Social Sciences and Innovation


Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264192832


Page: 232

View: 8192

These workshop proceedings examine the contribution of the social sciences to improving our understanding of social and technological innovation processes, to overcoming barriers to innovation, and how innovation can improve social science.

Great Expectations

The Social Sciences in Great Britain


Author: Commission on the Social Sciences

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351320262

Category: Social Science

Page: 166

View: 9975

The social sciences in the United Kingdom are extensive, diverse and influential. At any one time, more than four million students study the social sciences in schools; and about a half million students study social science in universities. Total university income from the social sciences is at the four billion dollar level. Beyond that, many social scientists hold key positions in government, business, the media, civil service, and the voluntary sector. Great Expectations reviews the status of the social sciences in Great Britain at the beginning of the twenty-first century. While making clear that work opportunities for social scientists are substantial and that levels of intellectual performance equal that of graduates in physics, it provides a hard hitting, empirically grounded examination of a near crisis situation. The report goes far beyond what one conventionally expects in commissioned reports, arguing that the academic treadmill, driven by excessive accountability burdens, reduces the originality and quality of much academic research. The report emphasizes the ideological and parochial nature of much British social research. As a result, there is little applicability internationally, even less interdisciplinary work, and at times, an outright bias against the market economy as such. The Commission Report, is even handed, tough minded, and frank in discussing how it is that social science and new social and technical forces do not always mesh. The optimism exuded is measured, but genuine. Great Expectations offers policy recommendations and scientific goals that can be serviceable not only in the United Kingdom, but in all advanced societies in which social research is a central component of economic stability and development. It is a superb reference volume enriched by original analysis and pungent, clear-headed writing. Members of the commission include: Professor David Rhind, Vice Chancellor of the City University served as Chairman of the Commission. Members included Huw Beynon (Cardiff), Patricia Broadbent (Bristol), Vicki Bruce (Edinburgh), Barry Buzzan (LSE), Sue Duncan (Government Researcher), Stuart Etherington (National Council for Voluntary Organizations), Janet Lewis (Oxford), Denise Lievesley (UNESCO), Richard Portes (LBS), Marc Renaud (Research Council of Canada), Michael Tonry (Cambridge), and David Walker (The Guardian).

Investigating Quality of Urban Life

Theory, Methods, and Empirical Research


Author: Robert W. Marans,Robert J. Stimson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400717428

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 5092

The study of quality of urban life involves both an objective approach to analysis using spatially aggregated secondary data and a subjective approach using unit record survey data whereby people provide subjective evaluations of QOL domains. This book provides a comprehensive overview of theoretical perspectives on QOUL and methodological approaches to research design to investigate QOUL and measure QOL dimensions. It incorporates empirical investigations into QOUL in a range of cities across the world.

Innovating the Social Sciences

Towards More Useable Knowledge for Society


Author: Luk van Langenhove

Publisher: N.A


Category: Scientism

Page: 327

View: 2859

"This is a book about the necessities and possibilities of innovations in the social sciences in order to realize societal changes. The natural sciences became the dominant model for the social sciences, resulting in positivism as ideology and in the organizational structuring of the social sciences into disciplines. In order to overcome the problems of scientism, a shift to a radical new ontological framework is necessary. In parallel, it is necessary to introduce participative research designs, move concepts and theories from one discipline to another and focus upon developing worldviews. Innovations in the social sciences are possible and necessary. But for these to happen, new societal pressures and demands will have to be present. Changing the social sciences is not a voluntary process that can be undertaken by social scientists alone." (Publisher's website)

Issues for Science and Engineering Researchers in the Digital Age


Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Policy Division,Office of Special Projects

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309171008

Category: Law

Page: 70

View: 7698

This guide for students and faculty discusses opportunities and implications of conducting research in a digital environment.

