The Biological Basis of Mental Health

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317479025

Category: Medical

Page: 396

View: 8500

This book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Fully revised for this third edition, each chapter has been updated to include the latest research, ideas and concepts in each field, and includes a new chapter on sleep. Integrating up-to-date pharmacological and genetic knowledge with an understanding of environmental factors that impact on human biology, The Biological Basis of Mental Health covers topics including brain development, neural communication, neurotransmitters and receptors, hormones and behaviour, genetic disorders, pharmacology, drug abuse, anxiety, schizophrenia, depression, epilepsy, subcortical degenerative diseases of the brain, dementia, developmental disorders, and sleep. Accessible and engaging, this is an essential text for mental health students, practitioners and educators.

The Biological Basis of Mental Health Nursing

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136846425

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 6262

Written by an experienced nurse lecturer who also trained as a mental health nurse, this book explores the underlying biology associated with the pathology of mental health disorders and the related nervous system. Fully revised for this second edition, the text includes three new chapters on brain development,pharmacology and learning, behavioural and developmental disorders. Integrating up-to-date pharmacological and genetic knowledge with an understanding of environmental factors that impact on human biology, The Biological Basis of Mental Health Nursing covers topics including: the physiology of neurotransmission and receptors hormones and mental health the biology of emotions, stress, anxiety and phobic states the biology of substance abuse the pharmacology of psychoactive drugs developmental disorders brain anatomy and development the biology of behaviour genetics and mental health affective disorders: depression, mania and suicide schizophrenia autism and other syndromes the ageing brain and dementia degenerative diseases of the brain epilepsy. Accessibly laid out, with many of diagrams, tables and key points at the end of each chapter, this is an essential text for mental health nursing students, practitioners and educators.

The Biological Basis of Nursing: Cancer

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134337515

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 2994

Presenting specialized biological information on what cancer is, this book looks at how it damages the body, and how cancer treatments work. Engaging, accessible and illustrated throughout, this unique text: explains the basic biology of cancer discusses the biology of the wide range of common cancers identifies and explains the biological causes of cancer explains drug action in chemotherapy and analgesia explains the link between diet and cancer, and how diet is important in cancer therapy discusses the biological basis of a range of nursing skills linked to cancer. Providing nurses with the essential knowledge required for working with cancer patients and their families, this book will enable them to work with current and new forms of cancer treatment.

Origins of Psychopathology

The Phylogenetic and Cultural Basis of Mental Illness

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Author: Horacio Fabrega,Horacio Jr. F. Jr

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813530239

Category: Medical

Page: 410

View: 3948

In Origins of Psychopathology, Horacio Fábrega Jr. employs principles of evolutionary biology to better understand the significance of mental illness. He explores whether what psychiatry has categorized as mental disorders could have existed during earlier phases of human evolution.

The Biological Basis of Clinical Observations

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136298983

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 639

Accurate clinical observations are key to good patient care and fundamental to clinical practice. A thorough understanding of the biological science underlying vital observations – such as taking the temperature or measuring the pulse – enables health professionals to make well-informed clinical decisions quickly and accurately. To be fully competent in these basic skills, there is a need to understand not only how and why procedures are performed, but also how results are affected, for example by variation in technique or the health status of the patient. This new edition integrates clear explanations of the techniques involved in these procedures with the biological knowledge which gives them meaning. For each topic, William T. Blows explains the pathological basis for variations in observed results, focusing on relevant anatomy and physiology, genetics and pharmacology and the basic principles of care. This helpful text gives health practitioners at all levels the understanding needed to: Perform clinical observations accurately Make accurate judgements about the patient’s condition Make accurate decisions concerning patient care. In addition to all-new chapters on observations of nutrition; fluid balance and hydration; drug side effects and interactions; skin and pain, the text looks at: Temperature Cardiovascular observations Respiratory observations Urinary and bowel observations Neurological observations The Biological Basis of Clinical Observations is a unique text which integrates explanations of essential procedures with the biological knowledge that underpins practice. It is essential reading for all students preparing for clinical practice.

Charney & Nestler's Neurobiology of Mental Illness

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Author: Dennis S. Charney,Pamela B. Sklar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019068142X

Category: Medical

Page: 1024

View: 7501

Preceded by Neurobiology of mental illness / edited by Dennis S. Charney ... [et al.]. 4th ed. 2013.

The Biological Basis of Nursing

Cancer

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Author: William T. Blows

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415327459

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 4842

Presenting specialized biological information on what cancer is, this book looks at how it damages the body, and how cancer treatments work. Engaging, accessible and illustrated throughout, this unique text: explains the basic biology of cancer discusses the biology of the wide range of common cancers identifies and explains the biological causes of cancer explains drug action in chemotherapy and analgesia explains the link between diet and cancer, and how diet is important in cancer therapy discusses the biological basis of a range of nursing skills linked to cancer. Providing nurses with the essential knowledge required for working with cancer patients and their families, this book will enable them to work with current and new forms of cancer treatment.

