Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry

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Author: Eldor A. Paul

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123914116

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 598

View: 6995

The fourth edition of Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry updates this widely used reference as the study and understanding of soil biota, their function, and the dynamics of soil organic matter has been revolutionized by molecular and instrumental techniques, and information technology. Knowledge of soil microbiology, ecology and biochemistry is central to our understanding of organisms and their processes and interactions with their environment. In a time of great global change and increased emphasis on biodiversity and food security, soil microbiology and ecology has become an increasingly important topic. Revised by a group of world-renowned authors in many institutions and disciplines, this work relates the breakthroughs in knowledge in this important field to its history as well as future applications. The new edition provides readable, practical, impactful information for its many applied and fundamental disciplines. Professionals turn to this text as a reference for fundamental knowledge in their field or to inform management practices. New section on "Methods in Studying Soil Organic Matter Formation and Nutrient Dynamics" to balance the two successful chapters on microbial and physiological methodology Includes expanded information on soil interactions with organisms involved in human and plant disease Improved readability and integration for an ever-widening audience in his field Integrated concepts related to soil biota, diversity, and function allow readers in multiple disciplines to understand the complex soil biota and their function

Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry

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Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467248657

Category: Education

Page: 39

View: 4473

Facts101 is your complete guide to Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry. In this book, you will learn topics such as SOIL BIOTA, MOLECULAR METHODS FOR STUDYING SOIL ECOLOGY, THE PROKARYOTES, and FUNGI AND EUKARYOTIC ALGAE plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Methods in applied soil microbiology and biochemistry

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Author: Kassem Alef,Paolo Nannipieri

Publisher: Academic Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 3146

In recent years, rapid technological advances and changes in agricultural management have taken place. These have yielded benefits to society but have also generated new and significant environmental problems. Novel questions and challenges relating to agricultural practice and soil microbial ecology, ecotoxicology, biotechnology, and bioremediation must be addressed. As a consequence, the fields of soil microbiology and biochemistry have been highlighted. This book provides a modern, authoritative, and comprehensive collection of methods for the study of soil microbiology and biochemistry. Classical and modern, aerobic and anerobic, laboratory and field-based methods are presented. Detailed techniques are given, but in addition the theoretical basis behind such methodology is described, so that the origins and principles of the techniques are clear to the reader. Particular emphasis has been placed on uniform, simple, and clear presentation of the different methods. With respect to bioremediation of soils, this work provides a unique bridge between general and applied soil microbiology and biochemistry, presenting an integrated discussion of concepts, theories, and methods. This book will be essential for all scientists and students actively involved in natural and environmental sciences and engineering, and for those working in industry, authorities, and consulting companies. * * Uniform and clear presentation of the different methods. * Bridges the gap between general and applied soil microbiology. * Maintains a balanced discussion of concepts, theories, and methods. * Essential reading for all scientists and students involved in natural and environmental sciences and anyone working in the industry.

Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry

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Author: Ghulam Hassan Dar

Publisher: New India Publishing

ISBN: 9789380235134

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 526

View: 2607

The book has primarily been aimed at to adequately introduce the basic concepts in soil microbiology and soil biochemistry with thrust on understanding the various microbial processes occurring in soil. The book is expected to be useful to undergraduate and postgraduate students, teachers and researchers dealing with agriculture, horticulture and forestry in general and agricultural microbiology, soil science and environmental sciences in particular.

