The Biological Basis of Mental Health

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317479025

Category: Medical

Page: 396

View: 5987

This book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Fully revised for this third edition, each chapter has been updated to include the latest research, ideas and concepts in each field, and includes a new chapter on sleep. Integrating up-to-date pharmacological and genetic knowledge with an understanding of environmental factors that impact on human biology, The Biological Basis of Mental Health covers topics including brain development, neural communication, neurotransmitters and receptors, hormones and behaviour, genetic disorders, pharmacology, drug abuse, anxiety, schizophrenia, depression, epilepsy, subcortical degenerative diseases of the brain, dementia, developmental disorders, and sleep. Accessible and engaging, this is an essential text for mental health students, practitioners and educators.

The Biological Basis of Nursing

Mental Health

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 041524854X

Category: Medical

Page: 271

View: 4620

This useful text for mental health nursing students, practitioners and educators explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. It integrates related pharmacological and genetic knowledge.

The Biological Basis of Mental Health Nursing

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136846425

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 4601

Written by an experienced nurse lecturer who also trained as a mental health nurse, this book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Fully revised for this second edition, the text includes three new chapters on brain development,pharmacology and learning, behavioural and developmental disorders. Integrating up-to-date pharmacological and genetic knowledge with an understanding of environmental factors that impact on human biology, The Biological Basis of Mental Health Nursing covers topics including: the physiology of neurotransmission and receptors hormones and mental health the biology of emotions, stress, anxiety and phobic states the biology of substance abuse the pharmacology of psychoactive drugs developmental disorders brain anatomy and development the biology of behaviour genetics and mental health affective disorders: depression, mania and suicide schizophrenia autism and other syndromes the ageing brain and dementia degenerative diseases of the brain epilepsy. Accessibly laid out, with many of diagrams, tables and key points at the end of each chapter, this is an essential text for mental health nursing students, practitioners and educators.

The Biological Basis of Nursing: Mental Health

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134536798

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 4659

Written by an experienced nurse lecturer who also trained as a mental health nurse, this book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Integrating related pharmacological and genetic knowledge, The Biological Basis of Nursing: Mental Health covers topics including: the physiology of neurotransmission and receptors the normal human brain hormones and mental health the biology of emotions, stress, anxiety and phobic states the biology of substance abuse developmental disorders genetics and mental health affective disorders: depression and suicide schizophrenia the ageing brain and dementia degenerative diseases of the brain epilepsy and sleep disorders. Relevant to nurses at all stages of their training, this is an essential text for mental health nursing students, practitioners and educators.

The Biological Basis of Nursing: Cancer

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134337507

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 7723

Presenting specialized biological information on what cancer is, this book looks at how it damages the body, and how cancer treatments work. Engaging, accessible and illustrated throughout, this unique text: explains the basic biology of cancer discusses the biology of the wide range of common cancers identifies and explains the biological causes of cancer explains drug action in chemotherapy and analgesia explains the link between diet and cancer, and how diet is important in cancer therapy discusses the biological basis of a range of nursing skills linked to cancer. Providing nurses with the essential knowledge required for working with cancer patients and their families, this book will enable them to work with current and new forms of cancer treatment.

The Biological Basis of Nursing

Cancer

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415327459

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 403

Presenting specialized biological information on what cancer is, this book looks at how it damages the body, and how cancer treatments work. Engaging, accessible and illustrated throughout, this unique text: explains the basic biology of cancer discusses the biology of the wide range of common cancers identifies and explains the biological causes of cancer explains drug action in chemotherapy and analgesia explains the link between diet and cancer, and how diet is important in cancer therapy discusses the biological basis of a range of nursing skills linked to cancer. Providing nurses with the essential knowledge required for working with cancer patients and their families, this book will enable them to work with current and new forms of cancer treatment.

Charney & Nestler's Neurobiology of Mental Illness

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Author: Dennis S. Charney,Pamela B. Sklar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019068142X

Category: Medical

Page: 1024

View: 5971

Preceded by Neurobiology of mental illness / edited by Dennis S. Charney ... [et al.]. 4th ed. 2013.

The Biological Basis of Clinical Observations

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136298983

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 9250

Accurate clinical observations are key to good patient care and fundamental to clinical practice. A thorough understanding of the biological science underlying vital observations – such as taking the temperature or measuring the pulse – enables health professionals to make well-informed clinical decisions quickly and accurately. To be fully competent in these basic skills, there is a need to understand not only how and why procedures are performed, but also how results are affected, for example by variation in technique or the health status of the patient. This new edition integrates clear explanations of the techniques involved in these procedures with the biological knowledge which gives them meaning. For each topic, William T. Blows explains the pathological basis for variations in observed results, focusing on relevant anatomy and physiology, genetics and pharmacology and the basic principles of care. This helpful text gives health practitioners at all levels the understanding needed to: Perform clinical observations accurately Make accurate judgements about the patient’s condition Make accurate decisions concerning patient care. In addition to all-new chapters on observations of nutrition; fluid balance and hydration; drug side effects and interactions; skin and pain, the text looks at: Temperature Cardiovascular observations Respiratory observations Urinary and bowel observations Neurological observations The Biological Basis of Clinical Observations is a unique text which integrates explanations of essential procedures with the biological knowledge that underpins practice. It is essential reading for all students preparing for clinical practice.

