Technics and Civilization

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Author: Lewis Mumford,Langdon Winner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226550273

Category: History

Page: 495

View: 2159

Technics and Civilization first presented its compelling history of the machine and critical study of its effects on civilization in 1934—before television, the personal computer, and the Internet even appeared on our periphery. Drawing upon art, science, philosophy, and the history of culture, Lewis Mumford explained the origin of the machine age and traced its social results, asserting that the development of modern technology had its roots in the Middle Ages rather than the Industrial Revolution. Mumford sagely argued that it was the moral, economic, and political choices we made, not the machines that we used, that determined our then industrially driven economy. Equal parts powerful history and polemic criticism, Technics and Civilization was the first comprehensive attempt in English to portray the development of the machine age over the last thousand years—and to predict the pull the technological still holds over us today. “The questions posed in the first paragraph of Technics and Civilization still deserve our attention, nearly three quarters of a century after they were written.”—Journal of Technology and Culture

Der Mensch und die Technik

Beitrag zu einer Philosophie des Lebens

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Author: Oswald Spengler

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3954558661

Category: Philosophy

Page: 92

View: 4768

Oswald Spengler veröffentlichte seinen längeren Essay 1931, in dessen Zentrum die These steht, dass die Moderne, das Zeitalter der entfesselten Technik, unaufhaltsam dem eigenen Untergang zutreibt. Die aus Spenglers Hauptwerk »Der Untergang des Abendlandes« abgeleitete Befund war schon bei Erscheinen umstritten. Zugleich greift der Autor in seinem Text aber auch Fragen auf, die heute heftiger denn je diskutiert werde: die absolute Herrschaft von Technologie und Industrie, daraus folgende ökologische Probleme, Sinnverlust angesichts der Zweideutigkeit des technischen Fortschritts.

Art and Technics

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Author: Lewis Mumford

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231121057

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 4178

A CLASSIC EXPLORATION OF THE MORAL PREDICAMENT OF ART IN A TECHNOLOGICAL SOCIETY Lewis Mumford -- architectural critic, theorist of technology, urbanologist, city planner, cultural critic, historian, biographer, and philosopher -- was the author of more than thirty influential books, many of which expounded his views on the perils of urban sprawl and a society obsessed with "technics". Featuring a new introduction by Casey Nelson Blake, this classic text provides the essence of Mumford's views on the distinct yet interpenetrating roles of technology and the arts in modern culture. Mumford contends that modern man's overemphasis on technics has contributed to the depersonalization and emptiness of much of twentieth-century life. He issues a call for a renewed respect for artistic impulses and achievements. His repeated insistence that technological development take the Human as its measure -- as well as his impassioned plea for humanity to make the most of its "splendid potentialities and promise" and reverse its progress toward anomie and destruction -- is ever more relevant as the new century dawns.

The Future of Technics & Civilization

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Author: Lewis Mumford

Publisher: Freedom Press (CA)

ISBN: 9780900384325

Category: Philosophy

Page: 184

View: 441

A brilliant survey of our response to changing technology, which sets out the prerequisites for a rational use of our discoveries and inventions as a means of human liberation rather than enslavement.

Mass Communication and American Social Thought

Key Texts, 1919-1968

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Author: John Durham Peters,Peter Simonson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742528390

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 530

View: 9517

This anthology of hard-to-find primary documents provides a solid overview of the foundations of American media studies. Focusing on mass communication and society and how this research fits into larger patterns of social thought, this valuable collection features key texts covering the media studies traditions of the Chicago school, the effects tradition, the critical theory of the Frankfurt school, and mass society theory. Where possible, articles are reproduced in their entirety to preserve the historical flavor and texture of the original works. Topics include popular theater, yellow journalism, cinema, books, public relations, political and military propaganda, advertising, opinion polling, photography, the avant-garde, popular magazines, comics, the urban press, radio drama, soap opera, popular music, and television drama and news. This text is ideal for upper-level courses in mass communication and media theory, media and society, mass communication effects, and mass media history.

Transatlantische Ambivalenzen

Studien zur Sozial- und Ideengeschichte des 18. bis 20. Jahrhunderts

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Author: Paul Nolte

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110359790

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 1733

Close transatlantic relations are no longer taken for granted. Paul Nolte examines the causes of this change and, along the way, analyzes the basic structures of Western modernity from the early modern era until today: revolutionary movements, the creation of the market society, and the origins of republicanism and democracy. His analysis adds historical depth to our snapshot images of German-American relations.

