Technological Change and Rural Development in Poor Countries

Neglected Issues

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Author: Kartik Chandra Roy,Cal Clark

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 177

View: 7340

Rural development is a subject that appears to be plagued by a central paradox: development is necessary to alleviate rural poverty, but while new technology has raised agricultural output, it has also increased the suffering of millions of poor landless families in many Third World countries. The rural poor, especially women, have been marginalized; urban migrants have become desperate unemployed squatters, not well-paid industrial workers; and environmental degradation has proved severe. The authors argue that many development programmes go awry because the authorities neglect essential development issues. Development must be defined in terms of the provision of basic human needs which include life expectancy, infant mortality, and literacy indicators which reflect the quality of life of the bulk of the population, not just a narrow elite. What they suggest is that the issues neglected by the conventional approach must be addressed if true development is to occur.

FSR paper series

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Author: Kansas State University

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agricultural systems

Page: N.A

View: 9702

El Chasqui

boletín informativo del Departamento de Recursos Naturales Renovables, CATIE.

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Forests and forestry

Page: N.A

View: 5998

Agrindex

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agriculture

Page: N.A

View: 2639

Agricultural Research and the Rural Poor

A Review of Social Science Analysis

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Author: Stephen Biggs,John Farrington

Publisher: International Development Research

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agricultural innovations

Page: 139

View: 1390

This book reviews recent trends in social science analysis in agricultural research (SSAAR), identifying gaps in research & outlining areas of high potential payoff to future SSAAR. Major themes treated in the evolution of theory on the generation & diffusion of agricultural technology since the 1950's are reviewed. The authors construct a framework for priority setting that includes historical, technological & institutional dimensions & provide examples of its application. The increasing complexity facing SSAAR as it responds to concerns over poverty & the environment is highlighted in the conclusions. Over 1000 references are classified by major themes in an annex. This review is intended for agricultural scientists, research planners & policy-makers. U.S. orders should be directed to UNIPUB, 4611-F Assembly Drive, Lanham, MD 20706-4391, phone toll free 1-800-274-4888 or Agribookstore, Winrock International (only carry agricultural titles), Rosslyn Plaza, 1611 North Kent Street, Suite 600, Arlington, VA 22209, Phone: (703) 525-9439, Fax: (703) 525-1744. Canadian orders should be sent to IDRC, P.O. Box 8500, Ottawa, Ontario, K1G 3H9, Phone: (613) 236-6163, Fax: (613) 238-7230.

Rural women

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Author: C.A.B. International

Publisher: North Amer Cab Intl

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 271

View: 8857

Books in Series

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780835221092

Category: Monographic series

Page: 1756

View: 1180

Renewing Innovation Systems in Agriculture and Food

How to Go Towards More Sustainability?

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Author: E. Coudel

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086862144

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 6577

Present-day society asks more from agriculture than just the production of food. Agriculture is now required to be concerned with the quality of food, ecosystem services, inclusion of marginalized populations, revitalization of rural territories, energy production, etc.This opening up of the future of agriculture encourages rural actors to experiment with new farming systems, using imagination, creativity and determination to replace dominant models. At the same time, low-cost mass-production systems continue on their way, with promises of a future based on green technologies. In this discussion it is important to consider what kind of sustainable development societies really want. Which innovations will help in achieving these developments? What role can research and public policies play in supporting the emergence of these innovations? This book takes the debate beyond the purely technical options and considers social and institutional innovations as well. It demonstrates that innovation is the result of a confrontation between visions of actors who often have divergent interests. There is no single path towards sustainable development and we must find ways to encourage the emergence and co-existence of different types of agriculture and food systems. The success of transitions will not only depend on our capacity to rethink existing models, but especially on our willingness to embark on a creative learning process from which we will inevitably emerge transformed.

Agricultural research for resource poor farmers

a parsimonious paradigm

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Author: Robert Chambers,Janice Jiggins,University of Sussex. Institute of Development Studies

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agriculture

Page: 38

View: 2297

Sustainable Intensification in Smallholder Agriculture

An integrated systems research approach

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Author: Ingrid Oborn,Bernard Vanlauwe,Michael Phillips,Richard Thomas,Willemien Brooijmans,Kwesi Atta-Krah

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317212002

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 388

View: 3451

Sustainable intensification has recently been developed and adopted as a key concept and driver for research and policy in sustainable agriculture. It includes ecological, economic and social dimensions, where food and nutrition security, gender and equity are crucial components. This book describes different aspects of systems research in agriculture in its broadest sense, where the focus is moved from farming systems to livelihoods systems and institutional innovation. Much of the work represents outputs of the three CGIAR Research Programs on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics, Aquatic Agricultural Systems and Dryland Systems. The chapters are based around four themes: the conceptual underpinnings of systems research; sustainable intensification in practice; integrating nutrition, gender and equity in research for improved livelihoods; and systems and institutional innovation. While most of the case studies are from countries and agro-ecological zones in Africa, there are also some from Latin America, Southeast Asia and the Pacific.

Farming Systems Research into the 21st Century: The New Dynamic

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Author: Ika Darnhofer,David Gibbon,Benoît Dedieu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400745036

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 490

View: 2839

Farming Systems Research has three core characteristics: it builds on systems thinking, it depends on the close collaboration between social and biophysical sciences, and it relies on participation to build co-learning processes. Farming Systems Research posits that to contribute towards sustainable rural development, both interdisciplinary collaborations and local actor engagement are needed. Together, they allow for changes in understanding and changes in practices. This book gives an overview of the insights generated in 20 years of Farming Systems Research. It retraces the emergence and development of Farming Systems Research in Europe, summarises the state-of-the-art for key areas, and provides an outlook on new explorations, especially those tackling the dynamic nature of farming systems and their interaction with the natural environment and the context of action.

Millions Fed

Proven Successes in Agricultural Development

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Author: David J. Spielman,Rajul Pandya-Lorch

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 089629661X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 165

View: 2872

Humanity has made enormous progress in the past 50 years toward eliminating hunger and malnutrition. Some five billion people--more than 80 percent of the world's population--have enough food to live healthy, productive lives. Agricultural development has contributed significantly to these gains, while also fostering economic growth and poverty reduction in some of the world's poorest countries.