The American Civil War and the Origins of Modern Warfare

Ideas, Organization, and Field Command

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Author: Edward Hagerman

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253207159

Category: History

Page: 366

View: 1187

"... a major contribution to our knowledge of the place of the Civil War in the history of warfare.... I have long hoped for a sound history of Civil War military staffs... I need hope no more; Hagerman has covered this subject also, with the same assured expertness that he gives to tactics and technology." —Russell F. Weigley "... this fine book deserves a place on the shelves of all military historians in this country and abroad." —American Historical Review "... a first rate book... impressive... an imposing work... " —Journal of American History "This book is filled with enlightening information.... ought to be a standard for many years to come and should be required reading for any serious Civil War military historian." —Journal of Southern History

Der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg

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Author: John Keegan

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644106517

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 4540

Mit über 700 000 gefallenen Soldaten war der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg blutiger und verlustreicher als alle Kriege zusammen, die die USA seither geführt haben. Und was seine Brutalität und Totalität angeht, nahm er sogar die Schrecken des Ersten Weltkriegs vorweg. Für John Keegan, laut New York Times «der originellste Militärhistoriker der Gegenwart», ist dieser Konflikt schlichtweg der erste moderne Krieg und zugleich «der wichtigste ideologische Kampf der Weltgeschichte». In seinem Buch schildert er nicht nur die Vorgeschichte des Bürgerkriegs, die großen Ereignisse und Schlachten und welche Folgen sie hatten – er widmet sich genauso den Protagonisten wie Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee oder Ulysses Grant. Dabei geht es ihm neben der profunden militärhistorischen Analyse auch um die politischen Dimensionen und die menschlichen Erschütterungen. Nicht zuletzt beschäftigt ihn die Frage, wie es möglich war, dass ein Land, das so sehr auf Konsens gebaut ist wie die Vereinigten Staaten, von einem tödlichen Bruderkonflikt zerrissen wurde. Ein Standardwerk, das eine Lücke schließt.

American War

Roman

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Author: Omar El Akkad

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104908109

Category: Fiction

Page: 32

View: 3522

Gleich hier die kostenlose XXL-Leseprobe lesen! »American War« - das Buch der Stunde. »Ein gewaltiger Roman«, schreibt die renommierteste Literaturkritikerin der USA, Michiko Kakutani. Ein Roman über den nächsten amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg und das dramatische Schicksal einer Familie. Was wird sein, wenn die erschütternde Realität der Gegenwart - Drohnenangriffe, Folter, Selbstmordattentate und die Folgen von Umweltkatastrophen - mit aller Gewalt in die USA zurückkehrt? Vor diesem Hintergrund entfaltet Omar El Akkad mit großer erzählerischer Kraft den dramatischen Kampf der jungen Sarat Chestnut, die beschließt, mit allen Mitteln für das Überleben zu kämpfen. »American War« ist in den USA ein literarisches Ereignis, das schon jetzt mit Cormac McCarthy »Die Straße« und Philip Roth »Verschwörung gegen Amerika« verglichen wird.

The History of Warfare

The Ultimate Visual Guide to the History of Warfare from the Ancient World to the American Civil War

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Author: Matthew Bennett,Doyne Dawson,Ron Field,Philip Hawthornwaite,Mike Loades

Publisher: Chartwell Books

ISBN: 0785834613

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4366

Visual approach to military history combining nineteenth-century engravings, artworks, and diagrams with a text featuring a chronological and cultural review of tactics and technology supplemented by thumbnail studies of individual items of arms and armor.

With a Sword in One Hand and Jomini in the Other

The Problem of Military Thought in the Civil War North

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Author: Carol Reardon

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807882577

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 5183

When the Civil War began, Northern soldiers and civilians alike sought a framework to help make sense of the chaos that confronted them. Many turned first to the classic European military texts from the Napoleonic era, especially Antoine Henri Jomini's Summary of the Art of War. As Carol Reardon shows, Jomini's work was only one voice in what ultimately became a lively and contentious national discourse about how the North should conduct war at a time when warfare itself was rapidly changing. She argues that the absence of a strong intellectual foundation for the conduct of war at its start--or, indeed, any consensus on the need for such a foundation--ultimately contributed to the length and cost of the conflict. Reardon examines the great profusion of new or newly translated military texts of the Civil War years, intended to fill that intellectual void, and draws as well on the views of the soldiers and civilians who turned to them in the search for a winning strategy. In examining how debates over principles of military thought entered into the question of qualifications of officers entrusted to command the armies of Northern citizen soldiers, she explores the limitations of nineteenth-century military thought in dealing with the human elements of combat.

