Sociologists, Economists, and Democracy

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Author: Brian Barry

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226038247

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 5799

"Rationalist theories of political behavior have recently risen in status to that of a new—or, more accurately, rediscovered—paradigm in the systematic study of politics. Brian Barry's short, provocative book played no small part in the debate that precipitated this shift. . . . Without reservation, Barry's treatise is the most lucid and most influential critique of two important, competing perspectives in political analysis: the 'sociological' school of Talcott Parsons, Gabriel Almond, and other so-called functionalists; and the 'economic' school of Anthony Downs and Mancur Olson, among others."—Dennis J. Encarnation, American Journal of Sociology

Bekenntnis und Interesse

Essay über den Ernst in der Politik

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Author: Christian Hiebaum

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3050087412

Category: Philosophy

Page: 226

View: 7280

In der Politik wird gelogen, geheuchelt, intrigiert und höchst selektiv moralisiert. Und wenn argumentiert wird, dann nicht selten strategisch. Zuweilen nicht einmal das: Über weite Strecken dominiert eine berechenbare und hohle Phraseologie die öffentliche Debatte. Diese Beobachtung lässt viele Demokraten zynisch werden, oder wenigstens zu Realisten, die den politischen Streit als bloßen Interessenkonflikt verstehen, als eine Art Spiel. Mitunter werden auch moralische Gründe für eine solche Sichtweise ins Treffen geführt. Wer sich heute in der Politik ernsthaft zu einer Wahrheit bekennt, und sei es zu einer neoliberalen, macht sich jedenfalls verdächtig. Er riskiert, als fundamentalistisch und politikunfähig zu gelten. Doch der politische Objektivismus ist besser als sein Ruf. Insbesondere ist er gegen den Vorwurf zu verteidigen, er sei die Grundlage des Puritanismus und der Intoleranz. Ihn zeichnet die Annahme aus, dass Werturteile und Urteile über die inhaltliche Richtigkeit von Normen objektiv wahr oder falsch sein können. Zudem vertritt der Objektivist die Auffassung, dass die Orientierung der Akteure an dem, was sie für objektive Werte und objektiv gültige Normen halten, auch in der Politik prinzipiell gut ist. Und er glaubt, dass es zur angemessenen Bestimmung individueller Interessen einer Vorstellung vom objektiv guten Leben bedarf.

The Engaged Sociologist

Connecting the Classroom to the Community

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Author: Kathleen Odell Korgen,Jonathan M. White

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412979498

Category: Education

Page: 225

View: 6483

This book brings the 'public sociology' movement into the classroom, as it teaches students to use the tools of sociology to become effective participants in our democratic society. Through exercises and projects, the authors encourage students to practice the application of these tools in order to get both hands-on training in sociology and experience with civic engagement in their communities.

Good Governance, Democratic Societies and Globalization

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Author: Surendra Munshi,Biju Paul Abraham

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8132104064

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 8804

'This collection of essays by a number of scholars from India and Europe addresses economic, political and social issues of great contemporary significance. The most attractive feature of the volume is the comparative and inter-disciplinary approach which gives it its distinctive orientation. Munshi and Abraham have held diverse but important themes together in an exemplary manner' - Andre Beteille, Chairman, Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Kolkata 'This is an outstanding book on an issue easier talked about than acted upon. The editors have brought together in this rich volume a wide variety of essays which focus on India and Europe and clarify that it is necessary to contextualise good governance. The comparative perspective has the additional advantage of extending the analysis beyond the realm of the nation-state' -Jan Breman, Emeritus Professor of Comparative Sociology, University of Amsterdam 'In the immense literature on governance this scholarly and reader-friendly work takes an exceptional place. It has a sharp focus on "good" governance based on democratic values, drawing mainly from two major democratic regions in the world, India and the European Union. It offers rich analyses and much needed conceptual clarifications and explicitly addresses the normative-ethical dimension of "good" governance'. -Georges Enderle, O'Neil Professor of International Business Ethics, University of Notre Dame; President, International Society of Business, Economics and Ethics (ISBEE) 'This book makes a distinct and very valuable contribution to the international debate on good governance and globalisation. The book's particular strength is that it combines perspectives on good governance from both the public and the corporate sectors, thereby highlighting the extent to which similar ideas have come to influence decision-makers in government and business' -Klaus H Goetz, Senior Lecturer, Department of Government, London School of Economics and Political Science; Editor, West European Politics 'This is a remarkable book in an area of common concern which will be read with profit by academics, policy makers as well as social activists. It highlights the diversity of development experiences and suggests that there cannot be a single path to progress in spite of globalisation' -Shantha Sinha, Professor of Political Science, University of Hyderabad; Winner of the 2003 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership This book discusses good governance in democratic societies in the context of globalisation from a cross-cultural perspective. India and the European Union - democratic unions representing old histories, rich cultures and new aspirations - are viewed comparatively in order to assess what they can learn from each other. Moving beyond disciplinary demarcations, this volume considers the issues involved from a broader perspective. The 18 original essays, supplemented by a detailed introduction, are presented in three parts: the societal context of governance, administrative reforms, and corporate governance. These three parts have an important bearing on each other since administrative reforms provide a mechanism for good governance at the macro level which is in turn related to good governance at the corporate level. Dealing with a theme of considerable importance from a unique perspective, this volume will be of interest to a wide readership: social scientists, administrators, business executives, management students, NGOs, as well as international organisations like the World Bank. It will also serve as a text for courses on governance in general, public administration and corporate governance.

