THE BASIS AND APPLICATIONS OF HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS. Edition en anglais

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Author: Michael Bowker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198559580

Category: Science

Page: 90

View: 6828

This series of short texts provides accessible accounts of a range of essential topics in chemistry and chemical engineering. Written with the needs of the student in mind, the Oxford Chemistry Primers offer just the right level of detail for undergraduate study, and will be invaluable as a source of material commonly presented in lecture courses yet not adequately covered in existing texts. All the basic principles and facts in a particular area are presented in a clear and straightforward style, to produce concise yet comprehensive accounts of topics covered in both core and specialist courses. Catalysis is one of the most important technologies in our modern world. We depend on it to, produce materials, such as plastics, from oil; we depend on it to produce fuel to power cars and to remove the pollutants emitted from car engines; we even depend on it for the functioning and growth of our bodies. This book concentrates on the most important type of catalysis for industry, namely heterogeneous catalysis. The book is divided into three sections, dealing with the fundamentals of adsorption and reaction at surfaces, the nature of heterogeneous catalysts and their synthesis, and the applications of this technology in the modern world. The Basis and Applications of Heterogeneous Catalysis will be useful for teachers, undergraduates, and as an introductory book for graduates specializing in catalysis and surface science.

SURFACES. Edition en anglais

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Author: Gary Attard,Colin Barnes

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198556862

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 1421

This primer provides an introduction to the subject of surfaces at the level of undergraduates and first year postgraduates. There are four chapters, the first concerns basic thermodynamic material used to understand the properties of surfaces including; surface tension, Gibbs adsorption, surface pressure and surface phase equilibria, surfactants and micelles, wetting, detergency, and contact angle. The second chapter concentrates on gas adsorbtion at solid surfaces and covers topics including adsorbtion, Langmuir isotherms, heats of adsorbtion, BET isotherms, physisorbtion, chemisorbtion, precursor adsorbtion kinetics, well-defined surfaces, UHV, surface sensitivity and selectivity, surface diffusion and electrons interacting with matter. Chapter three then outlines the physico- chemical principles of XPS, AES, LEED, STM, AFM, work function measurements, UPS, TPD, molecular beams, HREELS and PAIRS and the types of fundamental surface information each of these techniques provides. The final chapter contains a series of worked examples and problems, bringing together the various strands developed in Chapters 1-3 in order to elucidate surface phenomena. The book is unique in its mix of 'Classical' and 'Modern' surface science and should be relevant to physicists, chemists and material scientists.

Shriver and Atkins' Inorganic Chemistry

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Author: Peter Atkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199236178

Category: Science

Page: 824

View: 1461

Inorganic Chemistry fifth edition represents an integral part of a student's chemistry education. Basic chemical principles are set out clearly in 'Foundations' and are fully developed throughout the text, culminating in the cutting-edge research topics of the 'Frontiers', which illustrate the dynamic nature of inorganic chemistry.

Inorganic Chemistry

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Author: Mark Weller,Tina Overton,Jonathan Rourke,Fraser Armstrong

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198768125

Category:

Page: 968

View: 9422

From the fundamental principles of inorganic chemistry to cutting-edge research at the forefront of the subject, this text provides a comprehensive introduction to the field.

Management, Recycling and Reuse of Waste Composites

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Author: Vannessa Goodship

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1845697669

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 4357

This authoritative reference work provides a comprehensive review of the management, recycling and reuse of waste composites. These are issues which are of increasing importance due to the growing use of composites in many industries, increasingly strict legislation and concerns about disposal of composites by landfill or incineration. Part one discusses the management of waste composites and includes an introduction to composites recycling and a chapter on EU legislation for recycling waste composites. Part two reviews thermal technologies for recycling waste composites with chapters on pyrolysis, catalytic transformation, thermal treatments for energy recovery and fluidized bed pyrolysis. Part three covers mechanical methods of recycling waste composites. This section includes chapters on additives for recycled plastic composites, improving mechanical recycling and the quality and durability of mechanically recycled composites. Parts four discusses improving sustainable manufacture of composites, with chapters on environmentally-friendly filament winding of FRP composites, process monitoring and new developments in producing more functional and sustainable composites. Part five gives a review of case studies including end-of-life wind turbine blades, aerospace composites, marine composites, composites in construction and the recycling of concrete. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Management, recycling and reuse of waste composites is a standard reference for anyone involved in the disposal or recycling of waste composites. Reviews the increasingly important issues of recycling and reuse as a result of the increased use of composites Discusses the management of waste composites and EU legislation with regards to recycling Examines methods for recycling, including thermal technologies and mechanical methods

