Studies in Luminescence


Author: Edward Leamington Nichols,Ernest Merritt

Publisher: N.A


Category: Fluorescence

Page: 225

View: 7562

Physics and Chemistry of Electrons and Ions in Condensed Matter


Author: NATO Advanced Study Institute on Physiscs and Chemistry of Electrons and Ions in Condensed Matter (

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027717993

Category: Science

Page: 732

View: 6008

Molecular Materials


Author: Duncan W. Bruce,Dermot O'Hare,Richard I. Walton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119972952

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 374

View: 3035

“... the book does an excellent job of putting together several different classes of materials. Many common points emerge, and the book may facilitate the development of hybrids in which the qualities of the “parents” are enhanced.” –Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011 With applications in optoelectronics and photonics, quantum information processing, nanotechnology and data storage, molecular materials enrich our daily lives in countless ways. These materials have properties that depend on their exact structure, the degree of order in the way the molecules are aligned and their crystalline nature. Small, delicate changes in molecular structure can totally alter the properties of the material in bulk. There has been increasing emphasis on functional metal complexes that demonstrate a wide range of physical phenomena. Molecular Materials represents the diversity of the area, encapsulating magnetic, optical and electrical properties, with chapters on: Metal-Based Quadratic Nonlinear Optical Materials Physical Properties of Metallomesogens Molecular Magnetic Materials Molecular Inorganic Conductors and Superconductors Molecular Nanomagnets Structured to include a clear introduction, a discussion of the basic concepts and up-to-date coverage of key aspects, each chapter provides a detailed review which conveys the excitement of work in that field. Additional volumes in the Inorganic Materials Series: Low-Dimensional Solids | Molecular Materials | Porous Materials | Energy Materials

Luminescence and Related Properties of II-VI Semiconductors


Author: D. R. Vij,N. Singh

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781560724339

Category: Science

Page: 389

View: 8621

This volume provides the readers an in-depth, yet concise, overview of the physico-chemical structures, luminescence and related properties of II-VI compounds which are being utilised and exhaustively studied these days for their applications in LED's, modern optoelectronic devices, flat EL screens and panels, infrared detectors, photovoltaic and thermal solar energy converters etc. The book, therefore, should be useful to a wide variety of people (working in the field of luminescence and related properties of II-VI compounds, i.e. advanced graduate students) and serve as a review to researchers entering in this field and working on these materials. It should also be useful to solid state spectroscopists, lasers physicists; electronic and illuminating engineering people, and all those professionals using these materials.

The Collector’s Book of Fluorescent Minerals


Author: Manuel A. Robbins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475747926

Category: Science

Page: 289

View: 8110

Over the last several decades, the number of people who are actively involved in the hobby or science of mineral collecting has grown at an increasing pace. In response to the growing demand for informa tion which this large and active group has created, a number of books have been published dealing with mineralogy. As a result, the reader now has a choice among mineral locality guides, field handbooks, photo collections, or books dedicated to the systematic description of minerals. However, as interest in mineralogy has grown, as collectors have become increasingly knowledgeable and aware of mineralogy in its many facets, the need for more specialized information has also grown. Nowhere is this need greater than in the subject of the fluorescence of minerals. The number of collectors who now main tain a fluorescent collection is substantial, interest is constantly increasing, and manufacturers have recently responded by the intro duction of new ultraviolet equipment with major improvements in utility and performance. Yet when the collector searches for any information on this subject, little will be found. He or she will seek in vain for the answers to questions which present themselves as in terest in fluorescent minerals grows and matures. Which minerals fluoresce? Where are fluorescent minerals found? What makes a mineral fluoresce? Why does ultraviolet light produce fluorescence? What is an activator, and how does it contribute to fluorescence? On these matters, the available mineralogy books are largely silent.

Chemical Bonding and Spectroscopy in Mineral Chemistry


Author: F. J. Berry

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400948387

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 8398

In recent years mineralogy has developed even stronger links with solid-state chemistry and physics and these developments have been accompanied by a trend towards further quantification in the theoretical as well as the experimental aspects of the subject. The importance of solid-state chemistry to mineralogy was reflected in a symposium held at the 1982 Annual Congress of The Royal Society of Chemistry at which the original versions of most of the contributions to this book were presented. The meeting brought together chemists, geologists and mineralogists all of whom were interested in the application of modern spectroscopic techniques to the study of bonding in minerals. The interdisci plinary nature of the symposium enabled a beneficial exchange of information from the various fields and it was felt that a book presenting reviews of the key areas of the subject would be a useful addition to both the chemical and mineralogical literature. The field of study which is commonly termed the 'physics and chemistry of minerals' has itself developed very rapidly over recent years. Such rapid development has resulted in many chemists, geologists, geochemists and mineralogists being less familiar than they might wish with the techniques currently available. Central to this field is an understanding of chemical bonding or 'electronic structure' in minerals which has been developed both theoretically and by the use of spectroscopic techniques.

