Dolmens in the Levant

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Author: James A. Fraser

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351375423

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 6773

When Western explorers first encountered dolmens in the Levant, they thought they had discovered the origins of a megalithic phenomenon that spread as far as the Atlantic coast. Although European dolmens are now considered an unrelated tradition, many researchers continue to approach dolmens in the Levant as part of a trans-regional phenomenon that spanned the Taurus mountains to the Arabian peninsula. By tightly defining the term 'dolmen' itself, this book brings these mysterious monuments into sharper focus. Drawing on historical, archaeological and geological sources, it is shown that dolmens in the Levant mostly concentrate in the eastern escarpment of the Jordan Rift Valley, and in the Galilean hills. They cluster near proto-urban settlements of the Early Bronze I period (3700–3000 BCE) in particular geological zones suitable for the extraction of megalithic slabs. Rather than approaching dolmens as a regional phenomenon, this book considers dolmens as part of a local burial tradition whose tomb forms varied depending on geological constraints. Dolmens in the Levant is essential for anyone interested in the rise of civilisations in the ancient Middle East, and particularly those who have wondered at the origins of these enigmatic burial monuments that dominate the landscape.

The Wilderness of Zin

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Author: Sir Leonard Woolley,Leonard Woolley,Thomas Edward Lawrence

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781575060774

Category: Excavations

Page: 290

View: 1089

In their famous six-weeks' survey of southern Palestine for the Palestine Exploration Fund in 1914, the archaeologists C. Leonard Woolley and T. E. Lawrence covered large tracts of the desert wilderness, studying monuments of numerous periods, from the prehistoric to the Islamic. Their records were first published in 1915. Not only was this work significant as an archaeological and historical record, but it also represented an astonishing feat on the part of Woolley and Lawrence, characteristic of the indefatigable spirit and polymathic interests of so many explorer-scholars in the Levant during the 19th and early 20th centuries. This new publication by Eisenbrauns includes previously unpublished letters and photographs, including several by T. E. Lawrence, and other material relating to the work still housed in the Palestine Exploration Fund's archives. In this revised edition, readers will be able to enjoy one of the most famous archaeological surveys ever carried out and appreciate Woolley and Lawrence's work in a fuller context.

Stone Vessels in the Levant

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Author: RachaelThyrza Sparks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351547771

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 6198

Examining stone vessels in the Levant during the 2nd millennium BC, the author explores the links between material culture and society through a comprehensive study of production and distribution. Extensively illustrated with 100 drawings, maps and charts, this volume includes a full object catalogue.This study represents the first comprehensive overview of the stone vessel assemblagesof the Levant in this period, a time which, fed by an increase of wealth and interregional trade, saw a growth in the popularity and variety of such vessels.Previously, our understanding of the varied functions and forms of these diverse vessels has been relatively underdeveloped. In this volume the author attempts to address this problem by creating a typological framework though which we can analyse variability and define essential characteristics of local stone vessel workshops. Only once this has been achieved is it possible to look at stone vessel production in its wider cultural context. Subsequent chapters explore broader themes, beginning within the workshops themselves, examining the links between craftsmen, their sources of raw materials, and the authorities that controlled and distributed their output. Considerations of the geographical and chronological distribution of such goods are then used to provide a regional perspective for the operation of these workshops, connections between them, and further insights into the nature of local and international trade. Finally, the objects themselves can be used to assess the impact of trends such as the growing Egyptianization of the ruling classes of the Levant at this time.

Life in Neolithic Farming Communities

Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation

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Author: Ian Kuijt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471663

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 1308

Drawing on both the results of recent archaeological research and anthropological theory, leading experts synthesize current thinking on the nature of and variation within Neolithic social arrangements. The authors analyze archaeological data within a range of methodological and theoretical perspectives to reconstruct key aspects of ritual practices, labor organization, and collective social identity at the scale of the household, community, and region.

Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies

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Author: Jared Diamond

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393609294

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 4191

"Fascinating.... Lays a foundation for understanding human history."—Bill Gates In this "artful, informative, and delightful" (William H. McNeill, New York Review of Books) book, Jared Diamond convincingly argues that geographical and environmental factors shaped the modern world. Societies that had had a head start in food production advanced beyond the hunter-gatherer stage, and then developed religion --as well as nasty germs and potent weapons of war --and adventured on sea and land to conquer and decimate preliterate cultures. A major advance in our understanding of human societies, Guns, Germs, and Steel chronicles the way that the modern world came to be and stunningly dismantles racially based theories of human history. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, the Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science, the Rhone-Poulenc Prize, and the Commonwealth club of California's Gold Medal.

