The Albanians

A Modern History


Author: Miranda Vickers

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857736558

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 2072

This is the first full account of a country that, following decades of isolation, has undergone unprecedented changes to its political system: the collapse of communism, the progression to multi-party elections and the upheaval that followed the March 1997 uprising. Miranda Vickers traces the history of the Albanian people from the Ottoman period to the formation of the Albanian Communist Party. She considers the charismatic leadership of Enver Hoxha; Albania’s relationship with Tito and the alliance with the Soviet Union and then China; and the long period of isolation. Newly revised for this paperback edition, The Albanians considers the gradual process of reform and the fragility of the Albanian experiment with democracy, and includes a dramatic account of the days leading up to Sali Berisha’s resignation of the presidency. It has now been updated to cover the crisis in Kosovo that has led to the first ‘Western’ war in Europe since 1945.

Der Balkan


Author: Mark Mazower

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783833300813

Category: Balkan Peninsula

Page: 270

View: 3799

The Albanian Question

Reshaping the Balkans


Author: James Pettifer,Miranda Vickers

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781860649745

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 2691

In 1997 the previously little-known and isolated Balkan country of Albania exploded as the first armed uprising in mainland Europe since the 1920s brought the country to the brink of civil war. As the violence spread first to neighbouring Kosovo, then to south-east Serbia and finally to former Yugoslav Macedonia, the Albanian question increasingly took center stage in world affairs. This book examines Albania's place in the Balkans, a region which had been forced simultaneously to come to terms with the realities of a post-Communist world and the threat of Slobodan Milosevic's "Greater Serbia" project.

Albania in the Twentieth Century, A History

Volume I: Albania and King Zog, 1908-39


Author: Owen Pearson

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781845110130

Category: History

Page: 585

View: 3821

Owen Pearson presents a complete account of the 20th century in Albania, from its breakaway from the Ottoman Empire in 1908 to the Kosova War in 1999. He chronicles the monarchy of King Zog and the wartime period where Albania became a battleground for the Greek, Italian and German armies, and much more.

Albanian Identities

Myth and History


Author: Stephanie Schwandner-Sievers,Bernd Jürgen Fischer

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253341891

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 4825

"... a pioneering effort in English-language studies on Albania." --Nicholas C. Pano Albanian history is permeated by myths and mythical narratives that often serve political purposes, from the depiction of the legendary "founder of the nation," Skanderbeg, to the exploits of the KLA in the recent Kosovo War. The essays in Albanian Identities, by a multinational, multidisciplinary team of scholars and non-academic specialists, deconstruct prevalent political or historiographical myths about Albania's past and present, bringing to light the ways in which Albanian myths have served to justify and direct violence, buttress political power, and foster internal cohesion. Albanian Identities demonstrates the power of myths to this day, as they underpin political and social processes in crisis-ridden, post-totalitarian Albania.

Historical Dictionary of Albania


Author: Robert Elsie

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810873803

Category: History

Page: 662

View: 2789

Albania is not well known by outsiders; it was deliberately closed to the outside world during the communist era. Now it has thankfully become free again, its borders are open and it can be visited, and it is increasingly integrating with the rest of Europe and beyond. Unfortunately, Albania has had its share of problems in the post-communist era; it's a land of destitution and despair, thanks in part to the Albanian mafia, which has turned the country into one of blood-feuds, kalashnikovs, and eternal crises. Yet, Albania is, in essence, a European nation like any other and will soon, it is to be hoped, advance and take its proper place in Europe and the world. The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Albania relates the history of this little-known country through a detailed chronology, an introduction, a bibliography, appendixes, and over 700 cross-referenced dictionary entries on significant persons, places, and events; institutions and organizations; and political, economic, social, cultural, and religious facets.

