Sport and Urban Space in Europe

Facilities, Industries, Identities


Author: Thierry Terret,Sandra Heck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317435710

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 170

View: 1495

Filling a gap in the literature on the history of sport in Europe, the book brings together complementary studies on diverse aspects of the interrelation between sport and urban space. Going from geography to political science, from sports history to urban and transport history, it suggests a three-fold approach. A first thematic group of researches ranges around "Sport Development and Urban Spaces", exploring the impact of the city on the rise of sport. A second focal point is related to "Sport Policies and Local Identities" with a special attention given to the making of sport venues and competitions in the making of urban identity. A third thematic group includes studies on "Sport Facilities, Engineers and Workers". The articulation of the three parts builds a unique contribution to the process of identity making at a European level. This book was published a sa special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Sport, Recreation and Green Space in the European City


Author: Peter Clark,Marjaana Niemi,Jari Niemelä

Publisher: BoD - Books on Demand

ISBN: 9522221627

Category: History

Page: 220

View: 7952

Green space has become a major issue in European cities in recent years as a result of enhanced environmental awareness, urban marketing, planning policy and growing population densities. Up to now, however, the subject of sports areas and grounds has attracted little research, despite the fact that since the First World War such public and private areas - from football pitches and running tracks to golf courses and tennis courts - have often comprised one of the most important and extensive types of green space in the European city. This book presents a pioneering comparative and multidisciplinary analysis of the development, use and impact of sports areas in the European city from the start of the 20th century up to the present time. Employing a range of historical, spatial and ecological approaches it examines when and why sports areas evolved, the contribution of municipalities and the private sector, the role of gender and class, and the impact on the urban landscape and ecology. Chapters cover urban sports areas in Finland, Britain, the Netherlands, Germany and Italy, illustrating the contrasts in the provision of green space across Europe.

The European City and Green Space

London, Stockholm, Helsinki and St Petersburg, 1850–2000


Author: Peter Clark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351890352

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 4737

Recent years have seen sustained public debate and controversy over the 'greening' of European cities, associated with the environmental movement, pressures of urban redevelopment, and the promotional strategies of cities competing in a global market. But the European debate over urban green space has a long history dating back to Victorian concerns for the 'green lungs' of the city to combat the health and social problems caused by rapid population and industrial growth. This book explores the multiplicity of green space developments in the modern city - ranging over parks and commons, garden suburbs and the cities in the park, allotment gardens, green belts and national urban parks. It is concerned not only with the different types of green space but the many influences shaping their evolution, from international planning ideas, to the rise of modern-day sport and leisure, and the effects of the transport revolution. No less vital in this story is the interaction of the many actors involved in the often fractious political process of creating green spaces - architects and planners, politicians, developers and other businessmen, NGOs and local residents. This volume is particularly concerned with contexts: how international planning ideas are transmitted and adapted in different European cities; how the construction of green space is affected by local power structures and relationships; and how ordinary people perceive and use green spaces, quite often at variance with official designs. The European City and Green Space looks at these and other issues through the prism of four metropoles - London, Stockholm, Helsinki and St Petersburg. All represent different types of North European city, yet each has experienced distinctive economic, political and cultural trajectories, whilst also facing powerful challenges and problems of similar kinds with regard to green space. This volume examines how each has responded to them and what patterns emerge.


Stadträume in Europa


Author: Sophie Wolfrum

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3038215449

Category: Architecture

Page: 312

View: 5521

Bei jedem städtebaulichen Entwurf, bei jedem Eingriff in die räumliche Struktur öffentlicher städtischer Räume stellt sich die Frage nach der Komposition und den räumlichen Qualitäten von Plätzen. Auf welche Weise sind die wesentlichen Elemente beteiligt: Dimension, Proportion, Ausrichtung, Geschlossenheit, Zugänge, Schwerpunkt- und Randausbildung sowie Oberflächen und Materialien? Wie tragen sie zum Charakter eines Stadtraumes bei, der sich zur Identifikation der Bewohner anbietet? Für aktuelle Entwürfe unterstützt der Vergleich mit historischen Beispielen die Vorstellung räumlicher Wirkung. Ähnlich einem Grundrissatlas für Gebäude ermöglicht es der Platzatlas, räumliche Bedingungen für Bewegung und Aufenthalt anhand vergleichbarer existierender Plätze einzuschätzen. Für die meisten Rahmenbedingungen (Form, Größe, Lage, Topographie usw.) können Planer hier ein Vergleichsbeispiel finden. 70 europäische Plätze werden mit den wichtigsten Charakteristika in Schwarzplan, Grundriss, Schnitt und Axonometrie in einheitlichem Maßstab präsentiert und erläutert.

