The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science: Special Issue: Residential Inequality in American Neighborhoods and Communities

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Author: Barrett Alan Lee,Glenn Firebaugh,John Iceland,Stephen A. Matthews

Publisher: Sage Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781506324562

Category: African American neighborhoods

Page: 366

View: 336

Residential Inequality in American Neighborhoods and Communities. Volume 660, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, July 2015. This volume, edited by Barrett Lee, Glenn Firebaugh, John Iceland, and Stephen Matthews, consists of 17 papers first presented at the Penn State Stratification Conference last fall. Motivating the volume is the dogged persistence of residential inequality in the United States. Although many people pursue the American Dream, seeking desirable homes and neighborhoods, their progress has been slowed by rising income disparities, natural disasters, the Great Recession, mortgage foreclosures, and dramatic swings in housing prices. Whether immigrants and their children are able to achieve their residential goals is another current concern. At the same time, spatial divides along race and class lines have been sustained through discriminatory practices and individuals' preference to live near those similar to themselves.

The Annals of the American Academy of Political & Social Science: Race, Racial Inequality, and Biological Determinism in the Genetic and Genomic Era

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Author: Matthew W. Hughey,W. Carson Byrd

Publisher: Sage Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781506329796

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3638

The current volume provides a critical interdisciplinary discussion of the relationship between race, racial inequality, and biological determinism in the developing era of genetics and genomics. This special issue examines how biological deterministic arguments influence the study of racial inequality in the current era. Importantly, the contributing authors provide needed sociohistorical context to describe the flaws of such limited perspectives of social issues, and how this line of research can actually increase and justify inequality. The issue contains four themes binding the chapters together to examine (1) the theoretical and methodological approaches that solidify under the banner of biological determinism; (2) recent research that arguably racializes genes and influences perspectives of science and health; (3) the implications of genetic and genomic research on racial health disparities discussions; and (4) biological determinism in everyday life. Overall, these four themes provide a broad-reaching discussion of important issues concerning the complex arguments of race, science, and inequality.

Reconsidering Culture and Poverty

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Author: David Harding,Michele Lamont,Mario Luis Small

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412988977

Category: Social Science

Page: 225

View: 5568

Culture has returned to the poverty research agenda. Over the past decade, sociologists, demographers, and even economists have begun asking questions about the role of culture in many aspects of poverty, at times even explaining the behavior of low-income populations in reference to cultural factors. Unlike their predecessors, contemporary researchers rarely claim that culture will sustain itself for multiple generations regardless of structural changes, and they almost never use the term “pathology,” which implied in an earlier era that people would cease to be poor if they changed their culture. The new generation of scholars conceives of culture in substantially different ways. In this latest issue of the ANNALS, readers are treated to thought-provoking articles that attempt to bridge the gap between poverty and culture scholarship, highlighting new trends in poverty research. This volume is vital reading, not only for sociologists but also for researchers across the social sciences as a whole.

The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science: Living in a High Inequality Regime

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Author: David B. Grusky,Alair MacLean

Publisher: Sage Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781506340876

Category: Political Science

Page: 353

View: 4053

The effects of rising inequality have proven difficult to tease out, but as the United States enters a moment in history in which key policy decisions about inequality, mobility, and poverty are being made, it is important for researchers to examine this trend to learn why there is so much inequality in the United States. In this volume of The ANNALS experts examine the "social fallout" from this income imbalance.

The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science

Regulatory Intermediaries in the Age of Governance

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Author: Kenneth W. Abbott,David Levi-Faur,Duncan Snidal

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781506390116

Category: Delegation of authority

Page: 179

View: 3122

This volume of The ANNALS introduces examples of regulation that support the RIT model and examples that extend and build on the model.

PATRIMONIAL POWER in the MODERN WORLD

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Author: Julia Adams,Mounira M. Charrad

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452205671

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 232

View: 6284

During the 2011 uprisings in the Arab world, protesters demanded the ouster of authoritarian forms of rule and an end to the influence of ruling families on politics, society, and the economy. These upheavals revealed that patrimonial power in its diverse forms is still a dynamic force in global politics, able to shape world events. This volume brings the study of patrimonialism back to center stage and presents the concept as a useful tool to analyze how nations, global developments, and international relations are influenced and transformed. Leading scholars show that patrimonial practices, present throughout history, are important features of global capitalist modernity. The authors analyze patrimonial politics in regions throughout the world, including in the United States, Tunisia, Chile, France, Iraq, Lebanon, Morocco, Poland, and Russia. This volume will appeal to students of politics and policy and to a multidisciplinary scholarly audience in political sociology, historical social science, history, and social theory.

