Formalism, Experience, and the Making of American Literature in the Nineteenth Century

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Author: Theo Davis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139466569

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 203

View: 5192

Theo Davis offers a fresh account of the emergence of a national literature in the United States. Taking American literature's universalism as an organising force that must be explained rather than simply exposed, she contends that Emerson, Hawthorne, and Stowe's often noted investigations of experience are actually based in a belief that experience is an abstract category governed by typicality, not the property of the individual subject. Additionally, these authors locate the form of the literary work in the domain of abstract experience, projected out of - not embodied in - the text. After tracing the emergence of these beliefs out of Scottish common sense philosophy and through early American literary criticism, Davis analyses how American authors' prose seeks to work an art of abstract experience. In so doing, she reconsiders the place of form in modern literary studies.

Slave Laws in Virginia

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Author: Philip J. Schwarz

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820335169

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 5720

The five essays in Slave Laws in Virginia explore two centuries of the ever-changing relationship between a major slave society and the laws that guided it. The topics covered are diverse, including the African judicial background of African American slaves, Thomas Jefferson's relationship with the laws of slavery, the capital punishment of slaves, nineteenth-century penal transportation of slaves from Virginia as related to the interstate slave trade and the changing market for slaves, and Virginia's experience with its own fugitive slave laws. Through the history of one large extended family of ex-slaves, Philip J. Schwarz's conclusion examines how the law shaped the interaction between former slaves and masters after emancipation. Instead of relying on a static view of these two centuries, the author focuses on the diverse and changing ways that lawmakers and law enforcers responded to slaves' behavior and to whites' perceptions of and assumptions about that behavior.

Slavery in the United States

A Social, Political, and Historical Encyclopedia

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Author: Junius P. Rodriguez

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781851095445

Category: History

Page: 793

View: 6363

A comprehensive, contextual presentation of all aspects—social, political, and economic—of slavery in the United States, from the first colonization through Reconstruction.

Unburdened by Conscience

A Black People's Collective Account of America's Ante-Bellum South and the Aftermath

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Author: Anthony W. Neal

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761849653

Category: History

Page: 153

View: 1398

This book argues that influential historians have been unable to offer a complete account of ante-bellum-era American slavery because of their preoccupation with humanizing the slaveholders. Neal skillfully weaves together candid first-hand accounts of courageous ex-slaves, permitting readers to see slavery in the United States from their point of view.

Abolitionism

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Author: Reyna Eisenstark,Jennifer L. Weber

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438131674

Category: Abolitionists

Page: 129

View: 8793

From John Adams to the women who supported abolition, this volume provides a comprehensive history of the abolitionist movement. Beginning with a historical explanation of the African slave trade and its role in American history, Abolitionism explores every important person, event, and issue that helped push the North and South closer to the Civil War. This book also includes colorful sidebars featuring primary resource documents like the Gettysburg Address and narratives from Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin.

Unfinished Nation , Concise History of the American People, Volume 1 , To 1877

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Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467299669

Category: Education

Page: 62

View: 6904

Facts101 is your complete guide to Unfinished Nation , Concise History of the American People, Volume 1 , To 1877. In this book, you will learn topics such as Society and Culture in Provincial America, The Empire in Transition, The American Revolution, and The Constitution and the New Republic plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Slave Law in the Americas

