Interdisciplinary Relationships in the Social Sciences

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Author: Muzafer Sherif

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351512013

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9645

Interdisciplinary collaboration in the social sciences is obviously essential to scientifi c progress, but discontent and practical diffi culties hinder collaboration in research and training. Many of the problems arise from the failure in the separate disciplines to understand the basis on which collaboration is necessary and possible. In an eff ort to shed light on the situation, these original essays by eminent scholars-economists, geographers, psychologists, political scientists,sociologists, anthropologists, and others-demonstrate eff ective means of achieving interdisciplinary coordination in studying human behavior and delineating promising areas-for cooperative research. Th e book provides a sophisticated guide to the nature of knowledge in social science as applied to its core disciplines.

Design and the Social Sciences

Making Connections

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Author: Jorge Frascara

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203301307

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 3334

The social sciences have a distinctive contribution to make to the understanding and handling of design issues, both in product and systems design and in the design of the built environment. The role of cognitive psychology, particularly ergonomics, to the design process has traditionally been well appreciated. Because it provides important insights into the way people process information cognitively, it is a powerful tool for the design of usable products, buildings and systems. This book explores the disciplines of social psychology, sociology and anthropology, which provide techniques for investigating the relationships between people and design, in assessing the role that products and the built environment play in peoples lives and in setting product requirements based on this understanding. These include ergonomic user requirements, such as usability and accessibility, and also functional and aesthetic issues which will determine the overall quality of a design in terms of how it is experienced. This means looking at the functional and ergonomic properties of a design and going beyond to issues relating to the fit of the design to the lifestyle and aspirations of those who experience it. Written by specialists working at the front line in the consumer product industries - as well as by designers and applied theorists - the book describes new ways of understanding product development, innovation and design. Methods for the incorporation of user population in the design process are discussed and notions of use and experience, instead of forms and materials, serve as a basis to present the design of consumer products under a totally new light.

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

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Author: Craig Calhoun,Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195123719

Category: Social Science

Page: 563

View: 6178

Defines key terms in such areas as anthropology, sociology, political science, economics, human geography, cultural studies, and Marxism, and covers concepts, theories, schools of thought, methodologies, issues, and controversies.

Patterns of Discovery in the Social Sciences

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Author: Paul Diesing

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202367800

Category: Political Science

Page: 350

View: 414

Social scientists are often vexed because their work does not satisfy the criteria of "scientific" methodology developed by philosophers of science and logicians who use the natural sciences as their model. In this study, Paul Diesing defines science not by reference to these arbitrary norms delineated by those outside the field but in terms of norms implicit in what social scientists actually do in their everyday work. Patterns of Discovery in the Social Sciences is a detailed and systematic report on the full range of methods and procedures as they are actually practiced. Neither a how-to-do-it handbook nor a lofty philosophical treatise, this is a truly interdisciplinary study of the basic modes of procedure in scientific inquiry, with a special emphasis on normative politics. Diesing treats scientific methods as inductive logics of discovery in continuous evolution. He emphasizes the variety of methods available, discusses the advantages and disadvantages of specific methods, and, in particular, provides an account of mathematical modeling and of participant observation. The book will be of immense interest to all working social scientists, graduate students in any of the social science disciplines, and philosophers of science. It can also be employed as a text or supplement in courses in sociological methods and philosophy of science. This book is also a noteworthy companion to Diesing's major work on Science and Ideology in the Policy Sciences. Paul Diesing is professor emeritus of political science at the State University of New York at Buffalo. He did his graduate studies in philosophy from the University of Chicago and has taught at that university, the University of Illinois, and the University of Colorado. Diesing has also been a faculty associate at the Buffalo Center for International Conflict Studies, where he participated in the Center's program of researching in bargaining theory and international crises. He is the author of Reason in Society: Five Types of Decisions and Their Social Conditions and Science and Ideology in the Policy Sciences.