Biological Basis of Sex Differences in Psychopharmacology

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Author: Jo C. Neill,Jayashri Kulkarni

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642200069

Category: Medical

Page: 254

View: 6088

Sex matters! Are there differences between the sexes when it comes to brain function and the behaviours that result? This volume attempts to answer this fundamental question. If the answer is ‘yes’ then this should impact upon our approach to treating mental illness in humans, and to modelling it in animals, as we look for aetiological and pharmacological solutions.

Über die Grundlage der Moral

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Author: Arthur Schopenhauer

Publisher: Felix Meiner Verlag

ISBN: 3787327835

Category: Philosophy

Page: 189

View: 3126

In seiner 1839 bei der Dänischen Societät der Wissenschaften eingereichten und 1841 erst mals in dem Band "Die beiden Grundprobleme der Ethik" veröffentlichten Preisschrift über die Grundlage der Moral legt Schopenhauer eine Reihe bemerkenswerter Ergänzungen zu seiner Ethik bzw. Metaphysik der Sitten vor. In keinem anderen seiner Werke setzt er sich so ausführlich mit Kants Ethik auseinander, die er einerseits als bedeutende Leistung würdigt, an derseits aber auch einer gründlichen und - in vielen Punkten - überzeugenden Kritik unter wirft. Ein zentraler Einwand lautet, daß der kategorische Imperativ letzten Endes einem kalkulierten Egoismus entspringe. Damit wäre er kein formales, sondern ein materiales Prinzip, und er würde nicht kategorisch, sondern allenfalls hypothetisch gelten. Darüber hinaus weist Schopenhauer die "imperative Form" der Kantischen Ethik als unangemessen zurück. Nach seiner Auffassung besteht die Aufgabe der Ethik keineswegs darin, Vorschriften aufzustellen, nach denen sich die Menschen zu richten hätten, sondern lediglich darin, deren Verhalten zu beschreiben und verständlich zu machen. Was seine eigene Konzeption der Ethik anbelangt, so läuft sie darauf hinaus, daß das Mitleid die Grundlage der Moral bildet. Schopenhauer charakterisiert es als ein Gefühl, in dem einem Menschen das Leiden des Anderen ebenso unmittelbar zugänglich ist wie das eigene und das ihn dazu motiviert, den Anderen zum letzten Zweck des Handelns zu machen. Vor diesem Hintergrund entwickelt Schopenhauer seine eigene Tugendlehre, in deren Mittelpunkt die Gerechtigkeit und die Menschenliebe stehen.

The Biological Basis of Schizophrenia

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Author: G. Hemmings,W.A. Hemmings

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401162069

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 2183

For years lip service has been paid to a belief in a biological basis for schizophrenia, but ,nevertheless psychosocial and psychodynamic "theories" of schizophrenia have been promulgated, and these have detracted from the all important biological work, Eclecticism has ruled the day and has caused considerable confusion, As a result research in schizophrenia has not progressed as fast as it should have done and treatment has been less effective than it could otherwise have been. This book is devoted to a wholly biological approach to the problem of schizophrenia, in the hope that many more workers will enter this exciting field of research. A wide variety of topics is covered, including brain structure; the genetics, pathogenesis and treatment of schizophrenia; a consideration of dietary and immunological factors and finally a chapter on alcoholism as it seems possible that the problems of schizophrenia and addiction are linked. We are grateful to all our contributors and to MTP Press for their enthusiasm for this book. Gwynneth P Hemmings William A Hemmings XI SECTION 1: Structure 1 The brain stem reticular formation K. E. WEBSTER There can be no question that the brain stem reticular lormation no longer exercises the same fascination for neurologists that it did a quarter of a century ago.

Mad Science

Psychiatric Coercion, Diagnosis, and Drugs

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Author: Stuart A. Kirk,Tomi Gomory,David Cohen

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412849764

Category: Medical

Page: 346

View: 732

When it comes to understanding and treating madness, distortions of research are not rare, misinterpretation of data is not isolated, and bogus claims of success are not voiced by isolated researchers seeking aggrandizement. This book's detailed analyses of coercion and community treatment, diagnosis, and psychopharmacology reveals that these characteristics of bad science are endemic, institutional, and protected in psychiatry. This is mad science. Mad Science argues that the fundamental claims of modern American psychiatry are not based on convincing research, but on misconceived, flawed, and distorted science. The authors address multiple paradoxes in American mental health, including the remaking of coercion into scientific psychiatric treatment in the community, the adoption of an unscientific diagnostic system that now controls the distribution of services, and how drug treatments have failed to improve the mental health outcome. This book provides an engaging and readable scientific and social critique of current mental health practices. The authors are scholars, researchers, and clinicians who have written extensively about community care, diagnosis, and psychoactive drugs. Mad Science is a must read for all specialists in the field as well as for the informed public.

