The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Keith Frankish,William M. Ramsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521871425

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 5450

An authoritative, up-to-date survey of the state of the art in artificial intelligence, written for non-specialists.

The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

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Author: Keith J. Holyoak,Robert G. Morrison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521824170

Category: Psychology

Page: 858

View: 7933

The first comprehensive handbook of the core topics of the fields of thinking and reasoning.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness

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Author: Philip David Zelazo,Morris Moscovitch,Evan Thompson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946406X

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 413

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness is the first of its kind in the field, and its appearance marks a unique time in the history of intellectual inquiry on the topic. After decades during which consciousness was considered beyond the scope of legitimate scientific investigation, consciousness re-emerged as a popular focus of research towards the end of the last century, and it has remained so for nearly 20 years. There are now so many different lines of investigation on consciousness that the time has come when the field may finally benefit from a book that pulls them together and, by juxtaposing them, provides a comprehensive survey of this exciting field. An authoritative desk reference, which will also be suitable as an advanced textbook.

The Cambridge Handbook of Cognitive Science

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Author: Keith Frankish,William Ramsey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521691907

Category: Philosophy

Page: 333

View: 6042

An authoritative, up-to-date survey of the state of the art in cognitive science, written for non-specialists.

The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology

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Author: Ron Sun

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521674107

Category: Computers

Page: 753

View: 6715

This book is a definitive reference source for the growing, increasingly more important, and interdisciplinary field of computational cognitive modeling, that is, computational psychology. It combines breadth of coverage with definitive statements by leading scientists in this field. Research in computational cognitive modeling explores the essence of cognition and various cognitive functionalities through developing detailed, process-based understanding by specifying computational mechanisms, structures, and processes. Given the complexity of the human mind and its manifestation in behavioral flexibility, process-based computational models may be necessary to explicate and elucidate the intricate details of the mind. The key to understanding cognitive processes is often in fine details. Computational models provide algorithmic specificity: detailed, exactly specified, and carefully thought-out steps, arranged in precise yet flexible sequences. These models provide both conceptual clarity and precision at the same time. This book substantiates this approach through overviews and many examples.

The Cambridge Handbook of Visuospatial Thinking

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Author: Priti Shah,Akira Miyake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131645049X

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 4382

The ability to navigate across town, comprehend an animated display of the functioning of the human heart, view complex multivariate data on a company's website, or to read an architectural blueprint and form a three-dimensional mental picture of a house are all tasks involving visuospatial thinking. The field of visuospatial thinking is a relatively diverse interdisciplinary research enterprise. An understanding of visuospatial thinking, and in particular, how people represent and process visual and spatial information, is relevant not only to cognitive psychology but also education, geography, architecture, medicine, design computer science/artificial intelligence, semiotics and animal cognition. The goal of this book, first published in 2005, is to present a broad overview of research on visuospatial thinking that can be used by researchers as well as students interested in this topic in both basic research and applied/naturalistic contexts.

The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance

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Author: K. Anders Ericsson,Robert R. Hoffman,Aaron Kozbelt,A. Mark Williams

Publisher: Cambridge Handbooks in Psychol

ISBN: 1107137551

Category: Psychology

Page: 908

View: 1380

In this book, some of the world's foremost 'experts on expertise' provide scientific knowledge on expertise and expert performance.

