Social Ethics: Sociology and the Future of Society

Sociology and the Future of Society

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Author: Charlotte Perkins Gilman

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313057400

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 8759

First serialized in 1914, Social Ethics attempts to convince readers that individualist ethics have failed to make the world a safe place for children, and that we cannot progress to a fully social ethics unless we understand the morality of collective action from a specifically sociological point of view. Gilman argues that in order to be fully progressive, ethics must shift from its traditional focus on individual behaviors to the structure, morality, and outcomes of social or group actions. The social ills she addresses in her attempt to advocate for a reexamination of our ethics include topics still relevant today: militarism, waste, religious intolerance, conspicuous consumption, greed, graft, environmental degradation, preventable diseases, and patriarchal oppression in its numerous manifestations. Hill and Deegan's purpose in recovering this forcefully argued book from obscurity is to show not only that Gilman's central arguments remain largely valid and cogent today, but also that Gilman is a major and substantive contributor to the shape and importance of sociology in its formative years. Traditional ethics, Gilman argues, fail to resolve the enduring problems facing society because our received ethical systems are invariably and mistakenly founded on individualist rather than social logics. The shape of our collective future, if it is to be progressive and morally responsible, depends fundamentally on adopting a sociological perspective, and our guiding principle must be to make the world a safe and nurturing place for babies and children. Anything less, in Gilman's view, is morally degenerate. In their carefully considered introduction, Hill and Deegan locate Gilman's personal and professional sociological identity within a network of influential and collegial sociologists, and relate Social Ethics to Gilman's interests in evolutionary thought, Fabian economics, feminist pragmatism, and the cognate work of Thorstein Veblen. The publication of Social Ethics in book form recovers an important theoretical treatise for a new generation of students, scholars, and fans of Gilman's Herland/Ourland saga.

Ethics and the Sociology of Morals

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Author: Émile Durkheim

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1615926968

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 2942

Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) was one of the founders of modern sociology. Ethics and the Sociology of Morals (La science positive de la morale en Allemagne) laid the foundation for Durkheim's future work. More than a review of current thought, it was a proclamation that ethics needed to be liberated from its philosophical bondage and developed as a distinct branch of sociology. Written when Durkheim was charting the course of his own research, it provides a unique key to the interpretation of his earlier work and presents a number of points of Durkheim's ethical theory which are of considerable interest in light of current ethical theory. This volume makes available in English a crucial essay by a master of social thought.. . solid contribution to the project of understanding Durkheim's life and work . . .[brings] fresh information and fresh perspectives to Durkheim scholarship. -Contemporary Sociology

Drugs and the Future

Brain Science, Addiction and Society

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Author: David J. Nutt,Trevor W. Robbins,Gerald V. Stimson,Martin Ince,Andrew Jackson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080467740

Category: Psychology

Page: 616

View: 7890

Drugs and the Future presents 13 reviews collected to present the new advances in all areas of addiction research, including knowledge gained from mapping the human genome, the improved understanding of brain pathways and functions that are stimulated by addictive drugs, experimental and clinical psychology approaches to addiction and treatment, as well as both ethical considerations and social policy. The book also includes chapters on the history of addictive substances and some personal narratives of addiction. Introduced by Sir David King, Science Advisory to the UK Government and head of the Office of Science and Technology, and Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse in the USA, the book uniquely covers the full range of disciplines which can provide insight into the future of addiction, from genetics to the humanities. Written for a scientific audience, it is also applicable to non-specialists as well. Provides an unique overview of what we know about addiction, and how scientific knowledge can and should be applied in the societal, ethical, and political context Applies the state-of-the-art research in fields such as Genomics, Neuroscience, Pharmacology, Social Policy and Ethics to addiction research Includes a preface by Sir David King, Science Advisory to the UK Government and head of the Office of Science and Technology, and in introduction by Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse in the USA

Activism!

Direct Action, Hacktivism and the Future of Society

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Author: Tim Jordan

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 9781861891228

Category: History

Page: 164

View: 1705

From Europe to the USA, from Australia to South America, from the hard left to the extreme right, Tim Jordan introduces us to the partisan citizens who want to change the world.