Das Buch Mormon


Author: Joseph Smith

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 5883931774

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3925

Die islamische Aufklärung

Der Konflikt zwischen Glaube und Vernunft


Author: Christopher de Bellaigue

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104906467

Category: Religion

Page: 544

View: 2108

»Erhellend, großartig geschrieben, ein Buch, das uns hilft, das Verständnis zwischen islamischer Welt und Moderne zu verstehen.« Yuval Noah Harari, Autor von »Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit« Die islamische Aufklärung hat längst stattgefunden. In einer fulminanten Erzählung demontiert Christopher de Bellaigue die oft selbstgefällige westliche Sicht auf die arabische Welt. Auch in Ägypten, im Iran und der Türkei gab es nach 1800 eine breite Bewegung für Freiheit, Gleichheit und Demokratie und für einen weltlichen Staat, für Frauenrechte und Gewerkschaften, freie Presse und die Abschaffung der Sklaverei. In atemberaubender Geschwindigkeit modernisierten sich die arabischen Gesellschaften. Doch die Gegenaufklärung folgte auf dem Fuß, mit autokratischen Regimen und fundamentalistischem Terror. De Bellaigue schildert den Kampf zwischen Glaube und Vernunft und um eine neue muslimische Identität. Eine reiche, überraschende Geschichte, eine radikal neue Sicht auf den modernen Islam. »Eine ausgesprochen originelle und informative Studie über die Zusammenstöße zwischen dem Islam und der Moderne in Istanbul, Kairo und Teheran während der letzten zweihundert Jahre.« Orhan Pamuk »Christopher de Bellaigue gehört seit Langem schon zu den einfallsreichsten und anregendsten Interpreten einiger von Angst und Vorurteil verstellter Realitäten. In ›Die islamische Aufklärung‹ seziert er den selbstgefälligen Gegensatz zwischen Islam und Moderne und enthüllt dabei eine faszinierende Welt: eine Welt, in der Menschen sich unter dem Druck der Geschichte ständig verändern, improvisieren und sich anpassen. Es ist genau das richtige Buch für unsere in Unordnung geratene Welt: zeitgemäß, dringlich und erhellend.« Pankaj Mishra »Zur rechten Zeit, tiefsinnig und provokativ.« Peter Frankopan

Albania's Greatest Friend

Aubrey Herbert and the Making of Modern Albania: Diaries and Papers 1904-1923


Author: Aubrey Herbert

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1848854447

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 371

View: 4330

Noel Malcolm is the author of Bosnia: A Short History and Kosovo: A Short History. --Book Jacket.

Albanian Literature

A Short History


Author: Robert Elsie

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781845110314

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 291

View: 6637

Albanian writing shot to prominence with the rumored nomination of Ismael Kadare for the Nobel Prize in 2004. Otherwise, very little is known or has been written in the English-speaking world about Albanian literature. Its fate followed the brutal course of Balkan political history. Despite its tumultuous history, Albania has nonetheless produced writers of the highest calibre, such as A.Z. Cajupi, Gjergj Fishta and, of course, Kadare. Albanian Literature: A Short History is a unique work of reference, which provides a concise and complete overview from the thirteenth century to the present day. I.B.Tauris in association with the Centre for Albanian Studies.

Modern Albania

From Dictatorship to Democracy in Europe


Author: Fred C. Abrahams

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479838098

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 5550

In the early 1990s, Albania, arguably Europe’s most closed and repressive state, began a startling transition out of forty years of self-imposed Communist isolation. Albanians who were not allowed to practice religion, travel abroad, wear jeans, or read “decadent” Western literature began to devour the outside world. They opened cafés, companies, and newspapers. Previously banned rock music blared in the streets. Modern Albania offers a vivid history of the Albanian Communist regime’s fall and the trials and tribulations that led the country to become the state it is today. The book provides an in-depth look at the Communists' last Politburo meetings and the first student revolts, the fall of the Stalinist regime, the outflows of refugees, the crash of the massive pyramid-loan schemes, the war in neighboring Kosovo, and Albania’s relationship with the United States. Fred Abrahams weaves together personal experience from more than twenty years of work in Albania, interviews with key Albanians and foreigners who played a role in the country’s politics since 1990—including former Politburo members, opposition leaders, intelligence agents, diplomats, and founders of the Kosovo Liberation Army—and a close examination of hundreds of previously secret government records from Albania and the United States. A rich, narratively-driven account, Modern Albania gives readers a front-row seat to the dramatic events of the last battle of Cold War Europe.