Leben 3.0

Mensch sein im Zeitalter Künstlicher Intelligenz

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Author: Max Tegmark

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843716706

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 9107

Die Nobelpreis-Schmiede Massachusetts Institute of Technology ist der bedeutendste technologische Think Tank der USA. Dort arbeitet Professor Max Tegmark mit den weltweit führenden Entwicklern künstlicher Intelligenz zusammen, die ihm exklusive Einblicke in ihre Labors gewähren. Die Erkenntnisse, die er daraus zieht, sind atemberaubend und zutiefst verstörend zugleich. Neigt sich die Ära der Menschen dem Ende zu? Der Physikprofessor Max Tegmark zeigt anhand der neusten Forschung, was die Menschheit erwartet. Hier eine Auswahl möglicher Szenarien: - Eroberer: Künstliche Intelligenz übernimmt die Macht und entledigt sich der Menschheit mit Methoden, die wir noch nicht einmal verstehen. - Der versklavte Gott: Die Menschen bemächtigen sich einer superintelligenten künstlichen Intelligenz und nutzen sie, um Hochtechnologien herzustellen. - Umkehr: Der technologische Fortschritt wird radikal unterbunden und wir kehren zu einer prä-technologischen Gesellschaft im Stil der Amish zurück. - Selbstzerstörung: Superintelligenz wird nicht erreicht, weil sich die Menschheit vorher nuklear oder anders selbst vernichtet. - Egalitäres Utopia: Es gibt weder Superintelligenz noch Besitz, Menschen und kybernetische Organismen existieren friedlich nebeneinander. Max Tegmark bietet kluge und fundierte Zukunftsszenarien basierend auf seinen exklusiven Einblicken in die aktuelle Forschung zur künstlichen Intelligenz.

Die Fünfte Computer-Generation

Künstliche Intelligenz und die Herausforderung Japans an die Welt

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Author: FEIGENBAUM,MCCORDUCK

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034865287

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 322

View: 3839

The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought

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Author: Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr.

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113947166X

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 1034

A comprehensive collection of essays in multidisciplinary metaphor scholarship that has been written in response to the growing interest among scholars and students from a variety of disciplines such as linguistics, philosophy, anthropology, music and psychology. These essays explore the significance of metaphor in language, thought, culture and artistic expression. There are five main themes of the book: the roots of metaphor, metaphor understanding, metaphor in language and culture, metaphor in reasoning and feeling, and metaphor in non-verbal expression. Contributors come from a variety of academic disciplines, including psychology, linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science, literature, education, music, and law.

Handbuch Kognitionswissenschaft

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Author: Achim Stephan,Sven Walter

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476052885

Category: Social Science

Page: 582

View: 8593

Wann finden geistige Prozesse statt? Zum Beispiel, wenn wir emotional sind, uns erinnern oder träumen. Mit innovativen Beiträgen stellt das Handbuch kognitive Leistungen wie Erinnerung, Lernen, Planen, Wahrnehmung oder Sprache vor beim Menschen, aber auch im Hinblick auf künstliche Systeme wie Computer oder Roboter. Es beleuchtet die verschiedenen Modelle kognitiver Systeme, darunter das Computermodell des Geistes, neuronale Netze oder dynamische Systeme. Mit den Fächern Anthropologie, Informatik, Linguistik, Neurowissenschaft, Psychologie und Philosophie führt es in die Teildisziplinen der Kognitionswissenschaft ein.

Menschheit 2.0

Die Singularität naht

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Author: Ray Kurzweil

Publisher: Lola Books

ISBN: 3944203135

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 672

View: 6218

Das Jahr 2045 markiert einen historischen Meilenstein: Es ist das Jahr, in dem der Mensch seine biologischen Begrenzungen mithilfe der Technik überwinden wird. Diese als technologische Singularität bekannt gewordene Revolution wird die Menschheit für immer verändern. Googles Chefingenieur Ray Kurzweil, dessen wahnwitzigen Visionen in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten immer wieder genau ins Schwarze trafen, zeichnet in diesem Klassiker des Transhumanismus mit beispielloser Detailwut eine bunt schillernde Momentaufnahme der technischen Evolution und legt dar, weshalb diese so bald kein Ende finden, sondern im Gegenteil immer weiter an Dynamik gewinnen wird. Daraus ergibt sich eine ebenso faszinierende wie schockierende Vision für die Zukunft der Menschheit.

The Cambridge Handbook of Psycholinguistics

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Author: Michael Spivey,Marc Joanisse,Ken McRae

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521677920

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 745

View: 4668

This comprehensive collection of chapters is written by leading researchers in psycholinguistics from a wide array of subfields.