Between Human and Machine

Feedback, Control, and Computing Before Cybernetics

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Author: David A. Mindell

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801880575

Category: Computers

Page: 439

View: 4920

"In contextualizing the theory of cybernetics, Mindell gives engineering back forgotten parts of its history, and shows how important historical circumstances are to technological change." -- Networker

Lewis Mumford

Critic of Culture and Civilization

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Author: Shuxue Li

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039115570

Category: Social Science

Page: 241

View: 5818

Lewis Mumford’s achievements as an architectural critic, literary critic and urbanist are well known. However, his contribution to the American studies movement and to cultural studies in general has almost been forgotten in recent years. By situating Mumford’s work in its contemporary intellectual context and by considering some of its legacies for the study of ‘culture and civilization’ - especially in the nascent field of American studies - this book considers Mumford as an ‘author’, drawing out some of the expressive, political and methodological significance of this term. In an attempt to counter frequent arguments that Mumford’s works are inconsistent, repetitive and derivative, the author argues that, taken as a whole, they demonstrate a consistent inter-disciplinary or trans-disciplinary critical project, and that Mumford’s thought is comparable with that of Marx and Weber. The book traces this critical project through Mumford’s works from the early twentieth century and also through his formal process of writing. The author aims to show that Mumford’s project was neither provincial nor reactionary, as some have argued, but was instead a dynamic juxtaposition of past and present that enabled him to imagine a future where humans might fulfil their potential in a more perfectly republican, even utopian, urban space.

Man Today

Problems, Values and Fulfillment

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Author: Howard L. Parsons

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789060321232

Category: Civilization, Modern

Page: 208

View: 3914

DDT and the American Century

Global Health, Environmental Politics, and the Pesticide That Changed the World

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Author: David Kinkela

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807869307

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 8878

Praised for its ability to kill insects effectively and cheaply and reviled as an ecological hazard, DDT continues to engender passion across the political spectrum as one of the world's most controversial chemical pesticides. In DDT and the American Century, David Kinkela chronicles the use of DDT around the world from 1941 to the present with a particular focus on the United States, which has played a critical role in encouraging the global use of the pesticide. Kinkela's study offers a unique approach to understanding both this contentious chemical and modern environmentalism in an international context.

Der Europäische Traum

Die Vision einer leisen Supermacht

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Author: Jeremy Rifkin

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593400928

Category: Fiction

Page: 464

View: 8954

Welches politische System bietet langfristig Frieden, Gerechtigkeit und Humanität? Jeremy Rifkin macht sich auf die Suche nach einer neuen, zukunftsfähigen Weltordnung. Und er findet sie - in Europa. Der alte Kontinent ist der Hoffnungsträger für eine gerechtere Welt.

Technic and Magic

The Reconstruction of Reality

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Author: Federico Campagna

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350044040

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 3708

We take for granted that only certain kind of things exist – electrons but not angels, passports but not nymphs. This is what we understand as 'reality'. But in fact, 'reality' varies with each era of the world, in turn shaping the field of what is possible to do, think and imagine. Our contemporary age has embraced a troubling and painful form of reality: Technic. Under Technic, the foundations of reality begin to crumble, shrinking the field of the possible and freezing our lives in an anguished state of paralysis. Technic and Magic shows that the way out of the present deadlock lies much deeper than debates on politics or economics. By drawing from an array of Northern and Southern sources – spanning from Heidegger, Junger and Stirner's philosophies, through Pessoa's poetry, to Advaita Vedanta, Bhartrhari, Ibn Arabi, Suhrawardi and Mulla Sadra's theosophies – Magic is presented as an alternative system of reality to Technic. While Technic attempts to capture the world through an 'absolute language', Magic centres its reconstruction of the world around the notion of the 'ineffable' that lies at the heart of existence. Technic and Magic is an original philosophical work, and a timely cultural intervention. It disturbs our understanding of the structure of reality, while restoring it in a new form. This is possibly the most radical act: if we wish to change our world, first we have to change the idea of 'reality' that defines it.