Modern Liquid Phase Kinetics

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Author: Brian G. Cox

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198557449

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 6848

The world is not at equilibrium, and the events that give vitality and movement are transitions towards equilibrium from the present state of imbalance. Chemical transformations often contribute fundamentally to this process and their study is challenging and important. The early chapters of this text provide a basic introduction to the kinetics of simple and complex reaction systems in solution. The remaining chapters present a treatment of the more advanced topics, comprising solvent effects, fast reaction techniques, and heterogeneous liquid - liquid two-phase systems. The last introduces currently active and important research areas in solution kinetics, including phase-transfer catalysis, and diffusion and transport in chemical and biological membranes.

Automotive Engineering

Lightweight, Functional, and Novel Materials

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Author: Brian Cantor,P. Grant,C. Johnston

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420011906

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 2069

The current automotive industry faces numerous challenges, including increased global competition, more stringent environmental and safety requirements, the need for higher performance vehicles, and reducing costs. The materials used in automotive engineering play key roles in overcoming these issues. Automotive Engineering: Lightweight, Functional, and Novel Materials focuses on both existing materials and future developments in automotive science and technology. Divided into four sections, the book first describes the development of future vehicles, aluminum alloys for manufacturing lighter body panels, and various polymer composites for stronger module carriers. It then reviews state-of-the-art functional materials and smart technologies and projects in which application areas they will most impact future automotive designs and manufacturing. The next section considers the difficulties that must be overcome for light alloys to displace ferrous-based materials and the increasing competition from lightweight polymeric-based composites. The final section explores newer processing and manufacturing technologies, including welding and joining, titanium alloys, and durable, high-performance composites. With contributions from internationally recognized experts, this volume provides a comprehensive overview of cutting-edge automotive materials and technologies. It will help you understand the key materials and engineering concerns currently confronting this industry.

Applied Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis

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Author: Robin Whyman

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198559177

Category: Science

Page: 97

View: 5683

This Primer has two main objectives: to provide an overview of the influence of organometallic chemistry on homogeneous and heterogenous catalysis and to provide an account of the principle commercial applications of homogeneous catalysis in industry. The book builds on the coverage of organometallic chemistry in two Primers by Bochmann, OCPs 12 and 13.

Amino Acid and Peptide Synthesis

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Author: John Jones

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199257386

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 7378

The study of amino acids and peptides is becoming increasingly important to chemists becuase of the growing overlap of mainstream organic chemistry with bioorganic chemistry and biochemistry. This introductory text begins with a brief survey of the role and diversity of amino acids, peptides, and proteins in nature, and goes on to describe and explain the principal methods of chemical synthesis. With its emphasis on chemical principles and strategies rather than detailed technical matters, the book will be essential reading for all students of chemistry and biochemistry with an interest in this important field. This second edition contains extensive additions and adjustments, to present a completely up-to-date account of the chemical essentials of mainstream peptide synthesis.

Catalysis

Principles and Applications

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Author: B. Viswanathan,S. Sivasanker,A. V. Ramaswamy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849324246

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 8459

Students contemplating careers in chemistry, whether in research, practice, or academia, obviously need a solid grounding in proper research methodology, reasoning, and analysis. However, there are few resources available that efficiently and effectively introduce these concepts and techniques and inspire students to undertake advanced research, particularly in the area of catalysis. Catalysis: Principles and Applications evolved out of a special, resoundingly successful short course for graduate students interested in catalysis. It covers nearly the entire gamut of the subject, from its fundamentals to its modern, applied aspects. The chapters were contributed by catalysis specialists from leading academic institutions, national laboratories and industrial R&D labs. Because they are based on the authors' lecture notes, each chapter is highly accessible and for the most part self-contained. Topics include various spectroscopic methods, biocatalysis, x-ray and thermal analysis, photocatalysis, and recent developments, such as solid acid catalysts, fine chemical synthesis, and computer-aided catalyst design. The book also contains discussions on a variety of modern applications, including environmental pollution control, petroleum refining, fuel cells, and monomolecular films. Logically presented, well-illustrated, and thoroughly referenced, Catalysis: Principles and Applications offers an outstanding basis for courses in catalysis. It not only imparts the fundamentals, synthesis, characterization, and applications of catalysis, but does so in a way that will motivate students to pursue more advanced studies and ultimately careers in the field.