American Democracy in Peril

Eight Challenges to America's Future

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Author: William E. Hudson

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483368599

Category: Political Science

Page: 424

View: 3494

In this Eighth Edition of American Democracy in Peril, author William E. Hudson provides a perceptive analysis of the challenges our democracy faces in the current era: economic crisis, partisan gridlock, rising economic inequality, and continued military conflict in the Middle East and elsewhere. By introducing the history of democratic theory in terms of four “models” of democracy, he provides readers with a set of criteria against which to evaluate the challenges discussed later. This provocative book offers a structured, yet critical examination of the American political system, designed to stimulate students to consider how the facts they learn about American politics relate to democratic ideals.

Key Ideas in Sociology

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Author: Peter Kivisto

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483343332

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 4028

Key Ideas in Sociology, Third Edition, is the only undergraduate text to link today's issues to the ideas and individuals of the era of classical sociological thought. Compact and affordable, this book provides an overview of how sociological theories have helped sociologists understand modern societies and human relations. It also describes the continual evolution of these theories in response to social change. Providing students with the opportunity to read from primary texts, this valuable supplement presents theories as interpretive tools, useful for understanding a multifaceted, ever-shifting social world. Emphasis is given to the working world, to the roles and responsibilities of citizenship, and to social relationships. A concluding chapter addresses globalization and its challenges.

The SAGE Handbook of Political Sociology, 2v

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Author: William Outhwaite,Stephen Turner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526416484

Category: Political Science

Page: 1260

View: 3794

The SAGE Handbook of Political Sociology offers a comprehensive and contemporary look at this evolving field of study. The focus is on political life itself and the chapters, written by a highly-respected and international team of authors, cover the core themes which need to be understood in order to study political life from a sociological perspective, or simply to understand the political world. The two volumes are structured around five key areas: PART 1: TRADITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES PART 2: CORE CONCEPTS PART 03: POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES AND MOVEMENTS PART 04: TOPICS PART 05: WORLD REGIONS This future-oriented and cross-disciplinary handbook is a landmark text for students and scholars interested in the social investigation of politics.

Democracy in Muslim Societies

The Asian Experience

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Author: Zoya Hasan

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8178299674

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 936

Democracy in Muslim Societies: The Asian Experience explores the character of the political transformation and democratic transition in the Asian Muslim world. It asks whether democracy is appropriate and desirable as a political system for non-Western societies, and assesses the extent of actual democratization in each of the countries studied, namely, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan and Turkey. The book questions the widely held view that the socio-political ethos of Islam as a religion, and of Muslim countries as societal units, prevents Muslims from adopting democracy as a form of government. The contributors argue that this perception comes from post-9/11 studies of Arab states and that non-Arab Muslim populations in Asia and Africa do not fit the same mould. At the same time, it is clear that a single model of democracy cannot work across these six countries because each country has a different history and has tread on a different path in the quest for democracy. Ultimately, this book concludes that there is no fundamental incompatibility between Islam and democracy in the Asian Muslim societies.

