Social Change in a Metropolitan Community

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Author: Otis Dudley Duncan,Beverly Duncan,Howard Schuman

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610441702

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 8354

How has American society changed over the last fifteen years? Do we raise our children differently now than in 1953? Has women's liberation produced a shift in attitudes toward marriage or altered our idea about appropriate activities for women? Have our attitudes toward race undergone a significant revision? In this challenging volume, three eminent sociologists examine questions like these in the light of hard data which have become available, year by year, over the last two decades. The major purpose of the book is to demonstrate how measures of social change can be developed, capitalizing on past efforts in survey research. An omnibus survey, carried out in 1971, was designed almost entirely as a selective repitition of questions originally asked in the 1950s. It provides precise and reliable measures of change in such areas as marital and sex roles, social participation, child rearing, religious behavior, political orientations, and racial attitudes. Lucid and authoritative, Social Change in a Metropolitan Community presents a unique body of information on changes in public opinion, social norms, and institutional behavior. Its large number of statistical measurements are presented in an extremely accessible form—almost always as simple percentage comparisons. The research findings included here are unduplicated by any other study, and as a source of information on current social trends they provide fascinating reading for anyone who wishes to enlarge his understanding of the temper of our times.

Sex Typing and Social Roles

A Research Report

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Author: Beverly Duncan,Otis Dudley Duncan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483266192

Category: Social Science

Page: 414

View: 1503

Sex Typing and Social Roles: A Research Report is based on a sociological survey that includes topics regarding changes in sex roles. The book deals with information derived from surveys and reports on the differences and similarities between the behavior, experience, and attitudes of men and women. The book addresses, more particularly, the ongoing changes in the social positions of the sexes, for example, from women's rights and privileges as a "private issue" to a public-policy issue. The book also reviews the work motives, the female role, constraints, and emotions (sadness) encountered. The text analyzes alienation versus engagement—why women say that they are indeed happier at work. The book then discusses the role of civics and sex as regards politics, institutional performance, and rule compliance. The text analyzes the role of religion and the involvement of husbands and wives in social affairs. The role of husbands and wives as partners in marriage is explained in terms of education, division of labor, and marital values. The book also investigates methods of rearing children, parental or expectations, and the response patterns on child-related task items. The text will prove beneficial to psychologists, sociologists, pediatricians, civic leaders, lay ministers, and educators.

1974 Annual Supplement

An Annual Supplement to the UNIVERSAL REFERENCE SYSTEM’s Political Science Series, employing a single Index and Catalog to carry materials pertaining to the ten basic volumes in the series

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Author: Joan Schmitz Bergholt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1475769067

Category: Political Science

Page: 824

View: 2558

Education and Social Change in China: Inequality in a Market Economy

Inequality in a Market Economy

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Author: Gerard A. Postiglione

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317472330

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 7576

Market reform, financial decentralization, and economic globalization have greatly accentuated China's social and regional inequalities. Education is expected to address these inequalities in a context of rapid social change, including the rise of an urban middle class, changed status of women, resurgence of ethnic identities, growing rural to urban migration, and lingering poverty in remote areas. But some argue that state policies have not sufficiently addressed inequitable practices, and that schools actually perpetuate and reproduce inequities, giving rise to a new system of social stratification driven more by market forces than socialist principles. Featuring all original, previously unpublished material, this volume examines this argument through analysis of selected aspects of educational stratification in China during the reform era. Chapters focus on the new urban middle class, poor rural residents, the migrant population in urban areas, rural girls, and ethnic minorities. The contributors are established scholars in the field, and they build a conceptual framework for assessing the degree to which China's educational reforms are inclusive, equitable, and integrative across social categories and groups.

Sustainability and Change in Rural Australia

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Author: Chris Cocklin,Jacqui Dibden

Publisher: UNSW Press

ISBN: 9780868406312

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 8888

By addressing themes such as social and economic change, government policy and gender relations, this volume tackles the thematic complexities of sustainability. At the heart of this discussion lies a desire to understand how small rural communities have survived in the past; how they are shaped by environmental, economic and social factors at present; and how these factors will impact on their survival in the future.