Returning Home to Rome

The Basilian Monks of Grottaferrata in Albania


Author: Ines Angjeli Murzaku

Publisher: Analekta Kryptoferris

ISBN: 8889345047

Category: Religion

Page: 309

View: 9232

Die Pyramide



Author: Ismail Kadare

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104905959

Category: Fiction

Page: 160

View: 5093

Ein ewiges steinernes Rätsel, so liegen die Pyramiden in der Wüste. Ismail Kadares »ägyptischer Roman« nimmt die Errichtung der sagenumwobenen Cheops-Pyramide zum Gegenstand einer vielsagenden politischen Parabel, aus der die Erfahrung totalitärer Herrschaft spricht. Als der junge Pharao Cheops verkündet, keine Pyramide errichten lassen zu wollen, erfasst die Berater des Herrschers große Unruhe: Ein Ägypten ohne Pyramiden ist unvorstellbar. Ein altes Papyrus gibt Aufschluss über ihren Ursprung. Stets ging ihrer Errichtung eine Staatskrise voraus. Nur eine Sache von solch grandioser Überflüssigkeit wie die Pyramiden vermag es, jene aufrührerischen Kräfte zu binden, die aus Überfluss und Wohlleben entstehen. Nach außen verschaffen sie Ruhm und Anerkennung, im Inneren stärken sie die Herrschaft des Pharao. Und so wird auch Cheops seine Pyramide errichten lassen: Ein Monster, das die Ägypter unterdrückt, peinigt und auszehrt, bevor es zuletzt den Körper des Pharao verschlingt. So liegen die Pyramiden nun in der Wüste, ein Grab und eine Metapher für das Scheitern monströser Utopien und den Verfall großer Weltreiche. Im Spiegel eines längst vergangenen Weltreiches erzählt Ismail Kadare von der Brutalität des Despotismus, nicht zuletzt vor dem Hintergrund totalitärer Herrschaft im 20. Jahrhundert.

In Europa

eine Reise durch das 20. Jahrhundert


Author: Geert Mak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570550182


Page: 943

View: 9918

A Concise Historical Grammar of the Albanian Language

Reconstruction of Proto-Albanian


Author: Vladimir Ė Orel

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004116474

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 332

View: 3335

This book deals with the historical development of the Albanian language (its phonology, morphology and lexicon) from prehistoric times to our days. The main focus of the book is the reconstruction of Proto-Albanian in its relation to its ancestor, Indo-European, and to modern Albanian.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism


Author: S. A. Smith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667528

Category: History

Page: 672

View: 7095

The impact of Communism on the twentieth century was massive, equal to that of the two world wars. Until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, historians knew relatively little about the secretive world of communist states and parties. Since then, the opening of state, party, and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. The thirty-five essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of scholars, draw on this new material to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century. In contrast to many histories that concentrate on the Soviet Union, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism is genuinely global in its coverage, paying particular attention to the Chinese Revolution. It is 'global', too, in the sense that the essays seek to integrate history 'from above' and 'from below', to trace the complex mediations between state and society, and to explore the social and cultural as well as the political and economic realities that shaped the lives of citizens fated to live under communist rule. The essays reflect on the similarities and differences between communist states in order to situate them in their socio-political and cultural contexts and to capture their changing nature over time. Where appropriate, they also reflect on how the fortunes of international communism were shaped by the wider economic, political, and cultural forces of the capitalist world. The Handbook provides an informative introduction for those new to the field and a comprehensive overview of the current state of scholarship for those seeking to deepen their understanding.