Knowledge and the Social Sciences

Theory, Method, Practice

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Author: David Goldblatt

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415329750

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 5086

Is knowledge what counts in today's society? How does knowledge shape social change? Do we trust experts less now than in the past? How do we decide which knowledge counts and which experts to trust? Knowledge and the Social Sciences: Theory, Method, Practice looks at the role of the social sciences in explaining and exploring what has been called the explosion of knowledge in the contemporary world. It takes as its starting point the claim that all forms of knowledge, including the social sciences, must be understood in their social context. It argues that the social sciences both describe and transform what they study and introduces students to some of the key concepts and arguments that are essential for further study in the social sciences. In a radical and practical introduction to ways of thinking and knowing in the social sciences, this text investigates the origins and consequences of different types of knowledge in areas of social change both in everyday thinking and in more academic fields, in medical science, religious belief systems and the environment and political responses to environmental change. These issues are explored in th context of the emergence of what has

Economics and the Social Sciences

Boundaries, Interaction and Integration

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Author: Stavros Ioannides,Klaus Nielsen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1847204295

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 7516

This book is based on the premise that mainstream economics has become excessively specialized and formalized, entering a state of de facto withdrawal from the study of the economy in favour of exercises in applied mathematics. The editors believe that there is much scope for synergies by engaging in an encounter with economics and the other social sciences. The chapters in this book offer important new contributions to such a development. A select group of highly regarded contributors illustrate the potentially enlightening relationship between economics and a wide range of social science disciplines. In addition, some important concepts for economic analysis for example the notion of routines, of social capital and of flexibility are explored from the vantage point of several social sciences. Postgraduate students in most social science disciplines and in economic sociology will find much to interest them in this book, as will students of psychology and economics.

Computers in the humanities and the social sciences

Achievements of the 1980s, prospects for the 1990s. Proceedings of the Cologne Computer Conference 1988 uses of the computer in the humanities and social sciences held at the University of Cologne, September 1988

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Author: Heinrich Best,Köln> Computer Conference

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3111521257

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 537

View: 6484

Methodology of Social Sciences

Max Weber

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Author: Henry A. Finch

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412843839

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 5409

Max Weber wrote these methodological essays in the closest intimacy with actual research and against a background of constant and intensive meditation on substantive problems in the theory and strategy of the social sciences. They were written between 1903 and 1917, the most productive of Max Weber's life, when he was working on his studies in the sociology of religion and Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Weber had done important work in economic and legal history and had taught economic theory. On the basis of original investigations, he had acquired a specialist's knowledge of the details of German economic and social structure. His always vital concern for the political prosperity of Germany among the nations thrust him deeply into discussion of political ideals and programs. Weber's methodology still holds interest for us. Some of its shortcomings, from the contemporary viewpoint, may be attributed to the fact that some of the methodological problems that he treated could not be satisfactorily resolved prior to certain actual developments in research technique. These few qualifications aside, the work remains a pioneering work in large scale social research, from one of the field's masters.

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

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Author: Craig Calhoun,Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195123719

Category: Social Science

Page: 563

View: 1649

Defines key terms in such areas as anthropology, sociology, political science, economics, human geography, cultural studies, and Marxism, and covers concepts, theories, schools of thought, methodologies, issues, and controversies.

Events and The Social Sciences

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Author: Hazel Andrews,Teresa Leopold

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135092699

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 8629

As the events management field expands as an area of study, there is a need to move beyond the business and marketing-driven approaches which dominate the literature towards a more advanced conceptual analysis and understanding of events from a socio-cultural context. This book addresses this need by examining intersections between the social sciences and the emerging field of events management. It applies and specifically contextualises social science theories within the discourse of events to provide a greater understanding of the significance of events in contemporary society. It first outlines the value of approaching the study of events from a social science perspective, and then moves on to an in-depth exploration of relevant theories exploring topics such as identity, culture, consumerism, representation and place. It concludes with a summary of each chapter and a discussion of ways in which events can be further explored through the lens of the social sciences. The book features international case studies based on a variety of event types ranging from sports events, religious and cultural events and community events, which are used throughout to address contemporary issues and show theory in practice. 'Think Points' are integrated into each chapter to encourage the reader to reflect on theories, and each chapter concludes with summary points, further reading and links to useful websites to consolidate learning and further knowledge. This book will provide upper-level students, academics and researchers interested in events, as well as those from related social science disciplines, with a robust socio-cultural conceptual analysis of the subject and a greater understanding of the significance of events in contemporary society.

