Statistics and Data Analysis

From Elementary to Intermediate

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Author: Ajit C. Tamhane,Dorothy D. Dunlop

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 722

View: 8219

Introducing the concepts and methods of modern statistics with an emphasis on computer assisted data analysis, the book focuses on interpretation of results rather than their computation.Review of probability, collecting data, summarizing and exploring data, sampling distributions of statistics, basic concepts of inference, linear regression and correlation, analysis of single factor and multifactor Experiments.

Data Analysis with Open Source Tools

A Hands-On Guide for Programmers and Data Scientists

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Author: Philipp K. Janert

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449396658

Category: Computers

Page: 540

View: 2669

Collecting data is relatively easy, but turning raw information into something useful requires that you know how to extract precisely what you need. With this insightful book, intermediate to experienced programmers interested in data analysis will learn techniques for working with data in a business environment. You'll learn how to look at data to discover what it contains, how to capture those ideas in conceptual models, and then feed your understanding back into the organization through business plans, metrics dashboards, and other applications. Along the way, you'll experiment with concepts through hands-on workshops at the end of each chapter. Above all, you'll learn how to think about the results you want to achieve -- rather than rely on tools to think for you. Use graphics to describe data with one, two, or dozens of variables Develop conceptual models using back-of-the-envelope calculations, as well asscaling and probability arguments Mine data with computationally intensive methods such as simulation and clustering Make your conclusions understandable through reports, dashboards, and other metrics programs Understand financial calculations, including the time-value of money Use dimensionality reduction techniques or predictive analytics to conquer challenging data analysis situations Become familiar with different open source programming environments for data analysis "Finally, a concise reference for understanding how to conquer piles of data."--Austin King, Senior Web Developer, Mozilla "An indispensable text for aspiring data scientists."--Michael E. Driscoll, CEO/Founder, Dataspora

Introductory Statistics with R

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Author: Peter Dalgaard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387790543

Category: Mathematics

Page: 364

View: 4985

This book provides an elementary-level introduction to R, targeting both non-statistician scientists in various fields and students of statistics. The main mode of presentation is via code examples with liberal commenting of the code and the output, from the computational as well as the statistical viewpoint. Brief sections introduce the statistical methods before they are used. A supplementary R package can be downloaded and contains the data sets. All examples are directly runnable and all graphics in the text are generated from the examples. The statistical methodology covered includes statistical standard distributions, one- and two-sample tests with continuous data, regression analysis, one-and two-way analysis of variance, regression analysis, analysis of tabular data, and sample size calculations. In addition, the last four chapters contain introductions to multiple linear regression analysis, linear models in general, logistic regression, and survival analysis.

An Introduction to Probability and Statistics

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Author: Vijay K. Rohatgi,A.K. Md. Ehsanes Saleh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118799658

Category: Mathematics

Page: 728

View: 5371

A well-balanced introduction to probability theory and mathematical statistics Featuring updated material, An Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Third Edition remains a solid overview to probability theory and mathematical statistics. Divided intothree parts, the Third Edition begins by presenting the fundamentals and foundationsof probability. The second part addresses statistical inference, and the remainingchapters focus on special topics. An Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Third Edition includes: A new section on regression analysis to include multiple regression, logistic regression, and Poisson regression A reorganized chapter on large sample theory to emphasize the growing role of asymptotic statistics Additional topical coverage on bootstrapping, estimation procedures, and resampling Discussions on invariance, ancillary statistics, conjugate prior distributions, and invariant confidence intervals Over 550 problems and answers to most problems, as well as 350 worked out examples and 200 remarks Numerous figures to further illustrate examples and proofs throughout An Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Third Edition is an ideal reference and resource for scientists and engineers in the fields of statistics, mathematics, physics, industrial management, and engineering. The book is also an excellent text for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level students majoring in probability and statistics.

