The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Keith Frankish,William M. Ramsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521871425

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 9031

An authoritative, up-to-date survey of the state of the art in artificial intelligence, written for non-specialists.

The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Keith Frankish,William M. Ramsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139991655

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 970

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is a cross-disciplinary approach to understanding, modeling, and creating intelligence of various forms. It is a critical branch of cognitive science, and its influence is increasingly being felt in other areas, including the humanities. AI applications are transforming the way we interact with each other and with our environment, and work in artificially modeling intelligence is offering new insights into the human mind and revealing new forms mentality can take. This volume of original essays presents the state of the art in AI, surveying the foundations of the discipline, major theories of mental architecture, the principal areas of research, and extensions of AI such as artificial life. With a focus on theory rather than technical and applied issues, the volume will be valuable not only to people working in AI, but also to those in other disciplines wanting an authoritative and up-to-date introduction to the field.

The Cambridge Handbook of Cognitive Science

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Author: Keith Frankish,William Ramsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521691907

Category: Philosophy

Page: 333

View: 3428

An authoritative, up-to-date survey of the state of the art in cognitive science, written for non-specialists.

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence

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Author: Robert J. Sternberg,Scott Barry Kaufman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113949838X

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 5033

This volume provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date compendium of theory and research in the field of human intelligence. Each of the 42 chapters is written by world-renowned experts in their respective fields, and collectively, they cover the full range of topics of contemporary interest in the study of intelligence. The handbook is divided into nine parts: Part I covers intelligence and its measurement; Part II deals with the development of intelligence; Part III discusses intelligence and group differences; Part IV concerns the biology of intelligence; Part V is about intelligence and information processing; Part VI discusses different kinds of intelligence; Part VII covers intelligence and society; Part VIII concerns intelligence in relation to allied constructs; and Part IX is the concluding chapter, which reflects on where the field is currently and where it still needs to go.

The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

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Author: Keith J. Holyoak,Robert G. Morrison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521824170

Category: Psychology

Page: 858

View: 1473

The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning is a comprehensive and authoritative 2005 handbook covering all the core topics of the field of thinking and reasoning. Written by the foremost experts from cognitive psychology, cognitive science, and cognitive neuroscience, individual chapters summarize basic concepts and findings for a major topic, sketch its history, and give a sense of the directions in which research is currently heading. The volume also includes work related to developmental, social and clinical psychology, philosophy, economics, artificial intelligence, linguistics, education, law, and medicine. Scholars and students in all these fields and others will find this to be a valuable collection.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness

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Author: Philip David Zelazo,Morris Moscovitch,Evan Thompson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946406X

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 2066

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness is the first of its kind in the field, and its appearance marks a unique time in the history of intellectual inquiry on the topic. After decades during which consciousness was considered beyond the scope of legitimate scientific investigation, consciousness re-emerged as a popular focus of research towards the end of the last century, and it has remained so for nearly 20 years. There are now so many different lines of investigation on consciousness that the time has come when the field may finally benefit from a book that pulls them together and, by juxtaposing them, provides a comprehensive survey of this exciting field. An authoritative desk reference, which will also be suitable as an advanced textbook.

The Cambridge Handbook of Visuospatial Thinking

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Author: Priti Shah,Akira Miyake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521807104

Category: Psychology

Page: 561

View: 6980

The ability to navigate across town, comprehend an animated display of the functioning of the human heart, view complex multivariate data on a company's website, or to read an architectural blueprint and form a three-dimensional mental picture of a house are all tasks involving visuospatial thinking. The field of visuospatial thinking is a relatively diverse interdisciplinary research enterprise. An understanding of visuospatial thinking, and in particular, how people represent and process visual and spatial information, is relevant not only to cognitive psychology but also education, geography, architecture, medicine, design computer science/artificial intelligence, semiotics and animal cognition. The goal of this book, first published in 2005, is to present a broad overview of research on visuospatial thinking that can be used by researchers as well as students interested in this topic in both basic research and applied/naturalistic contexts.

