The Beginnings of Rome

Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (c.1000–264 BC)

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Author: Tim Cornell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136754954

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 8612

Using the results of archaeological techniques, and examining methodological debates, Tim Cornell provides a lucid and authoritative account of the rise of Rome. The Beginnings of Rome offers insight on major issues such as: Rome’s relations with the Etruscans the conflict between patricians and plebeians the causes of Roman imperialism the growth of slave-based economy. Answering the need for raising acute questions and providing an analysis of the many different kinds of archaeological evidence with literary sources, this is the most comprehensive study of the subject available, and is essential reading for students of Roman history.

The Beginnings of Western Christendom

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Author: Leonard Elliott Elliott-Binns

Publisher: James Clarke & Co.

ISBN: 9780227170991

Category: Religion

Page: 416

View: 4577

A study of the development of Christianity in the West, showing the growth of the early Church in different regions. Based on literary and archaeological evidence, this is an invaluable resource for students of early Christianity and church history.

The Foundation of Rome

Myth and History

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Author: Alexandre Grandazzi

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801482472

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 7148

Over the course of centuries, many stories on the origin of Rome have arisen. Sorbonne professor of classics Alexandre Grandazzi places these accounts in their contemporary contexts to produce a depiction of Rome's origins that is both up-to-date and provocative. The methodological and historiographical dimensions of the book-- first published in France in 1991--have endeared it to many even outside the field of ancient history.

Ancient Rome at Work

An Economic History of Rome From the Origins to the Empire

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Author: Paul Louis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136603514

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 9611

First Published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Origins of Baroque Art in Rome

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Author: Alois Riegl,Andrew Hopkins,Arnold Alexander Witte,Alina Alexandra Payne

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 1606060414

Category: Architecture

Page: 279

View: 1099

Delivered three times between 1898 and 1902 and subsequently revised with an eye toward publication, Alois Riegl's lectures on the origins of Baroque art in Rome broke new ground in its field. In his approach and content, Riegl offered a markedly different account from that of Heinrich Wölfflin and other contemporaries: the beginning of the new artistic era extending from the 1520s to the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was to be judged by its own rules and not merely as a period of decline. This first English translation brings Riegl's compelling vision of the Baroque to life and amply illustrates his charisma as a lecturer. His text is full of perceptive observations on the most important artists of the period from Michelangelo to Caravaggio. By taking the spectator into consideration, Riegl identifies a crucial defining change between Renaissance and Baroque art and provides invaluable inspiration for present-day readers.

Mediterranean Urbanization 800-600 BC

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Author: Robin Osborne,Barry Cunliffe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197263259

Category: History

Page: 279

View: 8857

Urban life as we know it in the Mediterranean began in the early Iron Age: settlements of great size and internal diversity appear in the archaeological record. This collection of essays offers for the first time a systematic discussion of the beginnings of urbanization across the Mediterranean, from Cyprus through Greece and Italy to France and Spain. Leading scholars in the field look critically at what is meant by urbanization, and analyse the social processes that lead to the development of social complexity and the growth of towns. The introduction to the volume focuses on the history of the archaeology of urbanization and argues that proper understanding of the phenomenon demands loose and flexible criteria for what is termed a 'town'. The following eight chapters examine the development of individual settlements and patterns of urban settlement in Cyprus, Greece, Etruria, Latium, southern Italy, Sardinia, southern France and Spain. These chapters not only provide a general review of current knowledge of urban settlements of this period, but also raise significant issues of urbanization and the economy, urbanization and political organization, and of the degree of regionalism and diversity to be found within individual towns. The three analytical chapters which conclude this collection look more broadly at the town as a cultural phenomenon that has to be related to wider cultural trends, as an economic phenomenon that has to be related to changes in the Mediterranean economy and as a dynamic phenomenon, not merely a point on the map. Wide ranging in its geographical coverage, this volume will be essential reading for scholars and students of archaeology, settlement studies, the archaic period and geographers interested in the history of urban forms.

The Social History of Rome (Routledge Revivals)

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Author: Dr Geza Alfoldy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317668596

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 3863

This study, first published in German in 1975, addresses the need for a comprehensive account of Roman social history in a single volume. Specifically, Alföldy attempts to answer three questions: What is the meaning of Roman social history? What is entailed in Roman social history? How is it to be conceived as history? Alföldy’s approach brings social structure much closer to political development, following the changes in social institutions in parallel with the broader political milieu. He deals with specific problems in seven periods: Archaic Rome, the Republic down to the Second Punic War, the structural change of the second century BC, the end of the Republic, the Early Empire, the crisis of the third century AD and the Late Empire. Excellent bibliographical notes specify the most important works on each subject, making it useful to the graduate student and scholar as well as to the advanced and well-informed undergraduate.

Henry Stubbe and the Beginnings of Islam

The Originall & Progress of Mahometanism

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Author: Nabil Matar

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527365

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 3826

Henry Stubbe (1632–1676) was an extraordinary English scholar who challenged his contemporaries by writing about Islam as a monotheistic revelation in continuity with Judaism and Christianity. His major work, The Originall & Progress of Mahometanism, was the first English text to document the Prophet Muhammad's life positively, celebrate the Qur'an as a divine revelation, and praise the Muslim toleration of Christians, undermining a long legacy of European prejudice and hostility. Nabil Matar, a leading scholar of Islamic-British relations, standardizes Stubbe's text and situates it within England's theological and intellectual climate in the seventeenth century. He shows how, to draw a historical portrait of Muhammad, Stubbe embraced travelogues, Latin commentaries, studies on Jewish customs and Scripture, and, most important, Arabic chronicles, many written by medieval Christian Arabs who had lived in the midst of the Islamic polity. No European writer before or for a long time after Stubbe produced anything similar to what he wrote about Muhammad the "great Prophet," Ali the "gallant" advocate, and the "standing miracle" of the Qur'an. Stubbe's book therefore makes a unique contribution to the study of the representation of Islam in Western thought.