Bayesian Ideas and Data Analysis

An Introduction for Scientists and Statisticians

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Author: Ronald Christensen,Wesley Johnson,Adam Branscum,Timothy E Hanson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439803552

Category: Mathematics

Page: 516

View: 1405

Emphasizing the use of WinBUGS and R to analyze real data, Bayesian Ideas and Data Analysis: An Introduction for Scientists and Statisticians presents statistical tools to address scientific questions. It highlights foundational issues in statistics, the importance of making accurate predictions, and the need for scientists and statisticians to collaborate in analyzing data. The WinBUGS code provided offers a convenient platform to model and analyze a wide range of data. The first five chapters of the book contain core material that spans basic Bayesian ideas, calculations, and inference, including modeling one and two sample data from traditional sampling models. The text then covers Monte Carlo methods, such as Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation. After discussing linear structures in regression, it presents binomial regression, normal regression, analysis of variance, and Poisson regression, before extending these methods to handle correlated data. The authors also examine survival analysis and binary diagnostic testing. A complementary chapter on diagnostic testing for continuous outcomes is available on the book’s website. The last chapter on nonparametric inference explores density estimation and flexible regression modeling of mean functions. The appropriate statistical analysis of data involves a collaborative effort between scientists and statisticians. Exemplifying this approach, Bayesian Ideas and Data Analysis focuses on the necessary tools and concepts for modeling and analyzing scientific data. Data sets and codes are provided on a supplemental website.

Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis

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Author: Roxy Peck,Chris Olsen,Jay L. Devore

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305445961

Category: Mathematics

Page: 844

View: 8053

Roxy Peck, Chris Olsen, and Jay Devore's new edition uses real data and attention-grabbing examples to introduce students to the study of statistics and data analysis. Traditional in structure yet modern in approach, this text guides students through an intuition-based learning process that stresses interpretation and communication of statistical information. Simple notation--including frequent substitution of words for symbols--helps students grasp concepts and cement their comprehension. Hands-on activities and interactive applets allow students to practice statistics firsthand. INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS includes updated coverage of most major technologies, as well as expanded coverage of probability. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Advanced Calculus

Theory and Practice

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Author: John Srdjan Petrovic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466565640

Category: Mathematics

Page: 572

View: 6057

Suitable for a one- or two-semester course, Advanced Calculus: Theory and Practice expands on the material covered in elementary calculus and presents this material in a rigorous manner. The text improves students’ problem-solving and proof-writing skills, familiarizes them with the historical development of calculus concepts, and helps them understand the connections among different topics. The book takes a motivating approach that makes ideas less abstract to students. It explains how various topics in calculus may seem unrelated but in reality have common roots. Emphasizing historical perspectives, the text gives students a glimpse into the development of calculus and its ideas from the age of Newton and Leibniz to the twentieth century. Nearly 300 examples lead to important theorems as well as help students develop the necessary skills to closely examine the theorems. Proofs are also presented in an accessible way to students. By strengthening skills gained through elementary calculus, this textbook leads students toward mastering calculus techniques. It will help them succeed in their future mathematical or engineering studies.

Statistics for Epidemiology

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Author: Nicholas P. Jewell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203496868

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 4439

Statistical ideas have been integral to the development of epidemiology and continue to provide the tools needed to interpret epidemiological studies. Although epidemiologists do not need a highly mathematical background in statistical theory to conduct and interpret such studies, they do need more than an encyclopedia of "recipes." Statistics for Epidemiology achieves just the right balance between the two approaches, building an intuitive understanding of the methods most important to practitioners and the skills to use them effectively. It develops the techniques for analyzing simple risk factors and disease data, with step-by-step extensions that include the use of binary regression. It covers the logistic regression model in detail and contrasts it with the Cox model for time-to-incidence data. The author uses a few simple case studies to guide readers from elementary analyses to more complex regression modeling. Following these examples through several chapters makes it easy to compare the interpretations that emerge from varying approaches. Written by one of the top biostatisticians in the field, Statistics for Epidemiology stands apart in its focus on interpretation and in the depth of understanding it provides. It lays the groundwork that all public health professionals, epidemiologists, and biostatisticians need to successfully design, conduct, and analyze epidemiological studies.

