Socratic Wisdom

The Model of Knowledge in Plato's Early Dialogues

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Author: Hugh H. Benson,Assistant Professor of Philosophy Hugh H Benson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195129182

Category: Philosophy

Page: 292

View: 2436

While the early Platonic dialogues have often been explored and appreciated for their ethical content, this is the first book devoted solely to the epistemology of Plato's early dialogues. Author Hugh H. Benson argues that the characteristic features of these dialogues--Socrates' method of questions and answers (elenchos), his fascination with definition, his professions of ignorance, and his thesis that virtue is knowledge--are decidedly epistemological. In this thoughtful study, Benson uncovers the model of knowledge that underlies these distinctively Socratic views. What emerges is unfamiliar, yet closer to a contemporary conception of scientific understanding than ordinary knowledge.

Weisheit - Wissen - Information

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Author: Rudolf Zur Lippe

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3899712536

Category: History

Page: 285

View: 1254

Mit dem Übergang vom bisherigen Wissenszeitalter zum Informations- und Computerzeitalter ist das Wissen erneut in den Mittelpunkt der Aktualität gerückt. Was ist überhaupt Wissen, welche Arten und Typen von Wissen gibt es sowohl in unserer abendländischen Geschichte wie im Kulturenvergleich? Verschiedene Kulturkreise haben seit Jahrtausenden ganz verschiedene Wissenslehren mit entscheidender Bedeutung für die Auffassung und Deutung der Welt entwickelt. Diesen Fragen geht das vorliegende Buch nach, indem es Beiträge renommierter Wissenschaftler aus diversen Fachgebieten zum gesamten Spektrum des Wissens von Weisheit bis hin zu Information und Bits enthält.

The Socratic Method

Plato's Use of Philosophical Drama

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Author: Rebecca Bensen Cain

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441168796

Category: Philosophy

Page: 148

View: 7551

This book develops a new account of Socratic method, based on a psychological model of Plato's dramatic depiction of Socrates' character and conduct. Socratic method is seen as a blend of three types of philosophical discourse: refutation, truth-seeking, and persuasion. Cain focuses on the persuasive features of the method since, in her view, it is this aspect of Socrates' method that best explains the content and the value of the dialectical arguments. Emphasizing the persuasive aspect of Socratic method helps us uncover the operative standards of dialectical argumentation in fifth-century Athens. Cain considers both the sophistic style of rhetoric and contentious debate in Socrates' time, and Aristotle's perspective on the techniques of argument and their purposes. An informal, pragmatic analysis of argumentation appropriate to the dialectical context is developed. We see that Socrates uses ambiguity and other strategic fallacies with purposeful play, and for moral ends. Taking specific examples of refutations from Plato's dialogues, Cain links the interlocutors' characters and situations with the dialectical argument that Socrates constructs to refute them. The merit of this interpretation is that it gives broad range, depth, and balance to Socrates' argumentative style; it also maintains a keen sensitivity to the interlocutors' emotional reactions, moral values, and attitudes. The book concludes with a discussion of the overall value, purpose, and success of Socratic method, and draws upon a Platonic/Socratic conception of the soul and a dialectical type of self-knowledge.

Socrates' Daimonic Art

Love for Wisdom in Four Platonic Dialogues

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Author: Elizabeth S. Belfiore

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107007585

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 8636

New approach to Plato's characterization of Socrates, through analysis of erôs and philosophy in four dialogues on love and friendship.

Meno and Other Dialogues

Charmides, Laches, Lysis, Meno

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Author: Plato

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191516801

Category: Philosophy

Page: 244

View: 8560

Meno Charmides Laches Lysis 'Do please try to tell us what courage is...' In these four dialogues Plato considers virtue and its definition. Charmides, Laches, and Lysis investigate the specific virtues of self-control, courage, and friendship; the later Meno discusses the concept of virtue as a whole, and whether it is something that can be taught. In the conversations between Socrates and his interlocutors, moral concepts are debated and shown to be more complex than at first appears, until all the participants in the conversations are reduced to bafflement. The artistry as well as the philosophy of these dialogues has always been widely admired. The introduction to this edition explains the course of the four dialogues and examines the importance of Socrates' questions and arguments, and the notes cover major and minor points in more detail. This is an essential volume for understanding the brilliance of the first Western philosopher. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Pursuits of Wisdom

Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

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Author: John Madison Cooper

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691138605

Category: Philosophy

Page: 442

View: 8333

"Since Socrates, philosophy has been concerned with how we ought to live. But the sense in which philosophy must be an ineluctably practical activity has become obscured. How could philosophy have ever conceived of itself as centrally concerned with its own therapeutic value? In Pursuits of Wisdom, John Cooper brings this crucial question back to life. This marvelous book will shape the way we think about and engage with ancient philosophical traditions."--Jonathan Lear, University of Chicago "With unparalleled learning, argumentative depth, and great originality, Cooper presents a thorough rethinking of the major Greek moral philosophers. He revitalizes their visions of philosophy as a way of life and shows how they present a powerful challenge to current moral philosophy. The Greeks will never look the same again."--J. B. Schneewind, author of The Invention of Autonomy: A History of Modern Moral Philosophy "John Cooper has had a profound impact on the scholarly study of ancient Greek and Roman philosophy, particularly in its moral dimension. In this new work, he introduces this period to a far wider audience. His sympathy and enthusiasm for the pursuits of wisdom in antiquity, and the subtlety of his understanding of these philosophical schools, will make this book a classic of its kind."--Richard Kraut, author of What Is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being "The product of a lifetime of study and thought, Pursuits of Wisdom is a detailed and rigorous analysis of the foundations of the major schools of ancient ethics in the overall philosophical systems of their authors. John Cooper's masterwork will thus be indispensable for every student of ancient philosophy in general as well as ancient ethics. But Cooper's study is also indispensable for all students of modern ethics since so much of it originates in these ancient schools. In other words, Cooper's book is simply indispensable."--Paul Guyer, University of Pennsylvania "This book not only discusses philosophy as a way of life, but manifests many of the virtues such a life might be hoped to embody. There is scarcely an instance in which Cooper's sureness of grasp, vivacity of expression, or clarity of purpose falters. The book invites a wide readership, and should receive it."--C.D.C. Reeve, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Clitophon's Challenge

