Superman Supreme

Fascist Body as Political Icon - Global Fascism

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Author: J A Mangan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135296944

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 272

View: 9222

The supremacy of the global fascist superman never became a reality but was certainly an intention. This work explores the use of the image of the male body in European, American and Asian fascism of varying degrees and various interpretations, and the differences and similarities involved.

Sport and Memory in North America

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Author: Stephen G. Wieting

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714652191

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 262

View: 9924

Cultures and nations remember themselves with select bodily images, evocative rituals and texts. This volume illustrates how sport is used in the creation, maintenance and now global dissemination of a nation's cherished values. Carefully drawn cases of sport in North America - American baseball and football, figure skating and gymnastics, Canadian hockey and track and field, for example - show the potency of sport's "cultural work". The book captures uplifting images which are stressed in the public performance and national and international broadcasting of sport, but also notes the omissions and distortions of social reality that persist in sport performance and mass marketing in North America.

Italian Fascism and the Female Body

Sport, Submissive Women and Strong Mothers

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Author: Gigliola Gori

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714682914

Category: History

Page: 237

View: 3055

This is the first text to examine women and sport in Italy during the period 1861-1945. To qualify and quantify the impact of fascism on Italian Women's sport, the author first of all examines the pre-fascist period in terms of female physical culture. The text then describes how during the fascist era, women moved strictly within a framework designed by medicine and eugenics, religious and traditional education. The country aspired to emancipation, as promised by the fascist revolution but emancipation was hard to advance under the fascist regime because of male hegemonic trends in the country. This book shows how the engagement of women in some sporting activity did promote and support some gender emancipation. The conclusion of the book demonstrates how, in the post-war period, women found it hard to advance further on, for a number of reasons.

Militarism, Hunting, Imperialism

'Blooding' The Martial Male

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Author: J.A. Mangan,Callum McKenzie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317969596

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 244

View: 7188

The late Victorian and Edwardian officer class viewed hunting and big game hunting in particular, as a sound preparation for imperial warfare. For the imperial officer in the making, the ‘blooding’ hunting ritual was a visible ‘hallmark’ of stirling martial masculinity. Sir Henry Newbolt, the period poet of subaltern self-sacrifice, typically considered hunting as essential for the creation of a ‘masculine sporting spirit’ necessary for the consolidation and extension of the empire. Hunting was seen as a manifestation of Darwinian masculinity that maintained a pre-ordained hierarchical order of superordinate and subordinate breeds. Militarism, Hunting, Imperialism examines these ideas under the following five sections: martial imperialism: the self-sacrificial subaltern ‘blooding’ the middle class martial male the imperial officer, hunting and war martial masculinity proclaimed and consolidated martial masculinity adapted and adjusted. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Routledge Companion to Sports History

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Author: S. W. Pope,John Nauright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135978123

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 672

View: 2271

The field of sports history is no longer a fledgling area of study. There is a great vitality in the field and it has matured dramatically over the past decade. Reflecting changes to traditional approaches, sport historians need now to engage with contemporary debates about history, to be encouraged to position themselves and their methodologies in relation to current epistemological issues, and to promote the importance of reflecting on the literary or poetic dimensions of producing history. These contemporary developments, along with a wealth of international research from a range of theoretical perspectives, provide the backdrop to the new Routledge Companion to Sports History. This book provides a comprehensive guide to the international field of sports history as it has developed as an academic area of study. Readers are guided through the development of the field across a range of thematic and geographical contexts and are introduced to the latest cutting edge approaches within the field. Including contributions from many of the world’s leading sports historians, the Routledge Companion to Sports History is the most important single volume for researchers and students in, and entering, the sports history field. It is an essential guide to contemporary research themes, to new ways of doing sports history, and to the theoretical and methodological foundations of this most fascinating of subjects.

World Fascism

A Historical Encyclopedia

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Author: Cyprian Blamires

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576079406

Category: History

Page: 750

View: 8028

This book shows how, during the 20th century, evils such as totalitarianism, tyranny, war, and genocide became indelibly linked to the fascist cause, and examines the enduring and popular appeal of an ideology that has counted princes, poets, and war heroes among its most fervent adherents.

Understanding Media

The Extensions of Man

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Author: Marshall McLuhan

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781537430058

Category:

Page: 396

View: 3664

When first published, Marshall McLuhan's Understanding Media made history with its radical view of the effects of electronic communications upon man and life in the twentieth century.