The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology

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Author: Ron Sun

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521674107

Category: Computers

Page: 753

View: 592

This book is a definitive reference source for the growing, increasingly more important, and interdisciplinary field of computational cognitive modeling, that is, computational psychology. It combines breadth of coverage with definitive statements by leading scientists in this field. Research in computational cognitive modeling explores the essence of cognition and various cognitive functionalities through developing detailed, process-based understanding by specifying computational mechanisms, structures, and processes. Given the complexity of the human mind and its manifestation in behavioral flexibility, process-based computational models may be necessary to explicate and elucidate the intricate details of the mind. The key to understanding cognitive processes is often in fine details. Computational models provide algorithmic specificity: detailed, exactly specified, and carefully thought-out steps, arranged in precise yet flexible sequences. These models provide both conceptual clarity and precision at the same time. This book substantiates this approach through overviews and many examples.

Minds and Computers: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Matt Carter

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748629300

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 4506

Could a computer have a mind? What kind of machine would this be? Exactly what do we mean by 'mind' anyway?The notion of the 'intelligent' machine, whilst continuing to feature in numerous entertaining and frightening fictions, has also been the focus of a serious and dedicated research tradition. Reflecting on these fictions, and on the research tradition that pursues 'Artificial Intelligence', raises a number of vexing philosophical issues. Minds and Computers introduces readers to these issues by offering an engaging, coherent, and highly approachable interdisciplinary introduction to the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Readers are presented with introductory material from each of the disciplines which constitute Cognitive Science: Philosophy, Neuroscience, Psychology, Computer Science, and Linguistics. Throughout, readers are encouraged to consider the implications of this disparate and wide-ranging material for the possibility of developing machines with minds. And they can expect to de

Handbook of Intelligence

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Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521596480

Category: Computers

Page: 677

View: 4080

This volume provides complete, up-to-date, authoritative, accessible information regarding all aspects of theory, research, and measurement in the field of intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence and Legal Analytics

New Tools for Law Practice in the Digital Age

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Author: Kevin D. Ashley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316772918

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 7145

The field of artificial intelligence (AI) and the law is on the cusp of a revolution that began with text analytic programs like IBM's Watson and Debater and the open-source information management architectures on which they are based. Today, new legal applications are beginning to appear and this book - designed to explain computational processes to non-programmers - describes how they will change the practice of law, specifically by connecting computational models of legal reasoning directly with legal text, generating arguments for and against particular outcomes, predicting outcomes and explaining these predictions with reasons that legal professionals will be able to evaluate for themselves. These legal applications will support conceptual legal information retrieval and allow cognitive computing, enabling a collaboration between humans and computers in which each does what it can do best. Anyone interested in how AI is changing the practice of law should read this illuminating work.

Handbook of Collective Intelligence

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Author: Thomas W. Malone,Michael S. Bernstein

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262331470

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 3906

Intelligence does not arise only in individual brains; it also arises in groups of individuals. This is collective intelligence: groups of individuals acting collectively in ways that seem intelligent. In recent years, a new kind of collective intelligence has emerged: interconnected groups of people and computers, collectively doing intelligent things. Today these groups are engaged in tasks that range from writing software to predicting the results of presidential elections. This volume reports on the latest research in the study of collective intelligence, laying out a shared set of research challenges from a variety of disciplinary and methodological perspectives. Taken together, these essays -- by leading researchers from such fields as computer science, biology, economics, and psychology -- lay the foundation for a new multidisciplinary field. Each essay describes the work on collective intelligence in a particular discipline -- for example, economics and the study of markets; biology and research on emergent behavior in ant colonies; human-computer interaction and artificial intelligence; and cognitive psychology and the "wisdom of crowds" effect. Other areas in social science covered include social psychology, organizational theory, law, and communications. ContributorsEytan Adar, Ishani Aggarwal, Yochai Benkler, Michael S. Bernstein, Jeffrey P. Bigham, Jonathan Bragg, Deborah M. Gordon, Benjamin Mako Hill, Christopher H. Lin, Andrew W. Lo, Thomas W. Malone, Mausam, Brent Miller, Aaron Shaw, Mark Steyvers, Daniel S. Weld, Anita Williams Woolley

Artificial Intelligence

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Author: David L. Poole,Alan K. Mackworth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110719539X

Category: Computers

Page: 760

View: 2573

Artificial Intelligence presents a practical guide to AI, including agents, machine learning and problem-solving simple and complex domains.

