The Anthropology of War

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Author: Jonathan Haas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521380423

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 6375

The book brings together a group of authors who are addressing the nature and causes of warfare in simpler, tribal societies. The authors represent a range of different opinions about why humans engage in warfare, why wars start, and the role of war in human evolution. Warfare in cultures from several different world areas is considered, ranging over the Amazon, the Caribbean, the Andes, the Southwestern United States, Southeast Asia, Polynesia, and Malaysia. To explain the origins and maintenance of war in tribal societies, different authors appeal to a broad spectrum of demographic, environmental, historical and biological variables. Competing explanatory models of warfare are presented head to head, with overlapping bodies of data offered in support of each.

Forces of Compassion

Humanitarianism Between Ethics and Politics

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Author: Erica Bornstein,Peter Redfield

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691403

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 664

The surrealism of imagining contemporary humanitarian techniques applied to historical events indicates more than dramatic technological transformation; it also suggests limits to contemporary assumptions about common human feeling and associated action.

War in the Tribal Zone

Expanding States and Indigenous Warfare

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Author: R. Brian Ferguson,Neil L. Whitehead

Publisher: James Currey

ISBN: 9780852559130

Category: Indigenous peoples

Page: 303

View: 3000

In this text, the editors aim to make it impossible for researchers and theorists to treat preindustrial warfare without addressing the larger contexts within which all societies are embedded.

Dangerous Liaisons

Anthropologists and the National Security State

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Author: Laura A. McNamara,Robert A. Rubinstein

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691496

Category: Social Science

Page: 257

View: 1167

'Dangerous Liaisons' is a book about intersections. It is a product of two years' worth of discussions among a group of ethnographers from four different countries with a variety of experiences studying war, violence, the military and the state.

Global Health in Times of Violence

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Author: Barbara Rylko-Bauer,Linda M. Whiteford,Paul Farmer

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691144

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 503

What are the prospects for human health in a world threatened by disease and violence? In this volume, leading scholars and practitioners examine the impact of structural, military, and communal violence on health, psychosocial well-being, and health care delivery.

Linking the Histories of Slavery

North America and Its Borderlands

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Author: Bonnie Martin,James F. Brooks

Publisher: School for Advanced Research Press

ISBN: 9781938645600

Category:

Page: 416

View: 1166

This volume has brought together scholars from anthropology, history, psychology, and ethnic studies to share their original research into the lesser-known stories of slavery in North America and reveal surprising parallels among slave cultures across the continent. Although they focus on North America, these scholars also take a broad view of slavery as a global historical phenomenon and describe how coercers and the coerced, as well as outside observers, have understood what it means to be a "slave" in various times and cultures, including in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The contributors explore the links between indigenous customs of coercion before European contact, those of the tumultuous colonial era, some of the less-familiar paradigms of slavery before the Civil War, and the hazy legal borders between voluntary and involuntary servitude today. The breadth of the chapters complements and enhances traditional scholarship that has focused on slavery in the colonial and nineteenth-century South, and the contributors find the connections among the many histories of slavery in order to provide a better understanding of the many ways in which coercion and slavery worked across North America and continue to work today.

Development & Dispossession

The Crisis of Forced Displacement and Resettlement

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Author: Anthony Oliver-Smith

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691083

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 6175

More people were involuntarily displaced in the twentieth century than ever before, and not only by war and natural disasters. Capital-intensive, high-technology, large-scale projects compel the displacement and resettlement of an estimated 15 million people every year in the process of converting farmlands, fishing grounds, forests, and homes into reservoirs, irrigation systems, mines, plantations, colonization projects, highways, urban renewal zones, industrial complexes, and tourist resorts. Aimed at generating economic growth and strengthening the region or nation, these projects have all too often left local people permanently displaced, disempowered, and destitute. Resettlement has been so poorly planned, financed, implemented, and administered that these projects end up being "development disasters." Because there can be no return to land submerged under a dam-created lake or to a neighborhood buried under a stadium or throughway, the solutions devised to meet the needs of people displaced by development must be durable. The contributors to this volume analyze the failures of existing resettlement policies and propose just such durable solutions.