Metropolitan Communities

Trade Guilds, Identity, and Change in Early Modern London

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Author: Joseph P. Ward

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804729178

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 203

View: 639

This interpretation of the cultural consequences of social, economic, religious, and political change in early modern London challenges many long-held assumptions of historians and literary critics.

Private Pleasure, Public Plight

Urban Development, Suburban Sprawl, and the Decline of Community

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Author: David Popenoe

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412831901

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 5035

A social and cultural analysis of community life in metropolitan areas of the USA, Sweden and England. The author focuses on how environment and culture interact to shape human behaviour. Despite their similarities, the three societies vary widely, offering opportunities to compare and contrast.

Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940

The Politics of Method

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Author: Mike Savage

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191615277

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 607

Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940 examines how, between 1940 and 1970 British society was marked by the imprint of the academic social sciences in profound ways which have an enduring legacy on how we see ourselves. It focuses on how interview methods and sample surveys eclipsed literature and the community study as a means of understanding ordinary life. The book shows that these methods were part of a wider remaking of British national identity in the aftermath of decolonisation in which measures of the rational, managed nation eclipsed literary and romantic ones. It also links the emergence of social science methods to the strengthening of technocratic and scientific identities amongst the educated middle classes, and to the rise in masculine authority which challenged feminine expertise. This book is the first to draw extensively on archived qualitative social science data from the 1930s to the 1960s, which it uses to offer a unique, personal and challenging account of post war social change in Britain. It also uses this data to conduct a new kind of historical sociology of the social sciences, one that emphasises the discontinuities in knowledge forms and which stresses how disciplines and institutions competed with each other for reputation. Its emphasis on how social scientific forms of knowing eclipsed those from the arts and humanities during this period offers a radical re-thinking of the role of expertise today which will provoke social scientists, scholars in the humanities, and the general reader alike.

Facilitating Intergroup Dialogues

Bridging Differences, Catalyzing Change

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Author: Kelly E. Maxwell,Biren Ratnesh Nagda,Monita C. Thompson

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC.

ISBN: 9781579225247

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 7090

Intergroup dialogue has emerged as an effective educational and community building method to bring together members of diverse social and cultural groups to engage in learning together so that they may work collectively and individually to promote greater diversity, equality and justice. Intergroup dialogues bring together individuals from different identity groups (such as people of color and white people; women and men; lesbian, gay, and bisexual people and heterosexual people), and uses explicit pedagogy that involves three important features: content learning, structured interaction, and facilitative guidance. The least understood role in the pedagogy is that of facilitation. This volume, the first dedicated entirely to intergroup dialogue facilitation, draws on the experiences of contributors and on emerging research to address the multi-dimensional role of facilitators and co-facilitators, the training and support of facilitators, and ways of improving practice in both educational and community settings. It constitutes a comprehensive guide for practitioners, covering the theoretical, conceptual, and practical knowledge they need. Presenting the work and insights of scholars, practitioners and scholar-practitioners who train facilitators for intergroup dialogues, this book bridges the theoretical and conceptual foundations of intergroup relations and social justice education with training models for intergroup dialogue facilitation. It is intended for staff, faculty, and administrators in higher education, and community agencies, as well as for human resources departments in workplaces. Contributors: Charles Behling, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, The Program on Intergroup Relations Barry Checkoway, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, School of Social Work Mark Chesler, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, The Program on Intergroup Relations Keri De Jong, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, School of Education Roger Fisher, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, The Program on Intergroup Relations Nichola G. Fulmer Patricia Gurin, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, The Program on Intergroup Relations Tanya Kachwaha, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, School of Education Christina Kelleher, Institute for Sustained Dialogue, Sustained Dialogue Campus Network Ariel Kirkland, Occidental College, Student facilitator James Knauer, Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania, Democracy Lab Joycelyn Landrum-Brown, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Program on Intergroup Relations Shaquanda D. Lindsey, Occidental College, Student facilitator David J. Martineau, Washington University, St. Louis, School of Social Work Kelly E. Maxwell Biren (Ratnesh) A. Nagda Teddy Nemeroff, Institute for Sustained Dialogue, Sustained Dialogue Campus Network Romina Pacheco, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, School of Education Priya Parker, Institute for Sustained Dialogue, Sustained Dialogue Campus Network Jaclyn Rodríguez, Occidental College, Department of Psychology Andrea C. Rodríguez-Scheel, Occidental College, Student facilitator Michael S. Spencer, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, School of Social Work Monita C. Thompson Norma Timbang Thai Hung V. Tran Carolyn Vasques-Scalera, Independent Scholar Thomas E. Walker, University of Denver, Center for Multicultural Excellence Kathleen Wong (Lau), Arizona State University/Western Michigan University, Intergroup Relations Center/ Intercultural Communication Anna M. Yeakley, Independent Intergroup Dialogue Consultant Ximena Zúñiga, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, School of Education