The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science

WHAT CENSUS DATA MISS ABOUT AMERICAN DIVERSITY

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Author: Kenneth Prewitt,Richard Alba

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781544342061

Category: Ethnicity

Page: 128

View: 7631

This volume of The ANNALS addresses common misconceptions about American diversity that stem from issues surrounding race and ethnicity in census data—misconceptions such as the belief in the imminence of a majority-minority society, when in reality there are rising numbers of Americans being raised in mixed majority-minority families.

Communication, Consumers, and Citizens: Revisiting the Politics of Consumption

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Author: Dhavan V. Shah,Lewis Friedland,Chris Wells,Young Mie Kim,Hernando Rojas

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452275688

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 293

View: 6540

Revisiting the Politics of Consumption (The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science Series

The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science

Undocumented Migration in a Global Economy

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Author: Katharine M. Donato,Douglas S. Massey

Publisher: Sage Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781506362434

Category:

Page: 218

View: 3544

In this volume of The ANNALS the editors argue that illegal immigration arose as feature of capitalist globalization in the 20th century. The collected research papers explore the origins of undocumented migration in our contemporary global economy, and show the consequences of so-called illegal immigration both for migrants and for a number of host countries. The methodological challenges involved in studying clandestine population movements are also advanced by example.

The Nonresponse Challenge to Surveys and Statistics

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Author: Douglas S. Massey,Roger Tourangeau

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452282730

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 6458

Surveys are the principal source of data not only for social science, but for consumer research, political polling, and federal statistics. In response to social and technological trends, rates of survey nonresponse have risen markedly in recent years, prompting observers to worry about the continued validity of surveys as a tool for data gathering. Newspaper stories, magazine articles, radio programs, television broadcasts, and Internet blogs are filled with data derived from surveys of one sort or another. Reputable media outlets generally indicate whether a survey is representative, but much of the data routinely bandied about in the media and on the Internet are not based on representative samples and are of dubious use in making accurate statements about the populations they purport to represent. Surveys are social interactions, and like all interactions between people, they are embedded within social structures and guided by shared cultural understandings. This issue of The ANNALS examines the difficulties with finding willing respondents to these surveys and how the changing structure of society, whether it be the changing family structure, mass immigration, rising inequality, or the rise of technology, has presented new issues to conducting surveys. This volume will be of interest to faculty and students who specialize in sociological movements as well as economic and immigration movements and its effect on surveying.

The Child as Citizen

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Author: Felton Earls

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141299585X

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 9648

Marking the 20th anniversary of the United Nations General Assembly’s adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), this volume of the ANNALS considers conceptual, legal, and practical issues related to the realization of children as citizens.

Overweight and Obesity in America’s Children: Causes, Consequences, Solutions

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Author: Amy B. Jordan

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781412966856

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 539

For the past several years, researchers have been examining possible causes of the rise in of childhood overweight and obesity in the U.S. Now at near-epidemic proportions, the time has come to really delve into the causes of overweight children and propose some practical solutions to help the 9 million children in this country who are overweight. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, this special issue of The ANNALS inspects the social problem of childhood obesity from various angles and uses empirically based, creative suggestions for overcoming and preventing unhealthy lifestyles. The authors of this special issue include health care practitioners, social scientists, philanthropists, advocates, and policy makers who understand that this is a complex issue made up of a myriad of factors. The insightful articles in this special issue evaluate the following factors: Influence of parents Opportunities for exercise Access to healthy food choices Media influences

The End of Television?

Its Impact on the World (So Far)

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Author: Elihu Katz,Paddy Scannell

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412978521

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 235

View: 9170

Is television dead? The classic television era of the 1950s and 1960s, characterized by limited choices of programs broadcast on over the air channels to families as if they were seated around a hearth – and to a nation as if gathered around a campfire – has indeed ended. Throughout the drastic evolution of this media, thousands of studies have examined the short-term effects of television, such as the evaluation of persuasion campaigns. Yet there is scant research on the overreaching sociological impacts of television and its centrality to Western culture over the past 60 years. This compelling volume of The ANNALS is the first collection of rigorous articles devoted to studying ways in which television has impacted our values, ideologies, institutions, social structure, and culture.

