The Cahokia Chiefdom

The Archaeology of a Mississippian Society

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: George R. Milner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813029818

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 1790

First published in 1998 by Smithsonian Institution Press, The Cahokia Chiefdom surveys one of North America's great archaeological sites that includes more than one hundred earthen mounds constructed between the 11th and 14th centuries. Milner paints a vivid picture of the site and its environs while arguing that the regional system was not as powerful and all-encompassing as commonly thought, but was instead a collection of semi-autonomous districts with far fewer people than previously assumed. This detailed study of Cahokia research history documents environmental conditions that affected prehistoric peoples, such as river channels, flooding, and plant and animal life. In addition, he summarizes evidence of the region's food, the remains of houses and other buildings, stone tools, ceramics, crafts, population figures, the distribution of power, and labor and economics, including exchange with other societies. The author attributes the region's growth to a complex interplay of cultural, demographic, and environmental factors, including the advantages of its location and rich resources, and its decline to a reorganization of social relations across the region that involved the emergence of competing centers. This reprint edition features a new preface by the author updating archaeological evidence through 2005.

The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Timothy R. Pauketat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195380118

Category: History

Page: 666

View: 827

The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology reviews the continent's first and last foragers, farmers, and great pre-Columbian civic and ceremonial centers, from Chaco Canyon to Moundville and beyond.

Mound Sites of the Ancient South

A Guide to the Mississippian Chiefdoms

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Eric E. Bowne

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820344982

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 516

From approximately AD 900 to 1600, ancient Mississippian culture dominated today’s southeastern United States. These Native American societies, known more popularly as moundbuilders, had populations that numbered in the thousands, produced vast surpluses of food, engaged in longdistance trading, and were ruled by powerful leaders who raised large armies. Mississippian chiefdoms built fortified towns with massive earthen structures used as astrological monuments and burial grounds. The remnants of these cities—scattered throughout the Southeast from Florida north to Wisconsin and as far west as Texas—are still visible and awe-inspiring today. This heavily illustrated guide brings these settlements to life with maps, artists’ reconstructions, photos of artifacts, and historic and modern photos of sites, connecting our archaeological knowledge with what is visible when visiting the sites today. Anthropologist Eric E. Bowne discusses specific structures at each location and highlights noteworthy museums, artifacts, and cultural features. He also provides an introduction to Mississippian culture, offering background on subsistence and settlement practices, political and social organization, warfare, and belief systems that will help readers better understand these complex and remarkable places. Sites include Cahokia, Moundville, Etowah, and many more.

People of the Morning Star

People of Cahokia

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: W. Michael Gear,Kathleen O'Neal Gear

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1466832290

Category: Fiction

Page: 496

View: 9887

Award-winning archaeologists and New York Times and USA Today bestselling authors W. Michael Gear and Kathleen O'Neal Gear begin the stunning saga of the North American equivalent of ancient Rome in People of the Morning Star. The city of Cahokia, at its height, covered more than six square miles around what is now St. Louis and included structures more than ten stories high. Cahokian warriors and traders roamed from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. What force on earth would motivate hundreds of thousands of people to pick up, move hundreds of miles, and once plopped down amidst a polyglot of strangers, build an incredible city? A religious miracle: the Cahokians believed that the divine hero Morning Star had been resurrected in the flesh. But not all is fine and stable in glorious Cahokia. To the astonishment of the ruling clan, an attempt is made on the living god's life. Now it is up to Morning Star's aunt, Matron Blue Heron, to keep it quiet until she can uncover the plot and bring the culprits to justice. If she fails, Cahokia will be torn asunder in warfare, rage, and blood as civil war consumes them all. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

