Surface Chemistry Essentials

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Author: K. S. Birdi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439871795

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 5172

Surface chemistry plays an important role in everyday life, as the basis for many phenomena as well as technological applications. Common examples range from soap bubbles, foam, and raindrops to cosmetics, paint, adhesives, and pharmaceuticals. Additional areas that rely on surface chemistry include modern nanotechnology, medical diagnostics, and drug delivery. There is extensive literature on this subject, but most chemistry books only devote one or two chapters to it. Surface Chemistry Essentials fills a need for a reference that brings together the fundamental aspects of surface chemistry with up-to-date references and data from real-world examples. This book enables readers to better understand many natural phenomena and industrial processes. Mathematical treatment is mainly given as references to make the material accessible to individuals with a broader range of scientific backgrounds. The book begins by introducing basic considerations with respect to liquid and solid surfaces and describes forces in curved versus flat liquid surfaces. Chapters cover properties of surface active substances, such as surfactants and soaps; lipid films and Langmuir-Blodgett films; and adsorption and desorption on solid surfaces. The author discusses processes involved in liquid–solid interface phenomena, which are utilized in washing, coatings, lubrication, and more, and colloid chemistry systems and related industrial applications such as wastewater treatment. The author also addresses bubbles, films, and foams and the principles of oil–water emulsion science, used in detergents, paints, and skin creams. The final chapter considers more complex applications, for example, food emulsions, scanning probe miscroscopy, the cement industry, and gas and oil recovery.

Surface Chemistry

Theory and Applications

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Author: J. J. Bikerman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483274489

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 8468

Surface Chemistry Theory and Applications focuses on liquid-gas, liquid-liquid, solid-gas, solid-liquid, and solid-solid surfaces. The book first offers information on liquid-gas surfaces, including surface tension, measurement of surface tension, rate of capillarity rise, capillary attraction, bubble pressure and pore size, and surface tension and temperature. The text then ponders on liquid-liquid and solid-gas surfaces. Discussions focus on surface energy of solids, surface roughness and cleanness, adsorption of gases and vapors, adsorption hysteresis, interfacial tension, and interfacial tension in multicomponent systems. The manuscript takes a look at solid-liquid surfaces, as well as stagnant layers at solid-liquid interfaces, heat transfer, surface roughness or electrodes, adsorption of liquids heat of wetting, and thin metal films condensed from vapor. The text also examines solid-liquid-gas and solid-liquid-liquid surfaces and electric surface phenomena. The book is a vital source of information for readers interested in surface chemistry.

Surface Chemistry

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Author: A. Goel

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 9788183561501

Category: Surface chemistry

Page: 316

View: 7782

Contents: Surface Chemistry, Equations and Transport Phenomena in Gases, Solutions and their Theories, Physical and Constitutive Properties, Catalysis and Kinetics of Heterogeneous Reactions.

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

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Author: Gabor A. Somorjai,Yimin Li

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047050823X

Category: Science

Page: 787

View: 7825

Now updated-the current state of development of modern surface science Since the publication of the first edition of this book, molecular surface chemistry and catalysis science have developed rapidly and expanded into fields where atomic scale and molecular information were previously not available. This revised edition of Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis reflects this increase of information in virtually every chapter. It emphasizes the modern concepts of surface chemistry and catalysis uncovered by breakthroughs in molecular-level studies of surfaces over the past three decades while serving as a reference source for data and concepts related to properties of surfaces and interfaces. The book opens with a brief history of the evolution of surface chemistry and reviews the nature of various surfaces and interfaces encountered in everyday life. New research in two crucial areas-nanomaterials and polymer and biopolymer interfaces-is emphasized, while important applications in tribology and catalysis, producing chemicals and fuels with high turnover and selectivity, are addressed. The basic concepts surrounding various properties of surfaces such as structure, thermodynamics, dynamics, electrical properties, and surface chemical bonds are presented. The techniques of atomic and molecular scale studies of surfaces are listed with references to up-to-date review papers. For advanced readers, this book covers recent developments in in-situ surface analysis such as high- pressure scanning tunneling microscopy, ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG). Tables listing surface structures and data summarizing the kinetics of catalytic reactions over metal surfaces are also included. New to this edition: A discussion of new physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles Ways to utilize new surface science techniques to study properties of polymers, reaction intermediates, and mobility of atoms and molecules at surfaces Molecular-level studies on the origin of the selectivity for several catalytic reactions A microscopic understanding of mechanical properties of surfaces Updated tables of experimental data A new chapter on "soft" surfaces, polymers, and biointerfaces Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis serves as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students taking advanced courses in physics, chemistry, engineering, and materials science, as well as researchers in surface science, catalysis science, and their applications.