Mind Fixers: Psychiatry's Troubled Search for the Biology of Mental Illness

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Author: Anne Harrington

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 1324001976

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 2904

Mind Fixers tells the history of psychiatry’s quest to understand the biological basis of mental illness and asks where we need to go from here. In Mind Fixers, Anne Harrington, author of The Cure Within, explores psychiatry’s repeatedly frustrated struggle to understand mental disorder in biomedical terms. She shows how the stalling of early twentieth century efforts in this direction allowed Freudians and social scientists to insist, with some justification, that they had better ways of analyzing and fixing minds. But when the Freudians overreached, they drove psychiatry into a state of crisis that a new “biological revolution” was meant to alleviate. Harrington shows how little that biological revolution had to do with breakthroughs in science, and why the field has fallen into a state of crisis in our own time. Mind Fixers makes clear that psychiatry’s waxing and waning biological enthusiasms have been shaped not just by developments in the clinic and lab, but also by a surprising range of social factors, including immigration, warfare, grassroots activism, and assumptions about race and gender. Government programs designed to empty the state mental hospitals, acrid rivalries between different factions in the field, industry profit mongering, consumerism, and an uncritical media have all contributed to the story as well. In focusing particularly on the search for the biological roots of schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder, Harrington underscores the high human stakes for the millions of people who have sought medical answers for their mental suffering. This is not just a story about doctors and scientists, but about countless ordinary people and their loved ones. A clear-eyed, evenhanded, and yet passionate tour de force, Mind Fixers recounts the past and present struggle to make mental illness a biological problem in order to lay the groundwork for creating a better future, both for those who suffer and for those whose job it is to care for them.

The Origins and Course of Common Mental Disorders

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Author: Prof David Goldberg,Ian M Goodyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317821998

Category: Psychology

Page: 248

View: 4422

Why are some people more vulnerable to common mental disorders than others? What effects do genes and environments exert on the development of mental disorders? The Origins and Course of Common Mental Disorders describes the nature, characteristics and causes of common emotional and behavioural disorders as they develop across the lifespan, providing a clear and concise account of recent advances in our knowledge of the origins and history of anxious, depressive, anti-social, and substance related disorders. Combining a lifespan approach with developments in neurobiology, this book describes the epidemiology of emotional and behavioural disorders in childhood, adolescence and adult life. David Goldberg and Ian Goodyer demonstrate how both genes and environments exert different but key effects on the development of these disorders and suggest a developmental model as the most appropriate for determining vulnerabilities for psychopathology. Divided into four sections, the book covers: the nature and distribution of common mental disorders the biological basis of common disorders the human life cycle relevant to common disorders the developmental model. This highly readable account of the origins of emotional and behavioural disorders will be of interest to behavioural science students and all mental health professionals including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurses, and counsellors.

Common Mental Disorders in Primary Care

Essays in Honour of Professor David Goldberg

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Author: Michele Tansella,Graham Thornicroft

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134626533

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 1319

Common Mental Disorders in Primary Care provides a thorough overview of the diagnosis, treatment and management of the most common mental disorders encountered in primary care. In this book, published to mark the retirement of Professor Sir David Goldberg, distinguished contributors bring together clinical and research work drawn from psychiatry, medicine, psychology, social work and sociology, covering such topics as: * the biological basis of common mental disorders * disability and depression in primary care * the limits of mental health care in general medical clinics * improving the management of mental disorders in the elderly * training the whole primary care team. Common Mental Disorders in Primary Care provides an authoritative review of the subject for professionals working in the area of primary care.

Biology of Personality and Individual Differences

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Author: Turhan Canli

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1593852525

Category: Psychology

Page: 462

View: 2848

This is the first book to provide an overview of current research using cutting-edge genetic and neuroimaging methods in the study of personality. Integrating compelling lines of inquiry that until now have largely remained disparate, the volume brings together leading investigators from personality psychology; clinical psychology and psychiatry; cognitive, affective, and behavioral neuroscience; and comparative psychology. Coverage includes the structure of personality and its mapping onto biology, genetic markers for individual differences and vulnerability towards psychopathology, sex differences and age-related processes, and functional neuroimaging approaches.

The Biology of mental disorders

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Author: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780160380471

Category: Medical

Page: 187

View: 1508