The American Civil War and the Origins of Modern Warfare

Ideas, Organization, and Field Command

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Author: Edward Hagerman

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253207159

Category: History

Page: 366

View: 8578

"... a major contribution to our knowledge of the place of the Civil War in the history of warfare.... I have long hoped for a sound history of Civil War military staffs... I need hope no more; Hagerman has covered this subject also, with the same assured expertness that he gives to tactics and technology." —Russell F. Weigley "... this fine book deserves a place on the shelves of all military historians in this country and abroad." —American Historical Review "... a first rate book... impressive... an imposing work... " —Journal of American History "This book is filled with enlightening information.... ought to be a standard for many years to come and should be required reading for any serious Civil War military historian." —Journal of Southern History

The Origins of the American Civil War

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Author: Brian Holden Reid

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317871944

Category: History

Page: 456

View: 8159

The American Civil War (1861-65) was the bloodiest war of the nineteenth century and its impact continues to be felt today. It, and its origins have been studied more intensively than any other period in American history, yet it remains profoundly controversial. Brian Holden Reid's formidable volume is a major contribution to this ongoing historical debate. Based on a wealth of primary research, it examines every aspect of the origins of the conflict and addresses key questions such as was it an avoidable tragedy, or a necessary catharsis for a divided nation? How far was slavery the central issue? Why should the conflict have errupted into violence and why did it not escalate into world war?

Attack and Die

Civil War Military Tactics and the Southern Heritage

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Author: Grady McWhiney,Perry D. Jamieson

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817302298

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 2187

Examines military strategy and the reasons for the large numbers of Confederate casualties

Railroads in the Civil War

The Impact of Management on Victory and Defeat

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Author: John E. Clark, Jr.

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 0807152668

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 4739

By the time of the Civil War, the railroads had advanced to allow the movement of large numbers of troops even though railways had not yet matured into a truly integrated transportation system. Gaps between lines, incompatible track gauges, and other vexing impediments remained in both the North and South. As John E. Clark explains in this compelling study, the skill with which Union and Confederate war leaders met those problems and utilized the rail system to its fullest potential was an essential ingredient for ultimate victory.

Inside War

The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri During the American Civil War

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Author: Michael Fellman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198021933

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 7225

During the Civil War, the state of Missouri witnessed the most widespread, prolonged, and destructive guerrilla fighting in American history. With its horrific combination of robbery, arson, torture, murder, and swift and bloody raids on farms and settlements, the conflict approached total war, engulfing the whole populace and challenging any notion of civility. Michael Fellman's Inside War captures the conflict from "inside," drawing on a wealth of first-hand evidence, including letters, diaries, military reports, court-martial transcripts, depositions, and newspaper accounts. He gives us a clear picture of the ideological, social, and economic forces that divided the people and launched the conflict. Along with depicting how both Confederate and Union officials used the guerrilla fighters and their tactics to their own advantage, Fellman describes how ordinary civilian men and women struggled to survive amidst the random terror perpetuated by both sides; what drove the combatants themselves to commit atrocities and vicious acts of vengeance; and how the legend of Jesse James arose from this brutal episode in the American Civil War.

Battle Tactics of the Civil War

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Author: Paddy Griffith

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300042474

Category: History

Page: 239

View: 5471

Analyzes the events, weapons, and strategies of the Civil War and argues that the introduction of modern weaponry did not have significant effect on the outcome or the conduct of the war

How the North Won

A Military History of the Civil War

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Author: Herman Hattaway,Archer Jones

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252062100

Category: History

Page: 762

View: 5256

A description of the military operations of the Civil War includes analyses of the leadership and strategies of both sides of the conflict

Strangling the Confederacy

Coastal Operations in the American Civil War

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Author: Kevin Dougherty

Publisher: Casemate

ISBN: 1935149504

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 8429

A selection of the Military Book Club While the Civil War is mainly remembered for its epic battles between the Northern and Southern armies, the Union was simultaneously waging another campaign—dubbed “Anaconda”—that was gradually depriving the South of industry and commerce, thus rendering the exploits of its field armies moot. When an independent Dixie finally met the dustbin of history, it was the North’s coastal campaign, as much as the achievements of its main forces, that was primarily responsible. Strangling the Confederacy examines the various naval actions and land incursions the Union waged from Virginia down the Atlantic Coast and through the Gulf of Mexico to methodically close down every Confederate port that could bring in weapons or supplies. The Rebels responded with fast ships—blockade runners—that tried to evade the Yankee fleets, while at the same time constructing formidable fortifications that could protect the ports themselves. While Union troopships floated offshore, able to strike anywhere, mobile Confederate forces were kept at hand near crucial points, albeit in smaller numbers, to resist Federal irruptions into their homeland. In the final analysis, the Union’s Navy Board, a unique institution at the time, undertook the correct strategy. Its original decision to focus on ten seaports that had rail or water connections with the Confederate interior—from Norfolk to Charleston to Mobile to New Orleans—shows that the Navy Board understood the concept of decisive points. In a number of battles the Federals were able to leverage their superior technology, including steam power and rifled artillery, in a way that made the Confederate coastal defenses highly vulnerable, if not obsolete. On the other hand, when the Federals encountered Confederate resistance at close-quarters they often experienced difficulties, as in the failures at Fort Fisher, the debacle at Battery Wagner, the Battle of Olustee, and in other clashes. What makes this book particularly unique is its use of modern military doctrine to assess and analyze the campaigns. Kevin Dougherty, an accomplished historian and former career Army officer, concludes that, without knowing it, the Navy Board did an excellent job at following modern strategic doctrine. While the multitude of small battles that flared along the Rebel coast throughout the Civil War have heretofore not been as well known as the more titanic inland battles, in a cumulative sense, Anaconda—the most prolonged of the Union campaigns—spelled doom for the Confederacy.

