Social Change Through NGOs

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788126114634

Category: Non-governmental organizations

Page: 414

View: 9204

The Specific Meaning Of Social Change Depends First Of All On The Social Entity Considered. Changes In A Small Group May Be Important On The Level Of That Group Itself, But Negligible On The Level Of The Larger Society. Similarly, The Observation Of Social Change Depends On The Time Span Taken; Most Short-Term Changes Are Negligible If A Social Development Is Studied In The Long Run. Even If One Abstracts From Small-Scale And Short-Term Changes, Social Change Is A General Characteristic Of Human Societies: Customs And Norms Change, Inventions Are Made And Applied, Environmental Changes Lead To New Adaptations, Conflicts Result In Redistributions Of Power.This Universal Human Potential For Social Change Has A Biological Basis. It Is Rooted In The Flexibility And Adaptability Of The Human Species The Near Absence Of Biologically Fixed Action Patterns On The One Hand And The Enormous Capacity For Learning, Symbolizing, And Creating On The Other Hand. The Human Biological Constitution Makes Changes Possible That Are Not Biologically (Genetically) Determined. Social Change, In Other Words, Is Only Possible By Virtue Of Biological Characteristics Of The Human Species, But The Nature Of The Actual Changes Cannot Be Reduced To These Species Traits. However, With The Efforts Of Ngos In India A Drastic Social Change Has Taken Place And The Present Work Is Entirely Devoted To Indepth Study Of Social Change Through Ngos.

Pentecostalism and Development

Churches, NGOs and Social Change in Africa

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Author: D. Freeman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137017252

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 2090

Development was founded on the belief that religion was not important to development processes. The contributors call this assumption into question and explore the practical impacts of religion by looking at the developmental consequences of Pentecostal Christianity in Africa, and by contrasting Pentecostal and secular models of change.

Social Entrepreneurship and Citizenship in China

The rise of NGOs in the PRC

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Author: Carolyn L. Hsu

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1134854307

Category: Political Science

Page: 166

View: 8062

Over the last thirty years, social entrepreneurship has boomed in the People’s Republic of China. Today there are hundreds of thousands of legally registered NGOs, and millions more unregistered, working in the areas of the environment, education, women’s issues, disability services, community development, LGBTQ rights, and healthcare. The rise of these Chinese NGOs and their implications for civil society merits the focus of significant scholarly attention. This book draws upon the personal stories of social entrepreneurs in China, as well as their supporters and beneficiaries, in order to examine what the rapid growth of social entrepreneurship reveals about China's complex and dynamic society in the 21st century. It discusses the historical, cultural, and political circumstances that allowed and inspired people to become social entrepreneurs and create new forms of democratic engagement. Examining what social entrepreneurship with Chinese characteristics looks like, the book explores how it is changing the relationship between Chinese citizens and the state, and goes on to explain the subsequent effect on Chinese society. Highlighting the importance of citizen activism in the PRC from an interdisciplinary perspective, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Chinese Studies, Chinese Politics, Civil Society and Sociology.

Women in the Middle East and North Africa

Agents of Change

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Author: Fatima Sadiqi,Moha Ennaji

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136970371

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 9168

This book examines the position of women in the contemporary Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Although it is culturally diverse, this region shares many commonalities with relation to women that are strong, deep, and pervasive: a space-based patriarchy, a culturally strong sense of religion, a smooth co-existence of tradition and modernity, a transitional stage in development, and multilingualism/multiculturalism. Experts from within the region and from outside provide both theoretical angles and case studies, drawing on fieldwork from Egypt, Oman, Palestine, Israel, Turkey, Iran, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, and Spain. Addressing the historical, socio-cultural, political, economic, and legal issues in the region, the chapters cover five major aspects of women’s agency: political agency civil society activism legal reform cultural and social agencies religious and symbolic agencies. Bringing to light often marginalized topics and issues, the book underlines the importance of respecting specificities when judging societies and hints at possible ways of promoting the MENA region. As such, it is a valuable addition to existing literature in the field of political science, sociology, and women’s studies.