Digital Infrastructure for the Learning Health System:

The Foundation for Continuous Improvement in Health and Health Care: Workshop Series Summary


Author: Roundtable on Value & Science-Driven Health Care,The Learning Health System Series,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309154162

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 3894

Like many other industries, health care is increasingly turning to digital information and the use of electronic resources. The Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Value & Science-Driven Health Care hosted three workshops to explore current efforts and opportunities to accelerate progress in improving health and health care with information technology systems.

Health Data in the Information Age

Use, Disclosure, and Privacy


Author: Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Regional Health Data Networks,Molla S. Donaldson,Kathleen N. Lohr

Publisher: National Academies


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 257

View: 9722

Regional health care databases are being established around the country with the goal of providing timely and useful information to policymakers, physicians, and patients. But their emergence is raising important and sometimes controversial questions about the collection, quality, and appropriate use of health care data. This book provides a clear set of guidelines and principles for exploiting the potential benefits of aggregated health data--without jeopardizing confidentiality. Index.


A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress


Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on an Information Technology Strategy for the Library of Congress

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309171687

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 8905

Digital information and networks challenge the core practices of libraries, archives, and all organizations with intensive information management needs in many respectsâ€"not only in terms of accommodating digital information and technology, but also through the need to develop new economic and organizational models for managing information. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress discusses these challenges and provides recommendations for moving forward at the Library of Congress, the world’s largest library. Topics covered in LC21 include digital collections, digital preservation, digital cataloging (metadata), strategic planning, human resources, and general management and budgetary issues. The book identifies and elaborates upon a clear theme for the Library of Congress that is applicable more generally: the digital age calls for much more collaboration and cooperation than in the past. LC21 demonstrates that information-intensive organizations will have to change in fundamental ways to survive and prosper in the digital age.

Scientific Research in Education


Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Committee on Scientific Principles for Education Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309133098

Category: Education

Page: 204

View: 3276

Researchers, historians, and philosophers of science have debated the nature of scientific research in education for more than 100 years. Recent enthusiasm for "evidence-based" policy and practice in educationâ€"now codified in the federal law that authorizes the bulk of elementary and secondary education programsâ€"have brought a new sense of urgency to understanding the ways in which the basic tenets of science manifest in the study of teaching, learning, and schooling. Scientific Research in Education describes the similarities and differences between scientific inquiry in education and scientific inquiry in other fields and disciplines and provides a number of examples to illustrate these ideas. Its main argument is that all scientific endeavors share a common set of principles, and that each fieldâ€"including education researchâ€"develops a specialization that accounts for the particulars of what is being studied. The book also provides suggestions for how the federal government can best support high-quality scientific research in education.

Encyclopedia of Digital Government


Author: Anttiroiko, Ari-Veikko

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591407907

Category: Political Science

Page: 1916

View: 5887

Containing more than 250 articles, this three-volume set provides a broad basis for understanding issues, theories, and applications faced by public administrations and public organizations, as they strive for more effective government through the use of emerging technologies. This publication is an essential reference tool for academic, public, and private libraries.

Scholarly Journals in the New Digital World


Author: Gérard Boismenu,Guylaine Beaudry

Publisher: University of Calgary Press

ISBN: 1552381277

Category: Computers

Page: 161

View: 1628

The world of scholarly and not-for-profit publishing is facing many challenges at the start of the twenty-first century, from technical and organisational factors to prevailing social and economic conditions. If scholarly journals, in particular, are to survive, the publishers of these journals are going to have to make dramatic changes to the ways they create and distribute them. Work is already underway at some university presses who have developed creative solutions to overcome these challenges in producing print journals. These early innovators represent an opportunity for all publishers to build on the advantages of e- publishing and possibly reach even larger audiences. This work demystifies the current state of scholarly journal publishing as well as offering a glimpse of hope for journals in the digital world. It will appeal not only to students and researchers, but to anyone who has an interest in the future of publishing."

Documentation Abstracts


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Information storage and retrieval systems

Page: N.A

View: 2375

Conhecimento e fronteira

história da ciência na Amazônia


Author: Priscila Faulhaber,Peter Mann de Toledo

Publisher: N.A


Category: Research

Page: 795

View: 7089