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Author: Alan Watson

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820311791

Category: Law

Page: 179

View: 2926

In this book, Alan Watson argues that the slave laws of North and South America--the written codes defining the relationship of masters to slaves--reflect not so much the culture and society of the various colonies but the legal traditions of England, Europe, and ancient Rome. A pathbreaking study concerned as much with the nature of comparative law as the specific subject of the law of slavery, Slave Law in the Americas posits an essential distance in the Western legal tradition between the tenets of law and the values of the society they govern. Laws, Watson shows, often are made not by governments or rulers but by jurists as in ancient Rome, law professors as in medieval and continental Europe, and judges as in common law England. Bodies of law, often created without reference to particular social and political ideals, are also often transferred whole cloth from one society to another. Tracing the effects of the reception of Roman law throughout Europe (excluding England) and the Americas, Watson reveals the enormous impact of this legal tradition on subsequent lawmakers operating under utterly dissimilar social and political conditions in the New World. Slave law in the colonies, Watson demonstrates, had much to do with the mother country's relations to Roman law. Spain, Portugal, France, and the United Dutch Provinces, all within the Roman legal tradition, imposed on their colonies slave laws that were private and nonracist in character, laws that interfered little in master-slave relations and provided for the relative ease of manumission and the grant of citizenship to freed slaves. England, however, did not ascribe to Roman law and colonists created rather than received slave law. Public and racist, slave law in the English colonies uniquely reflected local concerns, involving every citizen in the protection and perpetuation of slavery, strictly regulating education, manumission, and citizenship status. "Comparative legal history," Watson writes, "is in its infancy." Presenting the laws of slavery in ancient Rome and in the slaveholding colonies of America, Watson demonstrates how comparative law can elucidate the relationship of law, legal rules, and institutions to the society in which they operate. Investigating not the dynamics of slavery but of slave law, he reveals the working of a legal culture and its peculiar history.

Jews and the American Slave Trade

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Author: Saul Friedman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351510754

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 8214

The Nation of Islam's Secret Relationship between Blacks and Jews has been called one of the most serious anti-Semitic manuscripts published in years. This work of so-called scholars received great celebrity from individuals like Louis Farrakhan, Leonard Jeffries, and Khalid Abdul Muhammed who used the document to claim that Jews dominated both transatlantic and antebellum South slave trades. As Saul Friedman definitively documents in Jews and the American Slave Trade, historical evidence suggests that Jews played a minimal role in the transatlantic, South American, Caribbean, and antebellum slave trades.Jews and the American Slave Trade dissects the questionable historical technique employed in Secret Relationship, offers a detailed response to Farrakhan's charges, and analyzes the impetus behind these charges. He begins with in-depth discussion of the attitudes of ancient peoples, Africans, Arabs, and Jews toward slavery and explores the Jewish role hi colonial European economic life from the Age of Discovery tp Napoleon. His state-by-state analyses describe in detail the institution of slavery in North America from colonial New England to Louisiana. Friedman elucidates the role of American Jews toward the great nineteenth-century moral debate, the positions they took, and explains what shattered the alliance between these two vulnerable minority groups in America.Rooted in incontrovertible historical evidence, provocative without being incendiary, Jews and the American Slave Trade demonstrates that the anti-slavery tradition rooted in the Old Testament translated into powerful prohibitions with respect to any involvement in the slave trade. This brilliant exploration will be of interest to scholars of modern Jewish history, African-American studies, American Jewish history, U.S. history, and minority studies.

Blacks in Colonial America

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Author: Oscar Reiss

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476610479

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 3069

By the time of the American Revolution, blacks made up 20 percent of the colonial population. Early in colonial history, many blacks who came to America were indentured servants who served out their contracts and then settled in the colonies as free men. Over time, however, more and more blacks arrived as slaves, and the position of blacks in colonial society suffered precipitous decline. This book discusses the lives of blacks, both slave and free, as they struggled to make homes for themselves among the white European settlers in the New World. The author thoroughly examines colonial slavery and the laws supporting it (as early as 1686, for example, New Jersey had laws demanding the return of fugitive slaves) as well as the emancipation movement, active from the beginning of the slave trade. Other topics include blacks and the practice of Christianity in the colonies, and the service of blacks in the Revolution.

In the Matter of Color

Race and the American Legal Process. The Colonial Period

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Author: A. Leon Higginbotham

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195027457

Category: Travel

Page: 512

View: 2254

Focusing on the actions and attitudes of the courts, legislatures, and public servants in six colonies, Judge Higginbotham shows ways in which the law has contributed to injustices suffered by Black Americans

Slavery in Early America

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Author: Barbara M. Linde

Publisher: Gareth Stevens Publishing LLLP

ISBN: 143394779X

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 1200

This book tells of the first arrival of slaves from Africa in America, what daily life was like for an American slave, efforts by abolitionists to abolish slavery, and more.