Staatslose Gesellschaften. Das theoretische Konzept der social anthropology am Beispiel des Volkes der Nuer.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Mark Thumann

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638282260

Category: Social Science

Page: 15

View: 8564

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2000 im Fachbereich Ethnologie / Volkskunde, Note: 1, Universität Bielefeld (Fakultät für Soziologie), Veranstaltung: Einführung in die Sozialanthropologie, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Beginnend mit der revolutionären Wende in der Ethnologie, die durch Bronislav Malinowski und dessen neuartiges Konzept von Feldforschung ausgelöst wurde, entwickelte sich in England die social anthropology. Sie wurde in den 20er und 30er Jahren zunächst von Malinovski selbst, und dessen funktionalistischer Theorie geprägt, da dieser in England lehrte. Malinovski definierte die kulturellen Institutionen als Funktionen der „basic needs“ wie z.B. Nahrung, Fortpflanzung und Kommunikation. Detailgenaue Beschreibung der aufgenommen Eindrücke galt als wichtiger als Einordnung in eine theoretische Ordnung. In den 40er und 50er Jahren wurde Malinovskis Schüler Radcliffe-Brown zum bestimmenden Theoretiker. Er richtete das Interesse stärker auf das Netz der sozialen Beziehungen. Dies implizierte eine hohe Bewertung der theoretischen Ordnug und einen höheren Abstraktiongrad. Von Beginn an spielte die Erforschung sog. akephaler (kopfloser) oder segmentärer Gesellschaften also von Gesellschaften ohne Staat eine wichtige Rolle in der social anthropology. Möglicherweise weil gerade im Machtbereich des britischen Empire besonders viele dieser Völker anzutreffen waren. Darüber hinaus gab es zunächst noch starke Sympathien seitens der social anthropology gegenüber diesen Gesellschaften und dem Anarchismus als Theorie von der Abschaffung des Staates. Die intensive Beschäftigung mit akephalen Gesellschaften setzte sich auch unter den Schülern Radcliffe-Browns Meyer Fortes und Evans-Pritchard fort, jedoch gleichzeitig mit der Akademisierung des Faches, zunehmend unter anderen Vorzeichen: Die Arbeiten Evans-Pritchards über die Nuer, einen Volkstamm im Südsudan, wurden von der britischen Kolonialbehörde finanziert, und standen dem Kontext, daß es den Kolonialtruppen nicht gelang, dieses Volk vollständig zu unterwerfen, weshalb man eine genauere Kenntnis von dessen politischen Strukturen wünschte. Ungeachtet dieser mehr als fragwürdigen Kooperation mit einer imperialistischen Macht, muß man der social anthropology aber zu gute halten, daß sie mehr als alle anderen dazu beigetragen hat, das rassistische Bild vom „primitiven Wilden“ zu widerlegen, indem sie zeigte, daß es sich um funktionierende (Malinovski) und in sich rational strukturierte Gesellschaften handelt. [...]

Difficult Folk?

A Political History of Social Anthropology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David Mills

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845454500

Category: Social Science

Page: 221

View: 2861

How should we tell the histories of academic disciplines? All too often, the political and institutional dimensions of knowledge production are lost beneath the intellectual debates. This book redresses the balance. Written in a narrative style and drawing on archival sources and oral histories, it depicts the complex pattern of personal and administrative relationships that shape scholarly worlds. Focusing on the field of social anthropology in twentieth-century Britain, this book describes individual, departmental and institutional rivalries over funding and influence. It examines the efforts of scholars such as Bronislaw Malinowski, Edward Evans-Pritchard and Max Gluckman to further their own visions for social anthropology. Did the future lie with the humanities or the social sciences, with addressing social problems or developing scholarly autonomy? This new history situates the discipline's rise within the post-war expansion of British universities and the challenges created by the end of Empire.

Social Anthropology of Complex Societies

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michael Banton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136540040

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 8306

This volume illustrates how much the study of social anthropologists has encompassed other, non-primitive societies: rural Italy, urban Africa, village politics in India and the smaller ex-colonial territories of Fiji and Mauritius are just some of the areas covered by the book. The position and contribution of British community studies is also examined, illustrating how micro-sociology can be made relevant to macro-sociology. Originally published 1966.