Dialectic in Plato's Meno, Phaedo, and Republic

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Author: Hugh H. Benson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190273100

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 6075

Hugh H. Benson explores Plato's answer to Clitophon's challenge, the question of how one can acquire the knowledge Socrates argues is essential to human flourishing-knowledge we all seem to lack. Plato suggests two methods by which this knowledge may be gained: the first is learning from those who already have the knowledge one seeks, and the second is discovering the knowledge one seeks on one's own. The book begins with a brief look at some of the Socratic dialogues where Plato appears to recommend the former approach while simultaneously indicating various difficulties in pursuing it. The remainder of the book focuses on Plato's recommendation in some of his most important and central dialogues-the Meno, Phaedo, and Republic-for carrying out the second approach: de novo inquiry. The book turns first to the famous paradox concerning the possibility of such an inquiry and explores Plato's apparent solution. Having defended the possibility of de novo inquiry as a response to Clitophon's challenge, Plato explains the method or procedure by which such inquiry is to be carried out. The book defends the controversial thesis that the method of hypothesis, as described and practiced in the Meno, Phaedo, and Republic, is, when practiced correctly, Plato's recommended method of acquiring on one's own the essential knowledge we lack. The method of hypothesis when practiced correctly is, then, Platonic dialectic, and this is Plato's response to Clitophon's challenge. "This is a new book on a critically important topic, methodology, as it is explored in three of the most important works by one of the most important philosophers in the very long history of philosophy, written by a scholar of international stature who is working from many years of experience and currently at the top of his game. It promises to be one of the most important books ever written on this subject."-Nicholas Smith, James F. Miller Professor of Humanities, Lewis and Clark College "The thesis is bold and the results are important for our understanding of some of the most studied and controversial dialogues by and philosophical theses in Plato. In my view, Hugh Benson's examination of the method of hypothesis in the Meno and the Phaedo is a tour de force of subtle and careful scholarship: I think that this part of the book will be adopted as the standard interpretation of this basic notion in Plato. An excellent and important book."-Charles Brittain, Susan Linn Sage Professor of Philosophy and Humane Letters, Cornell University

Conceptions of Philosophy

Ancient and Modern

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Author: Kōnstantinos Iōannou Voudourēs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy, Ancient

Page: 413

View: 9425

Socrates from Antiquity to the Enlightenment

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Author: Michael B. Trapp

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 4241

With contributions by both established and rising scholars, Socrates from Antiquity to the Enlightenment surveys interpretations and uses of this most iconic of all ancient philosophers over 2,200 years, principally outside the confines of formal philosophy. The treatments discussed range from those of Aristophanes, Plato, and Xenophon in antiquity, to those of Voltaire, Lavater, Telemann and David in the eighteenth century, via the varying Socrateses of medieval Arabic and Jewish thought, and Renaissance humanism. Special attention is given to representations of Socrates in visual art, and on the stage. A companion volume deals with Socrates in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Romance Notes

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Romance languages

Page: N.A

View: 4519

Theaitetos

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Author: Platon

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843031304

Category: Philosophy

Page: 104

View: 7665

Platon: Theaitetos Entstanden etwa zwischen 369 und 366 v. Chr. Erstdruck (in lateinischer Übersetzung durch Marsilio Ficino) in: Opere, Florenz o. J. (ca. 1482/84). Erstdruck des griechischen Originals in: Hapanta ta tu Platônos, herausgegeben von M. Musoros, Venedig 1513. Erste deutsche Übersetzung durch Johann Friedrich Kleuker unter dem Titel »Theätet, oder von den Wissenschaften« in: Werke, 1. Band, Lemgo 1778. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher von 1805. Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2017. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Platon: Sämtliche Werke. Berlin: Lambert Schneider, [1940]. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Raffael, Die Schule von Athen (Detail). Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

How History Matters to Philosophy

Reconsidering Philosophy’s Past After Positivism

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Author: Robert C. Scharff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134626800

Category: Philosophy

Page: 24

View: 439

In recent decades, widespread rejection of positivism’s notorious hostility toward the philosophical tradition has led to renewed debate about the real relationship of philosophy to its history. How History Matters to Philosophy takes a fresh look at this debate. Current discussion usually starts with the question of whether philosophy’s past should matter, but Scharff argues that the very existence of the debate itself demonstrates that it already does matter. After an introductory review of the recent literature, he develops his case in two parts. In Part One, he shows how history actually matters for even Plato’s Socrates, Descartes, and Comte, in spite of their apparent promotion of conspicuously ahistorical Platonic, Cartesian, and Positivistic ideals. In Part Two, Scharff argues that the real issue is not whether history matters; rather it is that we already have a history, a very distinctive and unavoidable inheritance, which paradoxically teaches us that history’s mattering is merely optional. Through interpretations of Dilthey, Nietzsche, and Heidegger, he describes what thinking in a historically determinate way actually involves, and he considers how to avoid the denial of this condition that our own philosophical inheritance still seems to expect of us. In a brief conclusion, Scharff explains how this book should be read as part of his own effort to acknowledge this condition rather than deny it.