The United States and Biological Warfare

Secrets from the Early Cold War and Korea

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Author: Stephen Lyon Endicott,Edward Hagerman

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253334725

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 2560

[The United States and Biological Warfare] is a major contribution to our understanding of the past involvement by the US and Japanese governments with BW, with important, crucial implications for the future.... Pieces of this story, including the Korean War allegations, have been told before, but never so authoritatively, and with such a convincing foundation in historical research.... This is a brave and significant scholarly contribution on a matter of great importance to the future of humanity. —Richard Falk, Albert G. Milbank Professor of International Law and Practice, Princeton University The United States and Biological Warfare argues persuasively that the United States experimented with and deployed biological weapons during the Korean War. Endicott and Hagerman explore the political and moral dimensions of this issue, asking what restraints were applied or forgotten in those years of ideological and political passion and military crisis. For the first time, there is hard evidence that the United States lied both to Congress and the American public in saying that the American biological warfare program was purely defensive and for retaliation only. The truth is that a large and sophisticated biological weapons system was developed as an offensive weapon of opportunity in the post-World War II years. From newly declassified American, Canadian, and British documents, and with the cooperation of the Chinese Central Archives in giving the authors the first access by foreigners to relevant classified documents, Endicott and Hagerman have been able to tell the previously hidden story of the extension of the limits of modern war to include the use of medical science, the most morally laden of sciences with respect to the sanctity of human life. They show how the germ warfare program developed collaboratively by Great Britain, Canada, and the United States during the Second World War, together with information gathered from the Japanese at the end of World War II about their biological warfare technology, was incorporated into an ongoing development program in the United States. Startling evidence from both Chinese and American sources is presented to make the case. An important book for anyone interested in the history and morality of modern warfare.

Villainous Compounds

Chemical Weapons and the American Civil War

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Author: Guy R. Hasegawa

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809334305

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 5700

"This book is a study of the diverse array of chemical weapons that were deployed, prepared for use, or proposed during the Civil War"--

Themes of the American Civil War

The War Between the States

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Author: Susan-Mary Grant,Brian Holden-Reid

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135276587

Category: History

Page: 424

View: 5871

Themes of the American Civil War offers a timely and useful guide to this vast topic for a new generation of students. The volume provides a broad-ranging assessment of the causes, complexities, and consequences of America’s most destructive conflict to date. The essays, written by top scholars in the field, and reworked for this new edition, explore how, and in what ways, differing interpretations of the war have arisen, and explains clearly why the American Civil War remains a subject of enduring interest. It includes chapters covering four broad areas, including The Political Front, The Military Front, The Race Front, and The Ideological Front. Additions to the second edition include a new introduction – added to the current introduction by James McPherson – a chapter on gender, as well as information on the remembrance of the war (historical memory). The addition of several maps, a timeline, and an appendix listing further reading, battlefield statistics, and battle/regiment/general names focuses the book squarely at undergraduates in both the US and abroad.

Leaders of the American Civil War

A Biographical and Historiographical Dictionary

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Author: Charles F. Ritter,Jon L. Wakelyn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135936250

Category: Reference

Page: 465

View: 9032

Provides an overview of the careers of the great military leaders and the critical political leaders of the American Civil War. Entries consider the leader's character and pre-war experience, their contributions to the war effort, and the war's impact on the rest of their lives. An assessment of their historical treatment puts their long-term reputations on the line, and results in a thorough revision of some leaders, a call for further study of others, and a reaffirmation of the accomplishments of the greatest leaders.