Early Rome to 290 B.c.

The Beginnings of the City and the Rise of the Republic

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Author: Guy Bradley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780748621095

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 9813

In its first few centuries, Rome grew from a minor settlement on the Tiber River to the most powerful city-state in all of Italy. This book maps the drivers of Rome's expansion and takes stock of its successes within a highly competitive environment. It notes what the city-state owed to its neighbors and identifies the key characteristics, such as a powerful ruling elite, stable political institutions, openness to outsiders, and intense militarism, that contributed to Rome's ascendance and shaped its monarchy and republic.

The Beginnings of Western Science

The European Scientific Tradition in Philosophical, Religious, and Institutional Context, Prehistory to A.D. 1450, Second Edition

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Author: David C. Lindberg

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226482049

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 2038

When it was first published in 1992, The Beginnings of Western Science was lauded as the first successful attempt ever to present a unified account of both ancient and medieval science in a single volume. Chronicling the development of scientific ideas, practices, and institutions from pre-Socratic Greek philosophy to late-Medieval scholasticism, David C. Lindberg surveyed all the most important themes in the history of science, including developments in cosmology, astronomy, mechanics, optics, alchemy, natural history, and medicine. In addition, he offered an illuminating account of the transmission of Greek science to medieval Islam and subsequently to medieval Europe. The Beginnings of Western Science was, and remains, a landmark in the history of science, shaping the way students and scholars understand these critically formative periods of scientific development. It reemerges here in a second edition that includes revisions on nearly every page, as well as several sections that have been completely rewritten. For example, the section on Islamic science has been thoroughly retooled to reveal the magnitude and sophistication of medieval Muslim scientific achievement. And the book now reflects a sharper awareness of the importance of Mesopotamian science for the development of Greek astronomy. In all, the second edition of The Beginnings of Western Science captures the current state of our understanding of more than two millennia of science and promises to continue to inspire both students and general readers.

Ancient Jewish Letters and the Beginnings of Christian Epistolography

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Author: Lutz Doering

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161522369

Category: Religion

Page: 600

View: 2175

The author provides the most extensive analysis available of ancient Jewish letter writing from the Persian period until the early rabbinic literature. In addition, he demonstrates the significance of Jewish letters for the development of early Christian letter writing.

The Origins of Business, Money, and Markets

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Author: Keith Roberts

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526857

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 1026

To understand business and its political, cultural, and economic context, it helps to view it historically, yet most business histories look no further back than the nineteenth century. The full sweep of business history actually begins much earlier, with the initial cities of Mesopotamia. In the first book to describe and explain these origins, Roberts depicts the society of ancient traders and consumers, tracing the roots of modern business and underscoring the relationship between early and modern business practice. Roberts's narrative begins before business, which he defines as selling to voluntary buyers at a profit. Before business, he shows, the material conditions and concepts for the pursuit of profit did not exist, even though trade and manufacturing took place. The earliest business, he suggests, arose with the long distance trade of early Mesopotamia, and expanded into retail, manufacturing and finance in these command economies, culminating in the Middle Eastern empires. (Part One) But it was the largely independent rise of business, money, and markets in classical Greece that produced business much as we know it. Alexander the Great's conquests and the societies that his successors created in their kingdoms brought a version of this system to the old Middle Eastern empires, and beyond. (Part Two) At Rome this entrepreneurial market system gained important new features, including business corporations, public contracting, and even shopping malls. The story concludes with the sharp decline of business after the 3rd century CE. (Part Three) In each part, Roberts portrays the major new types of business coming into existence. He weaves these descriptions into a narrative of how the prevailing political, economic, and social culture shaped the nature and importance of business and the status, wealth, and treatment of business people. Throughout, the discussion indicates how much (and how little) business has changed, provides a clear picture of what business actually is, presents a model for understanding the social impact of business as a whole, and yields stimulating insights for public policy today.

The Beginning of Futility

Diplomatic, Political, Military and Naval Events on the Austro-Italian Front in the First World War 1914-1917

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Author: Gaetano V. Cavallaro

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781462827435

Category: History

Page: 733

View: 4384

Since Picketts failed charge at Gettysburg, the frontal infantry assault had been known as obsolete. Nevertheless fifty years later, Allied military leaders in the Great War persisted in using it as a military tactic. Italian military leaders were no exception not even accepting the deadly effect of machine guns or quick-firing artillery. The Battles of the Isonzo on the Austro-Italian Front have now been classified with Verdun as to intensity and casualty lists. Mountain warfare on the Isonzo River Valley resulted in almost two million casualties from avalanches, frostbite, malaria, cholera, as well as prisoner-of-war starvation. Using the attacco frontale the blood of the illiterate fanti was used as coin to purchase terrain pushing the enemy back leading to Vienna's request to Berlin for help, leading to Caporetto.