Pflanzenbiochemie

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Author: Hans Walter Heldt,Birgit Piechulla

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662443988

Category: Science

Page: 597

View: 2378

Die „Pflanzenbiochemie" hat sich im deutschsprachigen Raum, aber auch in zahlreichen Übersetzungen als Standardlehrbuch etabliert. Birgit Piechulla, Dozentin an der Universität Rostock, zeichnet als Co-Autorin bei dieser 5. Auflage verantwortlich und hat zusammen mit Hans-Walter Heldt das Buch gründlich überarbeitet und aktualisiert. Neueste wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse fanden Eingang in dieses Buch, die sich auch in neuen Abbildungen sowie der stark überarbeiteten Literatur widerspiegeln. Besonderen Wert legen die Autoren darauf, die offenen, zukunftsweisenden Fragen, die den derzeitigen Stand unseres Wissens markieren, aufzuzeigen. Aktualität sowie die klare und verständliche Didaktik komplexer Sachverhalte darzustellen -- das sind die Kennzeichen dieses Lehrbuches. Mit sorgfältig erstellten zweifarbigen Abbildungen erfüllt es einen hohen didaktischen Anspruch und reiht sich unter die besten Biochemie-Lehrbücher.

Waldböden

Ein Bildatlas der Wichtigsten Bodentypen aus Österreich, Deutschland und der Schweiz

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Author: Ernst Leitgeb,Rainer Reiter,Michael Englisch,Peter Lüscher,Peter Schad,Karl-Heinz Feger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527659161

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 412

View: 6043

Ein einzigartiger Bildband reich an Beispielen der maßgeblichen Bodentypen. Im Fokus: die Waldgebiete Österreichs, Deutschlands und der Schweiz. Zu jedem Bodenprofil sind umfassende Daten zu über 40 Bodenmerkmalen angeführt, die anschaulich aufbereitet und interpretiert sind. Zusammen mit Kommentaren zum Baumwachstum und zur Waldbewirtschaftung liefern diese Bodendokumentationen wertvolle Hinweise für die Praxis. Die zum Teil speziell für dieses Buch aufgenommenen Bodenprofile (Auflagehumus und Mineralboden) sind eine gute Unterstützung für die Bodenansprache vor Ort. Vereinheitlichte bodenkundliche Methoden, die im Erläuterungsteil ausführlich erklärt sind, erlauben einen raschen Vergleich der Böden. Gerade durch die aktuelle Debatte über mögliche Folgen einer Klimaänderung für die Waldwirtschaft und über die Kohlenstoffspeicherung in Wäldern steht der Waldboden im Mittelpunkt des Interesses. Ein kompakter und 'geländetauglicher' Waldboden-Atlas für alle bodenkundlich Interessierten in Lehre, Praxis, Verwaltung, Beratung und Planung.

Soil Biochemistry

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Author: E. A. Paul

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824711313

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 504

View: 9775

Chemistry and turnover of naturally occurring resistant organic compounds in soil; In situ analysis of soil components of biological origin; Oxidate coupling of aromatic compounds by ensymes from soil microorganisms; Control of urea transformations in soils; Chemistry and distribution of amino sugars in soils and soil organisms; Biochemistry, ecology, and microbiology of petroleum components in soil; Biological nitrogen fixation; Denitrification; Heavy metals in soil biology and biochemistry; Microbial biomass in soil: measurement and turnover.

Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry

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Author: Eldor Alvin Paul,Francis Eugene Clark

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780125468060

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 8184

This revised and updated text guides students through biochemical and microbial processes in soils and introduces them to microbial processes in water and sediments. This classic teaching text includes basic concepts and applications in agriculture, forestry, ecology, and environmental science. It can also be an invaluable resource for research in biogeochemistry, microbiology, sustainable agriculture, and environmental amelioration. The Second Edition has expanded to include such topics as bioremediation, molecular biology of soil, biodiversity of soil organisms, and the impact of global climate change on soil microhabitats. Key Features * Includes many interpretive diagrams * Provides compact and concise coverage of soil microbiology * Thoroughly updated and expanded to include bioremdiation, soil molecular biology, biodiversity, and global climate change

The Ecology of Agricultural Landscapes

Long-Term Research on the Path to Sustainability

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Author: Stephen K. Hamilton,Julie E. Doll,G. Philip Robertson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266767

