Soil and Water Chemistry

An Integrative Approach

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michael E. Essington

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203496145

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 2251

Traditionally the study of chemical principles as they relate to soil has been limited to the field of agronomics. Soil and Water Chemistry: An Integrative Approach, stands alone because it balances agricultural and environmental perspectives in its analysis of the chemical properties and processes that affect organic and inorganic soil substances. Written for soil science practitioners, researchers, and students, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of soil composition and reactions. Topics include: clay mineralogy, soil organic matter, mineral weathering and stability, ion speciation, solubility, ion exchange, adsorption, oxidation-reduction, acidity, alkalinity, and salinity. Each chapter concludes with numerous exercises that emphasize concepts and have practical, real-world applications.

An Integrated Approach to Environmental Management

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Dibyendu Sarkar,Rupali Datta,Avinandan Mukherjee,Robyn Hannigan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118744357

Category: Nature

Page: 624

View: 9690

Covers the most recent topics in the field of environmental management and provides a broad focus on the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of environmental management Provides an up-to-date survey of the field from the perspective of different disciplines Covers the topic of environmental management from multiple perspectives, namely, natural sciences, engineering, business, social sciences, and methods and tools perspectives Combines both academic rigor and practical approach through literature reviews and theories and examples and case studies from diverse geographic areas and policy domains Explores local and global issues of environmental management and analyzes the role of various contributors in the environmental management process Chapter contents are appropriately demonstrated with numerous pictures, charts, graphs, and tables, and accompanied by a detailed reference list for further readings

Integrated Approach to Environmental Data Management Systems

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Nilgun B. Harmanciogammalu,M.N. Alpaslan,S.D. Ozkul,V.P. Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401156166

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 546

View: 7400

An integrated approach to environmental data management is necessitated by the complexity of the environmental problems that need to be addresses, coupled with the interdisciplinary approach that needs to be adopted to solve them. Agenda 21 of the Rio Environmental Conference mandated international programmes and organizations to take steps to develop common data and information management plans, and steps have been taken in this direction. The key word that defines the framework of the present book is `integration'. The book establishes the basics of integrated approaches and covers environmental data management systems within that framework, covering all aspects of data management, from objectives and constraints, design of data collection networks, statistical and physical sampling, remote sensing and GIS, databases, reliability of data, data analysis, and the transformation of data into information.

A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transport

An Integrated Approach with Chemistry, Modeling, Risk Assessment, and Environmental Legislation

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Frank M. Dunnivant,Elliot Anders

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471758124

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 6109

A uniquely accessible text on environmental modeling designedfor both students and industry personnel Pollutant fate and modeling are becoming increasingly importantin both regulatory and scientific areas. However,the complexity ofthe software and models often act as an inhibitor to theadvancement of water quality science. A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transportfills the need for a basic instructional tool for students andenvironmental professionals who lack the rigorous mathematicalbackground necessary to derive the governing fate and transportequations. Taking a refreshingly simple approach to the subjectthat requires only a basic knowledge of algebra and first-yearcollege chemistry, the book presents and integrates all of theaspects of fate and transport, including chemistry, modeling, riskassessment, and relevant environmental legislation; approachingeach topic first conceptually before introducing the math necessaryto model it. The first half of the book is dedicated to the chemistry andphysics behind the fate and transport models, while the second halfteaches and reinforces the logical concepts underlying fate andtransport modeling. This better prepares students for support jobsin the environmental arena surrounding chemical industry andSuperfund sites. Contributing to the book's ease of use are: An extremely user-friendly software program, Fate, which usesbasic models to predict the fate and transport of pollutants inlakes, rivers, groundwater, and atmospheric systems The use of "canned" models to evaluate the importance of modelparameters and sensitivity analysis A wealth of easy-to-understand examples and problems A chapter on environmental legislation in the United States andEurope A set of lab exercises, as well as a downloadable set ofteaching aids A much-needed basic text for contemporary hydrology orenvironmental chemistry courses and support courses fortheenvironmental industry, this is a valuable desk reference foreducators and industry professionals.