Muslim Youth and the 9/11 Generation

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Author: Adeline Masquelier,Benjamin F. Soares

Publisher: University of New Mexico Press

ISBN: 0826356990

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 6788

The contributors to this volume—who draw from a variety of disciplines—show how the study of Muslim youth at this particular historical juncture is relevant to thinking about the anthropology of youth, the anthropology of Islamic and Muslim societies, and the post-9/11 world more generally.

Senses of Place

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Author: Steven Feld,Keith H. Basso

Publisher: James Currey

ISBN: 9780852559000

Category: Geographical perception

Page: 308

View: 8740

The articles collected here consider the construction of place in both a physical and conceptual sense. They discuss how places are created by, and help to create, the people who live in them.

Anthropology in the Margins of the State

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Author: Veena Das,Deborah Poole

Publisher: James Currey Publishers

ISBN: 9781930618411

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 598

The form and reach of the modern state are changing under the pressure of globalization. This exploration of these transformations develops a methodology and theoretical apparatus to assess perceptions of power in regions where state reform and violence have been dramatic: Africa, Latin America, and South Asia.

Surviving Sudden Environmental Change

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Author: Jago Cooper,Payson Sheets

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 1457117266

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 1149

Archaeologists have long encountered evidence of natural disasters through excavation and stratigraphy. In Surviving Sudden Environmental Change, case studies examine how eight different past human communities—ranging from Arctic to equatorial regions, from tropical rainforests to desert interiors, and from deep prehistory to living memory—faced, and coped with, such dangers. Many disasters originate from a force of nature, such as an earthquake, cyclone, tsunami, volcanic eruption, drought, or flood. But that is only half of the story; decisions of people and their particular cultural lifeways are the rest. Sociocultural factors are essential in understanding risk, impact, resilience, reactions, and recoveries from massive sudden environmental changes. By using deep-time perspectives provided by interdisciplinary approaches, this book provides a rich temporal background to the human experience of environmental hazards and disasters. In addition, each chapter is followed by an abstract summarizing the important implications for today’s management practices and providing recommendations for policy makers. Publication supported in part by the National Science Foundation.

Yanomami warfare

a political history

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Author: R. Brian Ferguson

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 449

View: 3162

"Re-evaluation of Yanomamo warfare defends a material motivation hypothesis grounded in an etic behavioral approach. Elaborating a method previously applied to the study of Pacific Northwest warfare patterns, author develops a formal analytic model and ap

Vital Relations

Modernity and the Persistent Life of Kinship

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Author: Susan McKinnon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781938645013

Category: Social Science

Page: 339

View: 9108

Afro-Atlantic Dialogues

Anthropology in the Diaspora

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Author: Kevin A. Yelvington

Publisher: James Currey Publishers

ISBN: 9781930618466

Category: Social Science

Page: 501

View: 1630

This book breaks new theoretical and methodological ground in the study of the African diaspora in the Atlantic world. Leading scholars of archaeology, linguistics, and socio-cultural anthropology draw upon extensive field experiences and archival investigations of black communities in North America, the Caribbean, South America, and Africa to challenge received paradigms in Afro-American anthropology. They employ dialogic approaches that demand both an awareness of the historical fashioning of anthropology's categories and selfreflexive, critical research and define a new agenda for the field. Paying close attention to power, politics, and the dynamism of never-finished, open-ended behavioral forms and symbolic repertoires, the contributors address colonialism, the slave trade, racism, ethnogenesis, New World nationalism, urban identity politics, the development of artworlds, musics and their publics, the emergence of new religious and ritual forms, speech genres, and contested historical representations. The authors offer sophisticated interpretations of cultural change, exchange, appropriation, and re-appropriation that challenge simplistic notions of culture.

The Theater of Operations

National Security Affect from the Cold War to the War on Terror

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Author: Joseph Masco

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822375990

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 794

How did the most powerful nation on earth come to embrace terror as the organizing principle of its security policy? In The Theater of Operations, Joseph Masco locates the origins of the present-day U.S. counterterrorism apparatus in the Cold War's "balance of terror." He shows how, after the attacks of 9/11, the U.S. global War on Terror mobilized a wide range of affective, conceptual, and institutional resources established during the Cold War to enable a new planetary theater of operations. Tracing how specific aspects of emotional management, existential danger, state secrecy, and threat awareness have evolved as core aspects of the American social contract, Masco draws on archival, media, and ethnographic resources to offer a new portrait of American national security culture. Undemocratic and unrelenting, this counterterror state prioritizes speculative practices over facts, and ignores everyday forms of violence across climate, capital, and health in an unprecedented effort to anticipate and eliminate terror threats—real, imagined, and emergent.