The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition

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Author: Philip Robbins,Murat Aydede

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131610205X

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 928

Since its inception some fifty years ago, cognitive science has seen a number of sea changes. Perhaps the best known is the development of connectionist models of cognition as an alternative to classical, symbol-based approaches. A more recent - and increasingly influential - trend is that of dynamical-systems-based, ecologically oriented models of the mind. Researchers suggest that a full understanding of the mind will require systematic study of the dynamics of interaction between mind, body, and world. Some argue that this new orientation calls for a revolutionary new metaphysics of mind, according to which mental states and processes, and even persons, literally extend into the environment. This book is a guide to this movement in cognitive science. Each chapter tackles either a specific area of empirical research or specific sector of the conceptual foundation underlying this research.

Handbook of Intelligence

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Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316583864

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 4325

Not since the landmark publication of Handbook of Human Intelligence in 1982 has the field of intelligence been more alive than it is today. Spurred by the new developments in this rapidly expanding field, Dr Sternberg has brought together a stellar list of contributors to provide a comprehensive, broad and deeply thematic review of intelligence that will be accessible to both scholar and student. The field of intelligence is lively on many fronts, and this volume provides full coverage on topics such as behavior-genetic models, evolutionary models, cognitive models, emotional intelligence, practical intelligence, and group difference. Handbook of Intelligence is largely expanded, covering areas such as animal and artificial intelligence, as well as human intelligence. It fully reflects important theoretical progress made since the early 1980s.

The Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences

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Author: R. Keith Sawyer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139452479

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 948

Learning sciences is an interdisciplinary field that studies teaching and learning. The sciences of learning include cognitive science, educational psychology, computer science, anthropology, sociology, neuroscience, and other fields. The Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences, first published in 2006, shows how educators can use the learning sciences to design more effective learning environments - including school classrooms and also informal settings such as science centers or after-school clubs, on-line distance learning, and computer-based tutoring software. The chapters in this handbook each describe exciting new classroom environments, based on the latest science about how children learn. CHLS is a true handbook in that readers can use it to design the schools of the future - schools that will prepare graduates to participate in a global society that is increasingly based on knowledge and innovation.

Superintelligenz

Szenarien einer kommenden Revolution

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Author: Nick Bostrom

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351873900X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 600

View: 3425

Was geschieht, wenn es Wissenschaftlern eines Tages gelingt, eine Maschine zu entwickeln, die die menschliche Intelligenz auf so gut wie allen wichtigen Gebieten übertrifft? Klar ist: Eine solche Superintelligenz wäre enorm mächtig und würde uns vor Kontroll- und Steuerungsprobleme stellen, verglichen mit denen die Bewältigung des Klimawandels ein Klacks ist. Mehr noch: Vermutlich würde die Zukunft der menschlichen Spezies in den Händen dieser Superintelligenz liegen, so wie heute die Zukunft der Gorillas von uns abhängt. Zukunftsmusik? Oder doch Science-Fiction? Eindeutig Zukunftsmusik, sagt Nick Bostrom, und zwar eine, die vielleicht schon binnen eines Menschenalters erklingen wird. Damit wir verstehen, was auf uns zukommt, nimmt er uns mit auf eine faszinierende Reise in die Welt der Orakel und Genies, der Superrechner und Gehirnsimulationen, aber vor allem in die Labore dieser Welt, in denen fieberhaft an der Entwicklung einer künstlichen Intelligenz gearbeitet wird. Bostrom skizziert mögliche Szenarien, wie die Geburt der Superintelligenz vonstattengehen könnte, und widmet sich ausführlich den Folgen dieser Revolution. Sie werden global sein und unser wirtschaftliches, soziales und politisches Leben tiefgreifend verändern. Wir müssen handeln, und zwar kollektiv, bevor der Geist aus der Flasche gelassen ist – also jetzt! Das ist die eminent politische Botschaft dieses so spannenden wie wichtigen Buches.