The Anthropology of War

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Author: Jonathan Haas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521380423

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 3966

The book brings together a group of authors who are addressing the nature and causes of warfare in simpler, tribal societies. The authors represent a range of different opinions about why humans engage in warfare, why wars start, and the role of war in human evolution. Warfare in cultures from several different world areas is considered, ranging over the Amazon, the Caribbean, the Andes, the Southwestern United States, Southeast Asia, Polynesia, and Malaysia. To explain the origins and maintenance of war in tribal societies, different authors appeal to a broad spectrum of demographic, environmental, historical and biological variables. Competing explanatory models of warfare are presented head to head, with overlapping bodies of data offered in support of each.

Bioarchaeology of Women and Children in Times of War

Case Studies from the Americas

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Author: Debra L. Martin,Caryn Tegtmeyer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331948396X

Category: Social Science

Page: 187

View: 397

This volume will examine the varied roles that women and children play in period of warfare, which in most cases deviate from their perceived role as noncombatants. Using social theory about the nature of sex, gender and age in thinking about vulnerabilities to different groups during warfare, this collection of studies focuses on the broader impacts of war both during warfare but also long after the conflict is over. The volume will show that during periods of violence and warfare, many suffer beyond those individuals directly involved in battle. From pre-Hispanic Peru to Ming dynasty Mongolia to the Civil War-era United States to the present, warfare has been and is a public health disaster, particularly for women and children. Individuals and populations suffer from displacement, sometimes permanently, due to loss of food and resources and an increased risk of contracting communicable diseases, which results from the poor conditions and tight spaces present in most refugee camps, ancient and modern. Bioarchaeology can provide a more nuanced lens through which to examine the effects of warfare on life, morbidity, and mortality, bringing individuals not traditionally considered by studies of warfare and prolonged violence into focus. Inclusion of these groups in discussions of warfare can increase our understanding of not only the biological but also the social meaning and costs of warfare.

An Anthropology of Biomedicine

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Author: Margaret Lock,Vinh-Kim Nguyen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405110724

Category: Medical

Page: 506

View: 6402

"By convincingly articulating critical medical anthropology and social studies of science, analyzing questions emerging from the most recent technologies in medicine and reflecting on public health issues in developing countries, this book will become a reference for social scientists and more broadly for all those interested in contemporary changes and challenges." Didier Fassin, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, and Ecole des Hautes Eludes en Sciences Sociales, Paris "An Anthropology of Biomedicine is a magisterial review of the knowledge claims of biomedicine that establishes the salience of local biologies in the field of global health. Original and compelling - it is a stunning achievement." Veena Das, Johns Hoplcins University "Because Lock and Nguyen take seriously the ongoing co-constitution of diverse biological and social bodies-human, microbial, and more-they have written a timely, densely ethnographic, theoretically astute, and necessary book. This book proposes an anthropology of biomedicine as technology that can better contribute to actually realizing health as a basic human right globally." Donna Haraway, University of California, Santa cruz "An Anthropology of Biomedicine introduces biomedicine from an anthropological perspective, exploring the entanglement of material bodies with history, environment, culture, and politics. Focusing on the ways in which the application of biomedical technologies bring about radical changes to societies at large, medical anthropologist Margaret Lock and physician and medical anthropologist Vinh-Kim Nguyen advance the theory that the human body in health and illness is not an ontological given but a moveable, malleable entity that is the elusive product of nature and culture. Tracking the historic global application of biomedical technologies, the authors reveal the intended and unintended local consequences and the exacerbation of global inequalities and health disparities that such technologies bring about.

Engaging Anthropological Theory

A Social and Political History

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Author: Mark Moberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351805193

Category: Social Science

Page: 442

View: 2553

This fully revised second edition of Mark Moberg's lively book offers a fresh look at the history of anthropological theory. Covering key concepts and theorists, Engaging Anthropological Theory examines the historical context of anthropological ideas and the contested nature of anthropology itself. Anthropological ideas regarding human diversity have always been rooted in the socio-political conditions in which they arose and exploring them in context helps students understand how and why they evolved, and how theory relates to life and society. Illustrated throughout, this engaging text moves away from the dry recitation of past viewpoints in anthropology and brings the subject matter to life.

Effects of War on Society

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Author: Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Social Stress

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 9780851158686

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 8384

'Studies on the Nature of War' aims to place in perspective the sociocultural variables that make outbreaks of war probable, and identify for policy-makers steps that can be taken to control these variables. This first volume of the series is designed to show the many effects that war produces on the societies that are addicted to them. Twelve papers describe the evolution from antiquity to modern times of the interpretation of the causes of war and of its effects; the causes of war among pre-industrial societies; war in an ancient empire, the Roman, in a modern one, the Austro-Hungarian, and in the Soviet empire; and the various aspects of the impact of war on society, for instance, the correlation between war and personal violence, the manipulation of public communication, and the costs of war. CONTRIBUTORS: G. AUSENDA, R. POZZO, C. DANDEKER, R. B. FERGUSON, R. L. CARNEIRO, J. A. TAINTER, T. J. CORNELL, N. RUDENSKY, A. AKLAEV, D. LESTER, P.M. TAYLOR, W. R. THOMPSON. CONTENTS: The evolution of learned thinking on the significance of war from classical Greece to the Renaissance: A survey. G. AUSENDA and R. POZZO; The causes of war and the history of modern sociological theory. C. DANDEKER; The general consequences of war: An Amazonian perspective. R. B. FERGUSON; The role of warfare in political evolution: Past results and future projections. R. L. CARNEIRO; Evolutionary consequences of war. J. A. TAINTER; The effects of war on the society of ancient Rome. T. J. CORNELL; War and nationalities problems: The end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. G. AUSENDA; War as a factor of ethnic conflict and stability in the U.S.S.R. N. RUDENSKY; War and social stress and their effects on the nationalities in the U.S.S.R. A. AKLAEV; War and personal violence. D. LESTER; The effects of war on communications. P.M. TAYLOR; Assessing the costs of war: A preliminary cut. W. R. THOMPSON.