Big Histories, Human Lives

Tackling Problems of Scale in Archaeology

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Author: John Robb,Timothy R. Pauketat

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691649

Category: Social Science

Page: 277

View: 9344

We may be due an Ice Age any day now as the Earth wobbles through its complex long-term cycles of axial tilt, precession, and eccentricity. This book is a re-theorising of scale and change in human history as they are related to the big picture - the relationships between time, the environment, and all of human experience on Earth.

Alien Ocean

Anthropological Voyages in Microbial Seas

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Author: Stefan Helmreich

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520250621

Category: Social Science

Page: 403

View: 8373

"Alien Ocean immerses readers in worlds being newly explored by marine biologists: the deep sea, the microscopic realm, and oceans beyond national boundaries. Working alongside scientists on ships at sea, in coastal research labs, and at undersea volcanoes, Stefan Helmreich charts how revolutions in genomics, bioinformatics, and remote sensing have pressed marine bioligists to view the sea as animated by its smallest inhabitants: marine microbes. Thriving in astonishingly extreme conditions, such microbes have become key figures in scientific and public debates about the origin of life, climate change, biotechnology, and even the possibility of life on other worlds."--Cover.

Becoming Indian

The Struggle Over Cherokee Identity in the Twenty-first Century

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Author: Circe Sturm

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691441

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 6050

Unfinished

The Anthropology of Becoming

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Author: João Biehl,Peter Locke

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822372452

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1440

This original, field-changing collection explores the plasticity and unfinishedness of human subjects and lifeworlds, advancing the conceptual terrain of an anthropology of becoming. People's becomings trouble and exceed ways of knowing and acting, producing new possibilities for research, methodology, and writing. The contributors creatively bridge ethnography and critical theory in a range of worlds on the edge, from war and its aftermath, economic transformation, racial inequality, and gun violence to religiosity, therapeutic markets, animal rights activism, and abrupt environmental change. Defying totalizing analytical schemes, these visionary essays articulate a human science of the uncertain and unknown and restore a sense of movement and possibility to ethics and political practice. Unfinished invites readers to consider the array of affects, ideas, forces, and objects that shape contemporary modes of existence and future horizons, opening new channels for critical thought and creative expression. Contributors. Lucas Bessire, João Biehl, Naisargi N. Dave, Elizabeth A. Davis, Michael M. J. Fischer, Angela Garcia, Peter Locke, Adriana Petryna, Bridget Purcell, Laurence Ralph, Lilia M. Schwarcz

An Anthropology of Biomedicine

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Author: Margaret Lock,Vinh-Kim Nguyen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405110724

Category: Medical

Page: 506

View: 2517

"By convincingly articulating critical medical anthropology and social studies of science, analyzing questions emerging from the most recent technologies in medicine and reflecting on public health issues in developing countries, this book will become a reference for social scientists and more broadly for all those interested in contemporary changes and challenges." Didier Fassin, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, and Ecole des Hautes Eludes en Sciences Sociales, Paris "An Anthropology of Biomedicine is a magisterial review of the knowledge claims of biomedicine that establishes the salience of local biologies in the field of global health. Original and compelling - it is a stunning achievement." Veena Das, Johns Hoplcins University "Because Lock and Nguyen take seriously the ongoing co-constitution of diverse biological and social bodies-human, microbial, and more-they have written a timely, densely ethnographic, theoretically astute, and necessary book. This book proposes an anthropology of biomedicine as technology that can better contribute to actually realizing health as a basic human right globally." Donna Haraway, University of California, Santa cruz "An Anthropology of Biomedicine introduces biomedicine from an anthropological perspective, exploring the entanglement of material bodies with history, environment, culture, and politics. Focusing on the ways in which the application of biomedical technologies bring about radical changes to societies at large, medical anthropologist Margaret Lock and physician and medical anthropologist Vinh-Kim Nguyen advance the theory that the human body in health and illness is not an ontological given but a moveable, malleable entity that is the elusive product of nature and culture. Tracking the historic global application of biomedical technologies, the authors reveal the intended and unintended local consequences and the exacerbation of global inequalities and health disparities that such technologies bring about.