The Transformation of the Southeastern Indians, 1540-1760

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Marvin T. Smith

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9781604739558

Category: Indians of North America

Page: 369

View: 7540

With essays by Stephen Davis, Penelope Drooker, Patricia K. Galloway, Steven Hahn, Charles Hudson, Marvin Jeter, Paul Kelton, Timothy Pertulla, Christopher Rodning, Helen Rountree, Marvin T. Smith, and John Worth The first two-hundred years of Western civilization in the Americas was a time when fundamental and sometimes catastrophic changes occurred in Native American communities in the South. In The Transformation of the Southeastern Indians, historians, anthropologists, and archaeologists provide perspectives on how this era shaped American Indian society for later generations and how it even affects these communities today. This collection of essays presents the most current scholarship on the social history of the South, identifying and examining the historical forces, trends, and events that were attendant to the formation of the Indians of the colonial South. The essayists discuss how Southeastern Indian culture and society evolved. They focus on such aspects as the introduction of European diseases to the New World, long-distance migration and relocation, the influences of the Spanish mission system, the effects of the English plantation system, the northern fur trade of the English, and the French, Dutch, and English trade of Indian slaves and deerskins in the South. This book covers the full geographic and social scope of the Southeast, including the indigenous peoples of Florida, Virginia, Maryland, the Appalachian Mountains, the Carolina Piedmont, the Ohio Valley, and the Central and Lower Mississippi Valleys. Robbie Ethridge is an assistant professor of anthropology and southern studies at the University of Mississippi. Charles Hudson is Franklin Professor of Anthropology and History at the University of Georgia.

Land of Big Rivers

French and Indian Illinois, 1699-1778

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: M. J. Morgan

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809385643

Category: History

Page: 287

View: 723

Drawing on research from a variety of academic fields, such as archaeology, history, botany, ecology, and physical science, M. J. Morgan explores the intersection of people and the environment in early eighteenth-century Illinois Country—a stretch of fecund, alluvial river plain along the Mississippi river. Arguing against the traditional narrative that describes Illinois as an untouched wilderness until the influx of American settlers, Morgan illustrates how the story began much earlier. She focuses her study on early French and Indian communities, and later on the British, nestled within the tripartite environment of floodplain, riverine cliffs and bluffs, and open, upland till plain/prairie and examines the impact of these diverse groups of people on the ecological landscape. By placing human lives within the natural setting of the period—the abundant streams and creeks, the prairies, plants and wildlife—she traces the environmental change that unfolded across almost a century. She describes how it was a land in motion; how the occupying peoples used, extracted, and extirpated its resources while simultaneously introducing new species; and how the flux and flow of life mirrored the movement of the rivers. Morgan emphasizes the importance of population sequences, the relationship between the aboriginals and the Europeans, the shared use of resources, and the effects of each on the habitat. Land of Big Rivers is a unique, many-themed account of the big-picture ecological change that occurred during the early history of the Illinois Country. It is the first book to consider the environmental aspects of the Illinois Indian experience and to reconsider the role of the French and British in environmental change in the mid-Mississippi Valley. It engagingly recreates presettlement Illinois with a remarkable interdisciplinary approach and provides new details that will encourage understanding of the interaction between physical geography and the plants, animals, and people in the Illinois Country. Furthermore, it exhibits the importance of looking at the past in the context of environmental transformation, which is especially relevant in light of today’s global climate change.

Etowah

The Political History of a Chiefdom Capital

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Adam King

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817312242

Category: History

Page: 178

View: 6334

A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication This is a detailed reconstruction of the waxing and waning of political fortunes among the chiefly elites at an important center of the prehistoric world. At the time the first Europeans arrived in the New World, thousands of earthen platform mounds dotted the landscape of eastern North America. Only a few of the mound sites have survived the ravages of time and the devastation of pilferers; one of these valuable monuments is Etowah, located near Cartersville in northern Georgia. Over a period of more than 100 years, excavations of the site’s six mounds, and in particular Mound C, have yielded a wealth of artifacts, including marble statues, copper embossed plates, ceremonial items, and personal adornments. These objects indicate an extensive trading network between Mississippian centers and confirm contact with Spanish conquistadores near Etowah in the mid-1500s. Adam King has analyzed the architecture and artifacts of Etowah and deduced its vital role in the prehistory of the area. He advances a plausible historical sequence and a model for the ancient town's complex political structure. The chiefdom society relied upon institutional social ranking, permanent political offices, religious ideology, a redistribution of goods and services, and the willing support of the constituent population. King reveals strategies used by the paramount chiefs to maintain their sources of power and to control changes in the social organization. Elite alliances did not necessarily involve the extreme asymmetry of political domination and tribute extraction. King's use of ceramic assemblages recovered from Etowah to determine the occupation history and the construction sequence of public facilities (mounds and plazas) at the center is significant. This fresh interpretation of the Etowah site places it in a contemporary social and political context with other Mississippian cultures. It is a one-volume sourcebook for the Etowah polity and its neighbors and will, therefore, command an eager audience of scholars and generalists.