Islam

enduring myths and changing realities

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Author: Aslam Syed,American Academy of Political and Social Science

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 201

View: 459

With the end of the Cold War, the American political establishment perceived Islam as the new enemy. The 1993 explosion at the World Trade Center, the 1998 bombing of the American embassies in Africa, and the events of 9/11 - all culminated in substantiating this perception. The War on Terrorism has raised several complicated issues surrounding the relationship between the United States and Islam. With America's increasing involvement in the Middle East, it is imperative for Muslims to understand America; but at the same time, Americans must learn to understand Islam. The progress of civilization hangs on the ability for cooperation and understanding between these cultures. Although this challenge of removing the "clash" between these two cultures is indeed pressing, it is not new. Negative images of Islam have persisted in the United States throughout its history. This volume of The Annals reflects on how damaging images of Islam have endured in the United States and how Americans' perceptions and misconceptions about Islam is inexorably linked to United States' policy in the Middle East. The articles in this special issue will spark intriguing debate and discussion as well as shed light on the complex concerns engulfing Americans' ideas about Islam and Muslim states and how this relationship influences global politics. With the end of the Cold War, the American political establishment perceived Islam as the new enemy. The 1993 explosion at the World Trade Center, the 1998 bombing of the American embassies in Africa, and the events of 9/11 - all culminated in substantiating this perception. The War on Terrorism has raised several complicated issues surrounding the relationship between the United States and Islam. With America's increasing involvement in the Middle East, it is imperative for Muslims to understand America; but at the same time, Americans must learn to understand Islam. The progress of civilization hangs on the ability for cooperation and understanding between these cultures. Although this challenge of removing the "clash" between these two cultures is indeed pressing, it is not new. Negative images of Islam have persisted in the United States throughout its history. This volume of The Annals reflects on how damaging images of Islam have endured in the United States and how Americans' perceptions and misconceptions about Islam is inexorably linked to United States' policy in the Middle East. The articles in this special issue will spark intriguing debate and discussion as well as shed light on the complex concerns engulfing Americans' ideas about Islam and Muslim states and how this relationship influences global politics.

Developmental criminology and its discontents

trajectories of crime from childhood to old age

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Author: Robert J. Sampson,John H. Laub,American Academy of Political and Social Science

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9781412936781

Category: Social Science

Page: 307

View: 592

Life-course criminology has generated new energy and provoked sharp debate over competing ideas about the fundamental relationship between age and crime. A major catalyst for this debate - a 2003 American Society of Criminology (ASC) conference session entitled "Age, Crime, and Human Development: The Future of Life-Course Criminology," chaired by the editors of this issue - provided a springboard for this special issue of The Annals. With an eye to the future, this special issue provides critical debate on patterns of age and crime across the full life course - from infancy to late adulthood. Criminal career topics such as onset, continuation, termination, and career length are also discussed, along with the viability of developmental and taxonomic theories of crime, the suitability of existing data archives to test theories, and the prospects for marrying longitudinal and experimental studies. The distinguished papers that appear in this compelling collection include the full set of presentations from the inaugural Albany Symposium on Crime and Justice: "Developmental Criminology and Its Discontents: Offender Typologies and Trajectories of Crime," which took place in April 2005 and built upon the questions raised at the ASC conference session. In addition to the revised original papers and commentaries from the Albany symposium, this journal also includes never-before-published responses to the commentaries by each of the papers' authors. An overview by Alfred Blumstein of the central issues raised at the symposium and a book-review essay by Hans-Jürgen Kerner rounds out the volume and collectively provides a comprehensive representation of the provocative discussion ignited by these intriguing session panels. Centered on the fundamental discussions raised by the life-course paradigm in criminology, this historical issue of The Annals will potentially shape the theoretical and research agenda for years to come. It is an essential resource for scholars, researchers, and practitioners in the fields of criminology, sociology, psychology, criminal justice, aging, human development, and social policy. With a diverse set of viewpoints, this well-rounded and in-depth look at age, crime, and human development is a valuable contribution to existing studies and will serve as a foundation for future research into this lively topic.