To Live in Peace

Biblical Faith and the Changing Inner City

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Author: Mark R. Gornik

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802846853

Category: Religion

Page: 261

View: 886

Building on both the perspective of God's new creation and the view from the neighborhood, "To Live in Peace" shows how the life of the church, the strategies of community development, and the practices of peacemaking can make a transformational difference.

The Sociology of Community Connections

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Author: John G. Bruhn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306486159

Category: Psychology

Page: 303

View: 1428

This book discusses the rationale for community, the varieties of communities, the effect of social change on communities and many other factors, tying the concept to the various levels of human interaction, from the global to the individual.

The Metropolitan Revolution

The Rise of Post-Urban America

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Author: Jon C. Teaford

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231510934

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4778

In this absorbing history, Jon C. Teaford traces the dramatic evolution of American metropolitan life. At the end of World War II, the cities of the Northeast and the Midwest were bustling, racially and economically integrated areas frequented by suburban and urban dwellers alike. Yet since 1945, these cities have become peripheral to the lives of most Americans. "Edge cities" are now the dominant centers of production and consumption in post-suburban America. Characterized by sprawling freeways, corporate parks, and homogeneous malls and shopping centers, edge cities have transformed the urban landscape of the United States. Teaford surveys metropolitan areas from the Rust Belt to the Sun Belt and the way in which postwar social, racial, and cultural shifts contributed to the decline of the central city as a hub of work, shopping, transportation, and entertainment. He analyzes the effects of urban flight in the 1950s and 1960s, the subsequent growth of the suburbs, and the impact of financial crises and racial tensions. He then brings the discussion into the present by showing how the recent wave of immigration from Latin America and Asia has further altered metropolitan life and complicated the black-white divide. Engaging in original research and interpretation, Teaford tells the story of this fascinating metamorphosis.

Rural People and Communities in the 21st Century

Resilience and Transformation

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Author: David L. Brown,Kai A. Schafft

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745641288

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 4850

Rural people and communities continue to play important social, economic and environmental roles at a time in which societies are rapidly urbanizing, and the identities of local places are increasingly subsumed by flows of people, information and economic activity across global spaces. However, while the organization of rural life has been fundamentally transformed by institutional and social changes that have occurred since the mid-twentieth century, rural people and communities have proved resilient in the face of these transformations. This book examines the causes and consequences of major social and economic changes affecting rural communities and populations during the first decades of the twenty-first century, and explores policies developed to ameliorate problems or enhance opportunities. Primarily focused on the U.S. context, while also providing international comparative discussion, the book is organized into five sections each of which explores both socio-demographic and political economic aspects of rural transformation. It features an accessible and up-to-date blend of theory and empirical analysis, with each chapter's discussion grounded in real-life situations through the use of empirical case-study materials. Rural People and Communities in the 21st Century is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in rural sociology, community sociology, rural and/or population geography, community development, and population studies--From publisher description.

Family and Social Change in an African City

A Study of Rehousing in Lagos

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Author: Peter Marris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136531572

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 916

First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

On Social Organization and Social Control

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Author: Morris Janowitz,James Burk

