Structure of Materials

An Introduction to Crystallography, Diffraction and Symmetry

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Author: Marc De Graef,Michael E. McHenry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521651514

Category: Science

Page: 844

View: 4079

Highly illustrated, self-contained textbook covering the fundamentals of crystallography, symmetry and diffraction, providing a full appreciation of material structure for advanced undergraduate or graduate courses within materials science and engineering. Includes over 430 illustrations and 400 homework problems. Solutions, data files for crystal structures, and appendices, available from www.cambridge.org/9780521651516.

Structure of Materials

An Introduction to Crystallography, Diffraction and Symmetry

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Author: Marc De Graef,Michael E. McHenry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107005876

Category: Science

Page: 739

View: 9915

New edition of the highly readable textbook applying the fundamentals of crystallography, symmetry and diffraction to a range of materials.

Kristallstrukturbestimmung

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Author: Werner Massa

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3835190938

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 504

In anschaulicher Form - unterstützt durch zahlreiche Abbildungen - führt dieses Lehrbuch in die Kristallstrukturbestimmung ein. Die kristallographischen Grundlagen und einzelne praktische Schritte der modernen Kristallstrukturbestimmung werden verständlich und nachvollziehbar erklärt.

Mathematical Techniques in Crystallography and Materials Science

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Author: Edward Prince

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642187110

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 9948

This practical guide and reference serves as a unified source book for students and professionals, and it provides a solid basis for further studies in more specialized literature. Based Prince’s decades of practical experience, it can be recommended as an introduction for beginners in crystallography, as a refresher and handy guide for crystallographers working on specific problems, and as a reference for others seeking a dictionary of basic mathematical and crystallographic terms. The third edition further clarifies key points.

Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik

Eine Einführung

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Author: William D. Callister,David G. Rethwisch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527330070

Category:

Page: 906

View: 2979

Der 'Callister' bietet den gesamten Stoff der Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik für Studium und Prüfungsvorbereitung. Hervorragend aufbereitet und in klarer, prägnanter Sprache wird das gesamte Fachgebiet anschaulich dargestellt. Das erprobte didaktische Konzept zielt ab auf 'Verständnis vor Formalismus' und unterstützt den Lernprozess der Studierenden: * ausformulierte Lernziele * regelmäßig eingestreute Verständnisfragen zum gerade vermittelten Stoff * Kapitelzusammenfassungen mit Lernstoff, Gleichungen, Schlüsselwörtern und Querverweisen auf andere Kapitel * durchgerechnete Beispiele, Fragen und Antworten sowie Aufgaben und Lösungen * Exkurse in die industrielle Anwendung * an den deutschen Sprachraum angepasste Einheiten und Werkstoffbezeichnungen * durchgehend vierfarbig illustriert * Verweise auf elektronisches Zusatzmaterial Der 'Callister' ist ein Muss für angehende Materialwissenschaftler und Werkstofftechniker an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen - und ideal geeignet für Studierende aus Physik, Chemie, Maschinenbau und Bauingenieurwesen, die sich mit den Grundlagen des Fachs vertraut machen möchten.

Structure Elucidation in Organic Chemistry

The Search for the Right Tools

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Author: Maria-Magdalena Cid,Jorge Bravo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527664637

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 3711

Intended for advanced readers, this is a review of all relevant techniques for structure analysis in one handy volume. As such, it provides the latest knowledge on spectroscopic and related techniques for chemical structure analysis, such as NMR, optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography, including the scope and limitation of each method. As a result, readers not only become acquainted with the techniques, but also the advantages of the synergy between them. This enables them to choose the correct analytical method for each problem, saving both time and resources. Special emphasis is placed on NMR and its application to absolute configuration determination and the analysis of molecular interactions. Adopting a practical point of view, the author team from academia and industry guarantees both solid methodology and applications essential for structure determination, equipping experts as well as newcomers with the tools to solve any structural problem.