Self-Observation in the Social Sciences

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Author: Joshua W. Clegg

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 141284908X

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 8836

Notwithstanding the mythical demise of "introspection," self-observation has always been an integral aspect of the social sciences. In the century following the "behavioral revolution," psychology has seen a reduction not so much in the frequency as in the rigor with which self-observation is practiced. A great deal of self-observation has been renamed or obscured (as, for example, "self-report"), but this has served only to defer and impoverish important theoretical and technical work. This volume, which contributes to the development of a rigorous theory of self-observation, is organized around three general objectives: to re-animate a discourse on self-observation through a historical analysis of various self-observation traditions; to outline and begin to address some of the unique theoretical challenges of self-observation; and to elaborate some of the technical and practical details necessary for realizing a program of research dedicated to self-observation. In the first section of the book, three historians of psychology trace the evolution of self-observation. In the second, three scholars who are currently working in contemporary traditions of self-observation discuss the basic theoretical and practical challenges involved in conducting self-observation research. In the final two sections of the book, scholars from the phenomenological and narrative traditions trace the history, theory, and practice of self-observation in their respective traditions. Self-Observation in the Social Sciences continues the fine tradition set by Transaction’s History and Theory of Psychology series edited by Jaan Valsiner. It is of interest to psychologists and to those who study methodology within the social sciences.

Kierkegaard's Influence on the Social Sciences

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Author: Jon Bartley Stewart

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409434900

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 9293

Kierkegaard has long been known as a philosopher and theologian, but his contributions to psychology, anthropology and sociology have also made an important impact on these fields. The articles featured in the present volume explore the reception of Kierkegaard's thought in the social sciences. Of these fields Kierkegaard is perhaps best known in psychology, where The Concept of Anxiety and The Sickness unto Death have been the two most influential texts. With regard to the field of sociology, social criticism, or social theory, Kierkegaard's Literary Review of Two Ages has also been regarded as offering valuable insights about some important dynamics of modern society.

Principles of Research Design in the Social Sciences

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Author: Frank Bechhofer,Professor of Social Research and Director Research Center for Social Sciences Frank Bechhofer,Lindsay Paterson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415214421

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 3801

This is a text for researchers who know what they want to study, but who have yet to decide how best to study it. It is intended to stimulate social scientists to think about the issues involved when deciding upon their research design.

Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences

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Author: Robert H. Binstock,Ethel Shanas

Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 684

View: 1680

Each volume of the HANDBOOKS OF AGING Series represents one of the three main influences on aging: the Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Handbook of the Psychology of Aging, and Handbook of Aging andthe Social Sciences. Each of the Handbooks presents critical comprehensive reviews of research knowledge, theories, concepts, and issues by the foremost scholars in the field. Chapters are selected to portray discrete units of research study, long-standing areas of research, and new developments.

Statistics for the Social Sciences

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Author: R. Mark Sirkin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412905466

Category: Mathematics

Page: 610

View: 5587

Popular in previous editions, this Third Edition continues to help build students' confidence and ability in doing statistical analysis by slowly moving from concepts that require little computational work to those that require more. Author R. Mark Sirkin once again demonstrates how statistics can be used so that students come to appreciate their usefulness rather than fear them. Statistics for the Social Sciences emphasizes the analysis and interpretation of data to give students a feel for how data interpretation is related to the methods by which the information was obtained.

A New Dictionary of the Social Sciences, Second Edition

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Author: G. Duncan Mitchell

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202364018

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 4620

Designed especially to meet the needs of beginners in all the social sciences, A New Dictionary of the Social Sciences follows its highly successful distinguished predecessor, A Dictionary of Sociology, first published in 1968. Many of the entries have been revised and updated to keep abreast of the recent proliferation in the vocabulary of the social sciences. The entries include social psychological terms, terms in social and cultural anthropology, terms common to political science, social administration and social work. In the choice of words a generous definition of social science was employed, making the dictionary a very useful reference source for all beginners in the social sciences. Some terms are explained quite briefly while others are given lengthy treatment, according to the further assumptions that some sociological terms can imply. Thus long entries are given on words such as authority, consensus, phenomenology, role, social stratification, structuralism, whereas short and succinct entries suffice for words such as agnate, eidos, or mores. A number of short biographical sketches are also included. The contributors are all scholars working in universities, predominantly in the United Kingdom and the United States. More than a glossary, A New Dictionary of the Social Sciences helps the student understand some of the theoretical considerations underlying the use of sociological terms, as well as something of their history, and therefore resembles an encyclopedia in its scope and depth of information.

