Something New Under the Sun

An Environmental History of the Twentieth-century World

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Author: John Robert McNeill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780140295092

Category: Human ecology

Page: 421

View: 1533

In the course of the 20th century the human race, without intending anything of the sort, undertook a giant, uncontrolled experiment on the earth. In time, according to John McNeill in his new book, the environmental dimension of 20th century history will overshadow the importance of its world wars, the rise and fall of communism, and the spread of mass literacy. Contrary to the wisdom of Ecclesiastes that there is nothing new under the sun, McNeill sets out to show that the massive change we have wrought in our physical world has indeed created something new. To a degree unprecedented in human history, we have refashioned the earth's air, water and soil, and the biosphere of which we are a part.

Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World (The Global Century Series)

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Author: J. R. McNeill

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393075892

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 3145

"Refreshingly unpolemical and at times even witty, McNeill's book brims with carefully sifted statistics and brilliant details."—Washington Post Book World The history of the twentieth century is most often told through its world wars, the rise and fall of communism, or its economic upheavals. In his startling new book, J. R. McNeill gives us our first general account of what may prove to be the most significant dimension of the twentieth century: its environmental history. To a degree unprecedented in human history, we have refashioned the earth's air, water, and soil, and the biosphere of which we are a part. Based on exhaustive research, McNeill's story—a compelling blend of anecdotes, data, and shrewd analysis—never preaches: it is our definitive account. This is a volume in The Global Century Series (general editor, Paul Kennedy).

The Unending Frontier

An Environmental History of the Early Modern World

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Author: John F. Richards

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520246780

Category: History

Page: 682

View: 4253

Describes the effect of human action on the world's environment.

Global Environmental History

An Introductory Reader

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Author: John Robert McNeill,Alan Roe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415520539

Category: History

Page: 449

View: 3365

Global Environmental History introduces this rapidly developing field through a broad and thought-provoking range of expert contributions. Environmental history is a subject especially suited to global and transnational approaches and, over the course of the present generation, an increasing number of scholars have taken up the challenge that it presents. The collection begins with a series of chapters offering truly global visions; they range from reflections on the role of animals in environmental history to an overview of environmental change over the past ten millennia. Part Two switches to a sharper focus, featuring essays that characterize the distinctiveness of certain key regions such as China, Russia, West Africa, South Asia, Europe, and Latin America. The final part of the book examines different forms of modern environmentalism, ranging from the U.S. and its fascination with wilderness, to Japanese concern with human health, and on to Peru and India, where the environmental debate centres on access to resources. Global Environmental History will be an essential resource for students of Environmental History and Global History.

Shrinking the Earth

The Rise and Decline of American Abundance

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Author: Donald Worster

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019984495X

Category: Human ecology

Page: 304

View: 1043

The discovery of the Americas around 1500 AD was an extraordinary watershed in human experience. It gave rise to the modern period of human ecology, a phenomenon global in scope that set in motion profound changes in almost every society on earth. This new period, which saw the depletion of the lands of the New World, proved tragic for some, triumphant for others, and powerfully affecting for all. In this work, acclaimed environmental historian Donald Worster takes a global view in his examination of the ways in which complex issues of worldwide abundance and scarcity have shaped American society and behavior over three centuries. Looking at the limits nature imposes on human ambitions, he questions whether America today is in the midst of a shift from a culture of abundance to a culture of limits-and whether American consumption has become reliant on the global South. Worster engages with key political, economic, and environmental thinkers while presenting his own interpretation of the role of capitalism and government in issues of wealth, abundance, and scarcity. Acknowledging the earth's agency throughout human history, Shrinking the Earth offers a compelling explanation of how we have arrived where we are and a hopeful way forward on a planet that is no longer as large as it once was.

An Environmental History of Latin America

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Author: Shawn William Miller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521848539

Category: History

Page: 257

View: 4341

This book narrates the mutually mortal historical contest between humans and nature in Latin America. Covering a period that begins with Amerindian civilizations and concludes in the region's present urban agglomerations, the work offers an original synthesis of the current scholarship on Latin America's environmental history and argues that tropical nature played a central role in shaping the region's historical development. Seeing Latin America's environmental past from the perspective of many centuries illustrates that human civilizations, ancient and modern, have been simultaneously more powerful and more vulnerable than previously thought.

Nature and Power

A Global History of the Environment

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Author: Joachim Radkau

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521851297

Category: History

Page: 430

View: 1062

Nature and Power explores the interaction between humanity and the natural environment from prehistoric times to the present. It explores human attempts to control nature as well as the efforts of societies and states to regulate people's use of nature and natural resources

The Mountains of the Mediterranean World

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Author: J. R. McNeill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521522885

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 8801

An environmental history of the mountain areas of Turkey, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Morocco.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

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Author: Andrew Christian Isenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)

ISBN: 0195324900

Category: History

Page: 783

View: 8592

This book explores the methodology of environmental history, with an emphasis on the field's interaction with other historiographies such as consumerism, borderlands, and gender. It examines the problem of environmental context, specifically the problem and perception of environmental determinism, by focusing on climate, disease, fauna, and regional environments. It also considers the changing understanding of scientific knowledge.

Environment and Empire

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Author: William Beinart,Lotte Hughes

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199260311

Category: History

Page: 395

View: 2531

This volume uncovers the interaction between people and the elements in very different British colonies throughout the world. Providing a rich overview of socio-environmental change, driven by imperial forces, this study examines a key global historical process.