A Savage Conflict

The Decisive Role of Guerrillas in the American Civil War

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Author: Daniel E. Sutherland

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807888674

Category: History

Page: 456

View: 8785

While the Civil War is famous for epic battles involving massive armies engaged in conventional warfare, A Savage Conflict is the first work to treat guerrilla warfare as critical to understanding the course and outcome of the Civil War. Daniel Sutherland argues that irregular warfare took a large toll on the Confederate war effort by weakening support for state and national governments and diminishing the trust citizens had in their officials to protect them.

The Structure of Strategic Revolution

Total War and the Roots of the Soviet Warfare State

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Author: James Joseph Schneider

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 334

View: 5569

The national defense and security apparatus, internal and external, developed by the Soviet Union was unique in the history of the world. Soviet leaders created a warfare state that, taken in its totality, left no part of life in the Soviet Union untouched. Social, economic, artistic, industrial, politicalall aspects of Soviet society were affected. Professor Schneider shows how the Soviet security apparatus evolved and how the warfare state was achieved by Stalin. He offers important new insights into the strategic revolution of the nineteenth century that resulted from the Industrial Revolution, providing the technological means and industrial capacity for nations to wage total war.

Villainous Compounds

Chemical Weapons and the American Civil War

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Author: Guy R. Hasegawa

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809334313

Category: History

Page: 182

View: 8025

Most studies of modern chemical warfare begin with World War I and the widespread use of poison gas by both sides in the conflict. However, as Guy R. Hasegawa reveals in this fascinating study, numerous chemical agents were proposed during the Civil War era. As combat commenced, Hasegawa shows, a few forward-thinking chemists recognized the advantages of weaponizing the noxious, sometimes deadly aspects of certain chemical concoctions. They and numerous ordinary citizens proposed a host of chemical weapons, from liquid chlorine in artillery shells to cayenne pepper solution sprayed from fire engines. In chilling detail, Hasegawa describes the potential weapons, the people behind the concepts, and the evolution of some chemical weapon concepts into armaments employed in future wars. As he explains, bureaucrats in the war departments of both armies either delayed or rejected outright most of these unusual weapons, viewing them as unneeded or unworkable. Nevertheless, many of the proposed armaments presaged the widespread use of chemical weapons in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Especially timely with today’s increased chemical threats from terrorists and the alleged use of chemical agents in the Syrian Civil War, Villainous Compounds: Chemical Weapons and the American Civil War expands the history of chemical warfare and exposes a disturbing new facet of the Civil War. In chilling detail, Hasegawa describes the weapons proposed and prepared for use during the war and introduces the people behind the concepts. Although many of the ideas for chemical weapons had a historical precedent, most of the suggested agents were used in industry or medicine, and their toxicity was common knowledge. Proponents, including a surprisingly high number of civilian physicians, suggested a wide variety of potential chemical weapons—from liquid chlorine in artillery shells to cayenne pepper solution sprayed from fire engines. Some weapons advocates expressed ethical qualms, while others were silent on the matter or justified their suggestions as necessary under current circumstances. As Hasegawa explains, bureaucrats in the war departments of both armies either delayed or rejected outright most of these unusual weapons, viewing them as unneeded or unworkable. Nevertheless, many of the proposed armaments presaged the widespread use of chemical weapons in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. For example, while Civil War munitions technology was not advanced enough to deliver poison gas in artillery shells as some advocates suggested, the same idea saw extensive use during World War I. Similarly, forms of an ancient incendiary weapon, Greek fire, were used sparingly during the Civil War and appeared in later conflicts as napalm bombs and flamethrowers. Especially timely with today’s increased chemical threats from terrorists and the alleged use of chemical agents in the Syrian Civil War, Villainous Compounds: Chemical Weapons and the American Civil War reveals the seldom-explored chemical side of Civil War armaments and illuminates an underappreciated stage in the origins of modern chemical warfare.

