The Caribbean Before Columbus


Author: William F. Keegan,Corinne L. Hofman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190605251


Page: 360

View: 7081

The Caribbean before Columbus is a new synthesis of the region's insular history. It combines the results of the authors' 55 years of archaeological research on almost every island in the three archipelagoes with that of their numerous colleagues and collaborators. The presentation operates on multiple scales: temporal, spatial, local, regional, environmental, social, and political. In addition, individual sites are used to highlight specific issues. For the first time, the complete histories of the major islands and island groups are elucidated, and new insights are gained through inter-island comparisons. The book takes a step back from current debates regarding nomenclature to offer a common foundation and the opportunity for a fresh beginning. In this regard the original concepts of series and ages provide structure, and the diversity of expressions subsumed by these concepts is embraced. Historical names, such as Taino and Lucayan, are avoided. The authors challenge the long-held conventional wisdom concerning island colonization, societal organization, interaction and transculturation, inter- and intra-regional transactions (exchange), and other basic elements of cultural development and change. The emphasis is on those elements that unite the Bahamas, Lesser Antilles, and Greater Antilles as a culture area, and also on their divergent pathways. Colonization is presented as a multifaceted wave-like process. Continuing ties to the surrounding mainland are highlighted. Interactions between residents and new colonists are recognized, with individual histories contingent on these historical interactions. New solutions are offered to the "Huecoid problem" the "Carib problem," the "Taino problem," and the evolution of social complexity, especially in Puerto Rico.These solutions req

Myths and Realities of Caribbean History


Author: Basil A. Reid

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817355340

Category: History

Page: 154

View: 5769

This book seeks to debunk eleven popular and prevalent myths about Caribbean history. Using archaeological evidence, it corrects many previous misconceptions promulgated by history books and oral tradition as they specifically relate to the pre-Colonial and European-contact periods. It informs popular audiences, as well as scholars, about the current state of archaeological/historical research in the Caribbean Basin and asserts the value of that research in fostering a better understanding of the region’s past. Contrary to popular belief, the history of the Caribbean did not begin with the arrival of Europeans in 1492. It actually started 7,000 years ago with the infusion of Archaic groups from South America and the successive migrations of other peoples from Central America for about 2,000 years thereafter. In addition to discussing this rich cultural diversity of the Antillean past, Myths and Realities of Caribbean History debates the misuse of terms such as “Arawak” and “Ciboneys,” and the validity of Carib cannibalism allegations.

The Fascinating History of American Indians

The Age Before Columbus


Author: Tim McNeese

Publisher: Enslow Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9780766029385

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 8475

"Examines the history of American Indians before the arrival of Christopher Columbus and other European explorers to North America"--Provided by publisher.

A Historical Atlas of North America Before Columbus


Author: Fred Ramen

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9781404202030

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 394

Chronicles the history of Native Americans before the arrival of Columbus, with an emphasis on presenting maps from the period.

America Before Columbus - History Series


Author: Matt Green

Publisher: Matt Green


Category: History

Page: 154

View: 7392

Who where the first Americans? The story is intriguing, and the fascinating narrative will hold the reader's complete attention. Most of the inhabitants were wiped out by plagues brought by the Europeans. You will learn how "Indians" lived throughout the Americas before 1492 and Columbus, only isolated bits of the story have reached the popular press. If your knowledge of the Native Americans begins and ends with what you learned in school years ago, or with the stereotypes perpetuated by Hollywood, you are in for quite a shock. This is not a book which will please many with an agenda on either the pro-development or pro-environment side, but it will be found invaluable by those who seek a better understanding of the "New World" before the Europeans "discovered" it.

The Caribbean in the Wider World, 1492-1992

A Regional Geography


Author: Bonham C. Richardson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521359771

Category: History

Page: 235

View: 7296

The Caribbean was Europe's first colony, its landscapes transformed to produce tropical staples and its decimated aboriginal populace replaced with African slaves. As European power has waned in the Caribbean, it has been replaced by the geopolitical domination of the United States. Professor Richardson examines this colonization and recolonization of the Caribbean during the past half millennium, portraying a region victimized by natural hazards, soil erosion, overpopulation and gunboat diplomacy. Most importantly, he explains the ways in which Caribbean peoples have reacted and adapted to their external influences. No other single survey of the region provides equivalent breadth--ranging from aboriginal ecologies to today's narcotic traffic--or harnesses so effectively elements of the past to illuminate the present.