Women and Social Change in North Africa

What Counts as Revolutionary?

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Author: Doris H. Gray,Nadia Sonneveld

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108317979

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6691

Women's voices are brought to the fore in this comprehensive analysis of women and social change in North Africa. Focusing on grass-roots perspectives, readers will gain a rare glimpse into how both the intentional and unintentional actions of men and women contribute to societal transformation. Most chapters are based on extensive field work that illuminates the real-life experiences, advocacy, and agency of women in the region. The book considers frequently less studied issues including migration, legal changes, oral and written law, Islamic feminism, and grass-roots activism. It also looks at the effectiveness of shelters for abused women and the changes that occurred in the wake of the 2011 Arab uprisings, as well as challenging conventional notions of feminist agency by examining Salafi women's life choices. Recommended for students and scholars, as well as international development professionals with an interest in the MENA region.

Measuring and Improving Social Impacts

A Guide for Nonprofits, Companies and Impact Investors

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Author: Marc J. Epstein,Kristi Yuthas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351276220

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 266

View: 6549

Identifying, measuring and improving social impact is a significant challenge for corporate and private foundations, charities, NGOs and corporations. How best to balance possible social and environmental benefits (and costs) against one another? How does one bring clarity to multiple possibilities and opportunities? Based on years of work and new field studies from around the globe, the authors have written a book for managers that is grounded in the best academic and managerial research.It is a practical guide that describes the steps needed for identifying, measuring and improving social impact. This approach is useful in maximizing the impact of different types of investments, including grants and donations, impact investments, and commercial investments.With numerous examples of actual organizational approaches, research into more than fifty organizations, and extensive practical guidance and best practices, Measuring and Improving Social Impacts fills a critical gap.

Globalization and Contestation

The New Great Counter-Movement

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Author: Ronaldo Munck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134223471

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 4039

Globalization is undoubtedly the great overarching paradigm of our era. However, there is still little agreement on what globalization actually ‘is’ and some do not accept that it ‘is’ anything at all. This new book addresses the contestation of globalization by the anti- or counter-globalization movement. To contest means to challenge, to call into question, to doubt, to oppose and to litigate. This study shows how globalization is ‘contestable’ in many different ways and how the counter-movements we have seen emerging over the last decade also ‘bear witness’ on behalf of an alternative human future. Ronaldo Munck presents an overarching framework that allows us to understand how globalization and its contestation are inextricably bound up with one another. This volume insightfully explores a number of case studies, including: the battle of Seattle in 1999 the World Social Forum peasant internationalism environmental movements and reactionary movements including: the US Patriot's movement, Islamic fundamentalist movements and other nationalist movements. Globalization and Contestation will be of great interest to all students and scholars of international relations, politics and of globalization and global governance in particular.

Handbook on Development and Social Change

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Author: G. Honor Fagan,Ronaldo Munck

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1786431556

Category:

Page: 488

View: 5426

This Handbook provides an accessible critical review of the complex issues surrounding development and social change today. With chapters from recognized experts, examining economic, political and social aspects, and covering key topics and developing regions, it goes beyond current theory and sets out the debates which will shape an approach better suited to the modern world.

The Rise of Japanese NGOs

Activism from Above

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Author: Kim D. Reimann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135236550

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 9974

Over the past two decades, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have exploded in number and emerged as a new force in international and transnational politics. Why, however, do some countries nonetheless have more active NGO sectors than others? Using the case of Japan, this book uncovers patterns of convergence and divergence in levels of activism across industrialized countries and offers a two-level political explanation for the rise of NGOs as a global phenomenon. The author argues that activism has been cultivated from "above" and shows the ways in which political structures and processes at the domestic and international level have either encouraged or discouraged activism. Japan, a late developer in terms of its number of NGOs, provided a poor political environment for NGO activism for most of the post-war period. In the past two decades, however, as this situation has changed, NGOs have become a visible player as both critics and partners of the government.. Using the concepts of international political opportunity, norm socialization and transnational diffusion, Reimann traces the ways in which domestic and international politics interact and promote the rise of NGOs globally. This book will be of interest to postgraduate students and academics working in political science, international relations, sociology, policy studies, Asian studies, international development and environmental politics.