Mind Fixers: Psychiatry's Troubled Search for the Biology of Mental Illness

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Author: Anne Harrington

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 1324001976

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 9231

The story of the unfulfilled quest to find the biological basis of mental illness, and its profound effects on patients, families, and American society. In the 1980s, American psychiatry announced that it was time to toss aside Freudian ideas of mental disorder because the true path to understanding and treating mental illness lay in brain science, biochemistry, and drugs. This sudden call to revolution, however, was not driven by any scientific breakthroughs. Nor was it as unprecedented as it seemed. Why had previous efforts stalled? Was this latest call really any different? In Mind Fixers, Anne Harrington offers the first comprehensive history of the troubled search for the biological basis of mental illness. She makes clear that this story is not just about laboratories and clinical trials, but also momentous public policies, acrid professional rivalries, cultural upheavals, grassroots activism, and profit-mongering. Harrington traces a consistent thread of over-promising and frustrated hopes. Above all, she helps us understand why psychiatry’s biological program is in crisis today, and what needs to happen next.

Biological Basis of Sex Differences in Psychopharmacology

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Author: Jo C. Neill,Jayashri Kulkarni

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642200069

Category: Medical

Page: 254

View: 3622

Sex matters! Are there differences between the sexes when it comes to brain function and the behaviours that result? This volume attempts to answer this fundamental question. If the answer is ‘yes’ then this should impact upon our approach to treating mental illness in humans, and to modelling it in animals, as we look for aetiological and pharmacological solutions.

Common Mental Disorders in Primary Care

Essays in Honour of Professor David Goldberg

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Author: Michele Tansella,Graham Thornicroft

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134626533

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 5034

Common Mental Disorders in Primary Care provides a thorough overview of the diagnosis, treatment and management of the most common mental disorders encountered in primary care. In this book, published to mark the retirement of Professor Sir David Goldberg, distinguished contributors bring together clinical and research work drawn from psychiatry, medicine, psychology, social work and sociology, covering such topics as: * the biological basis of common mental disorders * disability and depression in primary care * the limits of mental health care in general medical clinics * improving the management of mental disorders in the elderly * training the whole primary care team. Common Mental Disorders in Primary Care provides an authoritative review of the subject for professionals working in the area of primary care.

The Biological Basis of Schizophrenia

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Author: G. Hemmings,W.A. Hemmings

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401162069

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 7813

For years lip service has been paid to a belief in a biological basis for schizophrenia, but ,nevertheless psychosocial and psychodynamic "theories" of schizophrenia have been promulgated, and these have detracted from the all important biological work, Eclecticism has ruled the day and has caused considerable confusion, As a result research in schizophrenia has not progressed as fast as it should have done and treatment has been less effective than it could otherwise have been. This book is devoted to a wholly biological approach to the problem of schizophrenia, in the hope that many more workers will enter this exciting field of research. A wide variety of topics is covered, including brain structure; the genetics, pathogenesis and treatment of schizophrenia; a consideration of dietary and immunological factors and finally a chapter on alcoholism as it seems possible that the problems of schizophrenia and addiction are linked. We are grateful to all our contributors and to MTP Press for their enthusiasm for this book. Gwynneth P Hemmings William A Hemmings XI SECTION 1: Structure 1 The brain stem reticular formation K. E. WEBSTER There can be no question that the brain stem reticular lormation no longer exercises the same fascination for neurologists that it did a quarter of a century ago.

The Origins and Course of Common Mental Disorders

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Author: Prof David Goldberg,Ian M Goodyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317821998

Category: Psychology

Page: 248

View: 5949

Why are some people more vulnerable to common mental disorders than others? What effects do genes and environments exert on the development of mental disorders? The Origins and Course of Common Mental Disorders describes the nature, characteristics and causes of common emotional and behavioural disorders as they develop across the lifespan, providing a clear and concise account of recent advances in our knowledge of the origins and history of anxious, depressive, anti-social, and substance related disorders. Combining a lifespan approach with developments in neurobiology, this book describes the epidemiology of emotional and behavioural disorders in childhood, adolescence and adult life. David Goldberg and Ian Goodyer demonstrate how both genes and environments exert different but key effects on the development of these disorders and suggest a developmental model as the most appropriate for determining vulnerabilities for psychopathology. Divided into four sections, the book covers: the nature and distribution of common mental disorders the biological basis of common disorders the human life cycle relevant to common disorders the developmental model. This highly readable account of the origins of emotional and behavioural disorders will be of interest to behavioural science students and all mental health professionals including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurses, and counsellors.

