The Cambridge History of Law in America

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Author: Michael Grossberg,Christopher Tomlins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521803063

Category: History

Page: 869

View: 5879

This volume covers American law in the nineteenth century and describes the development of modern legal systems.

The Cambridge History of the American Novel

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Author: Leonard Cassuto

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316184439

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

View: 720

This ambitious literary history traces the American novel from its emergence in the late eighteenth century to its diverse incarnations in the multi-ethnic, multi-media culture of the present day. In a set of original essays by renowned scholars from all over the world, the volume extends important critical debates and frames new ones. Offering new views of American classics, it also breaks new ground to show the role of popular genres - such as science fiction and mystery novels - in the creation of the literary tradition. One of the original features of this book is the dialogue between the essays, highlighting cross-currents between authors and their works as well as across historical periods. While offering a narrative of the development of the genre, the History reflects the multiple methodologies that have informed readings of the American novel and will change the way scholars and readers think about American literary history.

Geschichte der Universität in Europa

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Author: Walter Rüegg,Asa Briggs

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406369537

Category: Education, Higher

Page: 542

View: 3729

Dieses auf vier Bände angelegte Werk ist eine Geschichte der "Institution Universität" in Europa von ihrer Entstehung im Mittelalter bis in die heutige Zeit und zugleich eine vergleichende Geschichte der europäischen Universitäten sowie der außereuropäischen Universitäten, die nach europäischem Muster gegründet worden sind. Es wird auf Initiative der europäischen Rektorenkonferenz (CRE), der über 500 wissenschaftliche Hochschulen in 27 europäischen Staaten angehören, von einem internationalen Komitee namhafter Wissenschaftler unter dem Vorsitz von Walter Rüegg (Schweiz) herausgegeben. Absicht dieses Gemeinschaftswerkes ist es, die gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen und Aufgaben, die Merkmale geistiger und institutioneller Identität, die Strukturen, Gestaltungen und Hauptprobleme der europäischen Universitäten in ihren geschichtlichen Grundlagen und Veränderungen, aber auch in ihren regionalen Unterschieden, auf dem heutigen Forschungsstand vergleichend und zusammenfassend darzustellen.

Jenseits der Menschenrechte

Die Rechtsstellung des Individuums im Völkerrecht

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Author: Anne Peters

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161527494

Category: Law

Page: 559

View: 7160

Grundthese des Buches ist, dass ein Paradigmenwechsel stattgefunden hat, der den Menschen zum primaren Volkerrechtssubjekt macht. Diese These wird vor dem Hintergrund der Ideengeschichte und Dogmatik der Volkerrechtspersonlichkeit des Menschen entfaltet und auf die Rechtspraxis in zahlreichen Teilrechtsgebieten, angefangen vom Recht der internationalen Verantwortung uber das Recht des bewaffneten Konflikts, das Recht der Katastrophenhilfe, das internationale Strafrecht, das internationale Umweltrecht, das Konsularrecht und das Recht des diplomatischen Schutzes, das internationale Arbeitsrecht, das Fluchtlingsrecht bis hin zum internationalen Investitionsschutzrecht gestutzt. Der neue Volkerrechtsstatus des Menschen wird mit dem Begriff des subjektiven internationalen Rechts auf den Punkt gebracht.

The Cambridge History of Latin America

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Author: Leslie Bethell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521232258

Category: History

Page: 696

View: 7106

Essays discuss Latin American societies in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, changing economic conditions, and historical developments in each country

Essays in the History of Canadian Law

Quebec and the Canadas

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Author: George Blaine Baker,Donald Fyson

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442670061

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 7906

The essays in this volume deal with the legal history of the Province of Quebec, Upper and Lower Canada, and the Province of Canada between the British conquest of 1759 and confederation of the British North America colonies in 1867. The backbone of the modern Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec, this geographic area was unified politically for more than half of the period under consideration. As such, four of the papers are set in the geographic cradle of modern Quebec, four treat nineteenth-century Ontario, and the remaining four deal with the St. Lawrence and Great Lakes watershed as a whole. The authors come from disciplines as diverse as history, socio-legal studies, women’s studies, and law. The majority make substantial use of second-language sources in their essays, which shade into intellectual history, social and family history, regulatory history, and political history.

The Cambridge History of American Literature

1590-1820

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Author: Sacvan Bercovitch,Cyrus R. K. Patell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521585712

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 829

View: 4281

Discusses the social, cultural, intellectual, and aesthetic aspects of American literature

Families in Crisis in the Old South

Divorce, Slavery, and the Law

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Author: Loren Schweninger

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807837504

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7022

In the antebellum South, divorce was an explosive issue. As one lawmaker put it, divorce was to be viewed as a form of "madness," and as another asserted, divorce reduced communities to the "lowest ebb of degeneracy." How was it that in this climate, the number of divorces rose steadily during the antebellum era? In Families in Crisis in the Old South, Loren Schweninger uses previously unexplored records to argue that the difficulties these divorcing families faced reveal much about the reality of life in a slave-holding society as well as the myriad difficulties confronted by white southern families who chose not to divorce. Basing his argument on almost 800 divorce cases from the southern United States, Schweninger explores the impact of divorce and separation on white families and on the enslaved and provides insights on issues including domestic violence, interracial adultery, alcoholism, insanity, and property relations. He examines how divorce and separation laws changed, how married women's property rights expanded, how definitions of inhuman treatment of wives evolved, and how these divorces challenged conventional mores.