The Dynamics of Science and Technology

Social Values, Technical Norms and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge

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Author: W. Krohn,E.T. Layton Jr.,P. Weingart

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400998287

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 2988

The interrelations of science and technology as an object of study seem to have drawn the attention of a number of disciplines: the history of both science and technology, sociology, economics and economic history, and even the philosophy of science. The question that comes to mind is whether the phenomenon itself is new or if advances in the disciplines involved account for this novel interest, or, in fact, if both are intercon nected. When the editors set out to plan this volume, their more or less explicit conviction was that the relationship of science and technology did reveal a new configuration and that the disciplines concerned with 1tS analysis failed at least in part to deal with the change because of conceptual and methodological preconceptions. To say this does not imply a verdict on the insufficiency of one and the superiority of any other one disciplinary approach. Rather, the situation is much more complex. In economics, for example, the interest in the relationship between science and technology is deeply influenced by the theoretical problem of accounting for the factors of economic growth. The primary concern is with technology and the problem is whether the market induces technological advances or whether they induce new demands that explain the subsequent diffusion of new technologies. Science is generally considered to be an exogenous factor not directly subject to market forces and, therefore, appears to be of no interest.

Pragmatism and the Political Economy of Cultural Evolution

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Author: James Livingston

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807863033

Category: History

Page: 424

View: 5252

The rise of corporate capitalism was a cultural revolution as well as an economic event, according to James Livingston. That revolution resides, he argues, in the fundamental reconstruction of selfhood, or subjectivity, that attends the advent of an 'age of surplus' under corporate auspices. From this standpoint, consumer culture represents a transition to a society in which identities as well as incomes are not necessarily derived from the possession of productive labor or property. From the same standpoint, pragmatism and literary naturalism become ways of accommodating the new forms of solidarity and subjectivity enabled by the emergence of corporate capitalism. So conceived, they become ways of articulating alternatives to modern, possessive individualism. Livingston argues accordingly that the flight from pragmatism led by Lewis Mumford was an attempt to refurbish a romantic version of modern, possessive individualism. This attempt still shapes our reading of pragmatism, Livingston claims, and will continue to do so until we understand that William James was not merely a well-meaning middleman between Charles Peirce and John Dewey and that James's pragmatism was both a working model of postmodern subjectivity and a novel critique of capitalism.

Science, Technology and the German Cultural Imagination

Papers from the Conference 'The Fragile Tradition', Cambridge 2002. Vol. 3

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Author: Christian Emden,David R. Midgley

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039101702

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 8248

This volume of conference papers highlights the connections between developments in technology and scientific thought since the 16th century on the one hand, and the ways in which the creative imagination of literary writers has responded to those developments on the other.

Landscape of the Mind

Human Evolution and the Archaeology of Thought

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Author: John F. Hoffecker

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023151848X

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 7848

In Landscape of the Mind, John F. Hoffecker explores the origin and growth of the human mind, drawing on archaeology, history, and the fossil record. He suggests that, as an indirect result of bipedal locomotion, early humans developed a feedback relationship among their hands, brains, and tools that evolved into the capacity to externalize thoughts in the form of shaped stone objects. When anatomically modern humans evolved a parallel capacity to externalize thoughts as symbolic language, individual brains within social groups became integrated into a "neocortical Internet," or super-brain, giving birth to the mind. Noting that archaeological traces of symbolism coincide with evidence of the ability to generate novel technology, Hoffecker contends that human creativity, as well as higher order consciousness, is a product of the superbrain. He equates the subsequent growth of the mind with human history, which began in Africa more than 50,000 years ago. As anatomically modern humans spread across the globe, adapting to a variety of climates and habitats, they redesigned themselves technologically and created alternative realities through tools, language, and art. Hoffecker connects the rise of civilization to a hierarchical reorganization of the super-brain, triggered by explosive population growth. Subsequent human history reflects to varying degrees the suppression of the mind's creative powers by the rigid hierarchies of nationstates and empires, constraining the further accumulation of knowledge. The modern world emerged after 1200 from the fragments of the Roman Empire, whose collapse had eliminated a central authority that could thwart innovation. Hoffecker concludes with speculation about the possibility of artificial intelligence and the consequences of a mind liberated from its organic antecedents to exist in an independent, nonbiological form.