Future Matters

Action, Knowledge, Ethics

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Author: Barbara Adam,Chris Groves

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004161775

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 1571

Future Matters concerns contemporary approaches to the future - how the future is known, created and minded. In a social world whose pace continues to accelerate the future becomes an increasingly difficult terrain. While the focus of social life is narrowing down to the present, the futures we create on a daily basis cast ever longer shadows. Future Matters addresses this paradox and its deep ethical implications. It locates contemporary approaches to the future in a wider sociological and historical framework of practices, traces differences and continuities, and shows how contemporary practices of futures-construction make taking responsibility for futures all but impossible.

The Oxford Handbook of Sociology and Organization Studies

Classical Foundations

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Author: Paul S. Adler

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019953523X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 679

View: 9905

Organizations have profound and pervasive effects on our lives both at work and beyond. Indeed, we live in a society of organizations. Contemporary society and its organizations are in a period of accelerated, profound, and profoundly disconcerting, change. This volume brings together leading sociologists and organizational scholars to consider how various "classic" sociologists can help us understand this change. In recent decades, thefield of organization studies has become well established in both sociology departments and professional schools, most notably business schools. However, with this establishment has come a progressive shift in focus towards the concerns of academic peers and away from the big issues of our times. Ascompared with the increasingly academic focus of research in more recent decades, these classic sociologists were all deeply engaged with broader social and political issues.

The Present and Future of Symbolic Interactionism

Proceedings of the International Symposium, Pisa 2010

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Author: Andrea Salvini,Joseph A. Kotarba,Bryce Merrill

Publisher: FrancoAngeli

ISBN: 8820402335

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 717

Foundations and Futures in the Sociology of Religion

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Author: Luke Doggett,Alp Arat

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351607383

Category: Religion

Page: 218

View: 4754

Since the sociology of religion became recognised as a distinct sub-discipline over the last century, the dominance of approaches taking their inspiration from the sociological classics has increasingly been challenged. Empirical findings have brought the notion of secularisation into question; and theorists have sought to deconstruct how we think of ‘religion.’ This collection appraises the continuing influence of the foundational approaches and places these in relation to newly emerging directions in the field. The book is divided into four sections, each section containing one ‘foundational’ chapter written by an established academic followed by two ‘futures’ chapters contributed by emerging scholars in the sub-discipline. These chapters complement one another by placing the overview of future directions in the context of a survey of the development of the sociology of religion over the last century. Topics discussed in these chapters include lived religion, sexuality, ritual, religion and the media. Combining erudite examinations of the British Sociological Association Sociology of Religion Study Group’s work so far with explorations of the future directions its research might take, this book is vital reading for any scholar whose work combines religious studies and sociology.

The Basics of Sociology

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Author: Kathy S. Stolley

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313323874

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 6176

Provides an introduction to core concepts in sociology. Presents both classic studies and current references to illustrate sociological concepts. Examines what sociology is, why sociology is important, and why we study it. Demonstrates how various social forces impact our lives and form our social experiences.

Society, Ethics, and Technology, Update Edition

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Author: Morton Winston,Ralph Edelbach

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 084003380X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 6166

From the forefront of news today to your classroom, SOCIETY, ETHICS, AND TECHNOLOGY, 4e, UPDATE EDITION: Now with Technology and Ethics in the news and information on Engineering Ethics, SOCIETY, ETHICS, AND TECHNOLOGY stresses the latest technological innovations and how these advancements represent new ethical challenges and dilemmas for society as a whole. Winston/Edelbach’s timely anthology closely examines technological change and its social consequences from a variety of historical, social, and philosophical perspectives. Your students gain a strong foundation in theoretical and applied ethical matters as they learn how to examine critically the social effects of technology surrounding their daily lives. In addition to highlighting ethical theory, readings assist students in establishing solid decision-making frameworks. Detailed coverage examines the impact of specific, recent technological advances, such as artificial intelligence and surveillance. Special coverage of the history of technology focuses on medieval and twentieth-century developments as well as the technological underpinnings of contemporary globalization. In addition to the history of technology, the book delves into what the future holds in areas such as human rights, information technology, biotechnology, energy, and the environment. Readings in this edition from prominent scholars and leaders focus on the most current issues and debates, while useful introductions and Focus Questions guide student comprehension. Additional readings, drawn from a variety of contemporary social issues, touch on numerous disciplines, from philosophy and sociology to engineering and computer science. This update edition now includes information on engineering ethics as well as summaries of recent news events with discussion and writing questions to help focus students’ attention on the related ethical issues. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