Corrosion and Surface Chemistry of Metals

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Author: Dieter Landolt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439807880

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 6439

Providing a carefully developed and comprehensive overview of the corrosion chemistry of metallic materials, this book covers the principal methods of corrosion prevention. It includes a systematic study of the physical chemistry of the surface supported by state-of-the-art analysis methods. The author builds a scientific foundation by developing thermodynamics and kinetics of electrode-electrolyte interaction and other surface processes. This allows him to analyze and derive the models that are used in the study of corrosion for metals and their alloys, including electrochemical attack, high-temperature oxidation, passivity, atmospheric corrosion, as well as the roles of wear and strain.

Introduction to Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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Author: Duncan J. Shaw

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780750611824

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 5486

This thoroughly updated edition continues to provide a concise overall coverage of colloid and surface chemistry, intermediate between the brief accounts in physical chemistry textbooks and the comprehensive coverage in specialized treatises. New information is included on the composition and structure of solid surfaces, dynamic light scattering, micro emulsions and colloid stability control. The book provides a sound, but easy to follow theoretical framework. It outlines relevant research techniques and considers technological applications. A basic knowledge of the principles of physical chemistry is assumed. It will appeal to a wide readership, both undergraduate and postgraduate students at universities and colleges of technology as well as scientists in industry who need a broad background in the subject.

Nano-Surface Chemistry

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Author: Morton Rosoff

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824741439

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 9446

Containing more than 2600 references and over 550 equations, drawings, tables, photographs, and micrographs, This book describes hierarchical assemblies in biology and biological processes that occur at the nanoscale across membranes and at interfaces. It covers recurrent themes in nanocolloid science, including self-assembly, construction of supramolecular architecture, nanoconfinement and compartmentalization, measurement and control of interfacial forces, novel synthetic materials, and computer simulation. The authors reviews surface forces apparatus measurements of two-dimensional organized ensembles at solid-liquid interfaces.

Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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Author: E.D. Shchukin,A.V. Pertsov,E.A. Amelina,A.S. Zelenev

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080529363

Category: Science

Page: 774

View: 2312

This book covers major areas of modern Colloid and Surface Science (in some countries also referred to as Colloid Chemistry) which is a broad area at the intersection of Chemistry, Physics, Biology and Material Science investigating the disperse state of matter and surface phenomena in disperse systems. The book arises of and summarizes the progress made at the Colloid Chemistry Division of the Chemistry Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) over many years of scientific, pedagogical and methodological work. Throughout the book the presentation of fundamental theoretical and experimental approaches and results is combined with discussion of general scientific basis of their role in nature and applications in various technological processes.

Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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Author: Richard Pashley,Marilyn Karaman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470868848

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 3357

Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry is a broad introduction to this interdisciplinary field. Taking a genuinely applied approach, with applications drawn from a wide range of industries, this book will meet the demands of the student and professional currently working in the field. The text includes keynote sections written by practicing industrial research scientists, bringing to the reader a wealth of real industrial examples. These examples range from water treatment through to soil management as well as examples taken from the coatings and photographic industries. To aid accessibility, some of the more demanding mathematical derivations are separated from the main text, enabling them to be avoided as required. With carefully structured chapters, starting with learning objectives, and containing tutorial questions with answers and explanatory notes, this text is invaluable for undergraduates taking a first course on colloid and surface chemistry. This book will also be suitable to postgraduates and professionals, who need an up-to-date account of the subject.

Principles of Colloid and Surface Chemistry, Third Edition, Revised and Expanded

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Author: Paul C. Hiemenz,Raj Rajagopalan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 135199073X

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 2521

This work aims to familiarize students with the fundamentals of colloid and surface science, from various types of colloids and colloidal phenomena, and classical and modern characterization/measurement techniques to applications of colloids and surface science in engineering, technology, chemistry, physics and biological and medical sciences. The Journal of Textile Studies proclaims "High praise from peers . . .contains valuable information on many topics of interest to food rheologists and polymer scientists ...[The book] should be in the libraries of academic and industrial food research organizations" and Chromatographia describes the book as "...an excellent textbook, excellently organised, clearly written and well laid out."

