The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Keith Frankish,William M. Ramsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521871425

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 7464

An authoritative, up-to-date survey of the state of the art in artificial intelligence, written for non-specialists.

The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Keith Frankish,William M. Ramsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139991655

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 2311

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is a cross-disciplinary approach to understanding, modeling, and creating intelligence of various forms. It is a critical branch of cognitive science, and its influence is increasingly being felt in other areas, including the humanities. AI applications are transforming the way we interact with each other and with our environment, and work in artificially modeling intelligence is offering new insights into the human mind and revealing new forms mentality can take. This volume of original essays presents the state of the art in AI, surveying the foundations of the discipline, major theories of mental architecture, the principal areas of research, and extensions of AI such as artificial life. With a focus on theory rather than technical and applied issues, the volume will be valuable not only to people working in AI, but also to those in other disciplines wanting an authoritative and up-to-date introduction to the field.

The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Keith Frankish,William M. Ramsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521691918

Category: Philosophy

Page: 365

View: 1368

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is a cross-disciplinary approach to understanding, modeling, and creating intelligence of various forms. It is a critical branch of cognitive science, and its influence is increasingly being felt in other areas, including the humanities. AI applications are transforming the way we interact with each other and with our environment, and work in artificially modeling intelligence is offering new insights into the human mind and revealing new forms mentality can take. This volume of original essays presents the state of the art in AI, surveying the foundations of the discipline, major theories of mental architecture, the principal areas of research, and extensions of AI such as artificial life. With a focus on theory rather than technical and applied issues, the volume will be valuable not only to people working in AI, but also to those in other disciplines wanting an authoritative and up-to-date introduction to the field.

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence

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Author: Robert J. Sternberg,Scott Barry Kaufman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113949838X

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 3061

This volume provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date compendium of theory and research in the field of human intelligence. Each of the 42 chapters is written by world-renowned experts in their respective fields, and collectively, they cover the full range of topics of contemporary interest in the study of intelligence. The handbook is divided into nine parts: Part I covers intelligence and its measurement; Part II deals with the development of intelligence; Part III discusses intelligence and group differences; Part IV concerns the biology of intelligence; Part V is about intelligence and information processing; Part VI discusses different kinds of intelligence; Part VII covers intelligence and society; Part VIII concerns intelligence in relation to allied constructs; and Part IX is the concluding chapter, which reflects on where the field is currently and where it still needs to go.

The Cambridge Handbook of Cognitive Science

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Author: Keith Frankish,William Ramsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521691907

Category: Philosophy

Page: 333

View: 9546

An authoritative, up-to-date survey of the state of the art in cognitive science, written for non-specialists.

The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

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Author: Keith J. Holyoak,Robert G. Morrison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521824170

Category: Psychology

Page: 858

View: 9194

The first comprehensive handbook of the core topics of the fields of thinking and reasoning.

The Cambridge Handbook of Visuospatial Thinking

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Author: Priti Shah,Akira Miyake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521807104

Category: Psychology

Page: 561

View: 1731

This book, first published in 2005, presents an in-depth coverage of visuospatial thinking, encompassing a wide range of thinking processes concerning space.

The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology

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Author: Ron Sun

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521674107

Category: Computers

Page: 753

View: 1764

This book is a definitive reference source for the growing, increasingly more important, and interdisciplinary field of computational cognitive modeling, that is, computational psychology. It combines breadth of coverage with definitive statements by leading scientists in this field. Research in computational cognitive modeling explores the essence of cognition and various cognitive functionalities through developing detailed, process-based understanding by specifying computational mechanisms, structures, and processes. Given the complexity of the human mind and its manifestation in behavioral flexibility, process-based computational models may be necessary to explicate and elucidate the intricate details of the mind. The key to understanding cognitive processes is often in fine details. Computational models provide algorithmic specificity: detailed, exactly specified, and carefully thought-out steps, arranged in precise yet flexible sequences. These models provide both conceptual clarity and precision at the same time. This book substantiates this approach through overviews and many examples.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness

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Author: Philip David Zelazo,Morris Moscovitch,Evan Thompson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946406X

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 3948

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness is the first of its kind in the field, and its appearance marks a unique time in the history of intellectual inquiry on the topic. After decades during which consciousness was considered beyond the scope of legitimate scientific investigation, consciousness re-emerged as a popular focus of research towards the end of the last century, and it has remained so for nearly 20 years. There are now so many different lines of investigation on consciousness that the time has come when the field may finally benefit from a book that pulls them together and, by juxtaposing them, provides a comprehensive survey of this exciting field. An authoritative desk reference, which will also be suitable as an advanced textbook.