Interdisciplinary Relationships in the Social Sciences

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Author: Carolyn W. Sherif

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202366871

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 5942

Interdisciplinary collaboration in the social sciences is obviously essential to scientific progress, but discontent and practical difficulties hinder collaboration in research and training. Many of the problems arise from the failure in the separate disciplines to understand the basis on which collaboration is necessary and possible. In an effort to shed light on the situation, these original essays by eminent scholars--economists, geographers, psychologists, political scientists, sociologists, anthropologists, and others--demonstrate effective means of achieving interdisciplinary coordination in studying human behavior and delineating promising areas--for cooperative research. The book provides a sophisticated guide to the nature of knowledge in social science as applied to its core disciplines. Since the social sciences separately are studying and theorizing about many of the same kinds of human behavior, the contributors propose that scholars can avoid possible duplication of effort and increase the validity of their formulations by consulting the related findings and methodology from other disciplines before embarking on a research problem. The contributors maintain that this interchange, by broadening the total knowledge of each discipline, represents the best approach toward fulfilling the goals of social scientific inquiry. The individual chapters give valuable insight into the theoretical overlaps among the disciplines and outline specific research areas--such as group interaction, political attitudes, and intergroup relations--that require interdisciplinary cooperation to produce valid formulations. A major step toward creating a dialogue among disciplines, the book will enable every social scientist to understand more clearly the current state and future direction of interdisciplinary relationships and their indispensable future in social scientific thought. Muzafer Sherif (1906-1988) was professor and director of the psychosocial studies program at Pennsylvania State University. He is known as one of the founders of the field of social psychology and also helped develop social judgment theory and realistic conflict theory. Carolyn W. Sherif (1922-1982) was professor of psychology at Pennsylvania State University. She wrote numerous important articles dealing with gender in society, gender in self-reference and the need for gender to be studied in the sciences.

Salsa Dancing into the Social Sciences

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Author: Kristin Luker

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674040384

Category: Social Science

Page: 333

View: 7176

This book is both a handbook for defining and completing a research project, and an astute introduction to the neglected history and changeable philosophy of modern social science.

The Social Science Encyclopedia

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Author: Adam Kuper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134450834

Category: Reference

Page: 952

View: 393

The Social Science Encyclopedia, first published in 1985 to acclaim from social scientists, librarians and students, was thoroughly revised in 1996, when reviewers began to describe it as a classic. This third edition has been radically recast. Over half the entries are new or have been entirely rewritten, and most of the balance have been substantially revised. Written by an international team of contributors, the Encyclopedia offers a global perspective on the key issues within the social sciences. Some 500 entries cover a variety of enduring and newly vital areas of study and research methods. Experts review theoretical debates from neo-evolutionism and rational choice theory to poststructuralism, and address the great questions that cut across the social sciences. What is the influence of genes on behaviour? What is the nature of consciousness and cognition? What are the causes of poverty and wealth? What are the roots of conflict, wars, revolutions and genocidal violence? This authoritative reference work is aimed at anyone with a serious interest in contemporary academic thinking about the individual in society.

Metatheory in Social Science

Pluralisms and Subjectivities

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Author: Donald W. Fiske

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226251929

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 9264

What is the nature of the social sciences? What kinds of knowledge can they—and should they—hope to create? Are objective viewpoints possible and can universal laws be discovered? Questions like these have been asked with increasing urgency in recent years, as some philosophers and researchers have perceived a "crisis" in the social sciences. Metatheory in Social Science offers many provocative arguments and analyses of basic conceptual frameworks for the study of human behavior. These are offered primarily by practicing researchers and are related to problems in disciplines as diverse as sociology, psychology, psychiatry, anthropology, and philosophy of science. While various points of view are expressed in these nineteen essays, they have in common several themes, including the comparison of social and natural science, the role of knowledge in meeting the demands of society and its pressing problems, and the nature and role of subjectivity in science. Some authors hold that subjectivity cannot be studied scientifically; others argue that it can and must be if progress in knowledge is to be made. The essays demonstrate the philosophical pluralism they discuss and give a wide range of alternative positions on the future of the social and behavioral sciences in a postpositivist intellectual world.

Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences

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Author: Jon Elster

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521376068

Category: Philosophy

Page: 184

View: 2991

Describes common examples of irrational behavior, including wishful thinking, and shows how they can affect wage bargaining, voting, and court decisions