Mathematical Statistics and Data Analysis

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Author: John A. Rice

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780495118688

Category: Statistics

Page: 603

View: 1995

This is the first text in a generation to re-examine the purpose of the mathematical statistics course. The book's approach interweaves traditional topics with data analysis and reflects the use of the computer with close ties to the practice of statistics. The author stresses analysis of data, examines real problems with real data, and motivates the theory. The book's descriptive statistics, graphical displays, and realistic applications stand in strong contrast to traditional texts that are set in abstract settings.

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

with Applications in R

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Author: Gareth James,Daniela Witten,Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461471389

Category: Mathematics

Page: 426

View: 3731

An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.

Data Analysis with Competing Risks and Intermediate States

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Author: Ronald B. Geskus

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466570369

Category: Mathematics

Page: 277

View: 1380

Data Analysis with Competing Risks and Intermediate States explains when and how to use models and techniques for the analysis of competing risks and intermediate states. It covers the most recent insights on estimation techniques and discusses in detail how to interpret the obtained results. After introducing example studies from the biomedical and epidemiological fields, the book formally defines the concepts that play a role in analyses with competing risks and intermediate states. It addresses nonparametric estimation of the relevant quantities. The book then shows how to use a stacked data set that offers great flexibility in the modeling of covariable effects on the transition rates between states. It also describes three ways to quantify effects on the cumulative scale. Each chapter includes standard exercises that reflect on the concepts presented, a section on software that explains options in SAS and Stata and the functionality in the R program, and computer practicals that allow readers to practice with the techniques using an existing data set of bone marrow transplant patients. The book’s website provides the R code for the computer practicals along with other material. For researchers with some experience in the analysis of standard time-to-event data, this practical and thorough treatment extends their knowledge and skills to the competing risks and multi-state settings. Researchers from other fields can also easily translate individuals and diseases to units and phenomena from their own areas.

Applied Regression Analysis

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Author: Norman R. Draper,Harry Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118625684

Category: Mathematics

Page: 736

View: 4458

An outstanding introduction to the fundamentals of regression analysis-updated and expanded The methods of regression analysis are the most widely used statistical tools for discovering the relationships among variables. This classic text, with its emphasis on clear, thorough presentation of concepts and applications, offers a complete, easily accessible introduction to the fundamentals of regression analysis. Assuming only a basic knowledge of elementary statistics, Applied Regression Analysis, Third Edition focuses on the fitting and checking of both linear and nonlinear regression models, using small and large data sets, with pocket calculators or computers. This Third Edition features separate chapters on multicollinearity, generalized linear models, mixture ingredients, geometry of regression, robust regression, and resampling procedures. Extensive support materials include sets of carefully designed exercises with full or partial solutions and a series of true/false questions with answers. All data sets used in both the text and the exercises can be found on the companion disk at the back of the book. For analysts, researchers, and students in university, industrial, and government courses on regression, this text is an excellent introduction to the subject and an efficient means of learning how to use a valuable analytical tool. It will also prove an invaluable reference resource for applied scientists and statisticians.

Statistics and Data Analysis

An Introduction

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Author: Andrew F. Siegel,Charles J. Morgan

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471293323

Category: Mathematics

Page: 656

View: 5736

Introductory statistics book for the non-technical person that integrates the traditional foundations of statistical inference with the more modern ideas of data analysis. The book is divided into three parts. Part One is concerned with data in general and with describing groups of numbers. Part Two develops the ideas of randomness, probability, and statistical inference. Part Three moves forward, applying these ideas to more complex data structures and the analysis of relationships.