The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance

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Author: K. Anders Ericsson,Robert R. Hoffman,Aaron Kozbelt,A. Mark Williams

Publisher: Cambridge Handbooks in Psychol

ISBN: 1107137551

Category: Psychology

Page: 908

View: 7016

In this book, some of the world's foremost 'experts on expertise' provide scientific knowledge on expertise and expert performance.

Handbook of Intelligence

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Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316583864

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 4678

Not since the landmark publication of Handbook of Human Intelligence in 1982 has the field of intelligence been more alive than it is today. Spurred by the new developments in this rapidly expanding field, Dr Sternberg has brought together a stellar list of contributors to provide a comprehensive, broad and deeply thematic review of intelligence that will be accessible to both scholar and student. The field of intelligence is lively on many fronts, and this volume provides full coverage on topics such as behavior-genetic models, evolutionary models, cognitive models, emotional intelligence, practical intelligence, and group difference. Handbook of Intelligence is largely expanded, covering areas such as animal and artificial intelligence, as well as human intelligence. It fully reflects important theoretical progress made since the early 1980s.

The Quest for Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Nils J. Nilsson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139642820

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 3238

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field within computer science that is attempting to build enhanced intelligence into computer systems. This book traces the history of the subject, from the early dreams of eighteenth-century (and earlier) pioneers to the more successful work of today's AI engineers. AI is becoming more and more a part of everyone's life. The technology is already embedded in face-recognizing cameras, speech-recognition software, Internet search engines, and health-care robots, among other applications. The book's many diagrams and easy-to-understand descriptions of AI programs will help the casual reader gain an understanding of how these and other AI systems actually work. Its thorough (but unobtrusive) end-of-chapter notes containing citations to important source materials will be of great use to AI scholars and researchers. This book promises to be the definitive history of a field that has captivated the imaginations of scientists, philosophers, and writers for centuries.

The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition

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Author: Philip Robbins,Murat Aydede

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521848326

Category: Philosophy

Page: 520

View: 8693

This book is a guide to a movement in cognitive science showing how environmental and bodily structure shapes cognition.

Handbook of Computational Social Choice

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Author: Felix Brandt,Vincent Conitzer,Ulle Endriss,Jérôme Lang,Ariel D. Procaccia

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316489752

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 4016

The rapidly growing field of computational social choice, at the intersection of computer science and economics, deals with the computational aspects of collective decision making. This handbook, written by thirty-six prominent members of the computational social choice community, covers the field comprehensively. Chapters devoted to each of the field's major themes offer detailed introductions. Topics include voting theory (such as the computational complexity of winner determination and manipulation in elections), fair allocation (such as algorithms for dividing divisible and indivisible goods), coalition formation (such as matching and hedonic games), and many more. Graduate students, researchers, and professionals in computer science, economics, mathematics, political science, and philosophy will benefit from this accessible and self-contained book.

Minds and Computers: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Matt Carter

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748629300

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 6323

Could a computer have a mind? What kind of machine would this be? Exactly what do we mean by 'mind' anyway?The notion of the 'intelligent' machine, whilst continuing to feature in numerous entertaining and frightening fictions, has also been the focus of a serious and dedicated research tradition. Reflecting on these fictions, and on the research tradition that pursues 'Artificial Intelligence', raises a number of vexing philosophical issues. Minds and Computers introduces readers to these issues by offering an engaging, coherent, and highly approachable interdisciplinary introduction to the Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence.Readers are presented with introductory material from each of the disciplines which constitute Cognitive Science: Philosophy, Neuroscience, Psychology, Computer Science, and Linguistics. Throughout, readers are encouraged to consider the implications of this disparate and wide-ranging material for the possibility of developing machines with minds. And they can expect to de

Handbook of Collective Intelligence

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Author: Thomas W. Malone

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262029812

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 4140

Experts describe the latest research in a rapidly growing multidisciplinary field, the study of groups of individuals acting collectively in ways that seem intelligent.