Yankee Leviathan

The Origins of Central State Authority in America, 1859–1877

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Author: Richard Franklin Bensel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139935852

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9340

This book describes the impact of the American Civil War on the development of central state authority in the late nineteenth century. The author contends that intense competition for control of the national political economy between the free North and slave South produced secession, which in turn spawned the formation of two new states, a market-oriented northern Union and a southern Confederacy in which government controls on the economy were much more important. During the Civil War, the American state both expanded and became the agent of northern economic development. After the war ended, however, tension within the Republican coalition led to the abandonment of Reconstruction and to the return of former Confederates to political power throughout the South. As a result, American state expansion ground to a halt during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This book makes a major contribution to the understanding of the causes and consequences of the Civil War and the legacy of the war in the twentieth century.

Fateful Lightning

A New History of the Civil War and Reconstruction

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Author: Allen C. Guelzo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199939365

Category: History

Page: 592

View: 5417

The Civil War is the greatest trauma ever experienced by the American nation, a four-year paroxysm of violence that left in its wake more than 600,000 dead, more than 2 million refugees, and the destruction (in modern dollars) of more than $700 billion in property. The war also sparked some of the most heroic moments in American history and enshrined a galaxy of American heroes. Above all, it permanently ended the practice of slavery and proved, in an age of resurgent monarchies, that a liberal democracy could survive the most frightful of challenges. In Fateful Lightning, two-time Lincoln Prize-winning historian Allen C. Guelzo offers a marvelous portrait of the Civil War and its era, covering not only the major figures and epic battles, but also politics, religion, gender, race, diplomacy, and technology. And unlike other surveys of the Civil War era, it extends the reader's vista to include the postwar Reconstruction period and discusses the modern-day legacy of the Civil War in American literature and popular culture. Guelzo also puts the conflict in a global perspective, underscoring Americans' acute sense of the vulnerability of their republic in a world of monarchies. He examines the strategy, the tactics, and especially the logistics of the Civil War and brings the most recent historical thinking to bear on emancipation, the presidency and the war powers, the blockade and international law, and the role of intellectuals, North and South. Written by a leading authority on our nation's most searing crisis, Fateful Lightning offers a vivid and original account of an event whose echoes continue with Americans to this day.

The Image before the Weapon

a critical history of the distinction between combatant and civilian

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Author: Helen M. Kinsella

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801461262

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 6716

Since at least the Middle Ages, the laws of war have distinguished between combatants and civilians under an injunction now formally known as the principle of distinction. The principle of distinction is invoked in contemporary conflicts as if there were an unmistakable and sure distinction to be made between combatant and civilian. As is so brutally evident in armed conflicts, it is precisely the distinction between civilian and combatant, upon which the protection of civilians is founded, cannot be taken as self-evident or stable. Helen M. Kinsella documents that the history of international humanitarian law itself admits the difficulty of such a distinction. In The Image Before the Weapon, Kinsella explores the evolution of the concept of the civilian and how it has been applied in warfare. A series of discourses-including gender, innocence, and civilization- have shaped the legal, military, and historical understandings of the civilian and she documents how these discourses converge at particular junctures to demarcate the difference between civilian and combatant. Engaging with works on the law of war from the earliest thinkers in the Western tradition, including St. Thomas Aquinas and Christine de Pisan, to contemporary figures such as James Turner Johnson and Michael Walzer, Kinsella identifies the foundational ambiguities and inconsistencies in the principle of distinction, as well as the significant role played by Christian concepts of mercy and charity. She then turns to the definition and treatment of civilians in specific armed conflicts: the American Civil War and the U.S.-Indian Wars of the nineteenth century, and the civil wars of Guatemala and El Salvador in the 1980s. Finally, she analyzes the two modern treaties most influential for the principle of distinction: the 1949 IV Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Times of War and the 1977 Protocols Additional to the 1949 Conventions, which for the first time formally defined the civilian within international law. She shows how the experiences of the two world wars, but particularly World War II, and the Algerian war of independence affected these subsequent codifications of the laws of war. As recognition grows that compliance with the principle of distinction to limit violence against civilians depends on a firmer grasp of its legal, political, and historical evolution, The Image before the Weapon is a timely intervention in debates about how best to protect civilian populations.