Lasers in Polymer Science and Technology



Author: Jan F. Rabek,Jean-Pierre Fouassier

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849348440

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 8269

The purpose of this 4-volume book is to examine some of the applications of lasers in polymer science and technology. Now available for the first time, up-to-date information on this fascinating subject is compiled and presented in compact form. This book focuses on current research and developments in the application of lasers in polymer and biopolymer chemistry. It includes experimental and theoretical details, apparatus, techniques, and applications. This book is a useful source for researchers, students, polymer chemists, and physicists involved in this astonishing field of high technology.

Chemiluminescence and Bioluminescence

Past, Present and Future


Author: Aldo Roda

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847558127

Category: Medical

Page: 590

View: 1219

This complete and well-organized overview of chemiluminescence and bioluminescence is divided into two parts. The first covers historical developments and the fundamental principles of these phenomena before going on to review recent advances and instrumentation. The second part deals with the applications in a variety of research fields including life sciences, drug discovery, diagnostics, environment, agrofood, and forensics. The book is suitable not only for researchers currently employing detection techniques in their research activity, but also for those approaching the subject for the first time. Particular emphasis is placed on the use of chemiluminescence and bioluminescence for the development of a variety of (bio)analytical methods, such as flow-assisted methods, enzyme-, antibody-or gene probe-based assays also in multiplexed formats, miniaturized analytical devices, biosensors, BRET and protein complementation assays, whole-cell biosensors, and bioluminescence molecular imaging. Individual chapters are devoted to the most important and rapidly developing fields including: Instrumentation for Chemiluminescence and Bioluminescence; In vivo, Molecular Imaging; Biotechnological Improvements of Bioluminescent Systems; Cell-based Bioluminescent Biosensors, and Miniaturized Analytical Devices Based on Chemiluminescence, Bioluminescence and Electrochemiluminescence. The book also includes a comprehensive collection of recent bibliographic references.

Luminescence Techniques in Chemical and Biochemical Analysis


Author: Willy R. G. Baeyens

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824783693

Category: Medical

Page: 664

View: 6341

Provides information on modern luminescence techniques, beginning with a general introduction to luminescence spectroscopy. Divided into two basic sections, the first dealing with fluorescence and the latter part on chemiluminescence. Topics include immunoassays, the use of chemiluminescence in flow

Semiconductor Lasers: Materials and structures


Author: Eli Kapon

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123976314

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 380

View: 3301

This volume presents state-of-the-art information on several important material systems and device structures employed in modern semiconductor lasers. The first two chapters discuss several III-V, II-VI, and VI-VI compound semiconductor material systems employed in diode lasers whose emission spectra cover the range from the blue to the mid-infrared. Subsequent chapters describe the elaboration of special laser structures designed for achieving narrow spectral linewidths and wavelength tunability, as well as high power emission devices. The last chapter covers the development of surface emitting diode lasers, particularly vertical cavity structures. In all five chapters, the underlying device physics as well as the state-of-the-art and future trends are discussed. This book introduces the non-expert to the design and fabrication issues involved in the development of these important laser devices. In addition, it reviews the current status of the different material systems and cavity configurations for the benefit of readers engaged in research in this field. Useful background material related to the fundamentals of lasing in semiconductors can be found in the companion volume, Semiconductor Lasers I: Fundamentals. Key Features * Covers important recent advances in materials, design, fabrication, and device structure of semiconductor lasers--aspects not covered in previously existing literature * Introduces the non-expert to the subject * Useful for professionals engaged in research and development * Numerous schematic and data-containing illustrations * Written by leading experts in the field

Optical Studies in Liquids and Solids


Author: D. V. Skobel tsyn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468487248