The Cambridge Handbook of Group Interaction Analysis

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Author: Elisabeth Brauner,Margarete Boos,Michaela Kolbe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107113336

Category: Psychology

Page: 694

View: 7173

This Handbook provides a compendium of research methods that are essential for studying interaction and communication across the behavioral sciences. Focusing on coding of verbal and nonverbal behavior and interaction, the Handbook is organized into five parts. Part I provides an introduction and historic overview of the field. Part II presents areas in which interaction analysis is used, such as relationship research, group research, and nonverbal research. Part III focuses on development, validation, and concrete application of interaction coding schemes. Part IV presents relevant data analysis methods and statistics. Part V contains systematic descriptions of established and novel coding schemes, which allows quick comparison across instruments. Researchers can apply this methodology to their own interaction data and learn how to evaluate and select coding schemes and conduct interaction analysis. This is an essential reference for all who study communication in teams and groups.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consumer Privacy

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Author: Evan Selinger,Jules Polonetsky,Omer Tene

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316859274

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 3207

Businesses are rushing to collect personal data to fuel surging demand. Data enthusiasts claim personal information that's obtained from the commercial internet, including mobile platforms, social networks, cloud computing, and connected devices, will unlock path-breaking innovation, including advanced data security. By contrast, regulators and activists contend that corporate data practices too often disempower consumers by creating privacy harms and related problems. As the Internet of Things matures and facial recognition, predictive analytics, big data, and wearable tracking grow in power, scale, and scope, a controversial ecosystem will exacerbate the acrimony over commercial data capture and analysis. The only productive way forward is to get a grip on the key problems right now and change the conversation. That's exactly what Jules Polonetsky, Omer Tene, and Evan Selinger do. They bring together diverse views from leading academics, business leaders, and policymakers to discuss the opportunities and challenges of the new data economy.

Artificial Intelligence with Python

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Author: Prateek Joshi

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1786469677

Category: Computers

Page: 446

View: 1369

Build real-world Artificial Intelligence applications with Python to intelligently interact with the world around you About This Book Step into the amazing world of intelligent apps using this comprehensive guide Enter the world of Artificial Intelligence, explore it, and create your own applications Work through simple yet insightful examples that will get you up and running with Artificial Intelligence in no time Who This Book Is For This book is for Python developers who want to build real-world Artificial Intelligence applications. This book is friendly to Python beginners, but being familiar with Python would be useful to play around with the code. It will also be useful for experienced Python programmers who are looking to use Artificial Intelligence techniques in their existing technology stacks. What You Will Learn Realize different classification and regression techniques Understand the concept of clustering and how to use it to automatically segment data See how to build an intelligent recommender system Understand logic programming and how to use it Build automatic speech recognition systems Understand the basics of heuristic search and genetic programming Develop games using Artificial Intelligence Learn how reinforcement learning works Discover how to build intelligent applications centered on images, text, and time series data See how to use deep learning algorithms and build applications based on it In Detail Artificial Intelligence is becoming increasingly relevant in the modern world where everything is driven by technology and data. It is used extensively across many fields such as search engines, image recognition, robotics, finance, and so on. We will explore various real-world scenarios in this book and you'll learn about various algorithms that can be used to build Artificial Intelligence applications. During the course of this book, you will find out how to make informed decisions about what algorithms to use in a given context. Starting from the basics of Artificial Intelligence, you will learn how to develop various building blocks using different data mining techniques. You will see how to implement different algorithms to get the best possible results, and will understand how to apply them to real-world scenarios. If you want to add an intelligence layer to any application that's based on images, text, stock market, or some other form of data, this exciting book on Artificial Intelligence will definitely be your guide! Style and approach This highly practical book will show you how to implement Artificial Intelligence. The book provides multiple examples enabling you to create smart applications to meet the needs of your organization. In every chapter, we explain an algorithm, implement it, and then build a smart application.