Das Antlitz des Krieges

die Schlachten von Azincourt 1415, Waterloo 1815 und an der Somme 1916

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Author: John Keegan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783593383248

Category:

Page: 422

View: 8663

George B. McClellan and Civil War History

In the Shadow of Grant and Sherman

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Author: Thomas J. Rowland

Publisher: Kent State University Press

ISBN: 9780873386036

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 9630

Perhaps no other Union commander's legacy in the Civil War has been the subject of as much controversy as George B. McClellan's. Since the midpoint of this century, however, he has emerged as the complex general who, though gifted with administrative and organizational skills, was unable and unwilling to fight with the splendid army he had created. Thomas J. Rowland argues that this interpretation rests squarely within the context of general historical verdicts of the way in which the North eventually triumphed. Civil War scholars have found the quality of Union leadership in the early years of the war wanting, and that it was not until U.S. Grant and W.T. Sherman emerged that success was ensured. On the other hand, Grant and Sherman knew failure but were judged less harshly than was McClellan. In George B. McClellan and Civil War History, Rowland presents a framework in which early Civil War command can be viewed without direct comparison to that of the final two years.

The Civil War in the East: Struggle, Stalemate, and Victory

Struggle, Stalemate, and Victory

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Author: Brooks D. Simpson

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313082774

Category: History

Page: 162

View: 1867

This book fills a gap in Civil War literature on the strategies employed by the Union and Confederacy in the East, offering a more integrated interpretation of military operations that shows how politics, public perception, geography, and logistics shaped the course of military operations in the East.

The Age of Lincoln and the Art of American Power, 1848-1876

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Author: William Nester

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 1612346596

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 6291

Although Abraham Lincoln was among seven presidents who served during the tumultuous years between the end of the Mexican War and the end of the Reconstruction era, history has not been kind to the others: Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore, Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan, Andrew Johnson, and Ulysses S. Grant. In contrast, history sees Abraham Lincoln as a giant in character and deeds. During his presidency, he governed brilliantly, developed the economy, liberated four million people from slavery, reunified the nation, and helped enact the Homestead Act, among other accomplishments. He proved to be not only an outstanding commander in chief but also a skilled diplomat, economist, humanist, educator, and moralist. Lincoln achieved that and more because he was a master of the art of American power. He understood that the struggle for hearts and minds was the essence of politics in a democracy. He asserted power mostly by appealing to peopleÆs hopes rather than their fears. All along he tried to shape rather than reflect prevailing public opinions that differed from his own. To that end, he was brilliant at bridging the gap between progressives and conservatives by reining in the former and urging on the latter. His art of power ultimately reflected his unswerving devotion to the Declaration of IndependenceÆs principles and the ConstitutionÆs institutions, or as he so elegantly expressed it, ôto a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.ö

"Kollaboration" in Nordosteuropa

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Author: Joachim Tauber

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447053679

Category: History

Page: 478

View: 484

Das in den vergangenen Jahren in Osteuropa intensiv diskutierte Problem der Kollaboration mit der deutschen Besatzungsmacht wahrend des Zweiten Weltkriegs erhalt seine aktuelle Brisanz aus der Frage nach der politischen und moralischen Mitverantwortung und Mitbeteiligung der Besiegten und Okkupierten an der national-sozialistischen Besatzungs- und Vernichtungspolitik. Dabei geht es in der Diskussion auch um Begriffe wie nationale Identitat und ?Wurde', vor deren Hintergrund eine Zusammenarbeit mit dem Feind als ?Verrat' empfunden wurde (und wird). In Nordosteuropa ist das Problem der Kollaboration zudem eingebettet in eine komplexe ethnische Struktur und damit verbundene traditionelle Konfliktlagen, die auch wahrend des Zweiten Weltkrieges eine grosse Bedeutung besassen. Dieser Band beschrankt sich deshalb nicht nur auf die Jahre zwischen 1939 und 1945, sondern verfolgt zudem den Ansatz, den Begriff Kollaboration auch ausserhalb seiner zeitlichen Gebundenheit an den Zweiten Weltkrieg auf seine Eignung fur die Analyse von Phanomenen zu untersuchen, die in der Zeit vor 1939 und nach 1945 im Spannungsfeld zwischen Nation und Fremdherrschaft eine zentrale Bedeutung hatten und in den nationalen Historiographien lange verdrangt wurden. Den regionalen Schwerpunkt bilden Polen, Litauen, Lettland und Russland/Sowjetunion, erganzt um einen Beitrag zur Tschechoslowakei. Fallstudien bieten Einblicke in die Ereignisse, aber auch in die historiographische und politisch-gesellschaftliche Auseinandersetzung wahrend und nach den Geschehnissen. Erganzt werden die Landerstudien durch grundlegende Beitrage zu den Begriffen ?Kollaboration' und ?Fremdherrschaft'.