Sport in Films

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Author: Emma Poulton,Martin Roderick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415447508

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 258

View: 5111

Sport offers everything a good story should have: heroes and villains, triumph and disaster, achievement and despair, tension and drama. Consequently, sport makes for a compelling film narrative and films, in turn, are a vivid medium for sport. Yet despite its regularity as a central theme in motion pictures, constructions and representations of sport and athletes have been marginalised in terms of serious analysis within the longstanding academic study of films and documentaries. In this collection, it is the critical study of film and its connections to sport that are examined. The collection is one of the first of its kind to examine the ways in which sport has been used in films as a metaphor for other areas of social life. Among the themes and issues explored by the contributors are: Morality tales in which good triumphs over evil The representation and ideological framing of social identities, including class, gender, race and nationality The representation of key issues pertinent to sport, including globalization, politics, commodification, consumerism, and violence The meanings 'spoken' by films – and the various 'readings' which audiences make of them This is a timely collection that draws together a diverse range of accessible, insightful and ground-breaking new essays. This book was published as a special issue of Sport in Society.

The Routledge Companion to Fascism and the Far Right

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Author: Peter Davies,Derek Lynch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134609523

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 7226

The Routledge Companion to Fascism and the Far Right is an engaging and accessible guide to the origins of fascism, the main facets of the ideology and the reality of fascist government around the world. In a clear and simple manner, this book illustrates the main features of the subject using chronologies, maps, glossaries and biographies of key individuals. As well as the key examples of Hitler's Germany and Mussolini's Italy, this book also draws on extreme right-wing movements in Latin America, Eastern Europe and the Far East. In a series of original essays, the authors explain the complex topics including: the roots of fascism fascist ideology fascism in government and opposition nation and race in fascism fascism and society fascism and economics fascism and diplomacy.

The People Vs. Barack Obama

The Criminal Case Against the Obama Administration

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Author: Ben Shapiro

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476765138

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 7272

The best-selling author of Brainwashed presents a critical assessment of the Obama administration, alleging broad-scale power abuses and corruption involving rights violations, espionage, economic micromanagement and more.

The Seduction of Modern Spain

The Female Body and the Francoist Body Politic

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Author: Aurora G. Morcillo

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 0838757537

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 3895

This book examines how sexual politics, specifically those surrounding the modernization of a consumer economy, are key to understanding the transformation of Spain from isolated dictatorship to modern state. It focuses on issues concerning modernity and the commodification of the female body under the dictatorship of Francisco Franco in the 1950s and 1960s. These two decades are critical to understanding this transformation because they coincide with the opening of markets, the freer movement of people in and out of the country through tourism and emigration, and the embracing of the "American way of life" popularized in Hollywood movies. From a gender perspective this "in between moment" in Homi Bhabha's terms, from autarchy to consumerism favored the transition from the virginal female model, prescribed by the regime, (what the author calls "True Catholic Womanhood") to a seductive modern woman that the media sold to Spanish women. This study will add a significant piece to the growing corpus of literature on the body as an essential element of analysis in gender history and in the power dynamics of culture. It will help to fill a gap in the field of Spanish Cultural Studies in general and the emerging field of cultural Spanish history in particular. The originality of this study resides in Dr. Morcillo's use of feminist theories of the body to study archival sources of the Francoist years. Of special interest are the collections of Ministry of Culture and Administrative papers Women's Section of Falange at the Archivo General de la Administracion in Alcala de Henares. Also important are the works of intellectuals of the period, as well as health books, maternity and hygiene guides, conduct manuals, and documents produced by the Catholic Church hierarchy with regard to moral behavior and sexual mores that provide a textured analysis of gender relations under the dictatorship. The author's interest in unveiling the regime's technologies of control of ordinary Spaniards is covered through the study of the media, printed press, and the movie industry of this period particularly the so-called New Spanish Cinema inaugurated in the 1960s, illustrating how ads and films shaped and contested the regime's vision of modernity and gender roles. Through the production of dual versions of films the censorship process utilized women's cinematic bodies to present a more liberal image of Spain in the international scene. While nudity was allowed in the international versions the domestic productions continued to cut the customary kiss. The economy of desire displayed in today's Almodovar's films is already present in movies like La Tia Tula by Miguel Picazo (1964). This book will be essential for scholars and students interested in Ibero-American cultural studies, gender, religion, and totalitarian politics.

