Technics and Civilization

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Lewis Mumford,Langdon Winner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226550273

Category: History

Page: 495

View: 9645

Technics and Civilization first presented its compelling history of the machine and critical study of its effects on civilization in 1934—before television, the personal computer, and the Internet even appeared on our periphery. Drawing upon art, science, philosophy, and the history of culture, Lewis Mumford explained the origin of the machine age and traced its social results, asserting that the development of modern technology had its roots in the Middle Ages rather than the Industrial Revolution. Mumford sagely argued that it was the moral, economic, and political choices we made, not the machines that we used, that determined our then industrially driven economy. Equal parts powerful history and polemic criticism, Technics and Civilization was the first comprehensive attempt in English to portray the development of the machine age over the last thousand years—and to predict the pull the technological still holds over us today. “The questions posed in the first paragraph of Technics and Civilization still deserve our attention, nearly three quarters of a century after they were written.”—Journal of Technology and Culture

The Future of Technics & Civilization

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Lewis Mumford

Publisher: Freedom Press (CA)

ISBN: 9780900384325

Category: Philosophy

Page: 184

View: 7997

A brilliant survey of our response to changing technology, which sets out the prerequisites for a rational use of our discoveries and inventions as a means of human liberation rather than enslavement.

Civilization, Oikos and Progress

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Atle Hesmyr

Publisher: Booktango

ISBN: 1468924192

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3574

Civilization, Oikos and Progress is a collection of essays on the foundations of civilization and the various developments within western civilization since its inception in ancient Greece and all the way into modernity. It includes analyses of the agrarian basis of civilization, and draws parallels to former civilizations in the Indus valley, Mesopotamia and Egypt as well. The idea of progress and its prospects in our age is discussed in several of the essays, as well as the challenges posed by the environmental crisis and the uneven distribution between rich and poor in the world today -- notably the discrepancies as regards the allocation of resources between the affluent western world and the exploited Global South. The book makes a strong case for direct democracy as a viable alternative to the present disempowerment of the public around the Globe. The highly important role of sustainable agriculture and agro-ecology as the fundamental basis of any civilization is discussed throughout the book, especially with respect to the prospects of retaining a viable civilization in our era and the corresponding prospects for further progress -- in the western world as well as in the Global South and the East.

Die Bewertung des technischen Fortschritts

e. systemat. Übers. d. Theorien

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Johan Hendrik Jacob van der Pot

Publisher: Uitgeverij Van Gorcum

ISBN: 9789023219774

Category: Economic history

Page: 707

View: 1364

Mass Communication and American Social Thought

Key Texts, 1919-1968

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: John Durham Peters,Peter Simonson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742528390

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 530

View: 6337

This anthology of hard-to-find primary documents provides a solid overview of the foundations of American media studies. Focusing on mass communication and society and how this research fits into larger patterns of social thought, this valuable collection features key texts covering the media studies traditions of the Chicago school, the effects tradition, the critical theory of the Frankfurt school, and mass society theory. Where possible, articles are reproduced in their entirety to preserve the historical flavor and texture of the original works. Topics include popular theater, yellow journalism, cinema, books, public relations, political and military propaganda, advertising, opinion polling, photography, the avant-garde, popular magazines, comics, the urban press, radio drama, soap opera, popular music, and television drama and news. This text is ideal for upper-level courses in mass communication and media theory, media and society, mass communication effects, and mass media history.

Art and Technics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Lewis Mumford

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231121057

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 7610

A CLASSIC EXPLORATION OF THE MORAL PREDICAMENT OF ART IN A TECHNOLOGICAL SOCIETY Lewis Mumford -- architectural critic, theorist of technology, urbanologist, city planner, cultural critic, historian, biographer, and philosopher -- was the author of more than thirty influential books, many of which expounded his views on the perils of urban sprawl and a society obsessed with "technics". Featuring a new introduction by Casey Nelson Blake, this classic text provides the essence of Mumford's views on the distinct yet interpenetrating roles of technology and the arts in modern culture. Mumford contends that modern man's overemphasis on technics has contributed to the depersonalization and emptiness of much of twentieth-century life. He issues a call for a renewed respect for artistic impulses and achievements. His repeated insistence that technological development take the Human as its measure -- as well as his impassioned plea for humanity to make the most of its "splendid potentialities and promise" and reverse its progress toward anomie and destruction -- is ever more relevant as the new century dawns.

