Social Sciences and Innovation


Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264192832


Page: 232

View: 4179

These workshop proceedings examine the contribution of the social sciences to improving our understanding of social and technological innovation processes, to overcoming barriers to innovation, and how innovation can improve social science.

Great Expectations

The Social Sciences in Great Britain


Author: Commission on the Social Sciences

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351320262

Category: Social Science

Page: 166

View: 5602

The social sciences in the United Kingdom are extensive, diverse and influential. At any one time, more than four million students study the social sciences in schools; and about a half million students study social science in universities. Total university income from the social sciences is at the four billion dollar level. Beyond that, many social scientists hold key positions in government, business, the media, civil service, and the voluntary sector. Great Expectations reviews the status of the social sciences in Great Britain at the beginning of the twenty-first century. While making clear that work opportunities for social scientists are substantial and that levels of intellectual performance equal that of graduates in physics, it provides a hard hitting, empirically grounded examination of a near crisis situation. The report goes far beyond what one conventionally expects in commissioned reports, arguing that the academic treadmill, driven by excessive accountability burdens, reduces the originality and quality of much academic research. The report emphasizes the ideological and parochial nature of much British social research. As a result, there is little applicability internationally, even less interdisciplinary work, and at times, an outright bias against the market economy as such. The Commission Report, is even handed, tough minded, and frank in discussing how it is that social science and new social and technical forces do not always mesh. The optimism exuded is measured, but genuine. Great Expectations offers policy recommendations and scientific goals that can be serviceable not only in the United Kingdom, but in all advanced societies in which social research is a central component of economic stability and development. It is a superb reference volume enriched by original analysis and pungent, clear-headed writing. Members of the commission include: Professor David Rhind, Vice Chancellor of the City University served as Chairman of the Commission. Members included Huw Beynon (Cardiff), Patricia Broadbent (Bristol), Vicki Bruce (Edinburgh), Barry Buzzan (LSE), Sue Duncan (Government Researcher), Stuart Etherington (National Council for Voluntary Organizations), Janet Lewis (Oxford), Denise Lievesley (UNESCO), Richard Portes (LBS), Marc Renaud (Research Council of Canada), Michael Tonry (Cambridge), and David Walker (The Guardian).

Investigating Quality of Urban Life

Theory, Methods, and Empirical Research


Author: Robert W. Marans,Robert J. Stimson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400717428

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 4925

The study of quality of urban life involves both an objective approach to analysis using spatially aggregated secondary data and a subjective approach using unit record survey data whereby people provide subjective evaluations of QOL domains. This book provides a comprehensive overview of theoretical perspectives on QOUL and methodological approaches to research design to investigate QOUL and measure QOL dimensions. It incorporates empirical investigations into QOUL in a range of cities across the world.

Innovating the Social Sciences

Towards More Useable Knowledge for Society


Author: Luk van Langenhove

Publisher: N.A


Category: Scientism

Page: 327

View: 7739

"This is a book about the necessities and possibilities of innovations in the social sciences in order to realize societal changes. The natural sciences became the dominant model for the social sciences, resulting in positivism as ideology and in the organizational structuring of the social sciences into disciplines. In order to overcome the problems of scientism, a shift to a radical new ontological framework is necessary. In parallel, it is necessary to introduce participative research designs, move concepts and theories from one discipline to another and focus upon developing worldviews. Innovations in the social sciences are possible and necessary. But for these to happen, new societal pressures and demands will have to be present. Changing the social sciences is not a voluntary process that can be undertaken by social scientists alone." (Publisher's website)

Issues for Science and Engineering Researchers in the Digital Age


Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Policy Division,Office of Special Projects

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309171008

Category: Law

Page: 70

View: 6127

This guide for students and faculty discusses opportunities and implications of conducting research in a digital environment.

