The Brenner Debate

Agrarian Class Structure and Economic Development in Pre-industrial Europe

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Author: T. H. Aston,Trevor Henry Aston,C. H. E. Philpin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521349338

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 339

View: 563

Few historical issues have occasioned such discussion since at least the time of Marx as the transition from feudalism to capitalism in Western Europe. The Brenner Debate, which reprints from Past and Present various article in 1976, is a scholarly presentation of a variety of points of view, covering a very wide range in time, place and type of approach. Weighty theoretical responses to Brenner's first formulation followed from the late Sir Michael Postan, John Hatcher, Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie and Guy Bois; more particular contributions came from Patricia Croot, David Parker, Arnost Klìma and Heide Wunder on England, France, Bohemia and Germany; and reflective pieces from R. H. Hilton and the late J. P. Cooper. Completing the volume, and giving it an overall coherence, are Brenner's own comprehensive response to those who had taken part in the debate, and also R. H. Hilton's introduction that aims to bring together the major themes in the collection of essays. The debate has already aroused widespread interest among historians and scholars in allied fields as well as among ordinary readers, and may reasonably be regarded as one of the most important historical debates of prevailing years.

Agrargeschichte schreiben

Traditionen und Innovationen im internationalen Vergleich

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Author: Ernst Bruckmüller,Ernst Langthaler,Josef Redl

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3706519283

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 5623

Die Agrargeschichte, die sich im deutschsprachigen Raum seit einigen Jahren wieder im Aufschwung befindet, wendet sich nunmehr auch ihrer eigenen Geschichte zu. Agrargeschichte schreiben heißt einerseits, an wissenschaftliche Traditionen anzuknüpfen; andererseits sind damit mitunter auch Innovationen verbunden, welche die ländliche Gesellschaft in einem neuen Licht erscheinen lassen. Konzentrierte sich die alte Agrargeschichte vor allem auf bäuerliche Rechtsverhältnisse, erweitert die neue Agrargeschichte ihren Blickwinkel auf die vielfältigen Arbeits- und Lebensweisen der Frauen und Männer auf dem Land. Die Autorinnen und Autoren dieses Bandes beleuchten das Spannungsfeld zwischen traditionellen und innovativen Ansätzen im internationalen Vergleich. Am Beispiel Deutschlands, Frankreichs, Italiens, Österreichs, der Schweiz, Spaniens, Ost- und Nordwesteuropas sowie der USA werden Positionen, Probleme und Perspektiven der Agrargeschichte diskutiert. Die Beiträge verbindet das Bemühen, wissenschaftliche Grenzen zwischen Nationen, Epochen und Disziplinen abzubauen; auf diese Weise wird eine internationale, interepochale und interdisziplinäre Erweiterung der Agrargeschichte angestrebt. (...) Bei diesem Jahrbuch handelt es sich um ein anspruchvolles Werk, sowohl inhaltlich als auch sprachlich. Es hebt diesen Zweig der Geschichtsforschung auf eine höhere Ebene und lässt verspüren, dass verschiedene Methoden und Theorien zu einem Diskurs führen können, der die Wissenschaft nicht hemmt, sondern weiter entwickelt. Das Buch ist daher als ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Erforschung des ländlichen Raumes zu werten. Das Waldviertel (...) ein mutiges, innovatives und vielversprechendes Projekt. PRO-REGIO-ONLINE-Zeitschrift für den Ländlichen Raum Der Band zeigt die moderne Agrargeschichtsschreibung in Bewegung: Nach wirtschafts- und sozialhistorischen Fragestellungen werden zunehmend auch kultur- und umweltgeschichtliche in den Mittelpunkt der Erforschung des ländlichen Raumes gerückt. Die Frage nach dem Wohin der neueren Agrargeschichte wird von den Herausgebern dahingehend beantwortet, dass es nicht um Forcieren eines Ansatzes, einer bestimmten Innovation oder einer bestimmten Tradition geht, sondern dasss die wechselseitige Auseinandersetzung unterschiedlicher Traditionen und Innovationen zu einem Abbau von Grenzen innerhalb der Agrargeschichtsschreibung - auch jender zwischen den Disziplinen, Epochen und Nationen beitragen soll. Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft (...) sein interessierten Lesern nachdrücklich empfohlen. Das Historisch-Politische Buch (...) bietet das Jahrbuch eine Fülle von Anregungen für den Beginn und die Entwicklung einer neuen Agrargeschichtsschreibung. Vierteljahresschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Ulrich Kluge

Lordship and Learning

Studies in Memory of Trevor Aston

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Author: Trevor Henry Aston,T. A. Ralph Evans

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 9781843830795

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 5804

Studies focusing on medieval lordship and education.

Faith, Ethics, and Church

Writing in England, 1360-1409

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Author: David Aers

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9780859915618

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 153

View: 5427

Examination of key texts - Chaucer to Wyclif - sheds new light on medieval spirituality.

The Industrial Revolution

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Author: Pat Hudson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474228895

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 3198

This is an introduction to the Industrial Revolution which offers an integrated account of the economic and social aspects of change during the period. Recent revisionist thinking has implied that fundamental change in economic, social and political life at the time of the Industrial Revolution was minimal or non-existent. The author challenges this interpretation, arguing that the process of revision has gone too far; emphasizing continuity at the expense of change and neglecting many historically unique features of the economy and society. Elements given short shrift in many current interpretations are reassigned their central roles.