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226393032

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

View: 7149

In the four decades following the end of World War II, Morris Janowitz (1919-88) published major works in macrosociology, urban and political sociology, race and ethnic relations, and the study of armed forces and society. His research was deeply rooted in the traditions of philosophical pragmatism and the Chicago school of sociology, influences which led him to reject grand theories and mechanistic explanations of social life. Yet he remained confident in the capacity of sociological reason to come to grips with central aspects of the human condition. On the basis of his studies, Janowitz came to believe that the transition from early to advanced industrial society radically altered institutional organization to make democratic social control more difficult, though not impossible, to achieve. The task of his "pragmatic sociology" was to identify fundamental trends in the social organization of industrial societies, to indicate their substantive implications for social control, and to clarify realistic alternatives for institution building which would strengthen the prospects for maintaining liberal democratic regimes. In this volume, James Burk selects from Janowitz's scholarly writings to provide a comprehensive overview of his wide-ranging interests. Organized to demonstrate the common logic of inquiry and substantive unity of Janowitz's contribution to several subfields of sociology, the collection includes analyses of the concept of social control, ethnic intolerance and hostility, citizenship in Western societies, models for urban education, and the professionalization of military elites. Burk provides a richly detailed, critical account of Janowitz's intellectual development, placing his writings in historical context and showing their continuing relevance for sociological research. Useful to both students and specialists, the volume is an important source for the ideas and methods of one of sociology's leading figures.

Towards a Social Science of Language

Papers in honor of William Labov. Volume 1: Variation and change in language and society

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Author: Gregory R. Guy,Crawford Feagin,Deborah Schiffrin,John Baugh

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027276293

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 436

View: 5416

This is a two-volume collection of original research papers designed to reflect the breadth and depth of the impact that William Labov has had on linguistic science. Four areas of 'Labovian' linguistics are addressed: First is the study of variation and change; the papers in sections I and II of the first volume take this as their central theme, with a focus on either the social context and uses of language (I) or on the the internal linguistic dynamics of variation and change (II). The study of African American English, and other language varieties in the Americas spoken by people of African descent and influenced by their linguistic heritage, is the subject of the papers in section III of the first volume. The third theme is the study of discourse; the papers in section I of the second volume develop themes in Labovian linguistics that go back to Labov's work on narrative, descriptive, and therapeutic discourse. Fourth is the emphasis on language use, the search for discursive, interactive, and meaningful determinants of the complexity in human communication. Papers with these themes appear in section II of the second volume.

Corrections: A Text/Reader

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Author: Mary K. Stohr,Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289921

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 3879

Corrections: A Text/Reader, Second Edition is designed for undergraduate and/or graduate corrections courses. Organized like a traditional corrections text, it offers brief authored introductions in a mini-chapter format for each key Section, followed by carefully selected and edited original articles by leading scholars. This hybrid format – ensuring coverage of important material while emphasizing the significance of contemporary research - offers an excellent alternative which recognizes the impact and importance of new directions and policy in this field, and how these advances are determined by research.

Metropolitan Phoenix

Place Making and Community Building in the Desert

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Author: Patricia Gober

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812205820

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4416

Inhabitants of Phoenix tend to think small but live big. They feel connected to individual neighborhoods and communities but drive farther to get to work, feel the effects of the regional heat island, and depend in part for their water on snow packs in Wyoming. In Metropolitan Phoenix, Patricia Gober explores the efforts to build a sustainable desert city in the face of environmental uncertainty, rapid growth, and increasing social diversity. Metropolitan Phoenix chronicles the burgeoning of this desert community, including the audacious decisions that created a metropolis of 3.6 million people in a harsh and demanding physical setting. From the prehistoric Hohokam, who constructed a thousand miles of irrigation canals, to the Euro-American farmers, who converted the dryland river valley into an agricultural paradise at the end of the nineteenth century, Gober stresses the sense of beginning again and building anew that has been deeply embedded in wave after wave of human migration to the region. In the early twentieth century, the so-called health seekers—asthmatics, arthritis and tuberculosis sufferers—arrived with the hope of leading more vigorous lives in the warm desert climate, while the postwar period drew veterans and their families to the region to work in emerging electronics and defense industries. Most recently, a new generation of elderly, seeking "active retirement," has settled into planned retirement communities on the perimeter of the city. Metropolitan Phoenix also tackles the future of the city. The passage of a recent transportation initiative, efforts to create a biotechnology incubator, and growing publicity about water shortages and school funding have placed Phoenix at a crossroads, forcing its citizens to grapple with the issues of social equity, environmental quality, and economic security. Gober argues that given Phoenix's dramatic population growth and enormous capacity for change, it can become a prototype for twenty-first-century urbanization, reconnecting with its desert setting and building a multifaceted sense of identity that encompasses the entire metropolitan community.