Knowledge and the Social Sciences

Theory, Method, Practice

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Author: David Goldblatt

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415329750

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 9298

Is knowledge what counts in today's society? How does knowledge shape social change? Do we trust experts less now than in the past? How do we decide which knowledge counts and which experts to trust? Knowledge and the Social Sciences: Theory, Method, Practice looks at the role of the social sciences in explaining and exploring what has been called the explosion of knowledge in the contemporary world. It takes as its starting point the claim that all forms of knowledge, including the social sciences, must be understood in their social context. It argues that the social sciences both describe and transform what they study and introduces students to some of the key concepts and arguments that are essential for further study in the social sciences. In a radical and practical introduction to ways of thinking and knowing in the social sciences, this text investigates the origins and consequences of different types of knowledge in areas of social change both in everyday thinking and in more academic fields, in medical science, religious belief systems and the environment and political responses to environmental change. These issues are explored in th context of the emergence of what has

Methodology of Social Sciences

Max Weber

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Author: Henry A. Finch

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412843839

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 3197

Max Weber wrote these methodological essays in the closest intimacy with actual research and against a background of constant and intensive meditation on substantive problems in the theory and strategy of the social sciences. They were written between 1903 and 1917, the most productive of Max Weber's life, when he was working on his studies in the sociology of religion and Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Weber had done important work in economic and legal history and had taught economic theory. On the basis of original investigations, he had acquired a specialist's knowledge of the details of German economic and social structure. His always vital concern for the political prosperity of Germany among the nations thrust him deeply into discussion of political ideals and programs. Weber's methodology still holds interest for us. Some of its shortcomings, from the contemporary viewpoint, may be attributed to the fact that some of the methodological problems that he treated could not be satisfactorily resolved prior to certain actual developments in research technique. These few qualifications aside, the work remains a pioneering work in large scale social research, from one of the field's masters.

A New Dictionary of the Social Sciences

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Author: G. Mitchell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351534858

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 2314

Designed especially to meet the needs of beginners in all the social sciences, "A New Dictionary of the Social Sciences" follows its highly successful distinguished predecessor initially issued as "A Dictionary of Sociology" first published in 1968. Many of the entries have been revised and updated to keep abreast of the proliferation in the vocabulary of the social sciences. The volume remains on excellent single source for definitions in social research. The entries include social psychological terms, terms in social and cultural anthropology, terms common to political science, social administration and social work. In the choice of words, a generous definition of social science was employed, making the dictionary a very useful reference source for all beginners in the social sciences. Some terms are explained quite briefly while others are given lengthy treatment, according to the further assumptions that some sociological terms can imply. Thus, long entries are given on words, such as authority, consensus, phenomenology, role, social stratification, structuralism, whereas short and succinct entries suffice for words such, as agnate, eidos, or mores. A number of short biographical sketches are also included. The contributors are all scholars working in universities, predominantly in the United Kingdom and the United States. More than a glossary, "A New Dictionary of the Social Sciences" helps the student understand some of the theoretical considerations underlying the use of sociological terms, as well as something of their history, and therefore resembles an encyclopaedia in its scope and depth of information.

AIDS and the Social Sciences

Common Threads

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Author: Richard Ulack,William Francis Skinner

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813117607

Category: Social Science

Page: 177

View: 3777

The Social Sciences

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Author: Bill Myers,Lin Shaw

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748785858

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 6569

If you are studying on a pathway for the healthcare professions, this book will guide you through topics such as statistics, health and society, introduction to ethics and applying psychology to health. With learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter and summaries at the end, you will learn all you need to progress to your chosen course at university.