Der Mensch Und Die Technik

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Oswald Spengler

Publisher: E-Artnow

ISBN: 9788027314072

Category:

Page: 44

View: 1704

Der Mensch und die Technik ist keine bloße Reflexion über die Stellung technischer Verfahren in der modernen Welt oder deren kulturbedingte Kritik. Spengler versucht vielmehr zu zeigen, dass die Technik der Gegenwart aus einem tief im abendländischen Denken verwurzelten, faustischen Lebensimpuls mit Notwendigkeit hervorgeht und zusammen mit ebendiesem Impuls untergehen wird. Spengler bezeichnet es als verfehlt, eine 'wahre Kultur' aus Bildung, Tradition und humanistischen Werten streng von der Sphäre der Wirklichkeit, Staat, Wirtschaft und Politik abzuscheiden. Im Zeichen der Fortschrittsideologie gilt, so Spengler, Technik als Mittel zum Zweck des menschlichen Glücks. Für solche Zustände ist der Mensch jedoch nicht geschaffen; sie würden "bei auch nur teilweiser Verwirklichung zu massenhaftem Mord und Selbstmord führen." Das Wesen der Technik erschließt sich jedoch nicht in der Verengung auf die neuzeitliche Maschinenwelt. Technik ist vielmehr eine Lebenstaktik, die weit in die Menschengeschichte zurückreicht und sogar bei den Tieren anzutreffen ist. Die freie Beweglichkeit in der Natur forderte zur Entwicklung spezieller 'Instrumente' der Bewältigung des Lebens heraus. Oswald Spengler (1880-1936) war ein deutscher Geschichtsphilosoph, Kulturhistoriker und antidemokratischer politischer Schriftsteller.

Between Human and Machine

Feedback, Control, and Computing Before Cybernetics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David A. Mindell

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801880575

Category: Computers

Page: 439

View: 3638

"In contextualizing the theory of cybernetics, Mindell gives engineering back forgotten parts of its history, and shows how important historical circumstances are to technological change." -- Networker

Der Europäische Traum

Die Vision einer leisen Supermacht

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jeremy Rifkin

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593400928

Category: Fiction

Page: 464

View: 544

Welches politische System bietet langfristig Frieden, Gerechtigkeit und Humanität? Jeremy Rifkin macht sich auf die Suche nach einer neuen, zukunftsfähigen Weltordnung. Und er findet sie - in Europa. Der alte Kontinent ist der Hoffnungsträger für eine gerechtere Welt.

Man Today

Problems, Values and Fulfillment

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Howard L. Parsons

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789060321232

Category: Civilization, Modern

Page: 208

View: 745

Abendländische Apokalyptik

Kompendium zur Genealogie der Endzeit

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Veronika Wieser,Christian Zolles,Catherine Feik,Martin Zolles,Leopold Schlöndorff

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 305005798X

Category: History

Page: 766

View: 2898

Die Autorinnen und Autoren untersuchen in ihren Beiträgen europäische Endzeit- und Untergangsvorstellungen von der Spätantike bis hinein ins 21. Jahrhundert, welche lange Zeit über in Anlehnung an die biblischen Apokalypsen und allen voran an die neutestamentliche Johannes-Offenbarung entstanden. Das Hauptaugenmerk liegt auf den dahinter auszumachenden sozialen Dynamiken und diskursiven und medialen Faktoren, die gerade auch in End-Setzungen grundlegende identitätsstiftende, einheits- und gemeinschaftsbildende Funktionen erkennen lassen. Der kulturwissenschaftlich ausgerichtete und unter diesem Blickwinkel ausführlich eingeleitete Band unterteilt sich in drei die Moderne und drei die Frühe Neuzeit und das Mittelalter behandelnde Abschnitte mit den Schwerpunkten: Allmachtsformen, Medienregulative, Denken der Kontingenz, typologische Schemata, Differenz und Gemeinsinn und Zeithorizonte.