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin-Film Solar Cells

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Author: Kentaro Ito

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118437853

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 440

View: 313

Beginning with an overview and historical background of Copper Zinc Tin Sulphide (CZTS) technology, subsequent chapters cover properties of CZTS thin films, different preparation methods of CZTS thin films, a comparative study of CZTS and CIGS solar cell, computational approach, and future applications of CZTS thin film solar modules to both ground-mount and rooftop installation. The semiconducting compound (CZTS) is made up earth-abundant, low-cost and non-toxic elements, which make it an ideal candidate to replace Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) and CdTe solar cells which face material scarcity and toxicity issues. The device performance of CZTS-based thin film solar cells has been steadily improving over the past 20 years, and they have now reached near commercial efficiency levels (10%). These achievements prove that CZTS-based solar cells have the potential to be used for large-scale deployment of photovoltaics. With contributions from leading researchers from academia and industry, many of these authors have contributed to the improvement of its efficiency, and have rich experience in preparing a variety of semiconducting thin films for solar cells.

Bulk Metallic Glasses

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Author: C. Suryanarayana,A. Inoue

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439859698

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 565

View: 4505

In spite of the large amount of research activity in this subfield of materials science and engineering, there is no single book available that provides background information, methods of synthesis, characterization procedures, properties, and potential and existing applications.of bulk metallic glasses. Written in an easy-to-understand style by pioneering researchers in this field, Bulk Metallic Glasses is one of the first books to coherently discuss the synthesis, processing, properties, and applications of these unique materials. The book explores the differences between nanocrystalline, glassy, and amorphous solids as well as the thermodynamics and kinetics and various processing methods of glass formation. It critically compares the different criteria for glass formation, describes the advantages and limitations of experimental methods for synthesizing bulk metallic glasses in assorted sizes and shapes, and examines the kinetics of crystallization/devitrification and the mechanisms of transformations. It also covers the density, diffusivity, thermal expansion, electrical resistivity, specific heat, viscosity, corrosion resistance, mechanical behavior, and magnetic properties of bulk metallic glasses. After presenting a wide array of applications, the book concludes with a discussion on the future of these materials. The adoption of bulk metallic glasses into existing systems is besieged by many obstacles but due to their interesting combination of properties, future applications may be unlimited. A one-stop resource on all aspects of bulk metallic glasses, this book demonstrates the immense potential of these novel materials. It clearly elucidates the background, detailed methods of synthesis and characterization, structure, and properties of bulk metallic glasses.

Faszination Kristalle und Symmetrie

Einführung in die Kristallographie

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Author: Frank Hoffmann

Publisher: Springer Spektrum

ISBN: 9783658095802

Category: Science

Page: 321

View: 6987

Dieses Buch lädt Sie zu einer systematischen Rundreise durch die faszinierende Welt der Kristalle und ihrer Symmetrien ein. Sie werden mit der Symmetrie äußerer Kristallformen (Morphologie) ebenso vertraut gemacht wie mit ihrer inneren Struktur und lernen sämtliche Symmetrieelemente kennen, die zu Klassifizierung und Beschreibung von Kristallstrukturen benötigt werden. Das Buch erklärt die Zusammenhänge auf eine sehr anschauliche, nicht-mathematische Art und Weise und besticht durch klare, hochwertige Abbildungen. Online-Materialien begleiten das Buch; so unterstützen 3D-Modelle, die Sie am Bildschirm erkunden können, das räumliche Verständnis des Aufbaus von Kristallen. Nach der Lektüre des Werkes werden Sie nicht nur wissen, was eine Raumgruppe ist und wie die Internationalen Tabellen für Kristallographie zu lesen sind, sondern auch kristallographische Spezifikationen in Fachpublikationen deuten können. Und wenn Sie wirklich etwas nicht verstehen, haben Sie Gelegenheit, auf der Website zum Buch dem Autor Fragen zu stellen.