Research Methods in the Social Sciences

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Author: Bridget Somekh,Cathy Lewin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412933900

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 3983

A companion website is available for this text! "This book provides an excellent balance between theory and practical application in social research. The book works well to develop students' understanding of particular methods of inquiry, embedding them within "real world" settings. I envisage that it will help students to understand the nuances of particular approaches, the complimentarity of certain methods, and the areas of conflict/contention within social research in a way that overcomes the sometimes abstract nature of these discussions" - Dr Jon Tan, School of Education and Professional Training, Leeds Metropolitan University "This book unlocks all of the important areas of social science research in an easily digestible and stimulating style. Both students and supervisors in a range of disciplines will find this an excellent resource" - Fazal Rizvi, Professor in Educational Policy Studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Rather than being written by one or two `generalists', this innovative book is written by a large number of active researchers about their specialisms in methods/methodologies. The book introduces all the key qualitative and quantitative research methodologies and methods and seeks to draw readers into a community of researchers engaged in reflection on the research process. Included are narrative accounts of carrying out a research study that explore the way in which the research design and methods are shaped by the methodology, discussing problematic issues, and reflecting on the way in which knowledge and understanding develop. Aimed at researchers and postgraduate students, it will also be invaluable for students at masters level. Click on the companion website logo above to access additional resources and links to accompany each chapter in the book. "Research Methods in the Social Sciences is a valuable pedagogical tool. It is organized as a dialogue between theory and key concepts, and practice - stories from the field allowing novices and scholars alike to see how critical interpretive research is actually conducted" - Norman K Denzin, University of Illinois

Cause and Meaning in the Social Sciences

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Author: Ernest Gellner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134413394

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 7291

This volume focuses on key conceptual issues in the social sciences, such as Winch's idea of a social science, structuralism, Malinowski and Evans-Pritchard, and the concept of kinship. In particular it deals with such problems as the relationship of nature and culture, the relevance of concepts drawn from within a given society to its understanding, and the relation of theory to time.

An Introduction to Models in the Social Sciences

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Author: Charles A. Lave,James G. March

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780819183811

Category: Social Science

Page: 421

View: 6457

What is a model? How do you construct one? What are some common models in the social sciences? How can models be applied in new situations? What makes a model good? Focusing on answers to these and related questions, this multidisciplinary introduction to model building in the social sciences formulates interesting problems that involve students in creative model building and the process of invention. The book describes models of individual choice, exchange, adaptation, and diffusion. Throughout, student participation in analytical thinking is encouraged. Originally published in 1975 by HarperCollins Publishers.

Bayesian Analysis for the Social Sciences

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Author: Simon Jackman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470686638

Category: Mathematics

Page: 598

View: 8981

Bayesian methods are increasingly being used in the social sciences, as the problems encountered lend themselves so naturally to the subjective qualities of Bayesian methodology. This book provides an accessible introduction to Bayesian methods, tailored specifically for social science students. It contains lots of real examples from political science, psychology, sociology, and economics, exercises in all chapters, and detailed descriptions of all the key concepts, without assuming any background in statistics beyond a first course. It features examples of how to implement the methods using WinBUGS – the most-widely used Bayesian analysis software in the world – and R – an open-source statistical software. The book is supported by a Website featuring WinBUGS and R code, and data sets.

Principles of Research Design in the Social Sciences

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Author: Frank Bechhofer,Professor of Social Research and Director Research Center for Social Sciences Frank Bechhofer,Lindsay Paterson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415214421

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 3415

This is a text for researchers who know what they want to study, but who have yet to decide how best to study it. It is intended to stimulate social scientists to think about the issues involved when deciding upon their research design.

Salsa Dancing into the Social Sciences

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Author: Kristin Luker

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674040384

Category: Social Science

Page: 333

View: 472

This book is both a handbook for defining and completing a research project, and an astute introduction to the neglected history and changeable philosophy of modern social science.

The Cambridge History of Science: Volume 7, The Modern Social Sciences

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Author: David C. Lindberg,Roy Porter,Theodore M. Porter,Dorothy Ross,Ronald L. Numbers,Cambridge University Press,Mary Jo Nye,Katharine Park,Lorraine Daston

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521594424

Category: Science

Page: 762

View: 6139

An account of the history of the social sciences since the late eighteenth century.

Readings in the Philosophy of Social Science

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Author: Michael Martin,Lee C. McIntyre

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262631518

Category: Science

Page: 785

View: 8723

the first comprehensive anthology in the philosophy of social science to appear since the late 1960s