Critical Geographies of Sport

Space, Power and Sport in Global Perspective


Author: Natalie Koch

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317404300

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 8439

Sport is a geographic phenomenon. The physical and organizational infrastructure of sport occupies a prominent place in our society. This important book takes an explicitly spatial approach to sport, bringing together research in geography, sport studies and related disciplines to articulate a critical approach to ‘sports geography’. Critical Geographies of Sport illustrates this approach by engaging directly with a variety of theoretical traditions as well as the latest research methods. Each chapter showcases the merits of a geographic approach to the study of sport – ranging from football to running, horseracing and professional wrestling. Including cases from Asia, Africa, the Middle East, Europe and the Americas, the book highlights the ways that space and power are produced through sport and its concomitant infrastructures, agencies and networks. Holding these power relations at the center of its analysis, it considers sport as a unique lens onto our understanding of space. Truly global in its perspective, it is fascinating reading for any student or scholar with an interest in sport and politics, sport and society, or human geography.

Sport, Space, and the City


Author: John Bale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415080989

Category: Political Science

Page: 211

View: 9192

John Bale highlights the changing nature of 'football space', the growing rationalization and modernization of the British football landscape and the impact of football on the urban environment. Initially played in open spaces, football now takes place in highly enclosed, confined spaces. Employing the ideas of cultural theorists and geographers, the author explores the gradual territorialization of football. Traditional football landscapes have helped to create a sense of place-pride for many fans; for many local citizens, however, the stadium and the game remain a source of annoyance or fear. New economic demands are increasing the pressure on many clubs to relocate and to situate the stadium within the more lucrative structure of suburban leisure complexes. Fans are markedly less keen than developers on such a move. With the prospect of the loss of a sense of place the simple enjoyment of the game has been transformed into political activism. The cultural distinctiveness of the British football environment is emphasized, though the British situation is contrasted with that in North America and other parts of Europe.

Sport Sciences in Europe 1993


Author: Joachim Mester,European Network of Sport Sciences in Higher Education,Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln

Publisher: Meyer & Meyer Verlag

ISBN: 9783891242223

Category: Science

Page: 664

View: 4864

"SLPE" is mainly reserved for congress volumes, which are published in English and which give a general idea of international developments in sport and sport science. Apart from congress papers "SLPE" is open to further scientific reports, discourses and essays about sport and sport science. This volume includes a wide range of articles concerning sport sciences. Four fields are touched throughout the collected papers: I. Leisure and Recreational Sport II. Elite Sport III. Adapted Physical Activity and IV. Physical Education.

Jewish Space in Central and Eastern Europe

Day-to-Day History


Author: Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė,Larisa Lempertienė

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443806226

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 906

This volume is a compilation of articles written by renowned scholars and promising young researchers, in which the Jewish space is revealed as diverse forms of life and relations that developed in the rich context of urbanism, social life, leisure and economic activities, and coexistence with the non-Jewish world. Having undergone various transformations, the Jewish space has preserved its authenticity and individuality. In the book, the Jewish space is analysed in a wide chronological perspective from the viewpoint of literature, history, architecture and social relations. This volume will be of interest to anyone interested in various forms of entertainment (sports, leisure, cabaret parties), living, participation in social life, reading and writing of Jews in Eastern European towns and shtetls in the 19th and early 20th century.