Fundamentals of Adsorption

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Author: M Suzuki

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080887722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 798

View: 1293

Fundamentals of Adsorption contains 2 plenary lectures and 96 selected papers from the IVth International Conference, Kyoto, May, 1992. The topics cover a wide range of studies from fundamentals to applications: characterization of porous adsorbents, molecular simulation, adsorption isotherms, diffusion in adsorbents, breakthrough detection, chromatography, pressure swing operation, etc. Model studies on adsorption, surface characterization, microporosimetry, molecular simulations of equilibrium and diffusion, computer simulation of adsorption beds, and many theoretical studies are also included. Special attention is given to: bulk gas separation and purification, solvent recovery, bioproduct separation, environmental pollution control, methane storage, adsorption cooling and resources recovery.

Organometallic Reagents in Synthesis

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Author: Paul R. Jenkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198556664

Category: Science

Page: 91

View: 7090

This straightforward introduction looks at the properties and reactions of main group organometallic compounds, placing particular emphasis on their applications in synthesis. The book adopts a logical approach to this important area of organic chemistry, providing the student with a clear account of all aspects of the field.

Computers in Chemistry

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Author: Pete Biggs

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 90

View: 3365

This Primer provides an authoritative and easy to read overview of computers and their use in chemistry. It presents the essential basic ideas required to understand and exploit computers as encountered by chemistry students in their studies and in the laboratory at all stages up to and including research level. It gives its readers an insight into the workings of computers and so helps them to use the facilities more effectively.

Radiation Heat Transfer

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Author: Howard Richard Neil Jones

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 86

View: 7826

Introduces radiation heat transfer to undergraduate and postgraduate students working in an engineering environment, who have no prior knowledge of the subject.

Design of Heterogeneous Catalysts

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Author: Umit S. Ozkan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352762533X

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 6599

This long-awaited reference source is the first book to focus on this important and hot topic. As such, it provides examples from a wide array of fields where catalyst design has been based on new insights and understanding, presenting such modern and important topics as self-assembly, nature-inspired catalysis, nano-scale architecture of surfaces and theoretical methods. With its inclusion of all the useful and powerful tools for the rational design of catalysts, this is a true "must have" book for every researcher in the field.

The Transport System and Transport Policy

An Introduction

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Author: Bert van Wee,Jan Anne Annema,David Banister

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857936905

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 399

View: 3404

ÔThis very interesting book provides an excellent multi-disciplinary introduction into the functioning of transport systems and the interaction with their environments.Õ Ð Erik Verhoef, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands ÔThe editors of this important book have clearly identified that few writings on transport treat the transport system as a whole. Implicit in this is a need for a genuinely multidisciplinary approach. An impressive list of contributors ensures that the book draws on the latest research whilst providing new insights into some of the key challenges facing transport students and researchers, transport providers and policy makers.Õ Ð Roger Vickerman, University of Kent, UK ÔSince ancient times transportation has brought our world together. But the need for connectivity and accessibility in a spatially differentiated world has prompted the emergence of very complex transportation systems. This book offers a fresh and operational contribution to a better understanding of the complexity and manageability of a mobile world, by addressing in a balanced way both conceptual and applied or policy aspects of modern transportation systems.Õ Ð Peter Nijkamp, Free University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Transport impacts on people and businesses in many different ways, and presents some of the key problems that decision-makers need to address. This comprehensive textbook introduces the transport system in a holistic and multidisciplinary way, bringing together the myriad components of transport. This textbook is written for an international readership of undergraduate and postgraduate students in transport and related subjects, as well as for professionals and policy decision-makers across both public and private sectors. Key features include: ¥ Discussion of the importance of transport accessibility and the impacts of transport on the environment and safety ¥ Policy issues relating to all of the discussed issues and prescribed future options. ¥ Transport evaluation methods and modelling approaches. ¥ Examples to highlight the linkages between components of the transport system Ð for example infrastructures, land-use, vehicle technologies Ð and the relevance of these linkages for decision making.