Law and Religion in American History

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Author: Mark Douglas McGarvie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107150930

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 8300

This book furthers dialogue on the separation of church and state with an approach that emphasizes intellectual history and the constitutional theory that underlies American society. Mark D. McGarvie explains that the founding fathers of America considered the right of conscience to be an individual right, to be protected against governmental interference. While the religion clauses enunciated this right, its true protection occurred in the creation of separate public and private spheres. Religion and the churches were placed in the private sector. Yet, politically active Christians have intermittently mounted challenges to this bifurcation in calling for a greater public role for Christian faith and morality in American society. Both students and scholars will learn much from this intellectual history of law and religion that contextualizes a four-hundred-year-old ideological struggle.

A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction

A Nation of Rights

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Author: Laura F. Edwards

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316239713

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6305

Although hundreds of thousands of people died fighting in the American Civil War, perhaps the war's biggest casualty was the nation's legal order. A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction explores the implications of this major change by bringing legal history into dialogue with the scholarship of other historical fields. Federal policy on slavery and race, particularly the three Reconstruction amendments, are the best-known legal innovations of the era. Change, however, permeated all levels of the legal system, altering Americans' relationship to the law and allowing them to move popular conceptions of justice into the ambit of government policy. The results linked Americans to the nation through individual rights, which were extended to more people and, as a result of new claims, were reimagined to cover a wider array of issues. But rights had limits in what they could accomplish, particularly when it came to the collective goals that so many ordinary Americans advocated.

Studies in the History of Tax Law

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Author: John Tiley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1782253203

Category: Law

Page: 568

View: 4599

These are the papers from the 2012 Cambridge Tax Law History Conference revised and reviewed for publication. The papers include new studies of: income tax law rewrite projects 1914Â?1956; law and administration in capital allowances 1878Â? 1950; the 'full amount' in income tax legislation; Sir Josiah Stamp and double income tax; early German income tax treaties and laws concerned with double tax avoidance (1869Â?1908); the policy of the medicine stamp duty; 'Danegeld' Â? from Danish tribute to English land tax; religion and charity, a historical perspective; 'Plaintive Glitterati'; a collision of accounting and law, dividends from pre-1914 profits in Australia; the history and development of the taxation profession in the UK and Australia; an inquiry into Dutch to British Colonial Malacca 1824Â?1839; the taxation history of China; taxing bachelors in America: 1895Â?1939; Dutch Tax reform under Napoleon; and the last decade of estate duty. The Publisher and authors have dedicated this volume to the memory of John Tiley, Emeritus Professor of the Law of Taxation at the University of Cambridge, who died as it was going to press. The Cambridge History of Tax conferences were his idea and he was responsible for their planning. He also edited all six volumes in the series.

The Cambridge History of Capitalism: Volume 2, The Spread of Capitalism: From 1848 to the Present

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Author: Larry Neal,Jeffrey G. Williamson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316025713

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 9544

The second volume of The Cambridge History of Capitalism provides an authoritative reference on the spread and impact of capitalism across the world, and the varieties of responses to it. Employing a wide geographical coverage and strong comparative outlook, a team of leading scholars explore the global consequences that capitalism has had for industry, agriculture, and trade, along with the reactions by governments, firms, and markets. The authors consider how World War I halted the initial spread of capitalism, but global capitalism arose again by the close of the twentieth century. They explore how the responses of labor movements, compounded by the reactions by political regimes, whether defensive or proactive, led to diverse military and welfare consequences. Beneficial results eventually emerged, but the rise and spread of capitalism has not been easy or smooth. This definitive volume will have widespread appeal amongst historians, economists, and political scientists.

Streitentscheidung und Normbildung durch den Zivilprozess

eine rechtsvergleichende Untersuchung zum deutschen, englischen und US-amerikanischen Recht