Water System Science and Policy Interfacing

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ph Quevauviller

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847558615

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 430

View: 964

Recent discussions among scientists and policy-makers have highlighted that knowledge generated by many research and demonstration projects is not reaching policymakers in an efficient way. Conversely, the consideration of research results by the policy making community is not straightforward, and difficulties arise in integrating the latest research developments in legislation. The difficulty is enhanced by the fact that the policy-making community is not defining its role as "client" sufficiently well and the dialogue and communication channels are far from ideal to ensure an efficient flow of information. An increasing number of experts consider that improvements could be achieved through the development of a "science-policy interface" so that R&D results are synthesised in a way to efficiently feed policy implementation and that short, medium and long term research needs may be identified. This book examines the issue of integrating science into policy, with an emphasis on water system knowledge and related policies. An important feature of the book is the discussion of science-policy interfacing needs, illustrated by examples from authors from different countries in relation to water system management. This publication is timely in that the science-policy interfacing is now identified as a key challenge worldwide with regard to integrated water resource management, and therefore the book will be of great interest to scientists, water managers and stakeholders. Readers will also benefit from a better understanding of the needs, benefits and drawbacks of an established transfer mechanism of scientific outputs to policies.

Environmental Chemistry

Green Chemistry and Pollutants in Ecosystems

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Eric Lichtfouse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540228608

Category: Nature

Page: 780

View: 1927

Environmental chemistry is a new, fast developing science aimed at deciphering fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour of pollutants in ecosystems. Applying this knowledge to current environmental issues leads to the remediation of environmental media, and to new, low energy, low emission, sustainable processes. This book describes the state-of-the-art advances regarding the pollution of water, soils, atmosphere, food and living organisms by toxic metals, fossil fuels, pesticides and other organic pollutants. Furthermore, the eco-toxicology section presents novel bio-assays to assess the toxicity of various pollutants such as dioxins and endocrine disrupters within complex media. The green chemistry section highlights novel chemical reactions based upon environmentally friendly conditions. The analytical chemistry section describes very sensitive methods which trace the fate of pollutants in complex ecosystems.

Arsenic: Natural and Anthropogenic

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Eleonora Deschamps,Jörg Matschullat

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203093224

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 5398

The discussion on arsenic in the environment is complex and must grasp the importance of very many, mostly unrelated works on individual aspects. This volume represents one of the first comprehensive and interdisciplinary examinations into arsenic's behaviour in air, water, soils, sediments, plants and the human body. Based on state-of-the-art investigations into the global arsenic cycle, the related human toxicology and available remediation technologies, arsenic is assessed holistically in all the environmental compartments. Using the results of primary research, the authors offer concrete suggestions for risk reduction and management of environmental pollution that allow the reader to successfully tackle similar problems and find sustainable solutions. The book consists of three essential parts: Review of the current knowledge of arsenic behaviour in the environment (global biogeochemical cycles), toxicology, remediation techniques, immobilization technologies and environmental legislation Case studies for mining-related arsenic problems Discussion of mitigation and remediation technologies and approaches such as environmental education, hygiene training, backed by real experience and successful implementation in the study area In a highly coherent manner, the book makes use of 120 tables and figures, a large number of literature citations, and very detailed subject index (that encompasses references) to provide rapid and up-to-date access to all relevant information. Cross-references provide a great manoeuvrability between the chapters. The book delivers very insightful and hands-on approaches for graduate students and professionals working on arsenic questions not only in environmental science, but also in the fields of environmental engineering, medicine and social science.

The Global Arsenic Problem

Challenges for Safe Water Production

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Nalan Kabay,Jochen Bundschuh,Bruce Hendry,Marek Bryjak,Kazuharu Yoshizuka,Prosun Bhattacharya,Suer Anac

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203843398

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 3273

A prevalent and increasingly important issue, arsenic removal continues to be one of the most important areas of water treatment. Conventional treatment plants may employ several methods for removing arsenic from water. Commonly used processes include oxidation, sedimentation, coagulation and filtration, lime treatment, adsorption onto sorptive media, ion exchange, and membrane filtration. However, in the most affected regions, large conventional treatment plants may not be appropriate and factors such as cost and acceptability as well as performance must be considered. This book, published in cooperation with leading experts in this field, provides a thorough analysis of the problems, solutions, and possible alternatives to achieve safe water production on a global scale.

