The Brenner Debate

Agrarian Class Structure and Economic Development in Pre-industrial Europe


Author: T. H. Aston,Trevor Henry Aston,C. H. E. Philpin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521349338

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 339

View: 1489

Few historical issues have occasioned such discussion since at least the time of Marx as the transition from feudalism to capitalism in Western Europe. The Brenner Debate, which reprints from Past and Present various article in 1976, is a scholarly presentation of a variety of points of view, covering a very wide range in time, place and type of approach. Weighty theoretical responses to Brenner's first formulation followed from the late Sir Michael Postan, John Hatcher, Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie and Guy Bois; more particular contributions came from Patricia Croot, David Parker, Arnost Klìma and Heide Wunder on England, France, Bohemia and Germany; and reflective pieces from R. H. Hilton and the late J. P. Cooper. Completing the volume, and giving it an overall coherence, are Brenner's own comprehensive response to those who had taken part in the debate, and also R. H. Hilton's introduction that aims to bring together the major themes in the collection of essays. The debate has already aroused widespread interest among historians and scholars in allied fields as well as among ordinary readers, and may reasonably be regarded as one of the most important historical debates of prevailing years.

Merchants and Revolution

Commercial Change, Political Conflict, and London's Overseas Traders, 1550-1653


Author: Robert Brenner

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859843338

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 734

View: 643

In this major reinterpretation of the activities of London's merchant community during the early Stuart period, Robert Brenner explains the factors behind the opening of long-distance commerce to the south and east, describes the growing power of the great City merchants, and pro-files the new colonial traders, who became the chief architects of the Common-wealth's dynamic commercial policy.

Locked in Place

State-Building and Late Industrialization in India


Author: Vivek Chibber

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400840779

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 6315

Why were some countries able to build "developmental states" in the decades after World War II while others were not? Through a richly detailed examination of India's experience, Locked in Place argues that the critical factor was the reaction of domestic capitalists to the state-building project. During the 1950s and 1960s, India launched an extremely ambitious and highly regarded program of state-led development. But it soon became clear that the Indian state lacked the institutional capacity to carry out rapid industrialization. Drawing on newly available archival sources, Vivek Chibber mounts a forceful challenge to conventional arguments by showing that the insufficient state capacity stemmed mainly from Indian industrialists' massive campaign, in the years after Independence, against a strong developmental state. Chibber contrasts India's experience with the success of a similar program of state-building in South Korea, where political elites managed to harness domestic capitalists to their agenda. He then develops a theory of the structural conditions that can account for the different reactions of Indian and Korean capitalists as rational responses to the distinct development models adopted in each country. Provocative and marked by clarity of prose, this book is also the first historical study of India's post-colonial industrial strategy. Emphasizing the central role of capital in the state-building process, and restoring class analysis to the core of the political economy of development, Locked in Place is an innovative work of theoretical power that will interest development specialists, political scientists, and historians of the subcontinent.

The Boom and the Bubble

The US in the World Economy


Author: Robert Brenner

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859844830

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 331

View: 3532

Brenner demonstrates that the new economy was always a fragile phenomenon.

Crisis of Feudalism


Author: G. Bois

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521274906

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 1357

Guy Bois' study of late medieval Normandy is a work of many dimensions. It should be of particular interest to English readers because of the close historical associations of England with Normandy and because of the natural resemblances between these two countries, separated only by the English Channel. This study does not, however, cover the period of close political association but that of invasion and warfare, of destruction and pillage. Although Guy Bois' book follows through the movements of population, prices, rents and wages over two and a half centuries, it does not consist simply of the delineation of trends. The realities of the land and its occupants are fitted into this boarder scheme, their economic and social activities are described as well as the impact on them of the military campaigns. All this is based on a meticulous analysis of every type of documentation available, ranging from tax returns to ecclesiastical surveys, from chronicles to rentals.

Sraffa and Althusser Reconsidered

Neoliberalism Advancing in South Africa, England, and Greece


Author: Paul Zarembka

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1784410063

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 6792

This volume examines the recent advance of neoliberalism. It focuses on three current instances of neoliberalism from around the world as well as providing an in-depth study of Sraffa's works; a critique of Althusser's interpretation of Marxist philosophy, and a discussion of labor aristocracy.

Marxism and World Politics

Contesting Global Capitalism


Author: Alexander Anievas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135189293

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 9501

This book brings together internationally-distinguished scholars from History, Philosophy, Development Studies, Geography, and International Relations (IR) to examine recent developments in Marxist approaches to world politics. Offering original and stimulating analyses of subjects traditionally at the forefront of Marxist studies of world politics, the collection also considers issues which have yet to be fully explored within a number of disciplines. Examining a wide array of topics ranging from the imperialism-globalization debate, the connections between social structures and foreign relations, the role of identity and imperialist norms in world politics, to the relationship between Marxist and Realist IR Theory, the contributors seek to further theoretical discussions and their implications for emancipatory radical politics. These contributions are structured around two major themes: • The relationship between capitalist modernity and the states-system in explaining the changing patterns of inter-state conflict and cooperation; • The debates within Marxist and IR discourses on the theoretical significance of ‘the international’, covering topics including uneven and combined development and passive revolution. An impressive collection that seeks to advance dialogue and research, Marxism and World Politics will be of interest to students and scholars of IR, International Political Economy, Political Science, and Historical Sociology.

Lordship and Learning

Studies in Memory of Trevor Aston


Author: Trevor Henry Aston,T. A. Ralph Evans

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 9781843830795

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 1811

Studies focusing on medieval lordship and education.

Faith, Ethics, and Church

Writing in England, 1360-1409


Author: David Aers

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9780859915618

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 153

View: 7062

Examination of key texts - Chaucer to Wyclif - sheds new light on medieval spirituality.