Introduction to Bayesian Statistics

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Author: William M. Bolstad,James M. Curran

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118593227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 624

View: 9401

"...this edition is useful and effective in teaching Bayesian inference at both elementary and intermediate levels. It is a well-written book on elementary Bayesian inference, and the material is easily accessible. It is both concise and timely, and provides a good collection of overviews and reviews of important tools used in Bayesian statistical methods." There is a strong upsurge in the use of Bayesian methods in applied statistical analysis, yet most introductory statistics texts only present frequentist methods. Bayesian statistics has many important advantages that students should learn about if they are going into fields where statistics will be used. In this third Edition, four newly-added chapters address topics that reflect the rapid advances in the field of Bayesian statistics. The authors continue to provide a Bayesian treatment of introductory statistical topics, such as scientific data gathering, discrete random variables, robust Bayesian methods, and Bayesian approaches to inference for discrete random variables, binomial proportions, Poisson, and normal means, and simple linear regression. In addition, more advanced topics in the field are presented in four new chapters: Bayesian inference for a normal with unknown mean and variance; Bayesian inference for a Multivariate Normal mean vector; Bayesian inference for the Multiple Linear Regression Model; and Computational Bayesian Statistics including Markov Chain Monte Carlo. The inclusion of these topics will facilitate readers' ability to advance from a minimal understanding of Statistics to the ability to tackle topics in more applied, advanced level books. Minitab macros and R functions are available on the book's related website to assist with chapter exercises. Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition also features: Topics including the Joint Likelihood function and inference using independent Jeffreys priors and join conjugate prior The cutting-edge topic of computational Bayesian Statistics in a new chapter, with a unique focus on Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods Exercises throughout the book that have been updated to reflect new applications and the latest software applications Detailed appendices that guide readers through the use of R and Minitab software for Bayesian analysis and Monte Carlo simulations, with all related macros available on the book's website Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition is a textbook for upper-undergraduate or first-year graduate level courses on introductory statistics course with a Bayesian emphasis. It can also be used as a reference work for statisticians who require a working knowledge of Bayesian statistics.

The Book of R

A First Course in Programming and Statistics

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Author: Tilman M. Davies

Publisher: No Starch Press

ISBN: 1593277792

Category: Computers

Page: 832

View: 3724

The Book of R is a comprehensive, beginner-friendly guide to R, the world’s most popular programming language for statistical analysis. Even if you have no programming experience and little more than a grounding in the basics of mathematics, you’ll find everything you need to begin using R effectively for statistical analysis. You’ll start with the basics, like how to handle data and write simple programs, before moving on to more advanced topics, like producing statistical summaries of your data and performing statistical tests and modeling. You’ll even learn how to create impressive data visualizations with R’s basic graphics tools and contributed packages, like ggplot2 and ggvis, as well as interactive 3D visualizations using the rgl package. Dozens of hands-on exercises (with downloadable solutions) take you from theory to practice, as you learn: –The fundamentals of programming in R, including how to write data frames, create functions, and use variables, statements, and loops –Statistical concepts like exploratory data analysis, probabilities, hypothesis tests, and regression modeling, and how to execute them in R –How to access R’s thousands of functions, libraries, and data sets –How to draw valid and useful conclusions from your data –How to create publication-quality graphics of your results Combining detailed explanations with real-world examples and exercises, this book will provide you with a solid understanding of both statistics and the depth of R’s functionality. Make The Book of R your doorway into the growing world of data analysis.

Statistics and Data Analysis , From Elementary to Intermediate

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Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1497045185

Category: Education

Page: 87

View: 5596

Facts101 is your complete guide to Statistics and Data Analysis , From Elementary to Intermediate. In this book, you will learn topics such as COLLECTING DATA, SUMMARIZING AND EXPLORING DATA, SAMPLING DISTRIBUTIONS OF STATISTICS, and BASIC CONCEPTS OF INFERENCE plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Statistics at the Bench

A Step-by-step Handbook for Biologists

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Author: Martina Bremer,Rebecca W. Doerge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 167