Beyond Admissions: Re-thinking College Opportunities and Outcomes

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Author: Mark C. Long,Marta Tienda

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781412986861

Category: Education

Page: 228

View: 8588

The recent nomination and confirmation of Sonia Sotomayor as a U.S. Supreme Court Justice refocused public attention on the selection criteria that colleges and universities use to admit students. For decades the Supreme Court has repeatedly been asked to decide the constitutionality of racial and ethnic preferences in college admissions. However, this preoccupation with admissions neglects other important considerations in achieving campus diversity and narrowing gaps in educational attainment. What circumstances motivate students to attend and succeed in college? What factors influence individual students’ decisions whether to apply and, if admitted, whether to enroll. The compelling articles in this volume of The ANNALS go beyond the worn argument that admission criteria are solely responsible for determining campus diversity. The authors address a broad range of questions in college decision making – from application to enrollment, college performance, and graduation. This forward-looking volume of The ANNALS is a requisite for students and scholars who want to examine alternatives that narrow ethnic gaps throughout the postsecondary cycle and provide more opportunities for talented, ambitious youth from disadvantaged environments to succeed, as Justice Sotomayor did.

Transitioning to Adulthood in Asia: School, Work, and Family Life

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Author: Wei-Jun Jean Yeung,Cheryll Alipio,Frank F. Furstenberg, Jr.

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452299730

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 6116

In the past decade or so, scholars in the United States have identified the emergence of a new, distinct stage of life, as adolescence has become protracted, and most young people of recent generations take longer to achieve economic and psychological autonomy than they did a half century ago. This new life stage, in between adolescence and adulthood when young people are in a semiautonomous state, has come to be known as "early adulthood." Main characteristics of this new life stage include a later entry into the work force, a longer period of time living in the natal home, and a delayed age at marriage and childbearing. These trends not only have profound implications for young adults' well-being and intergenerational relationships but also challenge social institutions, such as family, schools, labor markets, and many youth-serving institutions.

Field Experiments in Comparative Politics and Policy

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Author: Donald P. Green,Peter John

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781412987264

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 5383

Standing on the methodological frontier of field experimentation, researchers studying politics face a unique set of challenges. How do field researchers interact with policymakers, public officials, and funding agencies? How do they ensure high standards in the generation and reporting of empirical results? How can they redefine the role that experimental methodology plays in the study of politics today? This volume of The ANNALS addresses these questions, examining the use and application of the field experiment method in political science and presenting the state of the art in this important field. This important volume of The ANNALS features provocative and insightful contributions that reflect the ways that field researchers, in an international context, use the method in novel ways and tackle more subtle challenges of design and analysis. This volume is a must-read for researchers of politics and policy – especially those ready to expand the substantive and methodological frontiers of field experimentation. It is also a valuable resource for political scholars and policymakers.

Reconsidering the Urban Disadvantaged: The Role of Systems, Institutions, and Organizations

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Author: Mario Luis Small,Scott Allard

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781483306568

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 2781

Reconsidering the Urban Disadvantaged: The Role of Systems, Institutions, and Organizations THE ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science May 2013, Volume 647 Special Editors: Mario L. Small and Scott W. Allard The recent economic recession and a sluggish recovery have made conditions especially precarious for the most disadvantaged members of the urban poor population—those with criminal records, health conditions, undocumented status, or unstable housing. The authors in this volume of The ANNALS argue that the fewer the resources to which people have access, the more their circumstances will depend on the organizations in which they participate, the systems in which these organizations operate, and the institutions governing the behavior of both. Over the last 25 years, social science on urban poverty has grappled primarily with evidence of deindustrialization and the loss of low-skilled manufacturing jobs. In turn, structural economic change has transformed family structure, educational attainment, crime, and geographic concentration of the poor. Researchers have approached these issues from a limited set of theoretical perspectives, perspectives wherein the core units of analysis, aside from the market, have been the individual and the neighborhood. The editors of this volume argue that, today, understanding the conditions of these highly disadvantaged populations requires a focus on not only individuals and their neighborhoods but also, and perhaps more importantly, on the organizations that structure their lives, the systems in which those organizations are embedded, and the institutions that regulate both. Paperback: $35.00, Sale Price $28.00, ISBN: 9781483306568 Hardcover: $48.00, Sale Price $38.40, ISBN: 9781483306575