Brownshirt Princess

A Study of the "Nazi Conscience"

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Author: Lionel Gossman

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 1906924066

Category: History

Page: 202

View: 6403

"Princess Marie Adelheid of Lippe-Biesterfeld was a rebellious young writer who became a fervent Nazi. Heinrich Vogeler was a well-regarded artist who was to join the German Communist Party. Ludwig Roselius was a successful businessman who had made a fortune from his invention of decaffeinated coffee. What was it about the revolutionary climate following World War I that induced three such different personalities to collaborate in the production of a slim volume of poetry -- entitled Gott in mir -- about the indwelling of the divine within the human? Lionel Gossman's study situates this poem in the ideological context that made the collaboration possible. The study also outlines the subsequent life of the Princess who, until her death in 1993, continued to support and celebrate the ideals and heroes of National Socialism"--Publisher's description.

The Search for a Nonviolent Future

A Promise of Peace for Ourselves, Our Families, and Our World

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Author: Michael N. Nagler

Publisher: New World Library

ISBN: 9781577318033

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 878

Beginning with the achievements of Mahatma Gandhi, and following the legacy of nonviolence through the struggles against Nazism in Europe, racism in America, oppression in China and Latin America, and ethnic conflicts in Africa and Bosnia, Michael Nagler unveils a hidden history. Nonviolence, he proposes, has proven its power against arms and social injustice wherever it has been correctly understood and applied. Nagler's approach is not only historical but also spiritual, drawing on the experience of Gandhi and other activists and teachers. Individual chapters include A Way Out of Hell, The Sweet Sound of Order, and A Clear Picture of Peace. The last chapter includes a five-point blueprint for change and "study circle" guide. The foreword by Arun Gandhi, the grandson of Mahatma Gandhi, is new to this edition.

American Sports

An Anthropological Approach

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Author: Alan Klein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415448307

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 260

View: 6814

This collection illustrates the expansiveness of an interdisciplinary approach to the study of sport. While rooted in anthropology, these essays consider American sports in their social, economic, cultural and political aspects, charting their evolution. The book draws from history, sociology, and political science; as well as considering the relationship between the developed and developing world; and culture and masculinity. The first part of the book considers the local and global interplay of professional baseball, covering: Major League Baseball's impact on the Dominican Republic nationalism and baseball on the Mexican/US border the globalizing forces of baseball as an industry. The second part of the book is concerned with the cultural examination of the responsiveness of masculinity to social and cultural forces, examining: the exaggerated world of bodybuilders in Southern California the cross-cultural comparisons of male behaviour on a bi-national baseball team in Mexico the historical examination of Jews in American sport. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society

Two Cheers for Anarchism

Six Easy Pieces on Autonomy, Dignity, and Meaningful Work and Play

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Author: James C. Scott

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691155291

Category: Philosophy

Page: 169

View: 2190

"James Scott is one of the great political thinkers of our time. No one else has the same ability to pursue a simple, surprising idea, kindly but relentlessly, until the entire world looks different. In this book, he also demonstrates a skill shared by the greatest radical thinkers: to reveal positions we've been taught to think of as extremism to be emanations of simple human decency and common sense."--David Graeber, author of Debt: The First 5,000 Years "Building on the insights of his masterful Seeing Like a State, James Scott has written a powerful and important argument for social organization that resists the twin poles of Big Corporations and Big Governments. In an age increasingly shaped by decentralized, bottom-up networks, Two Cheers for Anarchism gives timely new life to a rich tradition of political thought."--Steven Johnson, author of Where Good Ideas Come From: The Natural History of Innovation and Future Perfect: The Case for Progress in a Networked Age "I am a big fan of James Scott. In this highly readable and thought-provoking book, he reveals the meaning of his 'anarchist' sensibility through a series of wonderful personal stories, staking out an important position and defending it in a variety of contexts, from urban planning to school evaluation. I don't know of anyone else who has defined this viewpoint so successfully."--Francis Fukuyama, author of The Origins of Political Order "The ambition of this book is compelling and contagious. Combining the populist rhetoric of Thomas Paine with the ferocious satire of Jonathan Swift, James Scott makes a wonderfully simple and potent argument in favor of mutualism, creativity, local knowledge, and freedom. I predict that this will become one of the most influential books in political theory and public debate for the twenty-first century."--Georgi Derluguian, author of Bourdieu's Secret Admirer in the Caucasus