Surface Chemistry of Nanobiomaterials

Applications of Nanobiomaterials

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Author: Alexandru Grumezescu

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323428843

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 8156

Surface Chemistry of Nanobiomaterials brings together the most recent findings regarding the surface modification of currently used nanomaterials, which is a field that has become increasingly important during the last decade. This book enables the results of current research to reach those who wish to use this knowledge in an applied setting. Leading researchers from around the world present various types of nanobiomaterials, such as quantum dots (QDs), carbon nanotubes, silver nanoparticles, copper oxide, zinc oxide, magnesium oxide, magnetite, hydroxyapatite and graphene, and discuss their related functionalization strategies. This book will be of interest to postdoctoral researchers, professors and students engaged in the fields of materials science, biotechnology and applied chemistry. It will also be highly valuable to those working in industry, including pharmaceutics and biotechnology companies, medical researchers, biomedical engineers and advanced clinicians. An up-to-date and highly structured reference source for researchers, practitioners and students working in biomedical, biotechnological and engineering fields A valuable guide to recent scientific developments, covering major and emerging applications of nanomaterials in the biomedical field Proposes novel opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies in nanomedicine and nanobiology

Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

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Author: Albert F. Carley,Philip Davies,Graham J. Hutchings,Michael S. Spencer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475766378

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 5254

In 2001 Wyn Roberts celebrated both his 70th birthday and 50 years of working in surface science, to use the term "surface science" in its broadest meaning. This book aims to mark the anniversary with a contribution of lasting value, something more than the usual festschrift issue of a relevant journal. The book is divided into three sections: Surface Science, Model Catalysts and Catalysis, topics in which Wyn has always had interests. The authors for each chapter were chosen from some of the many eminent scientists who have worked with Wyn in various ways and are all internationally acknowledged as leaders in their field. The authors have produced authoritative reviews of their own specialties which together result in a book with an unrivalled combination of breadth and depth exploring the most recent developments in surface chemistry and catalysis.

Colloidal & Surface Chemistry

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Author: Y. Mido & Iqbal

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 9788171413300

Category:

Page: 218

View: 8179

Contents: Colloidal State, Properties of Colloids, Thermodynamics of Surfaces, Charged Interfaces, Adsorption at Interfaces I, Adsorption at Interfaces II, Adsorption at Interfaces III, Emulsions and Foams, Stability of Colloids, Applications of Colloids.

Transition Metal Oxides

Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

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Author: H.H. Kung

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080887425

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 281

View: 6763

In this book the author presents an up-to-date summary of existing information on the structure, electronic properties, chemistry and catalytic properties of transition metal oxides. The subjects covered in the book can be divided into three sections. The first (chapters 1 to 3) covers the structural, physical, magnetic, and electronic properties of transition metal oxides. Although the emphasis is on surface properties, relevant bulk properties are also discussed. The second section (chapters 4 to 7) covers surface chemical properties. It includes topics that describe the importance of surface coordinative unsaturation in adsorption, the formation of surface acidity and the role of acidity in determining surface chemical properties, the nature and reactivities of adsorbed oxygen, and the surface chemistry in the reduction of oxides. The third section (chapters 8 to 14) is on the catalytic properties. Various catalytic reactions including decomposition, hydrogenation, isomerization, metathesis, selective oxidation, and reactions involving carbon oxides are discussed. Emphasis is placed more on reaction mechanisms and the role of catalysts than on kinetics and processes. Chapters on the preparation of oxide catalysts and on photo-assisted processes are also included. Whenever appropriate, relationships between various topics are indicated. Written for surface physicists, chemists, and catalytic engineers, the book will serve as a useful source of information for investigators and as a comprehensive overview of the subject for graduate students.