In Search of a Canon

European History and the Imperialist State


Author: Greg Wiggan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9462099200

Category: Education

Page: 92

View: 894

Harnessing Paulo Freire’s critical analysis of education and society, In Search of a Canon explores Africa and Asia, and their relationship to Europe, and Europe’s connection to the rest of the western world. As such, this book is situated in the tradition of critical scholars as it explores the relationship between historical processes and the development of a canon, or literature that is considered as sacred or accepted. In doing so, it intricately explores the intersection of history, religion (sacred text), race relations and education. The book uncovers the origins of the human family tree and the historical context related to the emergence of sacred literature and institutionalized systems of thought and educational processes. It presents critical dates, timelines and perspectives that are aimed at raising awareness in order to make schools and society more humane and democratic. Greg Wiggan is Associate Professor of Urban Education, Adjunct Associate Professor of Sociology, and Affiliate Faculty Member of Africana Studies at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. His research addresses urban education and urban sociology in the context of school processes that promote high achievement among African American students and other underserved minority student populations. In doing so, his research also examines the broader connections between the history of urbanization, globalization processes and the internationalization of education in urban schools. His books include: Global Issues in Education: Pedagogy, Policy, Practice, and the Minority Experience; Education in a Strange Land: Globalization, Urbanization, and Urban Schools – The Social and Educational Implications of the Geopolitical Economy; Curriculum Violence: America’s New Civil Rights Issue; Education for the New Frontier: Race, Education and Triumph in Jim Crow America 1867–1945; Following the Northern Star: Caribbean Identities and Education in North American Schools; and Unshackled: Education for Freedom, Student Achievement and Personal Emancipation.

The Peoples of the Caribbean

An Encyclopedia of Archeology and Traditional Culture


Author: Nicholas J. Saunders

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576077012

Category: Social Science

Page: 399

View: 5010

Offers a comprehensive guide to the archaeology and traditional culture of the Caribbean.

The Worlds of Christopher Columbus


Author: William D. Phillips,Carla Rahn Phillips

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521446525

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 6508

Relates how Columbus lobbied in three countries for financial support for his journey to find a route to Asia and changed the course of history when he encountered the New World

The Indigenous People of the Caribbean


Author: Samuel M. Wilson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813016924

Category: History

Page: 253

View: 1281

"A survey of the current state of study of indigenous Caribbean people by archaeologists, historians, and anthropologists. . . . Emphasizes that even though indigenous people were the victims of genocide, they helped to establish a persistent pattern of relations between other Caribbean settlers and their environment, and became central symbols of Caribbean identity and resistance to colonialism. . . . Strongly recommended for every library concerned with Caribbean and native American studies."--Choice "An excellent introduction to native peoples of the Caribbean region. . . . Will be useful to anthropologists, historians, and other social scientists working in the Caribbean."--Jerald T. Milanich, Florida Museum of Natural History This volume brings together nineteen Caribbean specialists to produce the first general introduction to the indigenous peoples of that region. Writing for both general and academic audiences, contributors provide an authoritative, up-to-date picture of these fascinating peoples--their social organization, religion, language, lifeways, and contribution to the culture of their modern descendants--in what is ultimately a comprehensive reader on Caribbean archaeology, ethnohistory, and ethnology. CONTENTS 1. Introduction, Samuel M. Wilson Part 1: Background to the Archaeology and Ethnohistory of the Caribbean 2. The Study of Aboriginal Peoples: Multiple Ways of Knowing, Ricardo Alegría 3. The Lesser Antilles Before Columbus, Louis Allaire Part 2: The Encounter 4. The Biological Impacts of 1492, Richard L. Cunningham 5. The Salt River Site, St. Croix, at the Time of the Encounter, Birgit Faber Morse 6. European Views of the Aboriginal Population, Alissandra Cummins Part 3: The First Migration of Village Farmers, 500 B.C. to A.D. 800 7. Settlement Strategies in the Early Ceramic Age, Jay B. Haviser 8. The Ceramics, Art, and Material Culture of the Early Ceramic Period in the Caribbean Islands, Elizabeth Righter 9. Religious Beliefs of the Saladoid People, Miguel Rodríguez 10. Maritime Trade in the Prehistoric Eastern Caribbean, David R. Watters 11. Notes on Ancient Caribbean Art and Mythology, Henry Petitjean Roget Part 4: The Taino of the Greater Antilles on the Eve of Conquest 12. "No Man (or Woman) Is an Island": Elements of Taino Social Organization, William F. Keegan 13. Taino, Island Carib, and Prehistoric Amerindian Economies in the West Indies: Tropical Forest Adaptations to Island Environments, James B. Petersen 14. The Material Culture of the Taino Indians, Ignacio Olazagasti 15. The Taino Cosmos, José R. Oliver 16. Some Observations on the Taino Language, Arnold R. Highfield 17. The Taino Vision: A Study in the Exchange of Misunderstanding, Henry Petitjean Roget Part 5: The Island Caribs of the Lesser Antilles 18. The Caribs of the Lesser Antilles, Louis Allaire 19. Language and Gender among the Kalinago of 15th Century St. Croix, Vincent O. Cooper Part 6: Indigenous Resistance and Survival 20. The Garifuna of Central America, Nancie L. Gonzalez 21. The Legacy of the Indigenous People of the Caribbean, Samuel M. Wilson 22. Five Hundred Years of Indigenous Resistance, Garnette Joseph Samuel M. Wilson is associate professor of anthropology at the University of Texas, Austin. He is author of Hispaniola: Caribbean Chiefdoms in the Age of Columbus (1990), coeditor of Ethnohistory and Archaeology: Approaches to Postcontact Change in the Americas (1993), and a contributing editor and columnist for Natural History magazine.