French Rural History

An Essay on Its Basic Characteristics


Author: Marc Léopold Benjamin Bloch

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520016606

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 7089

Economic Development

Past and Present


Author: Richard T. Gill

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Social Science

Page: 143

View: 6105

Re-enchanting the World

Feminism and the Politics of the Commons


Author: Silvia Federici,Peter Linebaugh

Publisher: PM Press

ISBN: 1629635855

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4705

In this edited collection of work spanning more than 20 years, Silvia Federici provides a detailed history and critique of the politics of the commons from a feminist perspective. In her clear and combative voice, Federici provides readers with an analysis of some of the key issues in contemporary thinking on this subject. Drawing on rich historical research, she maps the connections between the previous forms of enclosure that occurred with the birth of capitalism and the destruction of the commons and the "new enclosures" at the heart of the present phase of global capitalist accumulation. Considering the commons from a feminist perspective, this collection argues that women and reproductive work are crucial to both our economic survival and the construction of a world free from the capitalist hierarchies. Federici is clear that the commons should not be understood as happy islands in a sea of exploitative relations—but rather autonomous spaces from which to challenge the existing organization of life and labor.

The Social History of Agriculture

From the Origins to the Current Crisis


Author: Christopher Isett,Stephen Miller

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442209682

Category: History

Page: 422

View: 2468

This innovative text provides a compelling narrative world history through the lens of food and farmers. Tracing the history of agriculture from earliest times to the present, Christopher Isett and Stephen Miller argue that people, rather than markets, have been the primary agents of agricultural change. Exploring the actions taken by individuals and groups over time and analyzing their activities in the wider contexts of markets, states, wars, the environment, population increase, and similar factors, the authors emphasize how larger social and political forces inform decisions and lead to different technological outcomes. Both farmers and elites responded in ways that impeded economic development. Farmers, when able to trade with towns, used the revenue to gain more land and security. Elites used commercial opportunities to accumulate military power and slaves. The book explores these tendencies through rich case studies of ancient China; precolonial South America; early-modern France, England, and Japan; New World slavery; colonial Taiwan; socialist Cuba; and many other periods and places. Readers will understand how the promises and problems of contemporary agriculture are not simply technologically derived but are the outcomes of decisions and choices people have made and continue to make.

The New Development Economics

Post Washington Consensus Neoliberal Thinking


Author: Ben Fine

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781842776438

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 7854

This volume provides a critique of the post-Washington Concensus in neoliberal economics.

The Origin of Capitalism in England, 1400–1600


Author: Spencer Dimmock

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004271104

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 8617

In The Origin of Capitalism in England, 1400-1600, Spencer Dimmock has produced a challenging and multi-layered account of a historical rupture in English feudal society which led to the first sustained transition to agrarian capitalism and consequent industrial revolution.

The Economy of Europe in an Age of Crisis, 1600-1750


Author: Jan de Vries

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521290500

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 284

View: 9974

By relating economic changes to the political backdrop, The Economy of Europe in an Age of Crisis, 1600-1750 describes and analyzes the economic civilisation of Europe in the last epoch before the Industrial Revolution. The author makes a special effort to apply economic reasoning to the economic forces of the period and challenges some longstanding opinions about what was and was not important in explaining economic performance. The significance of this study rests in its identification of the ways a 'traditional' society developed its economy despite the absence of the obvious growth factors of the nineteenth century. The approach is consciously comparative: problems of interpretation are identified; research not yet available elsewhere is incorporated into the text; and examples are drawn from minor as well as major countries in western and central Europe. Topics dealt with include the development of agriculture and industry, foreign and regional trade, urbanization, a study of demand in explaining economic growth, the bourgeoisie, and the state.

Class Conflict and the Crisis of Feudalism

Essays in Medieval Social History


Author: Rodney Hilton

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780907628361

Category: History

Page: 349

View: 1542

Book Condition: New. DISPATCHED FROM USA. NO EXPEDITED SHIPPING! Allow 10-14 business days for delivery. Before ordering please check the language in the product description. Brand new item. Over 6 million customers served. Order now. Selling online since 1995. Few left in stock - order soon. Code: C20100319131525N0907628362. SKU: 0907628362-11-CNTN.

An Introduction to the Three Volumes of Karl Marx's Capital


Author: Michael Heinrich

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1583672907

Category: Electronic books

Page: 240

View: 8497

The global economic crisis and recession that began in 2008 had at least one unexpected outcome: a surge in sales of Karl Marx's Capital . Although mainstream economists and commentators once dismissed Marx's work as outmoded and flawed, some are begrudgingly acknowledging an analysis that sees capitalism as inherently unstable. And of course, there are those, like Michael Heinrich, who have seen the value of Marx all along, and are in a unique position to explain the intricacies of Marx's thought. Heinrich's modern interpretation of Capital is now available to English-speaking readers for the first time.

Rethinking the French Revolution

Marxism and the Revisionist Challenge


Author: George C. Comninel

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9780860918905

Category: History

Page: 225

View: 8493

Historians generally—and Marxists in particular—have presented the revolution of 1789 as a bourgeois revolution: one which marked the ascendance of the bourgeois as a class, the defeat of a feudal aristocracy, and the triumph of capitalism. Recent revisionist accounts, however, have raised convincing arguments against the idea of the bourgeois class revolution, and the model on which it is based. In this provocative study, George Comninel surveys existing interpretations of the French Revolution and the methodological issues these raise for historians. He argues that the weaknesses of Marxist scholarship originate in Marx's own method, which has led historians to fall back on abstract conceptions of the transition from feudalism to capitalism. Comninel reasserts the principles of historical materialism that found their mature expression in Das Kapital; and outlines an interpretation which concludes that, while the revolution unified the nation and centralized the French state, it did not create a capitalist society.