Handbook of Computational Social Choice

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Author: Felix Brandt,Vincent Conitzer,Ulle Endriss,Jérôme Lang,Ariel D. Procaccia

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316489752

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 6920

The rapidly growing field of computational social choice, at the intersection of computer science and economics, deals with the computational aspects of collective decision making. This handbook, written by thirty-six prominent members of the computational social choice community, covers the field comprehensively. Chapters devoted to each of the field's major themes offer detailed introductions. Topics include voting theory (such as the computational complexity of winner determination and manipulation in elections), fair allocation (such as algorithms for dividing divisible and indivisible goods), coalition formation (such as matching and hedonic games), and many more. Graduate students, researchers, and professionals in computer science, economics, mathematics, political science, and philosophy will benefit from this accessible and self-contained book.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consumer Privacy

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Author: Evan Selinger,Jules Polonetsky,Omer Tene

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316859274

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1364

Businesses are rushing to collect personal data to fuel surging demand. Data enthusiasts claim personal information that's obtained from the commercial internet, including mobile platforms, social networks, cloud computing, and connected devices, will unlock path-breaking innovation, including advanced data security. By contrast, regulators and activists contend that corporate data practices too often disempower consumers by creating privacy harms and related problems. As the Internet of Things matures and facial recognition, predictive analytics, big data, and wearable tracking grow in power, scale, and scope, a controversial ecosystem will exacerbate the acrimony over commercial data capture and analysis. The only productive way forward is to get a grip on the key problems right now and change the conversation. That's exactly what Jules Polonetsky, Omer Tene, and Evan Selinger do. They bring together diverse views from leading academics, business leaders, and policymakers to discuss the opportunities and challenges of the new data economy.

Computational Neuroscience for Advancing Artificial Intelligence: Models, Methods and Applications

Models, Methods and Applications

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Author: Alonso, Eduardo

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1609600231

Category: Computers

Page: 396

View: 6811

"This book argues that computational models in behavioral neuroscience must be taken with caution, and advocates for the study of mathematical models of existing theories as complementary to neuro-psychological models and computational models"--

The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition

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Author: Philip Robbins,Murat Aydede

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521848326

Category: Philosophy

Page: 520

View: 796

This book is a guide to a movement in cognitive science showing how environmental and bodily structure shapes cognition.

The Quest for Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Nils J. Nilsson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139642820

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 6756

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field within computer science that is attempting to build enhanced intelligence into computer systems. This book traces the history of the subject, from the early dreams of eighteenth-century (and earlier) pioneers to the more successful work of today's AI engineers. AI is becoming more and more a part of everyone's life. The technology is already embedded in face-recognizing cameras, speech-recognition software, Internet search engines, and health-care robots, among other applications. The book's many diagrams and easy-to-understand descriptions of AI programs will help the casual reader gain an understanding of how these and other AI systems actually work. Its thorough (but unobtrusive) end-of-chapter notes containing citations to important source materials will be of great use to AI scholars and researchers. This book promises to be the definitive history of a field that has captivated the imaginations of scientists, philosophers, and writers for centuries.

The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance

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Author: K. Anders Ericsson,Robert R. Hoffman,Aaron Kozbelt,A. Mark Williams

Publisher: Cambridge Handbooks in Psychol

ISBN: 1107137551

Category: Psychology

Page: 908

View: 6103

In this book, some of the world's foremost 'experts on expertise' provide scientific knowledge on expertise and expert performance.

Knowledge Representation, Reasoning, and the Design of Intelligent Agents

The Answer-Set Programming Approach

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Author: Michael Gelfond,Yulia Kahl

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107782872

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 5861

Knowledge representation and reasoning is the foundation of artificial intelligence, declarative programming, and the design of knowledge-intensive software systems capable of performing intelligent tasks. Using logical and probabilistic formalisms based on answer set programming (ASP) and action languages, this book shows how knowledge-intensive systems can be given knowledge about the world and how it can be used to solve non-trivial computational problems. The authors maintain a balance between mathematical analysis and practical design of intelligent agents. All the concepts, such as answering queries, planning, diagnostics, and probabilistic reasoning, are illustrated by programs of ASP. The text can be used for AI-related undergraduate and graduate classes and by researchers who would like to learn more about ASP and knowledge representation.