The Origins of the Modern World

Fate and Fortune in the Rise of the West

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Author: Robert Marks

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 074255418X

Category: History

Page: 221

View: 9287

This volume presents a global narrative of the origins of the modern world. Unlike most studies, which assume that the rise of the West is the story of the coming of the modern world, this history accords importance to the 'underdeveloped world'.

The Great Acceleration

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Author: J. R. McNeill,Peter Engelke

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674545036

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 6050

The pace of energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, and population growth has thrust the planet into a new age—the Anthropocene. Humans have altered the planet’s biogeochemical systems without consciously managing them. The Great Acceleration explains the causes, consequences, and uncertainties of this massive uncontrolled experiment.

The World in the Long Twentieth Century

An Interpretive History

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Author: Edward Ross Dickinson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520285557

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 5663

The biological transformation of modern times -- The foundations of the modern global economy -- Reorganizing the global economy -- Localization and globalization -- The great explosion -- New world (dis)order -- High modernity -- Revolt and refusal -- Transformative modernity -- Democracy and capitalism triumphant

Eco-Cultural Networks and the British Empire

New Views on Environmental History

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Author: James Beattie,Edward Melillo,Emily O'Gorman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441125949

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6974

19th-century British imperial expansion dramatically shaped today's globalised world. Imperialism encouraged mass migrations of people, shifting flora, fauna and commodities around the world and led to a series of radical environmental changes never before experienced in history. Eco-Cultural Networks and the British Empire explores how these networks shaped ecosystems, cultures and societies throughout the British Empire and how they were themselves transformed by local and regional conditions. This multi-authored volume begins with a rigorous theoretical analysis of the categories of 'empire' and 'imperialism'. Its chapters, written by leading scholars in the field, draw methodologically from recent studies in environmental history, post-colonial theory and the history of science. Together, these perspectives provide a comprehensive historical understanding of how the British Empire reshaped the globe during the 19th and 20th centuries. This book will be an important addition to the literature on British imperialism and global ecological change.

The Future of Nature

Documents of Global Change

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Author: Libby Robin,Sverker Sorlin,Paul Warde

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300188471

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 2764

This anthology provides an historical overview of the scientific ideas behind environmental prediction and how, as predictions about environmental change have been taken more seriously and widely, they have affected politics, policy, and public perception. Through an array of texts and commentaries that examine the themes of progress, population, environment, biodiversity and sustainability from a global perspective, it explores the meaning of the future in the twenty-first century. Providing access and reference points to the origins and development of key disciplines and methods, it will encourage policy makers, professionals, and students to reflect on the roots of their own theories and practices.

Environmentalism

A Global History

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Author: Ramachandra Guha

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 8184757484

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 3166

An acclaimed historian of the environment, Ramachandra Guha in this book draws on many years of research in three continents. He details the major trends, ideas, campaigns and thinkers within the environmental movement worldwide. Among the thinkers he profiles are John Muir, Mahatma Gandhi, Rachel Carson, and Octavia Hill; among the movements, the Chipko Andolan and the German Greens. Environmentalism: A Global History documents the flow of ideas across cultures, the ways in which the environmental movement in one country has been invigorated or transformed by infusions from outside. It interprets the different directions taken by different national traditions, and also explains why in certain contexts (such as the former Socialist Bloc) the green movement is marked only by its absence. Massive in scope but pointed in analysis, written with passion and verve, this book presents a comprehensive account of a significant social movement of our times, and will be of wide interest both within and outside the academy. For this new edition, the author has added a fresh prologue linking the book’s themes to ongoing debates on climate change and the environmental impacts of global economic development.

How Green Were the Nazis?

Nature, Environment, and Nation in the Third Reich

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Author: Franz-Josef Brüggemeier,Mark Cioc,Thomas Zeller

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 0821416472

Category: History

Page: 283

View: 1168

The Nazis created nature preserves, contemplated sustainable forestry, curbed air pollution, and designed the autobahn highway network as a way of bringing Germans closer to nature. How Green Were the Nazis? is the first book to examine the ideology and practice of environmental protection in Nazi Germany. Environmentalists and conservationists in Germany welcomed the rise of the Nazi regime with open arms, for the most part, and hoped that it would bring about legal and institutional changes. However, environmentalists soon realized that the rhetorical attention that they received from the regime did not always translate into action. By the late 1930s, nature and the environment became less pressing concerns as Nazi Germany prepared and executed its extensive war. Based on prodigious archival research, and written by some of the most important scholars in the field of twentieth-century German history, How Green Were the Nazis? illuminates the ideological overlap between Nazi ideas and conservationist agendas. Moreover, this landmark book underscores that the "green" policies of the Nazis were more than a mere episode or aberration in environmental history.------EDITORS---Franz-Josef Brueggemeier is a professor of history at the university of Freiburg, Germany. He has published extensively in the field of environmental history in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Europe.Mark Cioc is a professor of history at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and editor of the journal Environmental History. He is the author of The Rhine: An Eco-Biography, 1815-2000. Thomas Zeller is an assistant professor in the department of history at the University of Maryland, College Park. He is the author of Strae, Bahn, Panorama, translated as Driving Germany.

Environmental Histories of the Cold War

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Author: J. R. McNeill,Corinna R. Unger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521762448

Category: History

Page: 362

View: 7711

Explores the links between the Cold War and the global environment, ranging from the environmental impacts of nuclear weapons to the political repercussions of environmentalism.