Kritik der politischen Ökonomie

eine Einführung

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Author: Michael Heinrich

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783896575937

Category: Capital

Page: 240

View: 3720

Auf der Titelblattrückseite: 3. Aufl., auf dem vorderen Buchdeckel: 5. Aufl.

Before the Black Death

Studies in the "crisis" of the Early Fourteenth Century

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Author: Bruce M. S. Campbell

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719039270

Category: Agriculture

Page: 232

View: 9168

Formen, die der kapitalistischen Produktion vorhergehen

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Author: Karl Marx

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843043957

Category: Fiction

Page: 52

View: 7553

Karl Marx: Formen, die der kapitalistischen Produktion vorhergehen Auszug aus den ökonomischen Manuskripten der Jahre 1857/58, die erstmals 1939 unter dem Titel »Grundrisse der Kritik der politischen Ökonomie« veröffentlicht wurden (Moskau 1939). – Die eckigen Klammern bei Marx wurden durch geschweifte Klammern ersetzt. Vollständige Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2014. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels: Werke. Herausgegeben vom Institut für Marxismus-Leninismus beim ZK der SED, 43 Bände, Band 42, Berlin: Dietz-Verlag, 1983. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage. Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 12 pt.

Peasants Into Farmers?

The Transformation of Rural Economy and Society in the Low Countries (Middle Ages-19th Century) in Light of the Brenner Debate

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Author: P. C. M. Hoppenbrouwers,J. L. van Zanden

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 338

View: 6459

Since his first article in 1976 the American historian Robert P. Brenner has tried to come to terms with an issue first raised two centuries ago: how can we explain the differences in growth-patterns of North Western European countries in the transition from feudalism to capitalism. In a frontal attack on both the '(homeostatic) demographic' and 'commercialisation' models, Brenner traced the roots of the divergent evolutions back to rural and feudal 'social-property relations'. In the debate that immediately followed Brenner's first article, and in subsequent exchanges, the Low Countries were significantly neglected, although areas such as Flanders and Holland played a decisive role in the economic development of Europe. This was partly because of too few publications in international languages on the relevant Dutch rural history. This important book, edited by two of the most respected Dutch rural historians, and with contributions by several distinguished historians, seeks to fill this lacuna. It draws upon substantial research, and confronts the Brenner thesis with new results and hypotheses; and it contains a powerful and detailed response by Brenner himself.

Historical Abstracts

Modern history abstracts, 1775-1914

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History, Modern

Page: N.A

View: 6266

Institutions and economic change in South Asia

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Author: Burton Stein,Sanjay Subrahmanyam,University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 3270

The book reflects a process of inter-disciplinary dialogue between historians, economists and anthropologists, at a time when the discipline of economic history in South Asia has entered something of a crisis. It is a collection of well-researched, in-depth essays, which are at the same timeconcerned with linking up their specific concerns with larger issues of the institutional trajectory of South Asia. Traditionally, economics has neglected the role played by institutions in linking micro- and macro-levels of economic functioning. Here, authors like A. K. Bagchi, Claude Markovits, G.Balachandran, Barabar Harriss-White, Sumit Guha and David Ludden bring their collective expertise to bear on the issue.

Landholding and Land Transfer in the North Sea Area (late Middle Ages-19th Century)

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Author: B. J. P. van Bavel,P. C. M. Hoppenbrouwers

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 9016

For a better understanding of medieval and early modern rural society, in which land was the principal source of income and investment, as well as a most prestigious object of possession and a solid base of power, historical questions on landholding and land transfers are highly relevant. This volume aims to clarify some long-standing issues concerning the large variety of land tenure and non-familial transfers of land in the North Sea area by treating them from a regional - if possible comparative - perspective and by linking them to such structural features of preindustrial rural society as shifts in land to labour ratio's; social property relations; commercialisation and the rise of land, leasehold, and credit markets; the growth of state intervention and the institutional innovation that followed in its wake; the sustained prevalence of local or regional customary law; and the effects of social and cultural values on the demand for land. From viewing the later medieval and early modern period as a whole, one has to conclude that the mobility of agricultural land markedly increased. This was due first and foremost to the establishment of clear-cut private property rights, to the expansion of land and credit markets, and to the spread of short-term leasing. Differences in the pace of capitalist development as well as of state formation were mainly responsible for outspoken regional differences.

Late Medieval England (1377-1485)

A Bibliography of Historical Scholarship, 1975-1989

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Author: Joel Thomas Rosenthal

Publisher: Western Michigan Univ Medieval

ISBN: 9781879288164

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 371

View: 9185

Rural History in the North Sea Area

An Overview of Recent Research, Middle Ages-twentieth Century

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Author: Erik Thoen,Leen van Molle

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8451

This volume describes the outlines of the 'state of the art' in the field of rural history for countries such as England, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Northern France. The contributing authors, all outstanding specialists in the field, present an overview of the most important publications regarding the areas covered. They also point to the most important research topics as well as indicating the most important lacunae in the field of rural history during the last decades. The original texts of this book formed the basis of the international research group CORN, which studies the economic development of the Northern European countryside in a comparative way. The regional monographs are preceded by a short methodological introduction concerning the comparative methods used by this network as well as the possible pitfalls and problems.