Global Health in Times of Violence

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Author: Barbara Rylko-Bauer,Linda M. Whiteford,Paul Farmer

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691144

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 2084

What are the prospects for human health in a world threatened by disease and violence? In this volume, leading scholars and practitioners examine the impact of structural, military, and communal violence on health, psychosocial well-being, and health care delivery.

Bulletin

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 8385

Beginning with v. 5, 1914, contains the annual reports of the Institute and the schools, the minutes of the Council, the directory, and announcements of an official nature; the non technical matter formerly appearing in the quarterly Bulletin has been included in Art and archaeology since 1914. Cf. Bulletin, v. 5, Editorial note.

Confronting Cancer

Metaphors, Advocacy, and Anthropology

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Author: Juliet Marie McMullin,Diane E. Weiner

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691090

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 285

View: 7271

In this book, anthropologists examine the lived experiences of individuals confronting cancer and reveal the social context in which prevention and treatment may succeed or fail.

Memory Work

Archaeologies of Material Practices

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Author: Barbara J. Mills,William H. Walker

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 8567

Memory making is a social practice that links people and things together across time and space and ultimately has material consequences. The intersection of matter and social practice becomes archaeologically visible through the deposits created during social activities. The contributors to this volume share a common goal to map out the different ways in which to study social memories in past societies programmatically and tangibly.

The gender of globalization

women navigating cultural and economic marginalities

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Author: Nandini Gunewardena,Ann E. Kingsolver

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781930618916

Category: Political Science

Page: 356

View: 9586

As "globalization" moves rapidly from buzzword to cliche, evaluating the claims of neoliberal capitalism to empower and enrich remains urgently important. The authors in this volume employ feminist, ethnographic methods to examine what free trade and export processing zones, economic liberalization, and currency reform mean to women in Argentina, Sri Lanka, Mexico, Ghana, the United States, India, Jamaica, and many other places. Heralded as agents of prosperity and liberation, neoliberal economic policies have all too often refigured and redoubled the burdens of gender, race, caste, class, and regional subordination that women bear. Traders, garment factory operatives, hotel managers and maids, small farmers and agricultural laborers, garbage pickers, domestic caregivers, daughters, wives, and mothers: Women around the world are struggling to challenge the tendency of globalization talk to veil their marginalization.

Figuring the Future

Globalization and the Temporalities of Children and Youth

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Author: Jennifer Cole,Deborah Lynn Durham

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 7952

Review: "To address how and why youth and children have come to seem so important to globalization, the contributors to this volume look at both the spatial relations of globalization and the temporal dimensions, examining the reality behind truisms such as "youth are the future" or "children are our hope for the future." Discourses of, and practices by, youth and children bring the new temporal conjunctions of globalization into relationship with people's negotiations of the life course. Reaching from the design of children's toys to youth political mobilization, such discourses and practices are critical sites through which people everywhere conceive of, produce, contest, and naturalize the new futures."--BOOK JACKET

Opening Archaeology

Repatriation's Impact on Contemporary Research and Practice

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Author: Thomas W. Killion

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 5458

In 1989-90, Congress enacted two laws, the National Museum of the American Indian Act and the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, that required museums and other repositories of Native American human remains and cultural items to consult with, share information about, and return some items to federally recognized Indian tribes and Native Alaskan and Hawaiian communities. What effects have these laws had on anthropological practice, theory, and education in the United States? In 2004-2005, the School for Advanced Research and the Society for Applied Anthropology gathered together a group of anthropological archaeologists to address this question. This volume presents their conclusions and urges a continuing and increasing cooperation between anthropologists and indigenous peoples.

Forces of Compassion

Humanitarianism Between Ethics and Politics

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Author: Erica Bornstein,Peter Redfield

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691403

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 9464

The surrealism of imagining contemporary humanitarian techniques applied to historical events indicates more than dramatic technological transformation; it also suggests limits to contemporary assumptions about common human feeling and associated action.

Archaeology

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 2957

Dangerous Liaisons

Anthropologists and the National Security State

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Author: Laura A. McNamara,Robert A. Rubinstein

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691496

Category: Social Science

Page: 257

View: 4113

'Dangerous Liaisons' is a book about intersections. It is a product of two years' worth of discussions among a group of ethnographers from four different countries with a variety of experiences studying war, violence, the military and the state.

Clarity, Cut, and Culture

The Many Meanings of Diamonds

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Author: Susan Falls

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479834394

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 8771

Images of diamonds appear everywhere in American culture. And everyone who has a diamond has a story to tell about it. Our stories about diamonds not only reveal what we do with these tiny stones, but also suggest how we create value, meaning, and identity through our interactions with material culture in general. Things become meaningful through our interactions with them, but how do people go about making meaning? What can we learn from an ethnography about the production of identity, creation of kinship, and use of diamonds in understanding selves and social relationships? By what means do people positioned within a globalized political-economy and a compelling universe of advertising interact locally with these tiny polished rocks? This book draws on 12 months of fieldwork with diamond consumers in New York City as well as an analysis of the iconic De Beers campaign that promised romance, status, and glamour to anyone who bought a diamond to show that this thematic pool is just one resource among many that diamond owners draw upon to engage with their own stones. The volume highlights the important roles that memory, context, and circumstance also play in shaping how people interpret and then use objects in making personal worlds. It shows that besides operating as subjects in an ad-burdened universe, consumers are highly creative, idiosyncratic, and theatrical agents.