McClellan's War

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Author: Ethan S. Rafuse

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253006147

Category: History

Page: 545

View: 7626

“An important book that rescues George B. McClellan’s military reputation.” —Chronicles Bold, brash, and full of ambition, George Brinton McClellan seemed destined for greatness when he assumed command of all the Union armies before he was 35. It was not to be. Ultimately deemed a failure on the battlefield by Abraham Lincoln, he was finally dismissed from command following the bloody battle of Antietam. To better understand this fascinating, however flawed, character, Ethan S. Rafuse considers the broad and complicated political climate of the earlier 19th Century. Rather than blaming McClellan for the Union’s military losses, Rafuse attempts to understand his political thinking as it affected his wartime strategy. As a result, Rafuse sheds light not only on McClellan’s conduct on the battlefields of 1861-62 but also on United States politics and culture in the years leading up to the Civil War. “Any historian seriously interested in the period will come away from the book with useful material and a better understanding of George B. McClellan.” —Journal of Southern History “Exhaustively researched and lucidly written, Rafuse has done an excellent job in giving us a different perspective on ‘Little Mac.’” —Civil War History “Rafuse’s thoughtful study of Little Mac shows just how enthralling this complex and flawed individual continues to be.” —Blue & Gray magazine

Emancipating Slaves, Enslaving Free Men

A History of the American Civil War

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Author: Jeffrey Hummel

Publisher: Open Court

ISBN: 0812698444

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 2862

This book combines a sweeping narrative of the Civil War with a bold new look at the war’s significance for American society. Professor Hummel sees the Civil War as America’s turning point: simultaneously the culmination and repudiation of the American revolution. While the chapters tell the story of the Civil War and discuss the issues raised in readable prose, each chapter is followed by a detailed bibliographical essay, looking at all the different major works on the subject, with their varying ideological viewpoints and conclusions. In his economic analysis of slavery, Professor Hummel takes a different view than the two major poles which have determined past discussions of the topic. While some writers claim that slavery was unprofitable and harmful to the Southern economy, and others maintain it was profitable and efficient for the South, Hummel uses the economic concept of Deadweight Loss to show that slavery was both highly profitable for slave owners and harmful to Southern economic development. While highly critical of Confederate policy, Hummel argues that the war was fought to prevent secession, not to end slavery, and that preservation of the Union was not necessary to end slavery: the North could have let the South secede peacefully, and slavery would still have been quickly terminated. Part of Hummel’s argument is that the South crucially relied on the Northern states to return runaway slaves to their owners. This new edition has a substantial new introduction by the author, correcting and supplementing the account given in the first edition (the major revision is an increase in the estimate of total casualties) and a foreword by John Majewski, a rising star of Civil War studies.

Lee's Miserables

Life in the Army of Northern Virginia from the Wilderness to Appomattox

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Author: J. Tracy Power

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469620413

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 5154

Never did so large a proportion of the American population leave home for an extended period and produce such a detailed record of its experiences in the form of correspondence, diaries, and other papers as during the Civil War. Based on research in more than 1,200 wartime letters and diaries by more than 400 Confederate officers and enlisted men, this book offers a compelling social history of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia during its final year, from May 1864 to April 1865. Organized in a chronological framework, the book uses the words of the soldiers themselves to provide a view of the army's experiences in camp, on the march, in combat, and under siege--from the battles in the Wilderness to the final retreat to Appomattox. It sheds new light on such questions as the state of morale in the army, the causes of desertion, ties between the army and the home front, the debate over arming black men in the Confederacy, and the causes of Confederate defeat. Remarkably rich and detailed, Lee's Miserables offers a fresh look at one of the most-studied Civil War armies.