Revisiting Youth Political Participation

Challenges for Research and Democratic Practice in Europe


Author: Joerg Forbrig

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287156549

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 2314

The Routledge Handbook of Urban Ecology


Author: Ian Douglas,David Goode,Mike Houck,Rusong Wang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136883401

Category: Reference

Page: 688

View: 6795

The birds, animals, insects, trees and plants encountered by the majority of the world’s people are those that survive in, adapt to, or are introduced to, urban areas. Some of these organisms give great pleasure; others invade, colonise and occupy neglected and hidden areas such as derelict land and sewers. Urban areas have a high biodiversity and nature within cities provides many ecosystem services including cooling the urban area, reducing urban flood risk, filtering pollutants, supplying food, and providing accessible recreation. Yet, protecting urban nature faces competition from other urban land uses. The Handbook of Urban Ecology analyses this biodiversity and complexity and provides the science to guide policy and management to make cities more attractive, more enjoyable, and better for our own health and that of the planet. This Handbook contains 50 interdisciplinary contributions from leading academics and practitioners from across the world to provide an in-depth coverage of the main elements of practical urban ecology. It is divided into six parts, dealing with the philosophies, concepts and history of urban ecology; followed by consideration of the biophysical character of the urban environment and the diverse habitats found within it. It then examines human relationships with urban nature, the health, economic and environmental benefits of urban ecology before discussing the methods used in urban ecology and ways of putting the science into practice. The Handbook offers a state-of the art guide to the science, practice and value of urban ecology. The engaging contributions provide students and practitioners with the wealth of interdisciplinary information needed to manage the biota and green landscapes in urban areas.

The City in Cultural Context


Author: John Agnew,John Mercer,David Sopher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135667152

Category: Reference

Page: 320

View: 4895

Routledge Library Editions: The City reprints some of the most important works in urban studies published in the last century. For further information on this collection please email [email protected]

Governance, Citizenship and the New European Football Championships

The European Spectacle


Author: Wolfram Manzenreiter,Georg Spitaler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317988779

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 206

View: 3791

Over the past decade, European football has seen tremendous changes impacting upon its international framework as well as local traditions and national institutions. Processes of Europeanization in the fields of economy and politics provided the background for transformations of the production and consumption of football on a transnational scale. In the course of such rearrangements, football tournaments like the UEFA Championship or the European Champions League turned into mega-events and media spectacles attracting ever-growing audiences. The experience of participating in these events offers some of the very few occasions for the display and embodiment of identities within a European context. This volume takes the 2008 EUROs hosted by Austria and Switzerland as a case study to analyze the political and cultural significance of the tournament from a multidisciplinary angle. What are the special features and spatial arrangements of a UEFAesque Europe, in comparison to alternative possibilities of a Europe? Situating the sport tournament between interpretations of collective European ritual and European spectacle, the key research question will ask what kind of Europe was represented in the cultural, political and economic manifestations of the 2008 EUROs. This book was published as a special issue of Soccer and Society.

Music-City. Sports-City. Leisure-City.

A reader on different concepts of culture, creative industries and urban regeneration attempts.


Author: Alexander Bergmann

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 364012507X

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 5472

Anthology from the year 2008 in the subject Urban and Regional Planning, University of Weimar (Institut für Europäische Urbanistik ), 333 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Music-City. Sports-City. Leisure-City.’ is the latest publication from the Europäisches Institut für Urbanistik at the Bauhaus University Weimar. It is a contemporary examination of the role that culture plays in the urban environment and in its development. The book’s genesis derives from two seminars held at the institute, led by PhD candidate Alexander Bergmann, dealing with the same topic and it consists of a collection of essays primarily assembled from the students partaking in the seminar. It is broad in both its range and scope, first laying down a theoretical foundation exploring the historical and critical role of culture in the city, followed by a more current assessment of culture-led urban development around the world. The book concludes with the description of four proposed projects for Sheffield, where the students were assigned hypothetical scenarios for the city and asked to propose solutions. The book’s strength draws from the diversity of its contributors, trained architects, planners and academics hailing from cities across the globe. Contemporary urban cultural issues, such as graffiti, hip-hop, skateboarding and the creative classes, are approached with fresh new perspectives. The cities of Sheffield, Chemnitz and Essen are put under the cultural spotlight as we learn about the growing hip-hop movement in the former GDR, industrial cultural beauty in the Rhine-Ruhr Region and a cultural industry quarter in the heart of England’s steel city. In the final section, we are taken on a fantastical tour of possible futures for the city of Sheffield. o Will the city transform itself into a city of networked slides? o Will the youth congregate around spontaneous i-pod car parties? o How could a company like Apple help restore industrial heritage while building a clustered specialised high-tech community of its own? o What role could companies like Nike and Adidas play in supporting a healthy active lifestyle for Sheffielders? The book promises to be an exciting trek through this cultural cityscape. It is illustrated by one of Germany’s famous graffiti artists – Hamburg based CIDE.