Empire's Crossroads

A History of the Caribbean from Columbus to the Present Day


Author: Carrie Gibson

Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic

ISBN: 0802192351

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 9824

A “wide-ranging, vivid” narrative history of one of the most coveted and complex regions of the world: the Caribbean (The Observer). Ever since Christopher Columbus stepped off the Santa Maria and announced that he had arrived in the Orient, the Caribbean has been a stage for projected fantasies and competition between world powers. In Empire’s Crossroads, British American historian Carrie Gibson offers a panoramic view of the region from the northern rim of South America up to Cuba and its rich, important history. After that fateful landing in 1492, the British, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, Danish, and even the Swedes, Scots, and Germans sought their fortunes in the islands for the next two centuries. These fraught years gave way to a booming age of sugar, horrendous slavery, and extravagant wealth, as well as the Haitian Revolution and the long struggles for independence that ushered in the modern era. Gibson tells not only of imperial expansion—European and American—but also of life as it is lived in the islands, from before Columbus through the tumultuous twentieth century. Told “in fluid, colorful prose peppered with telling anecdotes,” Empire’s Crossroads provides an essential account of five centuries of history (Foreign Affairs). “Judicious, readable and extremely well-informed . . . Too many people know the Caribbean only as a tourist destination; [Gibson] takes us, instead, into its fascinating, complex and often tragic past. No vacation there will ever feel quite the same again.” —Adam Hochschild, author of To End All Wars and King Leopold’s Ghost

The Post-Columbus Syndrome

Identities, Cultural Nationalism, and Commemorations in the Caribbean


Author: F. Viala

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137439890

Category: History

Page: 282

View: 4310

Reflecting on the relationship between memory, power, and national identity, this book examines the complex reactions of the people of the Caribbean to the 500th anniversary of Columbus's discovery of the New World. Viala analyzes the ways in which Columbus became a reservoir of metaphors to confront anxieties of the present with myths of the past.

Christopher Columbus and the Age of Exploration for Kids

With 21 Activities


Author: Ronald A. Reis

Publisher: Chicago Review Press

ISBN: 1613746776

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 160

View: 2534

Taking a comprehensive, nuanced, and inclusive approach to Christopher Columbus, this illuminating biography with activities for young readers places him in the context of the explorations that came before, during, and after his lifetime. It portrays the “Admiral of the Ocean Seas” neither as hero nor heel, but as a flawed and complex man whose significance is undeniably monumental. Providing kids, parents, and teachers with a fuller picture of the seafaring life and the dangers and thrills of exploration, author Ronald Reis details all four of Columbus’s voyages to the New World, not just his first, and describes the year that Columbus spent stranded on the island of Jamaica without hope of rescue. A full chapter is devoted to painting a more complete and complex portrait of the indigenous peoples of the New World and another to the consequences of Columbus’s voyages—the exchange of diseases, ideas, crops, and populations between the New World and the Old. Engaging cross-curricular activities, such as taking nautical measurements, simulating a hurricane, making an ancient globe, and conducting silent trade, elucidate nautical concepts introduced and the times in which Columbus lived.

Portrait of America: From before Columbus to the end of Reconstruction


Author: Stephen B. Oates

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780395708873

Category: United States

Page: 416

View: 9399

This is the first of two volumes which take a biographical approach to portray American history as the story of real people who actually lived, struggled, enjoyed triumphs and suffered failures. The articles in each chapter provide different perspectives on a period or historical question, and each selection has been chosen for its literary merit, its importance to historical scholarship, and its potential for exciting students' interest.

A Financial History of the United States: From Christopher Columbus to the Robber Barons (1492-1900)


Author: Jerry W. Markham

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765607300

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1936

View: 7349

The first comprehensive financial history of the United States in more than thirty years. Accessible to undergraduate level readers, it focuses on the growth and expansion of banking, securities, and insurance from the colonial period right up to the incredible growth of the stock market during the 1990s and the attack on the World Trade Center in 2001. The author traces the origins of American finance to the older societies of Europe and Northern Africa, and shows how English merchants transferred their financial systems to America. He explains how financial matters dominated the founding and development of the colonies, and how financial concerns incited the Revolution. And he shows how the Civil War began the transformation of America from a small economy largely dependent on foreign capital into a complex capitalist society. From the Civil War, the nation's financial history breaks down into periods of frenzied speculation, quiet growth, periodic panics, and furious periods of expansion, right up through the incredible growth of the stock market during the 1990s.