The Excavations of Beth Shemesh, November–December 1912

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Author: Duncan MacKenzie,Shlomo Bunimovitz,Zvi Lederman,Nicoletta Momigliano

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317247949

Category: Social Science

Page: 164

View: 1323

In 1909 the Scottish archaeologist Duncan Mackenzie, Sir Arthur Evans’s right-hand man on the excavations of the legendary ‘Palace of Minos’ at Knossos since 1900, was appointed ‘Explorer’ of the Palestine Exploration Fund (PEF). From the spring of 1910 until December 1912 he was engaged in archaeological fieldwork in Palestine, especially directing excavation campaigns at Ain Shems (biblical Beth Shemesh) – an important site in the Shephelah of Judah at the crossroads of Canaanite, Philistine, and Israelite cultures. Mackenzie published the results of his work in various issues of the Palestine Exploration Quarterly and Palestine Exploration Fund Annual. Because of a financial dispute with the PEF, however, he never submitted a detailed publication of his very last campaign at Beth Shemesh, conducted in November–December 1912. In 1992 Nicoletta Momigliano rediscovered Mackenzie’s lost manuscript on his latest discoveries at Beth Shemesh, which one of his nephews had kept for nearly 80 years at his old family home in the Scottish Highlands, in the small village of Muir of Ord. At about the same time, Shlomo Bunimovitz and Zvi Lederman initiated new excavations at Beth Shemesh which considerably changed previous interpretations of the site. This volume presents Mackenzie’s detailed discussion of his last excavations at Beth Shemesh in the light of these more recent discoveries. Although written over a century ago, Mackenzie’s manuscript deserves to be better known today; it not only provides significant new information on this important site but also constitutes an intriguing historical document, shedding light on the history of field archaeology and of biblical archaeology. Moreover, Mackenzie’s pioneering approach to archaeological fieldwork and the significance of his finds can often be better appreciated today, from the perspective of more recent developments and discoveries.

The Climate of the Mediterranean Region

From the Past to the Future

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Author: P. Lionello

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123914779

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 1042

The Mediterranean region contains a diverse and interesting climate ranging from areas with permanent glaciers to areas of subtropical, semiarid regions. The region is potentially sensitive to climate change and its progress has environmental, social, and economic implications within and beyond the region. Produced by the Mediterranean Climate Variability and Predictability Research Networking Project, this book reviews the evolution of the Mediterranean climate over the past two millennia with projections further into the twenty-first century as well as examining in detail various aspects of the Mediterranean region’s climate including evolution, atmospheric variables, and oceanic and land elements. Integrated with this, the book also considers the social and economic problems or vulnerabilities associated with the region. Written and reviewed by multiple researchers to ensure a high level of information presented clearly, Mediterranean Climate Variables will be an invaluable source of information for geologists, oceanographers, and anyone interested in learning more about the Mediterranean climate. Written by leading experts in the field Presents clear, compelling, and concise evidence Includes the latest thinking in Mediterranean climate research

Reading Clocks, Alla Turca

Time and Society in the Late Ottoman Empire

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Author: Avner Wishnitzer

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022625786X

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 724

Up until the end of the eighteenth century, the way Ottomans used their clocks conformed to the inner logic of their own temporal culture. However, this began to change rather dramatically during the nineteenth century, as the Ottoman Empire was increasingly assimilated into the European-dominated global economy and the project of modern state building began to gather momentum. In Reading Clocks, Alla Turca, Avner Wishnitzer unravels the complexity of Ottoman temporal culture and for the first time tells the story of its transformation. He explains that in their attempt to attain better surveillance capabilities and higher levels of regularity and efficiency, various organs of the reforming Ottoman state developed elaborate temporal constructs in which clocks played an increasingly important role. As the reform movement spread beyond the government apparatus, emerging groups of officers, bureaucrats, and urban professionals incorporated novel time-related ideas, values, and behaviors into their self-consciously “modern” outlook and lifestyle. Acculturated in the highly regimented environment of schools and barracks, they came to identify efficiency and temporal regularity with progress and the former temporal patterns with the old political order. Drawing on a wealth of archival and literary sources, Wishnitzer’s original and highly important work presents the shifting culture of time as an arena in which Ottoman social groups competed for legitimacy and a medium through which the very concept of modernity was defined. Reading Clocks, Alla Turca breaks new ground in the study of the Middle East and presents us with a new understanding of the relationship between time and modernity.

The Cultural History of Plants

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Author: Sir Ghillean Prance,Mark Nesbitt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135958106

Category: Reference

Page: 460

View: 3019

This valuable reference will be useful for both scholars and general readers. It is both botanical and cultural, describing the role of plant in social life, regional customs, the arts, natural and covers all aspects of plant cultivation and migration and covers all aspects of plant cultivation and migration. The text includes an explanation of plant names and a list of general references on the history of useful plants.