On the Sociology of International Law and International Society

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Author: Bart Landheer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401507929

Category: Law

Page: 118

View: 8074

The academic or scientific occupation with international relations is not always an encouraging task. At times one gets an image of the enormous psychic and physical forces which operate in the international realm, and it then seems that the role of the publicist is almost a negligible one. If one, in addition, arrives at the conclusion that human social action is not really a volitional process, then there is indeed ample room for pessimism and despair. Nevertheless, in the complexity of our consciousness, the different elements of which life is made of blend into a unity of which the idea is as much a part or even more so than the deed or action. The stress on action expresses the crudeness of our times but the idea has been much more the motivation of history and its cohesive force over long periods. Action in terms of force is never in itself the entire solution because it carries no conviction or understanding, at least unless its role is a very moderate one.

Handbook of Research on the Impact of Culture and Society on the Entertainment Industry

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Author: Ozturk, R. Gulay

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466661917

Category: Social Science

Page: 737

View: 6153

"This reference provides a review of the academic and popular literature on the relationship between communications and media studies, cinema, advertising, public relations, religion, food tourism, art, sports, technology, culture, marketing, and entertainment practices"--Provided by publisher.

Technology and Society

Issues for the 21st Century and Beyond

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Author: Linda S. Hjorth

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780131194434

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 706

View: 7161

Unique in its depth, breadth, and variety of opinions and writings, this anthology of scholarly and popular articles explores the positive, negative, ethical, and unethical issues faced by society as technology changes the world that we live in–on a personal, national, and international level. Using specific examples from the past and present (and hypothesized ones for the future), it exposes readers to the full breadth and depth of issues, showing the complexity that makes “solutions” not so simple. It encourages readers to think critically, analytically, and creatively about today's technological and sociological problems, and challenges them to contemplate solutions of their own. Ethical theory, technological history, the depletion of energy resources, population growth, ecological changes, medical technologies, and third world development. For anyone interested in the impact of technology on society.

The Dialectics of the Religious and the Secular

Studies on the Future of Religion

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Author: Michael R. Ott

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004263144

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 298

View: 1504

In "The Dialectics of the Religious and the Secular," fifteen international scholars address the question of the relevancy, meaning, and future of religion within the increasing antagonisms between the religious and secular realms of modern civil society and its globalization.

Recovering Ethical Life

Jürgen Habermas and the Future of Critical Theory

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Author: J. M. Bernstein

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415117838

Category: Philosophy

Page: 249

View: 9382

Reading across the whole range of Habermas' work, this book traces the development of the theory of communicative reason from its inception to its defence against postmodernism. Bernstein's analyses are always problem centred and thematic rather than textual, making this a major contribution to the critical literature on Habermas.