In-Situ Remediation of Arsenic-Contaminated Sites

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jochen Bundschuh,Hartmut M. Holländer,Lena Qiying Ma

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203120175

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 6579

Providing an introduction, the scientific background, case studies and future perspectives of in-situ arsenic remediation technologies for soils, soil water and groundwater at geogenic and anthropogenic contaminated sites. The case studies present in-situ technologies about natural arsenic, specifically arsenate and arsenite, but also about organic arsenic compounds. This work covers geochemical, microbiological and plant ecological solutions for arsenic remediation. It will serve as a standard textbook for (post-)graduate students and researchers in the field of Environmental Sciences and Hydrogeochemistry as well as researchers, engineers, environmental scientists and chemists, toxicologists, medical scientists and even for general public seeking an in-depth view of arsenic which had been classed as a carcinogen. This book aims to stimulate awareness among administrators, policy makers and company executives of in-situ remediation technologies at sites contamined by arsenic and to improve the international cooperation on the subject.

The Taiwan Crisis: a showcase of the global arsenic problem

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jiin-Shuh Jean,Jochen Bundschuh,Chien-Jen Chen,How-Ran Guo,Chen-Wuing Liu,Tsair-Fuh Lin,Yen-Hua Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203848063

Category: Science

Page: 234

View: 4917

In the 1950s, the residents of the southwestern coastal areas of Taiwan suffered greatly from Blackfoot disease (BFD) due to the consumption of arsenic-contaminated groundwater. Groundwater with high levels of arsenic in southwestern and northeastern Taiwan received much attention. After arsenic-safe tap water was utilized for drinking instead of groundwater in the 1970s, BFD cases decreased greatly. After 1990, no new BFD cases were reported, and as a consequence, BFD problems disregarded. However, arsenic is still present in the groundwater. This book will improve the knowledge and understanding of the occurrence and genesis of arsenic-rich groundwaters in Taiwan. It deals with constraints on the mobility of arsenic in groundwater, its uptake from soil and water by plants, arsenic-propagation through the food chain, human health impacts, and arsenic-removal technologies. Taiwan case experiences are described in this book and can be applied worldwide. This book is a state-of-the-art overview of research on arsenic in Taiwan and is designed to: create interest in regions within Taiwan that are affected by the presence of arseniferous aquifers; draw attention from the international scientific community; increase awareness among researchers, administrators, policy makers, and company executives; improve the international cooperation on arsenic problems worldwide.

Soil and Water Contamination, 2nd Edition

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Marcel van der Perk

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203768892

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 9535

Soil and Water Contamination, Second Edition gives a structured overview of transport and fate processes of environmental contaminants. Dealing with all topics essential for understanding and predicting contaminant patterns in soil, groundwater and surface water, it contributes to the formation of a solid basis for adequate soil and water pollution control and integrated catchment management. A unique feature of this work is that it does not treat water and soil pollution as independent processes, but as components of an integrated whole. The core of this geoscientific approach is divided into four parts: • Introduction to the basics of soil and water contamination, such as the fundamentals of environmental pollution and chemistry and the basic properties of soil, groundwater and surface water. • Source, role, and behaviour of substances in soil and water, treating natural and anthropogenic sources of nutrients, heavy metals, radionuclides and organic pollutants as well as emerging substances of concern, their physico-chemical characteristics, behaviour, and toxicity. • Transport and fate of substances in soil and water, focusing on processes of transport, exchange and transformations like advection, dispersion, adsorption kinetics and biochemical decay. Special attention is paid to the mathematical description and modelling of these processes. • Patterns of substances in soil and water, explaining spatial and temporal patterns of pollutants in soil, groundwater, and surface water, illustrated by recent case studies from fundamental and applied research. This comprehensive, successful textbook, now in its second edition, has been conscientiously updated and extended and includes many case studies, examples and exercises sections, providing undergraduate and graduate students in the Earth and Environmental Sciences with all the material necessary for the study of soil and water contamination. In addition, it can serve as a useful source of information for professionals.

Health and Environmental Impact Assessment

An Integrated Approach

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: British Medical Association

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134067011

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 4472

This text shows why we need to develop an integrated approach to health and environmental impact assessment of development projects, and how this might be achieved. Case studies and examples are provided

Biological Concepts and Techniques in Toxicology

An Integrated Approach

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jim E. Riviere

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420018442

Category: Medical

Page: 416

View: 7725

Highlighting the latest advances in molecular biology, mathematical modeling, quantitative risk assessment, and biopharmaceutical development, this reference presents how current scientific applications and methods impact and revolutionize mainstream toxicological research. Presenting findings from disciplines that will impact the future of toxicology in years to come including proteomics, toxicogenomics, and metabonomics, this expertly conceived guide explores toxicological issues of particular world interest, such as toxicity of nanomaterials, military jet fuels, and genetically-modified foods.