Sport and Leisure Cultures


Author: Alan Tomlinson

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816633838

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 273

View: 9477

A sweeping analysis of sport culture's global, national, and local impact.

Physical Activity and Health in Europe

Evidence for Action


Author: Nick Cavill,Sonja Kahlmeier,Francesca Racioppi

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9289013877

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 34

View: 2507

This booklet is written for European policy-makers and leaders from different sectors that can promote physical activity, including health, sports and recreation, transport, employment, urban planning, education and the mass media. It sets out the facts about health-enhancing physical activity, provides examples of action already being taken, highlights the contributions that can be made by health and other sectors and makes the case for concerted action across the WHO European Region.

Greening the City

Urban Landscapes in the Twentieth Century


Author: Dorothee Brantz,Sonja Dümpelmann

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813931142

Category: Architecture

Page: 246

View: 7361

The modern city is not only pavement and concrete. Parks, gardens, trees, and other plants are an integral part of the urban environment. Often the focal points of social movements and political interests, green spaces represent far more than simply an effort to balance the man-made with the natural. A city's history with -- and approach to -- its parks and gardens reveals much about its workings and the forces acting upon it. Our green spaces offer a unique and valuable window on the history of city life. The essays in Greening the City span over a century of urban history, moving from fin-de-siècle Sofia to green efforts in urban Seattle. The authors pre-sent a wide array of cases that speak to global concerns through the local and specific, with topics that include green-space planning in Barcelona and Mexico City, the distinction between public and private nature in Los Angeles, the ecological diversity of West Berlin, and the historical and cultural significance of hybrid spaces designed for sports. The essays collected here will make us think differently about how we study cities, as well as how we live in them. ContributorsDorothee Brantz, Technische Universität Berlin * Peter Clark, University of Helsinki * Lawrence Culver, Utah State University * Konstanze Sylva Domhardt, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich * Sonja Dümpelmann, University of Maryland * Zachary J. S. Falck, Independent Scholar* Stefanie Hennecke, Technical University Munich * Sonia Hirt, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University * Salla Jokela, University of Helsinki * Jens Lachmund, Maastricht University * Gary McDonogh, Bryn Mawr College * Jarmo Saarikivi, University of Helsinki * Jeffrey Craig Sanders, Washington State University

Topography and Literature

Berlin and Modernism


Author: Reinhard Zachau

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3862340597

Category: Fiction

Page: 187

View: 5881

Die Beiträge der gleichnamigen Tagung an der University of the South in Tennessee, USA, untersuchen die Beziehung zwischen der Auswirkung des Berliner Stadtraums auf künstlerische Darstellungen. In einem ersten Teil werden die Wilhelminischen Stadtsymbole und die einsetzende moderne Stadtplanung in Beziehung zu Berliner Flaneuren wie Georg Hermann und Robert Walser gebracht. Der Schwerpunkt des Bandes liegt im zweiten Teil, wo die Auswirkungen der Stadtplanung auf Kunst und Literatur im Berlin der Weimarzeit im Mittelpunkt stehen. In diesem Teil zeigen eine Reihe von Einzeldarstellungen Aspekte der Wechselwirkung von Raum und Kunstprodukt u. a. bei Otto Dix, Walter Ruttmann, Hans Fallada und Alfred Döblin. Den Abschluss bilden Beiträge über das Fortwirken von Weimars Moderne in der heutigen Zeit.

Transitions of Youth Citizenship in Europe

Culture, Subculture and Identity


Author: Andy Furlong,Irena Guidikova

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287144300

Category: Political Science

Page: 325

View: 7533

The book explores issues relating to contemporary youth cultures and citizenship within modern European societies. The papers presented discuss the structural inequalities and social disadvantage which often undermine youth citizenship, and consider how subculture activities influence the development of youth action, initiative and social responsibility. The case studies include: animal rights activists in Sweden; hip-hop music culture in France; rural youth in the UK; the influence of the media and mobile communications upon young people's experiences; the role of the family and peer groups; and gender issues and developments in the educational achievements of young women.