Aquatic Surface Chemistry

Chemical Processes at the Particle-Water Interface

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Author: Werner Stumm

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471829959

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 8187

The solid-solution interface. Adsorption mechanisms in aquatic surface chemistry. Adsorption mechanisms. Organic compounds. Inorganic compounds. The electric double layer at the solid-solution interface. Electronic work function and potential of zero charge. Single-crystal electrodes. The problem of polycrystalline electrodes. Specific ionic adsorption. Adsorption of neutral molecules. Chemisorption and surface mobility. A two-phase model for the interpretation of proton and metal ion interaction with charged polyelectrolyte gels and their linear analogs. Development of the unified model. Application of the unified model to the interpretation of proton and metal-ion interaction with various charged polymeric systems. The surface chemistry of oxides, hydroxides, and oxide minerals. Coordination chemistry of the oxide-water interface. Acid-base characteristics of surface hydroxyl groups. Metal complexes. Adsorption of anions. Ternary surface complexes. Aspects of the molecular structure in surface complexes; spectroscopic investigations. Cation adsorption. Anion and organic ligand adsorption. Final considerations. Surface chemical processes in soil. Soil materials. Available models. Applicability of the models to the soil water system. The formation and dissolution of solid phases. The hydrolysis of iron in synthetic, biological, and aquatic media. Mononuclear aquahydroxo complexes of iron (III) and the primary steps of polynuclear growth. Hydrolysis in salt solutions. Iron hydrolysis in cells. Aquatic media: hydrolysis induced by oxidation of ferrous ions. The morphological variety of hydrolysis products. The dissolution of oxides and aluminum silicates; examples of surface-coordination-controlled kinetics. Surface-controlled dissolution. The ligand-promoted dissolution of ... The proton-promoted dissolution of hydrous oxides. Kinetic dependence on solute concentrations; fractional reaction orders. Weathering. The role of chemical weathering in the neutralization of acids. Reductive dissolution of metal oxides. Oxidation state and solubility. The geochemical setting. Dissolution without changes in oxidation state. Mechanism of reductive dissolution. Kinetics of reductive dissolution: simple models. Kinetics of reductive dissolution: additional considerations. Adsorption of redox-inert species. Effects of oxide mineralogy and surface structure. Experimental verification of theory. Monte Carlo simulations of surface reaction rate laws. Surface reaction rate laws: simple models. Dislocations. Monte Carlo model. Results and discussion. Dislocations with a strain field included. New evidence for the mechanisms of dissolution of silicate minerals. Evidence of surface reaction control during dissolution of silicate minerals. New data on the dissolution of silicates and the surface reaction hypothesis. Concluding remarks. Regulating the composition of natural waters. Surface chemical aspects of the distribution and fate of metal ions in lakes. Interactions of metal ions with surfaces of natural particles. Interaction of metal ions with biota: simple chemical models. The role of settling particles in the vertical transport of metal ions in lakes. Interpretation of metal complexation by heterogeneous complexants. Background: metals and ligands. Measurement of metal-ligand complexation equilibrium data. Representation of complexation equilibria. Application of the G(K') function to interpretation of heterogeneous complexant properties (Using Metal-Fulvic Interaction). Particle-particle interactions. Particle transport. Chemical aspects. A physicochemical synthesis. Environmental applications. The role of colloids in the partitioning of solutes in natural waters. Surface reactions of ions and polar compounds. Organic film solvation of hydrophobic compounds. Strange observations. Experimental artifacts. Reversibility of colloid aggregation. Artifacts and reality. Coagulation kinetics and simulations of particle-size distributions. Size distributions in peptizable suspensions. Apparent partition coefficients in natural waters. Abiotic transformation of organic chemicals at the particle-water interface. Kinetic models and equations. Heterogeneous organic reactions in sediment suspensions. Heterogeneous photoreactions. The role particles in regulating the composition of seawater. Particle in the ocean. Classification of deep-ocean profiles. Deep-ocean profiles of the elements. From molecules to planetary environments: understanding global change. Change. Observation. Earth convection: megaprocesses: geochemical cycles. Erosion. Bioprecipitation.

The Surface Chemistry of Natural Particles

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Author: Garrison Sposito

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195353518

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 1802

This book covers the development of both experiment and theory in natural surface particle chemistry. It emphasizes insights gained over the past few years, and concentrates on molecular spectroscopy, kinetics, and equilibrium as they apply to natural particle surface reactions in aqueous media. The discussion, divided among five chapters, is complemented by lengthy annotations, reading suggestions, and end-of-chapter problem sets that require a critical reading of important technical journal articles.

Fundamental Gas-phase and Surface Chemistry of Vapor-phase Deposition II and Process Control, Diagnostics and Modeling in Semiconductor Manufacturing IV

Proceedings of the Internatioal Symposium

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Author: Electrochemical Society. High Temperature Materials Division,Electrochemical Society. Dielectric Science and Technology Division

Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

ISBN: 9781566773195

Category: Chemical vapor deposition

Page: 508

View: 6162