Information Systems and Modern Society: Social Change and Global Development

Social Change and Global Development

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Author: Wang, John

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466629231

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 364

View: 2826

The emergence of the digital age has transformed the way society communicates as well as disseminates information. Information Systems and Modern Society: Social Change and Global Development is a comprehensive collection of research on the emergence of information technology and its effect on society. By providing a forum for practitioners and researchers, this book aims to bring to light the advancements made throughout social changes and the application of information systems. This research provides recent techniques useful for policy makers, practitioners and students.

Public Communication Campaigns

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Author: Ronald E. Rice,Charles K. Atkin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412987709

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 4790

In this new, fully revised and expanded Fourth Edition, Rice and Atkin provide readers with a comprehensive, up-to-date look into the field of public communication campaigns. The subject of campaigns has become increasingly high profile in the academic world in the decade since the last edition, and hundreds of new studies on campaign theory and practice have been published since 2001. Moreover, the rise of new media has expanded the array of strategies for designing and implementing campaigns. Largely rewritten to reflect the latest theories and research, this text continues in the tradition of ongoing improvement and expansion into new areas, including sun protection, organ donation, human rights, social norms, corporate social responsibility, use of condoms, ocean sustainability,fear messages, and digital games. Classic chapters are updated, on topics such as campaign history, theoretical foundations, formative evaluation, systems approaches, input-output persuasion matrix, design and evaluation, meta-analysis, and sense-making methodology.

Development beyond Politics

Aid, Activism and NGOs in Ghana

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Author: Thomas Yarrow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230316778

Category: Political Science

Page: 199

View: 7436

Is 'development' the answer for positive social change or a cynical western strategy for perpetuating inequality? Moving beyond an increasingly entrenched debate about the role of NGOs, this book reveals the practices and social relations through which ideas of development are concretely enacted.

Can NGOs Make a Difference?

The Challenge of Development Alternatives

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Author: Anthony J. Bebbington,Samuel Hickey,Diana C. Mitlin

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848136218

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 707

Can non-governmental organisations contribute to more socially just, alternative forms of development? Or are they destined to work at the margins of dominant development models determined by others? Addressing this question, this book brings together leading international voices from academia, NGOs and the social movements. It provides a comprehensive update to the NGO literature and a range of critical new directions to thinking and acting around the challenge of development alternatives. The book's originality comes from the wide-range of new case-study material it presents, the conceptual approaches it offers for thinking about development alternatives, and the practical suggestions for NGOs. At the heart of this book is the argument that NGOs can and must re-engage with the project of seeking alternative development futures for the world's poorest and more marginal. This will require clearer analysis of the contemporary problems of uneven development, and a clear understanding of the types of alliances NGOs need to construct with other actors in civil society if they are to mount a credible challenge to disempowering processes of economic, social and political development.

The Credibility of Transnational NGOs

When Virtue is Not Enough

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Author: Peter A. Gourevitch,David A. Lake,Janice Gross Stein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107379458

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2435

We rely on NGOs to monitor the ethical practices of governments and for-profit firms and to undertake many humanitarian tasks that public and private actors will not do. While we are critical of public and private sector failures, we do not reflect enough on the credibility of the NGOs which take their place. Can we be sure that products NGOs label as child-labor free are in fact so, that the coffee labeled as 'fair trade' is farmed in sustainable ways, or that the working conditions monitored by NGOs are safe and that the wages are reasonable? Can we know that humanitarian organizations are, in fact, using our donations to alleviate human suffering rather than pursuing other goals? This book explores the problems of establishing the credibility of NGO activities as they monitor working conditions, human rights and elections and provide finance through microcredit institutions, development aid and emergency assistance.