Football

From England to the World

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Author: Dolores P. Martinez,Projit B. Mukharji

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415480611

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 155

View: 7345

This book is a fascinating journey through a series of scholarly articles. The journey begins by tracing one of the most significant stories in the popularization of Association Football. In the next leg of the journey it charts the diverse and changing face of the modern British game. It then moves on to the global spread of the game from England and its domestication and appropriation in its new homes across the planet. It also investigates the exchanges which are increasingly taking place between these new homes of football. In the concluding pieces footballâe(tm)s global experience is compared with the attempts at globalizing baseball and drawing out the larger patterns that inform footballâe(tm)s global experience. This book was published as a special issue in Soccer and Society.

Filming Politics

Communism and the Portrayal of the Working Class at the National Film Board of Canada, 1939-46

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Author: Malek Khouri

Publisher: University of Calgary Press

ISBN: 1552381994

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 6575

The National Film Board of Canada (NFB) has a storied history as the progenitor and stalwart defender of Canadian cinematic culture. It was created to foster a national film industry and to promote to a national and international audience a voice that was uniquely Canadian. In "Filming Politics", author Malek Khouri examines carefully a period at the National Film Board when its creative output and guiding principles reflected less the cultural mainstream, identifying instead more with the surging wave of International Communism. Beginning with an analysis of the political, cultural, and social milieu under which the institution was founded, Khouri highlights how these dynamics impacted the creation of the NFB. He details the ideological background of the NFB's founders and filmmakers, positing that these factors ultimately shaped the emergence of a counter-hegemonic discourse as evidenced through the portrayal of the working class. Khouri identifies and uncovers the extent of the institution's filmic practices and representations of issues such as the Great Depression, democracy, labour unions, unemployment, and the fight against Fascism. In particular, it was during the war years that the institution earnestly pursued a discourse that presented the working class as agents of social change, and openly celebrated the Soviet Union as a war ally and leading opponent to fascism, and in due course as a future partner in peace. "Filming Politics" presents a vivid ethnography of a social class, a cultural institution, and a political subculture, making available for the first time a comprehensive classification and overview of the cinematic and political foundations that informed this now esteemed cultural institution.

Performance Artists Talking in the Eighties

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Author: Linda Montano

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520210226

Category: Art

Page: 537

View: 3141

"Linda Montano is the ultimate practitioner of art in life, life in art. These conversations with other artists about four primal aspects of the everyday—sex, food, money, death—uncover the heart, the nerve, and the scar tissue behind some of the late 20th century's edgiest work."—C.Carr, The Village Voice

New Myth, New World

From Nietzsche to Stalinism

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Author: Bernice Glatzer Rosenthal

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271046587

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 8555

Managing the Body

Beauty, Health, and Fitness in Britain 1880-1939

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Author: Ina Zweiniger-Bargielowska

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 394

View: 7886

Managing the Body explores the emergence of modern male and female bodies within the context of debates about racial fitness and active citizenship in Britain from the 1880s until 1939. It analyses the growing popularity of hygienic regimen or body management such as dietary restrictions, exercise, sunbathing, dress reform, and birth control to cultivate beauty, health, and fitness. These bodily disciplines were advocated by a loosely connected group of life reform and physical culture promoters, doctors, and public health campaigners against the background of rapid urbanization, the rise of modern lifestyles, a proliferation of visual images of beautiful bodies, and eugenicist fears about racial degeneration. The author shows that body management was an essential aspect of the campaign for national efficiency before 1914. The modern nation state needed physically efficient, disciplined citizens and the promotion of hygienic practices was an integral component of the Edwardian welfare reforms. Anxieties about physical deterioration persisted after the First World War, as demonstrated by the launch of new pressure groups that aimed to transform Britain from a C3 to an A1 nation. These military categories became a recurrent metaphor throughout the interwar years and the virtuous habits of the healthy and fit A1 citizen were juxtaposed with those of the C3 anti-citizen, whose undisciplined lifestyle was attributed to ignorance and lack of self-control. Practices such as vegetarianism, nudism, and men's dress reform were utopian and appealed only to a small minority, but sunbathing, hiking, and keep-fit classes became mainstream activities and they were promoted in the National Government's 'National Fitness Campaign' of the late 1930s.