Beautiful Circuits

Modernism and the Mediated Life

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Mark Goble

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231518404

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 400

View: 1812

Considering texts by Henry James, Gertrude Stein, James Weldon Johnson, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ralph Ellison, Richard Wright, James Agee, and William Carlos Williams, alongside film, painting, music, and popular culture, Mark Goble explores the development of American modernism as it was shaped by its response to technology and an attempt to change how literature itself could communicate. Goble's original readings reinterpret the aesthetics of modernism in the early twentieth century, when new modes of communication made the experience of technology an occasion for profound experimentation and reflection. He follows the assimilation of such "old" media technologies as the telegraph, telephone, and phonograph and their role in inspiring fantasies of connection, which informed a commitment to the materiality of artistic mediums. Describing how relationships made possible by technology became more powerfully experienced with technology, Goble explores a modernist fetish for media that shows no signs of abating. The "mediated life" puts technology into communication with a series of shifts in how Americans conceive the mechanics and meanings of their connections to one another, and therefore to the world and to their own modernity.

DDT and the American Century

Global Health, Environmental Politics, and the Pesticide That Changed the World

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David Kinkela

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807869307

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 5006

Praised for its ability to kill insects effectively and cheaply and reviled as an ecological hazard, DDT continues to engender passion across the political spectrum as one of the world's most controversial chemical pesticides. In DDT and the American Century, David Kinkela chronicles the use of DDT around the world from 1941 to the present with a particular focus on the United States, which has played a critical role in encouraging the global use of the pesticide. Kinkela's study offers a unique approach to understanding both this contentious chemical and modern environmentalism in an international context.

Wind, Water, Work

Ancient And Medieval Milling Technology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Adam Lucas

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004146490

Category: History

Page: 439

View: 9357

This book is the most comprehensive empirical study to date of the social and technical aspects of milling during the ancient and medieval periods.Drawing on the latest archaeological evidence and historical studies, the book examines the chronological development and technical details of handmills, beast mills, watermills and windmills from the first millennium BCE to c. 1500. It discusses the many and varied uses to which mills were turned in the civilisations of Rome, China, Islam and Europe, and the many types of mill that existed.The book also includes comparative regional studies of the social and economic significance of milling, and tackles several important historiographical issues, such as whether technological stagnation was a characteristic of late Antiquity, whether there was an industrial revolution" in the European Middle Ages based on waterpower, and how contemporary studies in the social shaping of technology can shed light on the study of pre-modern technology."

Chronophobia

On Time in the Art of the 1960's

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Pamela M. Lee

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262122603

Category: Art

Page: 368

View: 3775

An examination of the pervasive anxiety about and fixation with time seen in 1960s art.

The Real Thing

Imitation and Authenticity in American Culture, 1880-1940

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Miles Orvell

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469615371

Category: History

Page: 420

View: 7878

In this classic study of the relationship between technology and culture, Miles Orvell demonstrates that the roots of contemporary popular culture reach back to the Victorian era, when mechanical replications of familiar objects reigned supreme and realism dominated artistic representation. Reacting against this genteel culture of imitation, a number of artists and intellectuals at the turn of the century were inspired by the machine to create more authentic works of art that were themselves "real things." The resulting tension between a culture of imitation and a culture of authenticity, argues Orvell, has become a defining category in our culture. The twenty-fifth anniversary edition includes a new preface by the author, looking back on the late twentieth century and assessing tensions between imitation and authenticity in the context of our digital age. Considering material culture, photography, and literature, the book touches on influential figures such as writers Walt Whitman, Henry James, John Dos Passos, and James Agee; photographers Alfred Stieglitz, Walker Evans, and Margaret Bourke-White; and architect-designers Gustav Stickley and Frank Lloyd Wright.