The Non-religion of the Future: A Sociological Study

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Author: Jean-Marie Guyau

Publisher: HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY

ISBN: N.A

Category: Irreligion and sociology

Page: 269

View: 5423

Example in this ebook I. Sociality the basis of religion—Its definition. I. We shall meet, in the course of this work, many different definitions that have at one time or another been given to religion. Some were assigned from the point of view of physics, others from that of metaphysics, others from that of morals, almost none from that of sociology. And yet, upon closer scrutiny, the notion of a social bond between man and the powers superior to him, but resembling him, is precisely the point in which all religious conceptions are at one. Man becomes truly religious, in our judgment, only when above the human society in which he lives he superimposes in his scheme of the world another society, more powerful and more cultured, a universal and, so to speak, a cosmic society. The sphere of sociality, which is one of the characteristics of humanity, must be enlarged till it reaches to the stars. Sociality is the firm foundation of the religious sentiment, and a religious being might be defined as a being disposed to be sociable, not only with all living creatures with whom experience makes him acquainted, but also with the creatures of thought with whom he peoples the world. That religion consists essentially in the establishment of a bond—at first mythical, and subsequently mystic, in the first instance between man and the forces of the universe, then between man and the universe itself, and ultimately between man and the elements of the universe—is distinctly the outcome of every study of religion; but what we wish especially here to consider is the precise way in which this bond has been conceived. Well (it may appear more clearly at the close of this inquiry), the religious bond has been conceived ex analogia societatis humanæ: the relations, amicable and inimical, of men to each other were employed first for the explanation of physical phenomena and natural forces, then for the metaphysical explanation of the world, of its creation, conservation, and government; in short, sociological laws were universalized, and the state of war or peace which existed among men, families, tribes, and nations was conceived as existing also among the volitions which were fancied to exist beneath or beyond the forces of nature. A mythic or mystic sociology, conceived as containing the secret of all things, lies at the basis of all religions. Religion is not simply the expression of an anthropomorphism—animals and fantastic beings of various sorts have played no inconsiderable rôle in different cults; it is an imaginative extension, a universalization of all the good or evil relations which exist among conscious beings, of war and peace, friendship and enmity, obedience and rebellion, protection and authority, submission, fear, respect, devotion, love: religion is a universal sociomorphism. Social relations with animals, with the dead, intellectual and social relations with good and evil genii, with the forces of nature, are nothing more nor less than various forms of this universal sociology in which religion has sought to find the reason of things—of physical phenomena such as thunder, storm, sickness, death, as well as of metaphysical relations—the origin and destiny of things, and of moral relations—virtue, vice, law, and sanction. To be continue in this ebook

Education, Leadership and Business Ethics

Essays on the Work of Clarence Walton

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Author: Ronald F. Duska

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0585276242

Category: Philosophy

Page: 323

View: 4040

Education, Leadership and Business Ethics: New Essays on the Work of Clarence Walton includes a history and anecdotes of Clarence Walton's professional and personal life; a discussion of the controversial introduction of ethics into the field of management studies; contributions on a variety of subjects connected to leadership and business ethics from experts in the field; and critical essays reviewing Clarence's most recent work in social criticism. The book gives a history of the rise of the fields of business and society and business ethics, details the events leading to its acceptance in academic circles and gives personal accounts by Clarence Walton, one of the people most responsible for its creation. Intended target groups are students, former academic peers, and friends of Clarence Walton, as well as anyone interested in the history of business ethics or connected to Columbia University of America, or The American College.

Critics, Ratings, and Society

The Sociology of Reviews

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Author: Grant Blank

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742547032

Category: Social Science

Page: 245

View: 5019

Critics, Ratings, and Society is the first comprehensive study of the review as social institution. Its theories and data encompass reviews of all types of products including the arts (e.g. theater, books, and music) and consumer products (e.g. cars, software, and appliances). According to Blank, the core problem of reviews is credibility. Concerns about credibility organize the formulation of reviews and audiences. The connoisseurial-procedural distinction describes the production of credibility and its assessment under different types of rating systems."

The Future of Social Theory

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Author: Nicholas Gane

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1847141072

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 2071

The basic concept of society has come under attack - political acts, critical theory, new media and even history itself have undermined what we think of as the social. The Future of Social Theory brings together new interviews with the world's leading social theorists on what society means today: Zygmunt Bauman, John Urry, Saska Sassen, Bruno Latour, Scott Lash, Nikolas Rose, Judith Butler and Francoise Verges. The topics covered include: liquid modernization and the individualization of the society; the shift towards global forms of chaos and complexity; the displacement of the social into global city networks; the shift away from a theory of the social to a theory of space; the transformation of society with the rise of new technology; the continuing influence of historical forms of political power; society as a gendered idea; and society as a product of Empire.