Introduction to Sociology

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Author: George Ritzer

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506362648

Category: Social Science

Page: 648

View: 4755

This Fourth Edition of George Ritzer’s Introduction to Sociology shows students the relevance of sociology to their lives. While providing a rock-solid foundation, Ritzer illuminates traditional sociological concepts and theories, as well as some of the most compelling contemporary social phenomena: globalization, consumer culture, the digital world, and the “McDonaldization” of society. With examples on every page from current events and contemporary research, and stories about “public” sociologists who are engaging with the critical issues of today, the text demonstrates the power of sociology to explain the world, and the diversity of questions that sociologists seek to answer. New to this Edition New “Trending” boxes focus on influential books written by sociologists that have become part of the public conversation about important issues. Replacing “Public Sociology” boxes, these boxes demonstrate the diversity of sociology's practitioners, methods, and subject matter, and feature such authors as: Michelle Alexander (The New Jim Crow) Elizabeth Armstrong and Laura Hamilton (Paying for the Party) Randol Contreras (The Stick-Up Kids) Matthew Desmond (Evicted) Kimberly Hoang (Dealing in Desire) Arlie Hochschild (Strangers in Their Own Land) Eric Klinenberg (Going Solo) C.J. Pascoe (Dude, You're a Fag) Lori Peek and Alice Fothergill (Children of Katrina) Allison Pugh (The Tumbleweed Society)Updated examples in the text and "Digital Living" boxes keep pace with changes in digital technology and online practices, including Uber, bitcoin, net neutrality, digital privacy, WikiLeaks, and cyberactivism. New or updated subjects apply sociological thinking to the latest issues including: the 2016 U.S. election Brexit the global growth of ISIS climate change President Trump's proposed Mexican border wall further segmentation of wealthy Americans in the "super rich" transgender people in the U.S. armed forces charter schools the legalization of marijuana the Flint water crisis fourth-wave feminism

Contemporary Social and Sociological Theory

Visualizing Social Worlds

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Author: Kenneth Allan

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506319394

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 5365

In the Third Edition of Ken Allan's highly-praised Contemporary Social and Sociological Theory book, sociological theories and theorists are explored using a straightforward approach and conversational, jargon-free language. Filled with examples drawn from everyday life, this edition highlights diversity in contemporary society, exploring theories of race, gender, and sexuality that address some of today's most important social concerns. Through this textbook students will learn to think theoretically and apply to their own lives.

Sociologists in Action

Sociology, Social Change, and Social Justice

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Author: Kathleen Odell Korgen,Jonathan M. White,Shelley K. White

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452203113

Category: Social Science

Page: 305

View: 6945

Brings the subject matter of sociology to life for students. Linking theory and practice, this textbook explores how sociological knowledge is used in the community to fight for social change and justice.

Development Failure and Identity Politics in Uttar Pradesh

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Author: Roger Jeffery,Craig Jeffrey,Jens Lerche

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 9351501809

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 1748

Development Failure and Identity Politics in Uttar Pradesh provides a qualitative, in-depth understanding of development failures and identity politics in Uttar Pradesh (UP). It investigates neoliberal change and political transformation in India through the lens of UP, India’s largest and, by some measures, poorest state. It examines the connection between transitions in the contemporary economy of India and transformations in politics from the standpoint of UP. The book demonstrates how an understanding of dynamics in UP might provide new perspective on issues such as the state, the civil society, caste, democracy and social impact of economic reforms—issues that are the subject of vigorous debate in India as a whole.

A Primer in Social and Sociological Theory

Toward a Sociology of Citizenship

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Author: Kenneth Allan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452235651

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 2826

Organized around the discourses of modernity, democracy, and citizenship, A Primer in Social and Sociological Theory: Toward a Sociology of Citizenship helps readers to develop skills in critical thinking and theory analysis as they explore nine central ideas of thought: modernity, society, self, religion, capitalism, power, gender, race, and globalization. Each chapter concludes with a section that discusses the craft of citizenship as it relates to the chapter content.

Sociology and the Public Agenda

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Author: William Julius Wilson

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452252637

Category: Social Science

Page: 391

View: 7094

The editor of this volume asserts that sociology's ostrich-like stance threatens to leave the discipline in a position of irrelevance to the world at large and compromises the support of policymakers, funders, media and the public. Wilson's vision is of a sociology attuned to the public agenda, influencing public policy through both short and long-range analysis from a sociological perspective. Using a variety of policy issues, perspectives, methods and cases, the distinguished contibutors to this volume both demonstrate and emphasize Wilson's ideas.