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Author: Felix Maultzsch

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161505386

Category: Law

Page: 492

View: 4875

English summary: What is the relationship between the dispute settlement referring to one specific case and the law-making function in the decision-making process of the appellate courts? Felix Maultzsch looks into this question in a comparative study of German, English and US law. German description: Die richterliche Normbildung verkorpert einen immer bedeutsamer werdenden Aspekt der hochstrichterlichen Tatigkeit. Hiermit stellt sich zugleich die Frage, in welchem Verhaltnis diese Normbildung zu der Entscheidung des jeweils anhangigen Rechtsstreits steht. Bildet der konkrete Fall den wesentlichen Entscheidungs- und Erkenntnisgegenstand, aus dem zugleich allgemeinere Ruckschlusse gezogen werden, oder bildet er einen blossen Anlass fur eine abstrakt orientierte Normbildung? Felix Maultzsch geht dieser Frage in einer rechtsvergleichenden Untersuchung zum deutschen, englischen und US-amerikanischen Recht nach, die sich an dem prozessual-institutionellen Rahmen der richterlichen Tatigkeit orientiert. Er untersucht das Verhaltnis zwischen Streitentscheidung und Normbildung aus entwicklungsgeschichtlicher und rechtstheoretischer Perspektive und behandelt zudem konkrete prozessuale Anwendungsbeispiele. Hierbei kann fur die hochstrichterliche Ebene die Grundtendenz beobachtet werden, dass die Normbildung einen immer starkeren Eigenwert erlangt und sich von der Streitentscheidung gleichsam loslost. Der Autor pladiert demgegenuber fur eine Ruckbesinnung auf das klassische Modell, nach dem der jeweilige Fall das Zentrum der richterlichen Tatigkeit bildet und die Rechtsschopfung leitet. Dieser Ansatz konzentriert sich auf die genuinen Starken des Prozesses der richterlichen Entscheidungsfindung und ermoglicht somit auf lange Sicht auch eine nachhaltigere Normbildung.

The Revolutionary Constitution

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Author: David J. Bodenhamer

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0195378334

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 6264

The Revolutionary Constitution examines how the Constitution has served as a dynamic and contested framework for legitimating power and advancing liberty in which our past concerns and experiences influence our present understanding. Informed by the latest scholarship, the book is an interpretive synthesis linking constitutional history with American political and social history.

The Oxford Handbook of the American Revolution

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Author: Edward G. Gray,Jane Kamensky

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199324034

Category: History

Page: 696

View: 5398

The Oxford Handbook of the American Revolution draws on a wealth of new scholarship to create a vibrant dialogue among varied approaches to the revolution that made the United States. In thirty-three essays written by authorities on the period, the Handbook brings to life the diverse multitudes of colonial North America and their extraordinary struggles before, during, and after the eight-year-long civil war that secured the independence of thirteen rebel colonies from their erstwhile colonial parent. The chapters explore battles and diplomacy, economics and finance, law and culture, politics and society, gender, race, and religion. Its diverse cast of characters includes ordinary farmers and artisans, free and enslaved African Americans, Indians, and British and American statesmen and military leaders. In addition to expanding the Revolution's who, the Handbook broadens its where, portraying an event that far transcended the boundaries of what was to become the United States. It offers readers an American Revolution whose impact ranged far beyond the thirteen colonies. The Handbook's range of interpretive and methodological approaches captures the full scope of current revolutionary-era scholarship. Its authors, British and American scholars spanning several generations, include social, cultural, military, and imperial historians, as well as those who study politics, diplomacy, literature, gender, and sexuality. Together and separately, these essays demonstrate that the American Revolution remains a vibrant and inviting a subject of inquiry. Nothing comparable has been published in decades.

Freedom Bound

Law, Labor, and Civic Identity in Colonizing English America, 1580–1865

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Author: Christopher Tomlins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139490931

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 8213

Freedom Bound is about the origins of modern America - a history of colonizing, work and civic identity from the beginnings of English presence on the mainland until the Civil War. It is a history of migrants and migrations, of colonizers and colonized, of households and servitude and slavery, and of the freedom all craved and some found. Above all it is a history of the law that framed the entire process. Freedom Bound tells how colonies were planted in occupied territories, how they were populated with migrants - free and unfree - to do the work of colonizing and how the newcomers secured possession. It tells of the new civic lives that seemed possible in new commonwealths and of the constraints that kept many from enjoying them. It follows the story long past the end of the eighteenth century until the American Civil War, when - just for a moment - it seemed that freedom might finally be unbound.

Merely for Money?

Business Culture in the British Atlantic, 1750-1815

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Author: Sheryllynne Haggerty

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 1781388911

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 2219

In 1780 Richard Sheridan noted that merchants worked 'merely for money'. However, rather than being a criticism, this was recognition of the important commercial role that merchants played in the British empire at this time. Of course, merchants desired and often made profits, but they were strictly bound by commonly-understood socio-cultural norms which formed a private-order institution of a robust business culture. In order to elucidate this business culture, this book examines the themes of risk, trust, reputation, obligation, networks and crises to demonstrate how contemporary merchants perceived and dealt with one another and managed their businesses. Merchants were able to take risks and build trust, but concerns about reputation and fulfilling obligations constrained economic opportunism. By relating these themes to an array of primary sources from ports around the British-Atlantic world, this book provides a more nuanced understanding of business culture during this period. A theme which runs throughout the book is the mercantile community as a whole and its relationship with the state. This was an important element in the British business culture of this period, although this relationship came under stress towards the end of period, forming a crisis in itself. This book argues that the business culture of the British-Atlantic mercantile community not only facilitated the conduct of day-to-day business, but also helped it to cope with short-term crises and long-term changes. This facilitated the success of the British-Atlantic economy even within the context of changing geo-politics and an under-institutionalised environment. Not working 'merely for money' was a successful business model.