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 2878

Evidence has been mounting for some time that intensive row-crop agriculture as practiced in developed countries may not be environmentally sustainable, with concerns increasingly being raised about climate change, implications for water quantity and quality, and soil degradation. This volume synthesizes two decades of research on the sustainability of temperate, row-crop ecosystems of the Midwestern United States. The overarching hypothesis guiding this work has been that more biologically based management practices could greatly reduce negative impacts while maintaining sufficient productivity to meet demands for food, fiber and fuel, but that roadblocks to their adoption persist because we lack a comprehensive understanding of their benefits and drawbacks. The research behind this book, based at the Kellogg Biological Station (Michigan State University) and conducted under the aegis of the Long-term Ecological Research network, is structured on a foundation of large-scale field experiments that explore alternatives to conventional, chemical-intensive agriculture. Studies have explored the biophysical underpinnings of crop productivity, the interactions of crop ecosystems with the hydrology and biodiversity of the broader landscapes in which they lie, farmers' views about alternative practices, economic valuation of ecosystem services, and global impacts such as greenhouse gas exchanges with the atmosphere. In contrast to most research projects, the long-term design of this research enables identification of slow or delayed processes of change in response to management regimes, and allows examination of responses across a broader range of climatic variability. This volume synthesizes this comprehensive inquiry into the ecology of alternative cropping systems, identifying future steps needed on the path to sustainability.

Soil Biochemistry

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Author: Bollag

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824785758

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 4986

This superb reference considers the essential role of biochemical processes in the soil environment -- emphasizing the activity of microorganisms in soil. Offering new insights into basic biological, chemical, and physical processes, the book also stresses the potential application of biochemical processes in soil to environmental biotechnology. An outstanding and up-to-date analysis of biological processes in soil -- written by international authorities in the field -- Volume 7 of Soil Biochemistry highlights applications of biotechnology, molecular biology, and microbial genetics to soil biology and biochemistry ... advances in understanding the biochemistry of sulfur cycling ... processes of humification ... the extraction of soil enzymes ... interactions between soil minerals and microorganisms ... the formation of desert varnishes ... the role of nematophagous fungi in soil ... the movement of microorganisms in soil ... new techniques for the biochemical analysis of biomass in soil ... community structure and microbial activity in soil ... and the application of molecular techniques to soil microbial ecology and biotechnology. Book jacket.

Global Environment

Water, Air, and Geochemical Cycles, Second Edition

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Author: Elizabeth Kay Berner,Robert A. Berner

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140084276X

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 7141

This newly revised edition of Global Environment discusses the major elements of the geochemical cycles and global fluxes found in the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, as well as the human effects on these fluxes. Retaining the strengths of the original edition while incorporating the latest discoveries, this textbook takes an integrated, multidisciplinary, and global approach to geochemistry and environmental problems and introduces fundamental concepts of meteorology, surficial geology (weathering, erosion, and sedimentation), biogeochemistry, limnology, and oceanography. New concepts and information in this updated edition include changes of atmospheric carbon dioxide over geologic time, major advances in the study of chemical weathering of rocks, ocean acidification, and important environmental problems, such as the amelioration of the acid rain problem due to reduction in sulfur deposition, problems with nitrification of soils and lakes, and eutrophication of rivers and estuaries. An expanded chapter explores atmospheric chemistry and changing climate, with the most up-to-date statistics on CO2, the carbon cycle, other greenhouse gases, and the ozone hole. Only requiring a fundamental understanding in elementary chemistry, yet taking into account extensive and current data, this text is ideal for students in environmental geochemistry, environmental geology, global change, biogeochemistry, water pollution, geochemical cycles, chemical oceanography, and geohydrology, and serves as a valuable reference for researchers working on global geochemical and environmental issues. Revised edition takes a close look at global fluxes involving the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, and the human effects on these fluxes Detailed discussion of basic concepts including meteorology, surficial geology (weathering, erosion, and sedimentation), biogeochemistry, limnology, and oceanography An expanded up-to-date chapter on atmospheric chemistry and changing climate, including CO2, other greenhouse gases, and ozone Presentation of major advances in the study of chemical weathering Discussion of current environmental topics Global coverage of environmental problems involving water Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Europäische Romantik

Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven der Forschung

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Author: Helmut Hühn,Joachim Schiedermair

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110382989

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 334

View: 2498

This volume compiles essays on Scandinavian, German, English, and French Romanticism from the perspectives of history, art history, philosophy, visual arts, literary criticism, and musicology. They cast a differential light on various national cultures, while at the same time describing interdisciplinary common features and showing overarching connections that extend across European discourse.

Protozoologie

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Author: Karl G. Grell

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642498604

Category: Science

Page: 284

View: 642

Die Protozoologie ist keine besondere Wissenschaft, sondern nur die Zu sammenfassung der Kenntnisse, welche wir von einer bestimmten Tiergruppe, den Protozoen, besitzen. Sie ist daher nichts weiter als ein Teil der speziellen Zoologie. Trotzdem hat das Wort "Protozoologie" einen besonderen Klang. Mehr als alle anderen Tiergruppen haben die Protozoen dazu angeregt, Fragen von allgemeiner biologischer Bedeutung aufzuwerfen, und nicht wenige Fragen sind mit ihrer Hilfe beantwortet worden oder einer Beantwortung nähergerückt. In anderen Ländern ist die Bewertung der Protozoen als Untersuchungs objekte in ständigem Anstieg begriffen. Äußerlich kommt dies z. B. darin zum Ausdruck, daß die im Jahre 1947 in den USA gegründete "Society of Proto zoologists" heute bereits über 450 Mitglieder zählt. Seltsamerweise ist aber das Interesse an den Protozoen unter den deutschen Biologen immer mehr im Schwinden begriffen. Mit diesem Buch möchte ich dazu beitragen, dieses Interesse neu zu beleben. Die Anregung dazu gab mir eine Vorlesung, die ich in den letzten Jahren mehr mals im Zoologischen Institut der Tübinger Universität hielt. Hierzu trug auch ein protozoologischer Kurs bei, den ich in jedem Sommersemester gemeinsam mit meinem Kollegen V. SCHWARTZ veranstalte.

Brock Mikrobiologie

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Author: Michael T. Madigan,Thomas D. Brock,John M. Martinko,David P. Clark,David A. Stahl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783868941449

Category: Microbiology

Page: 1680

View: 4920

Advances in Soil Microbiology: Recent Trends and Future Prospects

Volume 2: Soil-Microbe-Plant Interaction

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Author: Tapan Kumar Adhya,Bibhuti Bhusan Mishra,K. Annapurna,Deepak Kumar Verma,Upendra Kumar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811073805

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 669

This book presents a comprehensive collection of articles illustrating the importance of microbial community structure and function for ecosystem sustainability and environmental reclamation. It addresses a diverse range of topics, including microbial diversity, physiology, genomics, ecosystem function, interaction, metabolism, and the fruitful use of microbial communities for crop productivity and environmental remediation. In addition, the book explores issues ranging from general concepts on the diversity of microorganisms in soil, and ecosystem function, to the evolution and taxonomy of soil microbiota, with future prospects. It covers cutting-edge methods in soil microbial ecological studies, rhizosphere microflora, the role of organic matter in plant productivity, biological nitrogen fixation and its genetics, microbial transformation of plant nutrients in soil, plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria, and organic matter transformation. The book also discusses the application of microbes in biodegradation of xenobiotic contaminants. It covers bio-fertilizers and their role in sustainable agriculture and soil health, biological control of insect pests and plant pathogens, and the latest tools of omics in soil microbiology, i.e. genomics, proteomics, transcriptomics and metabolomics, which offer pioneering approaches to the exploration of microbial structure and function.