Socialism - An Economic and Sociological Analysis

The Economist

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Author: Ludwig von Mises

Publisher: VM eBooks

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 4898

Socialism is the watchword and the catchword of our day. The socialist idea dominates the modem spirit. The masses approve of it. It expresses the thoughts and feelings of all; it has set its seal upon our time. When history comes to tell our story it will write above the chapter “The Epoch of Socialism.” As yet, it is true, Socialism has not created a society which can be said to represent its ideal. But for more than a generation the policies of civilized nations have been directed towards nothing less than a gradual realization of Socialism.17 In recent years the movement has grown noticeably in vigour and tenacity. Some nations have sought to achieve Socialism, in its fullest sense, at a single stroke. Before our eyes Russian Bolshevism has already accomplished something which, whatever we believe to be its significance, must by the very magnitude of its design be regarded as one of the most remarkable achievements known to world history. Elsewhere no one has yet achieved so much. But with other peoples only the inner contradictions of Socialism itself and the fact that it cannot be completely realized have frustrated socialist triumph. They also have gone as far as they could under the given circumstances. Opposition in principle to Socialism there is none. Today no influential party would dare openly to advocate Private Property in the Means of Production. The word “Capitalism” expresses, for our age, the sum of all evil. Even the opponents of Socialism are dominated by socialist ideas. In seeking to combat Socialism from the standpoint of their special class interest these opponents—the parties which particularly call themselves “bourgeois” or “peasant”—admit indirectly the validity of all the essentials of socialist thought. For if it is only possible to argue against the socialist programme that it endangers the particular interests of one part of humanity, one has really affirmed Socialism. If one complains that the system of economic and social organization which is based on private property in the means of production does not sufficiently consider the interests of the community, that it serves only the purposes of single strata, and that it limits productivity; and if therefore one demands with the supporters of the various “social-political” and “social-reform” movements, state interference in all fields of economic life, then one has fundamentally accepted the principle of the socialist programme. Or again, if one can only argue against socialism that the imperfections of human nature make its realization impossible, or that it is inexpedient under existing economic conditions to proceed at once to socialization, then one merely confesses that one has capitulated to socialist ideas. The nationalist, too, affirms socialism, and objects only to its Internationalism. He wishes to combine Socialism with the ideas of Imperialism and the struggle against foreign nations. He is a national, not an international socialist; but he, also, approves of the essential principles of Socialism.

The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics and the Law

Three Volume Set

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Author: NA NA

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349741736

Category: History

Page: 657

View: 5191

A great deal of economics is about law - the functioning of markets, property rights and their enforcement, financial obligations, and so forth - yet these legal aspects are almost never addressed in the academic study of economics. Conversely, the study and practice of law entails a significant understanding of economics, yet the drafting and administration of laws often ignore economic principle. The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics and the Law is uniquely placed by the quality, breadth and depth of its coverage to address this need for building bridges. Drawn from the ranks of academics, professional lawyers, and economists in eight countries, the 340 contributors include world experts in their fields. Among them are Nobel laureates in economics and eminent legal scholars. First published in 1998 and now available in paperback for the first time, The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics and the Law has established itself as a classic reference work in this important field.

Sociologists in Action on Inequalities

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Author: Shelley K. White,Jonathan M. White,Kathleen Odell Korgen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 145224202X

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 6745

This anthology provides vivid examples of how sociology can be put to good use in today's world. Every reading focuses on public issues concerning race, class, gender, ethnicity, nationality, and sexuality. Each chapter includes stories from practicing sociologists that help students better understand how their sociology studies can be applied and provides answers to the question, "...but what can I do with a sociology degree?" Discussion questions and suggested additional readings and resources at the end of each chapter give students the opportunity to delve further into the topics covered and carry out full and nuanced discussions, grounded in the "real world" work of public sociologists.

Explorations in Classical Sociological Theory: Seeing the Social World

Seeing the Social World

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Author: Kenneth Allan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412992435

Category: Social Science

Page: 379

View: 7067

Continually praised for its conversational tone, personal examples, and helpful pedagogical tools, the exciting Third Edition of Kenneth Allan's Explorations in Classical Sociological Theory: Seeing the Social World has been reorganized around the modern ideas of progress, knowledge, and democracy. With a historical thread woven throughout the chapters, the book presents a diverse selection of major classical theorists: marx, Spencer, Durkheim, Weber, Simmel, Mead, Schutz, Martineau Gilman, Du Bois, and Parsons. Author Kenneth Allan focuses on the specific views of each theorist, rather than schools of thought, and highlights modernity and postmodernity to help readers understand how classical theory applies to their lives.