The Golden Age of Botanical Art

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Author: Martyn Rix

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022611984X

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 9600

The seventeenth century heralded a golden age of exploration, as intrepid travelers sailed around the world to gain firsthand knowledge of previously unknown continents. These explorers also collected the world’s most beautiful flora, and often their findings were recorded for posterity by talented professional artists. The Golden Age of Botanical Art tells the story of these exciting plant-hunting journeys and marries it with full-color reproductions of the stunning artwork they produced. Covering work through the nineteenth century, this lavishly illustrated book offers readers a look at 250 rare or unpublished images by some of the world’s most important botanical artists. Truly global in its scope, The Golden Age of Botanical Art features work by artists from Europe, China, and India, recording plants from places as disparate as Africa and South America. Martyn Rix has compiled the stories and art not only of well-known figures—such as Leonardo da Vinci and the artists of Empress Josephine Bonaparte—but also of those adventurous botanists and painters whose names and work have been forgotten. A celebration of both extraordinarily beautiful plant life and the globe-trotting men and women who found and recorded it, The Golden Age of Botanical Art will enchant gardeners and art lovers alike.

The Dhimmi

Jews and Christians Under Islam

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Author: Bat Yeʼor

Publisher: Associated University Presse

ISBN: 0838632335

Category: History

Page: 444

View: 5354

Examines the treatment of non-Arab people under the rule of the Muslims and collects historical documents related to this subject

Geography and Memory

Explorations in Identity, Place and Becoming

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Author: Owain Jones,Joanne Garde-Hansen

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230292992

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 5048

Geography and Memory creates a new space of study by assembling international scholars and emerging talent for the first coherent and co-ordinated approach to explorations of identity, place and becoming. In focusing upon these three dynamics the editors have organised the relationship between geography and memory into an accessible framework for approaching key aspects of memory, remembering, archives, commemoration and forgetting in modern societies. The contributors are drawn from a range of local, national and international contexts, including the UK, Germany, USA, Malaysia and Australia. The book uniquely opens up the disciplines of geography (human, political, cultural and physical) into a dialogue with other disciplines such as media, the arts, heritage, psychology, psychotherapy, politics, sociology and cognitive science so as to present a wide-ranging and nuanced approach to memory studies.

Native Traditions in the Postconquest World

A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 2nd Through 4th October 1992

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Author: Elizabeth Hill Boone,Tom Cummins

Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks

ISBN: 9780884022398

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 3933

"Important anthology marking, but not celebrating, the Columbian Quincentenary, directing attention to indigenous cultural responses to the Spanish intrusion in Mexico and Peru, utilizing as much as possible native documents and sources, and exploring men

Another Global City

Historical Explorations into the Transnational Municipal Moment, 1850–2000

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Author: P. Saunier

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230613810

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 8264

This collection uses the transnational activities of municipal urban governments to historicize the origins and development of the global city, focusing on how urban problems were addressed with concepts that emerged from the "world in between" nations and cities.

Selective Remembrances

Archaeology in the Construction, Commemoration, and Consecration of National Pasts

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Author: Philip L. Kohl,Mara Kozelsky,Nachman Ben-Yehuda

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226450643

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 8912

When political geography changes, how do reorganized or newly formed states justify their rule and create a sense of shared history for their people? Often, the essays in Selective Remembrances reveal, they turn to archaeology, employing the field and its findings to develop nationalistic feelings and forge legitimate distinctive national identities. Examining such relatively new or reconfigured nation-states as Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Israel, Russia, Ukraine, India, and Thailand, Selective Remembrances shows how states invoke the remote past to extol the glories of specific peoples or prove claims to ancestral homelands. Religion has long played a key role in such efforts, and the contributors take care to demonstrate the tendency of many people, including archaeologists themselves, to view the world through a religious lens—which can be exploited by new regimes to suppress objective study of the past and justify contemporary political actions. The wide geographic and intellectual range of the essays in Selective Remembrances will make it a seminal text for archaeologists and historians.

Asia in Western and World History

A Guide for Teaching

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Author: Ainslie Thomas Embree,Carol Gluck

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563242656

Category: Education

Page: 998

View: 4000

This comprehensive volume provides teachers and students with broad and stimulating perspectives on Asian history and its place in world and Western history. Essays by over forty leading scholars suggest many new ways of incorporating Asian history, from ancient to modern times, into core curriculum history courses. Now featuring "Suggested Resources for Maps to Be Used in Conjunction with Asia in Western and World History".

Quaternary of the Levant

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Author: Yehouda Enzel,Ofer Bar-Yosef

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107090466

Category: History

Page: 672

View: 4111

Over eighty contributions from leading researchers review 2.5 million years of environmental change and human cultural evolution in the Levant.

A Timeless Vale

Archaeological and Related Essays on the Jordan Valley in Honour of Gerrit Van Der Kooij on the Occasion of His Sixty-fifth Birthday

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Author: Eva Kaptijn,Lucas P. Petit

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9087280769

Category: Social Science

Page: 191

View: 7160

Written and organized in honor of renowned Leiden archaeologist Gerrit van der Kooij, A Timeless Vale presents a wealth of research on the prehistory and history of the Jordan Valley. Chronologically and thematically diverse, the chapters cover a range of topics, including the history of the Zerqa Triangle, the paleoecology of the Hula area, an analysis of the Jordan Valley during the early Bronze Age, a description of sugar production in Jericho during the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods, and an overview of Dutch archaeological activity in Jordan during the last fifty years.