Social Movement Malaysia

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Author: Saliha Hassan,Meredith Leigh Weiss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415340705

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 4098

This book considers the proliferation in Malaysia over the past two decades of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) associated with various social movements, both to provide basic information about the NGOs and social movements, and to discuss their role in the development of civil society generally in particular their contribution to the reform movement, which has been gathering strength since 1998. The book discusses the nature and development of the movements, and shows that those movements concerned with human rights and women's issues have made significant contributions to the reform movement and been irrevocably changed by their involvement in it.

NGOs and Corporations

Conflict and Collaboration

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Author: Michael Yaziji,Jonathan Doh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139478403

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 9076

We live in a period marked by the ascendency of corporations. At the same time, the number of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) – such as Amnesty International, CARE, Greenpeace, Oxfam, Save the Children, and the WWF – has rapidly increased in the last twenty years. As a result, these two very different types of organization are playing an increasingly important role in shaping our society, yet they often have very different agendas. This book focuses on the dynamic interactions, both conflictual and collaborative, that exist between corporations and NGOs. It includes rigorous models, frameworks, and case studies to document the various ways that NGOs target corporations through boycotts, proxy campaigns, and other advocacy initiatives. It also explains the emerging pattern of cross-sectoral alliances and partnerships between corporations and NGOs. This book can help managers, activists, scholars, and students to better understand the nature, scope, and evolution of these complex interactions.

New Pythian Voices

Women Building Political Capital in NGOs in the Middle East

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Author: Cathryn S. Magno

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415935173

Category: Political Science

Page: 209

View: 4907

Deals with all the aspects of the application of column and mass stabilisation. It provides a description of the best practice, mainly based on the experiences at seven test sites of the European project EuroSoilStab.

The Unsettled Sector

NGOs and the Cultivation of Democratic Citizenship in Rural Mexico

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Author: Analiese Richard

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804799199

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 435

In late twentieth century Mexico, the NGO boom was hailed as an harbinger of social change and democratic transition, with NGOs poised to transform the relationship between states and civil society on a global scale. And yet, great as the expectations were for NGOs to empower the poor and disenfranchised, their work is rooted in much older civic and cultural traditions. Arguably, they are just as much an accomplice in neoliberal governance. Analiese Richard seeks to determine what the growth of NGOs means for the future of citizenship and activism in neoliberal democracies, where a widening chasm between rich and poor threatens democratic ideals and institutions. Analyzing the growth of NGOs in Tulancingo, Hidalgo, from the 1970s to the present, The Unsettled Sector explores the NGOs' evolving network of relationships with donors, target communities, international partners, state agencies, and political actors. It reaches beyond the campesinos and farmlands of Tulancingo to make sense of the NGO as an institutional form. Richard argues that only if we see NGOs as they are—bridges between formal politics and public morality—can we understand the opportunities and limits for social solidarity and citizenship in an era of neoliberal retrenchment.

Community Politics and NGOs

The Dynamics of Development in Rural South Africa

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Author: Mary Shaw Galvin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Community development

Page: 546

View: 5636

Management of International Institutions and NGOs

Frameworks, practices and challenges

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Author: Eduardo Missoni,Daniele Alesani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134580185

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 440

View: 8393

International Institutions (IIs), International NGOs (INGOs) and Transnational Hybrid Organizations (THOs) play a hugely important role in the modern world economy. Despite having been studied by scholars from a range of disciplines, these organizations have never before been approached from a management perspective. This ambitious book analyzes the management challenges associated with international cooperation and sheds light on how these organizations have evolved as the political, economic and business environments have changed around them. Covering an admirably broad canvas, the authors pursue two main objectives. Firstly, they explore the main management frameworks developed in the context of the corporate and national public/non-profit organizations and adapt them to the specificity of IIs and INGOs. This leads to the identification of a "tailored" approach to IO management based on their institutional and operational settings, stakeholder groups, core business, staff profile, and financial arrangements. Secondly, they "bring theory into practice" by linking frameworks to several case studies and best practices of organizations currently experimenting with management systems and tools, with case studies including the World Bank and the Gates Foundation. This comprehensive textbook is a must-own resource for students and academics involved with studying and working with international organizations.