The Iron Way

Railroads, the Civil War, and the Making of Modern America

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Author: William G. Thomas

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300141076

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 1208

Beginning with Frederick Douglass's escape from slavery in 1838 on the railroad, and ending with the driving of the golden spike to link the transcontinental railroad in 1869, this book charts a critical period of American expansion and national formation, one largely dominated by the dynamic growth of railroads and telegraphs. William G. Thomas brings new evidence to bear on railroads, the Confederate South, slavery, and the Civil War era, based on groundbreaking research in digitized sources never available before. The Iron Way revises our ideas about the emergence of modern America and the role of the railroads in shaping the sectional conflict. Both the North and the South invested in railroads to serve their larger purposes, Thomas contends. Though railroads are often cited as a major factor in the Union's victory, he shows that they were also essential to the formation of "the South" as a unified region. He discusses the many—and sometimes unexpected—effects of railroad expansion and proposes that America's great railroads became an important symbolic touchstone for the nation's vision of itself. Please visit the Railroads and the Making of Modern America website at http://railroads.unl.edu.

Living Hell

The Dark Side of the Civil War

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Author: Michael C. C. Adams

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421412217

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 5522

Drawing on letters and soldier memoirs, examines the human cost of the Civil War, from the daily distresses faced by soldiers to the psychological damage survivors experienced.

The West Point History of the Civil War

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Author: Clifford Rogers,Colonel Ty Seidule,Samuel J. Watson

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476782628

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 1176

An authorized military account of the Civil War combines the expertise of preeminent historians with images and maps from West Point archives to explain the tactics, decisions, and consequences of the military campaigns.

Red Acropolis, Black Terror

The Greek Civil War and the Origins of Soviet-American Rivalry, 1943-1949

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Author: André Gerolymatos

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 2749

The first objective full-length accounting of the Greek Civil War takes readers back to the dawn of the Cold War, when, during the closing days of World War II, Greek partisan factions squared off in a battle for the nation that would draw the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and the U.S. into the conflict. 25,000 first printing.

The Worldwide History of Warfare

The Ultimate Visual Guide, from the Ancient World to the American Civil War

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Author: Timothy Newark

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500287996

Category: Military art and science

Page: 320

View: 5408

The Worldwide History of Warfare combines historical engravings, diagrams and artwork with an engaging modern text to create a visual study of humankinds extraordinary capacity for ingenuity in inventing new ways to wage war. The history of military hardware is interjected with fascinating diagrams of tactics and famous battles, which alongside an extensive glossary of terms creates a complete grammar for the school of war. Navigational features include tabs with detailed cross-references and timelines of key battles and inventions, which aid the reader in exploring the complex battleground of the history of warfare from ancient times through to the American Civil War.

The War for a Nation

The American Civil War

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Author: Susan-Mary Grant

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135862419

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 8990

The War for a Nation provides a brief introduction to the American Civil War from the perspective of military personnel and civilians who participated in the conflict. Susan-Mary Grant brings the war, its many battles, and those who fought them – male and female, black and white – to the center of a riveting narrative that is accessible to general readers and students of American history. The War for a Nation explains, in a clear narrative structure, the war's origins, its battles, the expansion of the Union, the struggle for emancipation, and the following saga of Reconstruction. By drawing its examples from primary source documents, first-hand accounts, and scholarly research, The War for a Nation introduces readers to the human-interest aspects as well as the historiographical debates surrounding what was the most destructive war ever fought on American soil.

Civil War Infantry Tactics

Training, Combat, and Small-Unit Effectiveness

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Author: Earl J. Hess

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 0807159395

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 754

For decades, military historians have argued that the introduction of the rifle musket-with a range five times longer than that of the smoothbore musket-made the shoulder-to-shoulder formations of linear tactics obsolete. Author Earl J. Hess challenges this deeply entrenched assumption. He contends that long-range rifle fire did not dominate Civil War battlefields or dramatically alter the course of the conflict because soldiers had neither the training nor the desire to take advantage of the musket rifle's increased range. Drawing on the drill manuals available to officers and a close reading of battle reports, Civil War Infantry Tactics demonstrates that linear tactics provided the best formations and maneuvers to use with the single-shot musket, whether rifle or smoothbore. The linear system was far from an outdated relic that led to higher casualties and prolonged the war. Indeed, regimental officers on both sides of the conflict found the formations and maneuvers in use since the era of the French Revolution to be indispensable to the survival of their units on the battlefield. The training soldiers received in this system, combined with their extensive experience in combat, allowed small units a high level of articulation and effectiveness. Unlike much military history that focuses on grand strategies, Hess zeroes in on formations and maneuvers (or primary tactics), describing their purpose and usefulness in regimental case studies, and pinpointing which of them were favorites of unit commanders in the field. The Civil War was the last conflict in North America to see widespread use of the linear tactical system, and Hess convincingly argues that the war also saw the most effective tactical performance yet in America's short history.

Dark Trophies

Hunting and the Enemy Body in Modern War

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Author: Simon Harrison

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857454986

Category: History

Page: 233

View: 5436

Many anthropological accounts of warfare in indigenous societies have described the taking of heads or other body parts as trophies. But almost nothing is known of the prevalence of trophy-taking of this sort in the armed forces of contemporary nation-states. This book is a history of this type of misconduct among military personnel over the past two centuries, exploring its close connections with colonialism, scientific collecting and concepts of race, and how it is a model for violent power relationships between groups.