Sacred Games, Death, and Renewal in the Ancient Eastern Woodlands

The Ohio Hopewell System of Cult Sodality Heterarchies

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: A. Martin Byers

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759120341

Category: Social Science

Page: 558

View: 8133

A. Martin Byers challenges the traditional views of the Ohio Hopewell embankment earthworks, providing an interpretation of them as sites of sacred games and world renewal rituals built and used by complex alliances of cult sodalities.

The Global Prehistory of Human Migration

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Immanuel Ness

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118970586

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 1323

Previously published as the first volume of The Encyclopediaof Global Human Migration, this work is devoted exclusively toprehistoric migration, covering all periods and places from thefirst hominin migrations out of Africa through the end ofprehistory. Presents interdisciplinary coverage of this topic, includingscholarship from the fields of archaeology, anthropology, genetics,biology, linguistics, and more Includes contributions from a diverse international team ofauthors, representing 17 countries and a variety ofdisciplines Divided into two sections, covering the Pleistocene andHolocene; each section examines human migration through chaptersthat focus on different regional and disciplinary lenses

The Moundbuilders

Ancient Peoples of Eastern North America

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: George R. Milner

Publisher: London : Thames & Hudson

ISBN: 9780500284681

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 4616

Hailed by Bruce D. Smith, Curator of North American Archaeology at the Smithsonian Institution, as without question the best available book on the pre-Columbian Indian societies of eastern North America, this wide-ranging and copiously illustrated volume covers the entire sweep of Eastern Woodlands prehistory, with an emphasis on how these societies developed from hunter-gatherers to village farmers and town-dwellers.

Archaeology of the Mississippian Culture

A Research Guide

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Peter N. Peregrine

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136508554

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 3477

First published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 4036

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Indian mounds of Wisconsin

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Robert A. Birmingham,Leslie E. Eisenberg

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 4044

More mounds were built by ancient Native American societies in Wisconsin than in any other region of North America -- between 15,000 and 20,000 mounds, at least 4,000 of which remain today. Most impressive are the effigy mounds, huge earthworks sculpted into the shapes of birds, animals, and other forms, not found anywhere else in the world in such concentrations. This book, written for general readers but incorporating the most recent research, offers a comprehensive overview of these intriguing earthworks and answers the questions, Who built the mounds? When and why were they built?Using evidence drawn from archaeology, ethnography, ethnohistory, linguistics, and the traditions and beliefs of present-day Native Americans in the Midwest, archaeologists Birmingham and Eisenberg offer an important new interpretation of the effigy mound groups as "cosmological maps" that model ancient belief systems and social relations. Although the archaeological record indicates that most ancient Native American societies in the upper Midwest built mounds between about 800 B.C. and A.D. 1200, the effigy mounds bear such similarity to the beliefs and clan structures of the Ho-Chunk, Ioway, and closely related nations that it is extremely likely that these people are descendants of the effigy mound builders.Indian Mounds of Wisconsin includes a travel guide to sites in Wisconsin that can be visited by the public, including many in state, county, and local parks.

Illinois Archaeology

Journal of the Illinois Archaeological Survey

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Illinois

Page: N.A

View: 9491

Antiquity

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Manuel Vaquero, A.J. Howard & M.G. Macklin, Steven L. Kuhn, Mary C. Stiner & Erksin Gulec, Axel Pollex, Marek kohn & Steven mithen, Gill Hey, Alex Bayliss & Angela Boyle, Junko Habu & Clare Fawcett, Ian C. Glover, Li Liu, Yangjin Pak, Hyung Il Pai, Fumiko Ikawa-Smith, Barbara Bender, Clark L. Erickson, Fisher, Pollard & Frederick, Tina Thurston, William Gustav Gartner, Dunning, Scarborough, Valdez, Jr. , Luzzadder-Beach, Beach & Jones, Gary M. Feinman, Simon Stoddart & Ezra Zubrow

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9547