Mad Science

Psychiatric Coercion, Diagnosis, and Drugs

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Author: Stuart A. Kirk,Tomi Gomory,David Cohen

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412849764

Category: Medical

Page: 346

View: 6482

When it comes to understanding and treating madness, distortions of research are not rare, misinterpretation of data is not isolated, and bogus claims of success are not voiced by isolated researchers seeking aggrandizement. This book's detailed analyses of coercion and community treatment, diagnosis, and psychopharmacology reveals that these characteristics of bad science are endemic, institutional, and protected in psychiatry. This is mad science. Mad Science argues that the fundamental claims of modern American psychiatry are not based on convincing research, but on misconceived, flawed, and distorted science. The authors address multiple paradoxes in American mental health, including the remaking of coercion into scientific psychiatric treatment in the community, the adoption of an unscientific diagnostic system that now controls the distribution of services, and how drug treatments have failed to improve the mental health outcome. This book provides an engaging and readable scientific and social critique of current mental health practices. The authors are scholars, researchers, and clinicians who have written extensively about community care, diagnosis, and psychoactive drugs. Mad Science is a must read for all specialists in the field as well as for the informed public.

The Biological Basis for Mind Body Interactions

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Author: E.A. Mayer,C.B. Saper

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080862477

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 8643

The current volume focuses on several key aspects of mind/brain/body interactions in health and disease, including specific examples of interactions between body and brain, mechanisms underlying the response of the system to stressors, the role of early life events in permanently biasing the responsiveness of the system and practical implications of mind body interactions in human disease. The volume on Biological Basis for Mind Body Interactions is organized into 6 major sections, each dealing with a unique aspect of the general topic: After establishing the relationship between mind, brain and emotions, the first section deals with general neurobiological aspects mediating the effect of stress on various organ systems, including the immune and cardiovascular system. The second section covers the topic of how early life stressor can permanently alter responsiveness of the nervous system in animals and in man. The third section deals with influences of the internal environment, mediated by neuroendocrine and visceral afferent pathways on the CNS. The fourth section which deals with influences of body on the brain, focuses on mechanisms involved in perception and modulation of pain. The fifth section deals with influences of the mind/brain on the body, with an emphasis on central and peripheral mechanisms of autonomic control of body functions. The last section deals with a series of practical issues of mind body treatments, including acupuncture, breathing, body work and meditation. In addition, issues such as cost effectiveness and research aspects are discussed. Authors in this last section frequently refer to topics and mechanisms addressed in the early sections, making it a truly integrated volume. The unique aspect of the volume is the integration of state of the art research information on biological and practical aspects of mind/brain/body interactions. It is based on the beliefs of the editors and participants that the traditional separation of mind and body in research and in treatment of human disease is obsolete and needs to be replaced with a new unifying paradigm. Ironically, this evolving paradigm shares many similarities with ancient pre-Cartesian paradigms of health and disease.

Biological Aspects of Mental Health Nursing

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Author: A. Shupikai Rinomhota,Paul Marshall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780443059902

Category: Medical

Page: 229

View: 6081

This text provides the mental health nurse with an overview of the neurobiological causes of mental illness, and of the associated implications for the client, the family and the nurse.

Biology of Personality and Individual Differences

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Author: Turhan Canli

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1593852525

Category: Psychology

Page: 462

View: 7140

This is the first book to provide an overview of current research using cutting-edge genetic and neuroimaging methods in the study of personality. Integrating compelling lines of inquiry that until now have largely remained disparate, the volume brings together leading investigators from personality psychology; clinical psychology and psychiatry; cognitive, affective, and behavioral neuroscience; and comparative psychology. Coverage includes the structure of personality and its mapping onto biology, genetic markers for individual differences and vulnerability towards psychopathology, sex differences and age-related processes, and functional neuroimaging approaches.

Neurobiology of Mental Illness

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Author: Dennis S. Charney,Eric J. Nestler,Pamela Sklar,Joseph D. Buxbaum

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199934959

Category: Medical

Page: 1222

View: 3875

Our understanding of the neurobiological basis of psychiatric disease has accelerated in the past five years. The fourth edition of Neurobiology of Mental Illness has been completely revamped given these advances and discoveries on the neurobiologic foundations of psychiatry. Like its predecessors the book begins with an overview of the basic science. The emerging technologies in Section 2 have been extensively redone to match the progress in the field including new chapters on the applications of stem cells, optogenetics, and image guided stimulation to our understanding and treatment of psychiatric disorders. Sections' 3 through 8 pertain to the major psychiatric syndromes-the psychoses, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, dementias, and disorders of childhood-onset. Each of these sections includes our knowledge of their etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment. The final section discusses special topic areas including the neurobiology of sleep, resilience, social attachment, aggression, personality disorders and eating disorders. In all, there are 32 new chapters in this volume including unique insights on DSM-5, the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) from NIMH, and a perspective on the continuing challenges of diagnosis given what we know of the brain and the mechanisms pertaining to mental illness. This book provides information from numerous levels of analysis including molecular biology and genetics, cellular physiology, neuroanatomy, neuropharmacology, epidemiology, and behavior. In doing so it translates information from the basic laboratory to the clinical laboratory and finally to clinical treatment. No other book distills the basic science and underpinnings of mental disorders and explains the clinical significance to the scope and breadth of this classic text. The result is an excellent and cutting-edge resource for psychiatric residents, psychiatric researchers and doctoral students in neurochemistry and the neurosciences.