Conhecimento e fronteira

história da ciência na Amazônia


Author: Priscila Faulhaber,Peter Mann de Toledo

Publisher: N.A


Category: Research

Page: 795

View: 2966


A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress


Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on an Information Technology Strategy for the Library of Congress

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309171687

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 2344

Digital information and networks challenge the core practices of libraries, archives, and all organizations with intensive information management needs in many respectsâ€"not only in terms of accommodating digital information and technology, but also through the need to develop new economic and organizational models for managing information. LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress discusses these challenges and provides recommendations for moving forward at the Library of Congress, the world’s largest library. Topics covered in LC21 include digital collections, digital preservation, digital cataloging (metadata), strategic planning, human resources, and general management and budgetary issues. The book identifies and elaborates upon a clear theme for the Library of Congress that is applicable more generally: the digital age calls for much more collaboration and cooperation than in the past. LC21 demonstrates that information-intensive organizations will have to change in fundamental ways to survive and prosper in the digital age.

Scholarly Journals in the New Digital World


Author: Gérard Boismenu,Guylaine Beaudry

Publisher: University of Calgary Press

ISBN: 1552381277

Category: Computers

Page: 161

View: 1415

The world of scholarly and not-for-profit publishing is facing many challenges at the start of the twenty-first century, from technical and organisational factors to prevailing social and economic conditions. If scholarly journals, in particular, are to survive, the publishers of these journals are going to have to make dramatic changes to the ways they create and distribute them. Work is already underway at some university presses who have developed creative solutions to overcome these challenges in producing print journals. These early innovators represent an opportunity for all publishers to build on the advantages of e- publishing and possibly reach even larger audiences. This work demystifies the current state of scholarly journal publishing as well as offering a glimpse of hope for journals in the digital world. It will appeal not only to students and researchers, but to anyone who has an interest in the future of publishing."

Documentation Abstracts


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Information storage and retrieval systems

Page: N.A

View: 4408

High Technology and Low-income Communities

Prospects for the Positive Use of Advanced Information Technology


Author: Donald A. Schön,Bishwapriya Sanyal

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262691994

Category: Computers

Page: 411

View: 683

How will low-income communities be affected by the waves of social, economic, political, and cultural change that surround the new information technologies? How can we influence the outcome? This action-oriented book identifies the key issues, explores the evidence, and suggests some answers. Avoiding both utopianism and despair, the book presents the voices of technology enthusiasts and skeptics, as well as social activists.The book is organized into three parts. Part I examines the issues in their socio-technical, economic, and historical contexts. Part II--the core of the book--proposes five initiatives for using computers and electronic communications to benefit low-income urban communities:- to provide access to the new technologies in ways that enable low-income people to become active producers rather than passive users;- to use the new technologies to improve the dialogue between public agencies and low-income neighborhoods;- to help low-income youth to exploit the entrepreneurial potential of information technologies;- to develop approaches to education that take advantage of the educational capabilities of the computer;- to promote the community computer: applications of computers and communications technology that foster community development.Part III presents a synthesis of the various topics. Its main questions are, What are the prospects and problems of initiatives to enable the poor to benefit from the new technologies? and What federal, state, and municipal policies would enhance the prospects for success?Contributors : Alice Amsden, Jeanne Bamberger, Anne Beamish, Manuel Castells, Joseph Ferreira, Peter Hall, Leo Marx, William J. Mitchell, Mitchel Resnick, Bish Sanyal, Donald A. Schön, Alan and Michelle Shaw, Michael Shiffer, Bruno Tardieu, Sherry Turkle, Julian Wolpert

Digital Cities

Technologies, Experiences, and Future Perspectives


Author: Toru Ishida,Katherine Isbister

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540672656

Category: Computers

Page: 450

View: 2637

On the way towards the Information Society, global networks such as the Internet, together with mobile computing, have made wide-area computing over virtual communities a reality. Digital city projects, with the goal of building platforms to support community networking, are going on worldwide. This is the first book devoted to digital cities. It is based on an international symposium held in Kyoto, Japan, in September 1999. The 34 revised full papers presented were carefully selected for inclusion in the book; they reflect the state of the art in this exciting new field of interdisciplinary research and development. The book is divided into parts on design and analysis, digital city experiments, community network experiments, applications, visualization technologies, mobile technologies, and social interaction and communityware.

Database Technologies: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications


Author: Erickson, John

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1605660590

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 2962

View: 9433

"This reference expands the field of database technologies through four-volumes of in-depth, advanced research articles from nearly 300 of the world's leading professionals"--Provided by publisher.