View: 7281

Statistics at the Bench is a convenient bench-side companion for biologists, designed as a handy reference guide for elementary and intermediate statistical analyses. The expectations for biologists to have a more complete understanding of statistics are growing rapidly. New technologies and new areas of science, such as microarrays, next-generation sequencing, and proteomics, have dramatically increased the need for quantitative reasoning among biologists when designing experiments and interpreting results. Even the most routine informatics tools rely on statistical assumptions and methods that need to be appreciated if the scientific results are to be correct, understood, and exploited fully. This book is not a textbook. It is an essential handbook for working scientists. Statistics at the Bench provides a simple refresher for those who have forgotten what they once knew, and an overview for those wishing to use more quantitative reasoning in their research. Statistical methods, as well as guidelines for the interpretation of results, are explained using simple examples. Throughout the book, examples are accompanied by detailed Excel commands for easy reference.

The Elements of Statistical Learning

Data Mining, Inference, and Prediction

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Author: Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani,Jerome Friedman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387216065

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 6705

During the past decade there has been an explosion in computation and information technology. With it have come vast amounts of data in a variety of fields such as medicine, biology, finance, and marketing. The challenge of understanding these data has led to the development of new tools in the field of statistics, and spawned new areas such as data mining, machine learning, and bioinformatics. Many of these tools have common underpinnings but are often expressed with different terminology. This book describes the important ideas in these areas in a common conceptual framework. While the approach is statistical, the emphasis is on concepts rather than mathematics. Many examples are given, with a liberal use of color graphics. It should be a valuable resource for statisticians and anyone interested in data mining in science or industry. The book’s coverage is broad, from supervised learning (prediction) to unsupervised learning. The many topics include neural networks, support vector machines, classification trees and boosting---the first comprehensive treatment of this topic in any book. This major new edition features many topics not covered in the original, including graphical models, random forests, ensemble methods, least angle regression & path algorithms for the lasso, non-negative matrix factorization, and spectral clustering. There is also a chapter on methods for “wide” data (p bigger than n), including multiple testing and false discovery rates. Trevor Hastie, Robert Tibshirani, and Jerome Friedman are professors of statistics at Stanford University. They are prominent researchers in this area: Hastie and Tibshirani developed generalized additive models and wrote a popular book of that title. Hastie co-developed much of the statistical modeling software and environment in R/S-PLUS and invented principal curves and surfaces. Tibshirani proposed the lasso and is co-author of the very successful An Introduction to the Bootstrap. Friedman is the co-inventor of many data-mining tools including CART, MARS, projection pursuit and gradient boosting.

Microsoft Excel Data Analysis and Business Modeling

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Author: Wayne Winston

Publisher: Microsoft Press

ISBN: 1509304223

Category: Computers

Page: 984

View: 8203

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Master business modeling and analysis techniques with Microsoft Excel 2016, and transform data into bottom-line results. Written by award-winning educator Wayne Winston, this hands on, scenario-focused guide helps you use Excel’s newest tools to ask the right questions and get accurate, actionable answers. This edition adds 150+ new problems with solutions, plus a chapter of basic spreadsheet models to make sure you’re fully up to speed. Solve real business problems with Excel–and build your competitive advantage Quickly transition from Excel basics to sophisticated analytics Summarize data by using PivotTables and Descriptive Statistics Use Excel trend curves, multiple regression, and exponential smoothing Master advanced functions such as OFFSET and INDIRECT Delve into key financial, statistical, and time functions Leverage the new charts in Excel 2016 (including box and whisker and waterfall charts) Make charts more effective by using Power View Tame complex optimizations by using Excel Solver Run Monte Carlo simulations on stock prices and bidding models Work with the AGGREGATE function and table slicers Create PivotTables from data in different worksheets or workbooks Learn about basic probability and Bayes’ Theorem Automate repetitive tasks by using macros

Handbook of Data Analysis

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Author: Melissa A Hardy,Alan Bryman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1446242897

Category: Reference

Page: 728

View: 4252

A fundamental book for social researchers. It provides a first-class, reliable guide to the basic issues in data analysis. Scholars and students can turn to it for teaching and applied needs with confidence.