Properties of Materials

Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure

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Author: Robert E. Newnham

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191523403

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 6004

Crystals are sometimes called 'Flowers of the Mineral Kingdom'. In addition to their great beauty, crystals and other textured materials are enormously useful in electronics, optics, acoustics, and many other engineering applications. This book describes the underlying principles of crystal physics and chemistry, covering a wide range of topics, and illustrating numerous applications in many fields of engineering using the most important materials. It has been written at a level suitable for science and engineering students and can be used for teaching a one- or two-semester course. Tensors, matrices, symmetry and structure-property relationships form the main subjects of the book. Whilst tensors and matrices provide the mathematical framework for understanding anisotropy, on which the physical and chemical properties of crystals and textured materials often depend, atomistic arguments are also needed to quantify the property coefficients in various directions. The atomistic arguments are partly based on symmetry and partly on the basic physics and chemistry of materials. After introducing the point groups appropriate for single crystals, textured materials and ordered magnetic structures, the directional properties of many different materials are described: linear and nonlinear elasticity, piezoelectricity and electrostriction, magnetic phenomena, diffusion and other transport properties, and both primary and secondary ferroic behaviour. With crystal optics (its roots in classical mineralogy) having become an important component of the information age, nonlinear optics is described along with the piezo-optics, magneto-optics and electro-optics, and analogous linear and nonlinear acoustic wave phenomena. Enantiomorphism, optical activity, and chemical anisotropy are discussed in the final chapters of the book.

Forschung mit Röntgenstrahlen

Bilanz eines Jahrhunderts (1895–1995)

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Author: Friedrich H.W. Heuck,Eckard Macherauch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642788416

Category: Medical

Page: 683

View: 8284

Die Entdeckung der Röntgenstrahlen im Jahre 1895 hat, wie kein anderes wissenschaftliches Ereignis zuvor, die Entwicklungen in den verschiedensten Disziplinen beeinflußt. Namhafte Wissenschaftler durchleuchten die wichtigsten Entdeckungen und Anwendungen im Bereich der Röntgentechnik.

Structure and Bonding in Crystalline Materials

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Author: Gregory S. Rohrer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521663793

Category: Science

Page: 540

View: 2882

A graduate level textbook for materials scientists that describes the established principles of crystallography and bonding.

NMR — Konzepte und Methoden

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Author: Daniel Canet

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642791220

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 7229

Daniel Canet hat aus Seminaren und Vorlesungen an der Universität Nancy I die wesentlichen Themen der Kernresonanzspektroskopie ausgewählt. Er stellt die physikalischen Zusammenhänge so dar, daß sich eine große Gruppe für das Buch interessiert: Chemiker, Biochemiker - und auch Mediziner, in deren Diagnostik auch die spektroskopischen Aspekte eine immer größere Rolle spielen. Das Buch ist auf drei Ebenen geschrieben: als Einführung in das physikalische Phänomen, als Lehrbuch für Chemiker nach dem Vordiplom und als eine Darstellung der quantenchemischen Modelle, die zum Verständnis der Spindynamik, der Multipuls- und multidimensionalen Verfahren nötig sind. Hier unterscheidet sich Canets Buch von anderen Einführungen.

Quantentheorie

eine Einführung

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Author: John C. Polkinghorne

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150188613

Category:

Page: 176

View: 9795

An Introduction to the Theory of Diffraction

The Commonwealth and International Library: Materials Science and Technology

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Author: C. J. Ball

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483181421

Category: Science

Page: 142

View: 6944

An Introduction to the Theory of Diffraction presents the fundamentals of diffraction theory. This book discusses other topics, such as absorption in cylindrical or slab-shaped specimens, which do not closely involve the fundamentals of diffraction. Organized into seven chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamentals of wave motion and a short account of the interaction of atoms with X-ray, electrons, and neutrons. This text then examines the differences between atomic scattering factors for the various radiations. Other chapters consider a number of problems in which the distribution of scattering sources is either one-dimensional in nature or can be reduced to one dimension. This book discusses as well the principle of superposition, which ensures that Fourier analysis has an application to diffraction theory. The final chapter deals with the importance of reciprocal lattice on the relation it bears to the crystal lattice. This book is a valuable resource for metallurgists.