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 2339

The study of the vibrations of polyatomic molecules has recently turned into one of the most widespread and powerful methods of studying molecular structure. These vibrations ap pear directly in the infrared absorption spectra and Raman spectra of gases, liquids, and solids. A measurement of the number of bands in addition to their positions (frequencies or wavelengths) offers the possibility of obtaining a great deal of important information regarding the geometric and mechanical properties of the molecules, the types of chemical bonds, and so forth. It is now quite difficult to list the vast number of specific problems solved by measuring vibrational fre quencies. As a result of the successful development of research methods and the widespread applica tion of vibrational spectra in analyzing the structures of molecules and the constitution of ma terials, it now becomes necessary to develop the theory of molecular vibrations further. Existing theory, of course, is based on the assumption of the harmonicity of molecular vi brations, which, strictly speaking, is not justified experimentally. The anharmonicity of the molecular vibrations has therefore to be taken into account by introducing appropriate approxi mations. Thus, in carrying out calculations on the vibrations of polyatomic molecules, one uses the force constants calculated from the observed frequency values. However, as a result of the anharmonicity of the vibrations, the values of the observed frequencies differ from the harmonic values, and the force constants used therefore differ from the true ones, i. e.

Handbook of Lasers


Author: Marvin J. Weber

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849335099

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1224

View: 8699

Lasers continue to be an amazingly robust field of activity. Anyone seeking a photon source is now confronted with an enormous number of possible lasers and laser wavelengths to choose from, but no single, comprehensive source to help them make that choice. The Handbook of Lasers provides an authoritative compilation of lasers, their properties, and original references in a readily accessible form. Organized by lasing media-solids, liquids, and gases-each section is subdivided into distinct laser types. Each type carries a brief description, followed by tables listing the lasing element or medium, host, lasing transition and wavelength, operating properties, primary literature citations, and, for broadband lasers, reported tuning ranges. The importance and value of the Handbook of Lasers cannot be overstated. Serving as both an archive and as an indicator of emerging trends, it reflects the state of knowledge and development in the field, provides a rapid means of obtaining reference data, and offers a pathway to the literature. It contains data useful for comparison with predictions and for developing models of processes, and may reveal fundamental inconsistencies or conflicts in the data.

Handbook of Electroluminescent Materials


Author: D. R. Vij

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420033410

Category: Science

Page: 646

View: 864

An electroluminescent (EL) material is one that emits electromagnetic (EM) radiation in the visible or near visible range when an electric field is applied to it. EL materials have a vast array of applications in the illumination and displays industries, from cheap and energy efficient lighting to large high resolution flat panel displays. The Handbook of Electroluminescent Materials begins with a chapter that outlines the basic physical principles of electroluminescence. The following chapters review in detail the preparation methods, physicochemical structures, characterization, and applications of all classes of EL materials, ranging from the traditional materials already in common usage to the more exotic materials, such as GaN and organics. The final chapter compares and contrasts these different materials in various application contexts.

Spin Physics in Semiconductors


Author: Mikhail I. Dyakonov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540788204

Category: Science

Page: 442

View: 4407

The purpose of this collective book is to present a non-exhaustive survey of sp- related phenomena in semiconductors with a focus on recent research. In some sense it may be regarded as an updated version of theOpticalOrientation book, which was entirely devoted to spin physics in bulk semiconductors. During the 24 years that have elapsed, we have witnessed, on the one hand, an extraordinary development in the wonderful semiconductor physics in two dim- sions with the accompanying revolutionary applications. On the other hand, during the last maybe 15 years there was a strong revival in the interest in spin phen- ena, in particular in low-dimensional semiconductor structures. While in the 1970s and 1980s the entire world population of researchers in the ?eld never exceeded 20 persons, now it can be counted by the hundreds and the number of publications by the thousands. This explosive growth is stimulated, to a large extent, by the hopes that the electron and/or nuclear spins in a semiconductor will help to accomplish the dream of factorizing large numbers by quantum computing and eventually to develop a new spin-based electronics, or “spintronics”. Whether any of this will happen or not, still remains to be seen. Anyway, these ideas have resulted in a large body of interesting and exciting research, which is a good thing by itself. The ?eld of spin physics in semiconductors is extremely rich and interesting with many spectacular effects in optics and transport.

Advances in Photochemistry


Author: James N. Pitts,George S. Hammond,Klaus Gollnick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470133686

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 396

Setting the pace for progress and innovation . . . "[Provides] a wealth of information on frontier photochemistry . . . could easily serve as a definitive source of background information for future researchers." —Journal of the American Chemical Society "The overall quality of the series and the timeliness of selections and authors warrants continuation of the series by any library wishing to maintain a first-rate reference series to the literature." —Physics Today ADVANCES IN PHOTOCHEMISTRY More than a simple survey of the current literature, Advances in Photochemistry offers critical evaluations written by internationally recognized experts. These pioneering scientists offer unique and varied points of view of the existing data. Their articles are challenging as well as provocative and are intended to stimulate discussion, promote further research, and encourage new developments in the field.