Computer-Based Environmental Management

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ralf Seppelt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527609210

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 7990

Here, the author provides professionals in environmental research and management with the information they need with respect to computer modeling: An understanding of the mathematical fundamentals and the choice of the optimal approach and corresponding software for their particular task. - Numerous illustrations, flowcharts and graphs, partly in color, as well as worked examples help in comprehending complex mathematical tasks and their solutions without the use of confusing mathematical formalism; - Case studies from various fields of environmental research, such as landscape ecology, environmental assessment, population ecology, hydrology, and agroecology, facilitate the application of simulation models to the solution of real-world problems; - Contains a detailed summary of currently available software tools and the application in spatially explicit simulation based on geographic information systems. The worked examples and case studies cover a broad range of environmental systems and processes, adopting such modern mathematical methodology as partial differential equations, fuzzy logic, hybrid Petri nets, and optimum control theory. The result is a unique presentation of applications for high standard modeling and simulation methodologies in the interdisciplinary fields of environmental research. From the Foreword by Robert Costanza (Gund Institute of Ecological Economics, Burlington, VT, USA): "As a teacher of environmental modeling, I've been searching for many years for the perfect text to use courses. My search has ended with the publication of Ralf Seppelt's book and I intend to use it as a core text in modeling courses."

Issues in Global Environment: Pollution and Waste Management: 2011 Edition

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464964866

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1116

View: 882

Issues in Global Environment: Pollution and Waste Management: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Global Environment—Pollution and Waste Management. The editors have built Issues in Global Environment: Pollution and Waste Management: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Global Environment—Pollution and Waste Management in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Global Environment: Pollution and Waste Management: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Exploring Environmental Issues

An Integrated Approach

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David D. Kemp

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 041526863X

Category: Nature

Page: 444

View: 8836

Global warming, ozone depletion, drought, acid rain - their causes are viewed as extraordinarily complex; their effects are assumed catastrophic. Exploring Environmental Issues provides a key to understanding our potential crisis. The concise, introductory text presents a review of current environmental issues using a geographical approach that stresses the interrelationships between environment and societies. This user-friendly volume is an essential book for students and all who are concerned with the nature of contemporary environmental issues. Information is presented in a refreshing manner utilising over 170 figures and 50 photographs. Global boxed case studies are used throughout to highlight and explore issues in more detail. The text also contains discussion points, annotated further reading and an extensive glossary.

The Water Framework Directive

Ecological and Chemical Status Monitoring

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Philippe Quevauviller,Ulrich Borchers,K. Clive Thompson,Tristan Simonart

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470716088

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 5242

Deals with new EC legislation – the Water Framework Directive; the main driver within Europe for groundwater monitoring which addresses integrated water resource management across 27 different countries Provides comprehensive approach and guidance on the theoretical and practical aspects for implementing the directive Edited by EC representatives involved in the setting up of the framework, along with colleagues in various water institutions who have the task of implementing the legislation Part of the Water Quality Measurement Series

Interactions in the Root Environment — An Integrated Approach

Proceedings of the Millenium Conference on Rhizosphere Interactions, IACR-Rothamsted, United Kingdom 10– April, 2001

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David S. Powlson,Geoff L. Bateman,Keith G. Davies,John L. Gaunt,Penny R. Hirsch,Peter W. Barlow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781402007408

Category: Science

Page: 226

View: 3497

This volume contains a selection of papers presented at the Rothamsted Millennium Conference "Interactions in the Root Environment - an Integrated Approach". The meeting brought together scientists from a range of disciplines interested in the relationship between soil biology and plant growth, reflected by the contents of the volume. Topics range from root development and nutrient flow, plant-microbe and plant-plant signaling, methods for studying bacterial and fungal diversity, to the exploitation of rhizosphere interactions for biological control of diseases and soil remediation. Authors include many internationally-recognized experts in their field and the contributions range from reviews to research papers. The volume presents a timely and wide-ranging overview of the interactions between plants, microbes and soil. It should prove an indispensable resource for students and others seeking an introduction to the topic, in addition to scientists already conversant with the area of research.