostile to religion or is it compatible with the rights of believers? Prominent scholars analyze the controversy about religious freedom by examining two areas at the intersection of religion and politics in contemporary American society: the Supreme Court's 1990 decision in Oregon v. Smith and the events of the 2000 presidential campaign. Their essays remind us that in an increasingly pluralistic society, Americans must work continually to reconcile religious commitment and political obligation.

Kuyper reconsidered

aspects of his life and work


Author: Cornelis van der Kooi,Jan de Bruijn

Publisher: Vu Univ Pr Amsterdam

ISBN: 9789053836408

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 2013

Democracy and human rights in multicultural societies


Author: Paul F. A. Guchteneire

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Co


Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 9335

Preface / Pierre Sané -- Political governance of cultural diversity / Paul de Guchteneire & Matthias Koenig -- [ Part I, Ethno-national movements] -- Nationalism, ethnic conflict and democratic governance / Juan Díez-Medrano -- Nationalist extremism and outcomes of state policies in the Basque Country / Enric Martínez-Herrera -- Conflict management in Northern Ireland / Stefan Wolff -- The decline of the PKK and the viability of a one-state solution in Turkey / Matthew Kocher -- [Part II: Linguistic diversity] -- Linguistic rights as an integral part of human rights : a legal perspective / Fernand de Varennes -- Protecting Linguistic minorities : the role of the OSCE / Sally Holt & John Packer -- Language legislation in the Baltic States / Boriss Cilevis -- Language rights in South Africa: an adequate level of minority protection? / Kristin Henrard -- The impact of language policy on endangered languages / Suzanne Romaine -- [Part III: Religious diversity] -- The resurgence of religious movements in the processes of globalisation / Shmuel N. Eisenstadt -- Modes of governing religious diversity under conditions of globalisation / Ole Riis -- Management of religious diversity in England and Wales with special reference to prison chaplaincy / James A. Beckford -- Governing religious diversity in post-Soviet Russia / Kathy Rousselet

Obligations of Citizenship and Demands of Faith

Religious Accommodation in Pluralist Democracies


Author: Nancy L. Rosenblum

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691007083

Category: Law

Page: 438

View: 5119

Of the many challenges facing liberal democracy, none is as powerful and pervasive today as those posed by religion. These are the challenges taken up in Obligations of Citizenship and Demands of Faith, an exploration of the place of religion in contemporary public life. The essays in this volume suggest that two important shifts have altered the balance between the competing obligations of citizenship and faith: the growth of religious pluralism and the escalating calls of religious groups for some measure of autonomy or recognition from democratic majorities. The authors--political theorists, philosophers, legal scholars, and social scientists--collectively argue that more room should be made for religion in today's democratic societies. Though they advocate different ways of carving out and justifying the proper bounds of "church and state" in pluralist democracies, they all write from within democratic theory and share the aim of democratic accommodation of religion. Alert to national differences in political circumstances and the particularities of constitutional and legal systems, these contributors consider the question of religious accommodation from the standpoint of institutional practices and law as well as that of normative theory. Unique in its interdisciplinary approach and comparative focus, this volume makes a timely and much-needed intervention in current debates about religion and politics. The contributors are Nancy L. Rosenblum, Alan Wolfe, Ronald Thiemann, Michael McConnell, Graham Walker, Amy Gutmann, Kent Greenawalt, Aviam Soifer, Harry Hirsch, Gary Jacobsohn, Yael Tamir, Martha Nussbaum, and Carol Weisbrod.