The Relevance of Models for Social Anthropology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michael Banton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113653976X

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 1281

There has been much discussion in recent years about the construction of theoretical models useful in the explanation of particular areas of social organization. This volume charts that discussion and its results and covers a wide ethnographic range from the Pacific Island of Truk through African pastoral societies, south-east Asia and Hong Kong, back to Polynesia. First published in 1965.

Social Anthropology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Evans-Pritchard

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415330305

Category: Social Science

Page: 134

View: 3147

Social Anthropology explains and illustrates the methods of modern anthropology, tracing its development from pre-nineteenth-century philosophical speculations and the empirical work of explorers, missionaries and colonial servants, up to the second half of the twentieth century. First published in 1951.

Social Anthropology and Language

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Edwin Ardener

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136539417

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 3713

Providing a critical framework for the consideration of the relationship between modern social anthropology and linguistics, this volume covers topics such as classification, symbolism, and structuralism. The relevance of the works of Saussure, Lévi-Strauss and Chomsky is considered. There are two case-studies: the first outlines a 'social history' of the succession of pidgins that are documented on the West African coast, ending with Pidgin English. The second analyzes the status of three language varieties used in a 'trilingual' community in the Carnian Alps. Originally published in 1971.

Social Anthropology

Robert Redfield

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Clifford Wilcox

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351490567

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 2232

Robert Redfield is remembered today primarily as an anthropologist, but during his lifetime Redfield's cross-disciplinary activity reflected a strong interest in infusing anthropological practice with sociological theory. Like a handful of other anthropologists, including A.R. Radcliffe-Brown and Bronislaw Malinowski, who shared his interests during the 1920s through 1930s, his works came to define a new subfield known as social anthropology.Redfield was distinct in being one of the first Americans to devote himself seriously to social anthropology, a field dominated initially by British scholars. He spent his career at the University of Chicago, and his anthropology bore the distinct mark of sociology as developed and practiced at that institution. Indeed, Redfield played a major role in defining what has been called the second Chicago school of sociology. This volume brings together Redfield's most important contributions to social anthropology.During the 1920s, sociology and anthropology constituted a single department at the University of Chicago. Although most students concentrated on sociology or anthropology, Redfield chose to pursue both fields with equal intensity. He adopted as his central interest the leading problematic of the 1920s: the study of social change. Chicago School sociologists approached social change by examining zones of rapid transition within the city, for example, areas populated by recently-arrived immigrants, with the goal of elucidating general principles or dynamics of social transition.Redfield's work can be seen as falling into three distinct theoretical categories: (1) the study of social change or modernization; (2) peasant studies; and (3), the comparative study of civilizations. Drawing from articles, book excerpts, and unpublished papers and letters, this work presents Redfield's central contributions in each of these areas. Seen as a whole, this volume traces Redfield's seminal contributions to the early development of mo

Marxist Analyses and Social Anthropology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Maurice Bloch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136548653

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 5590

Reflecting the first evaluation among British and American anthropologists of the relevance of Marxist theory for their discipline, the studies in this volume cover a wide geographical and social spectrum ranging from rural Indonesia, Imperial China, Highland Burma and the Abron kingdom of Gyaman. A critical survey assesses the value of some key ideas of Marx and Engels to social anthropology and places in historical perspective the changing attitudes of social anthropologists to the Marxist tradition. Originally published in 1975.

Essays in Basque Social Anthropology and History

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: William A. Douglass

Publisher: University of Nevada Press

ISBN: 9781877802027

Category: Social Science

Page: 327

View: 2961

This book contains fourteen essays by noted scholars in the fields of Basque anthropology, history, folklore and immigration studies.

Educational Histories of European Social Anthropology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Dorle Dracklé,Iain R. Edgar,Thomas K. Schippers

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571819055

Category: Educational anthropology

Page: 262

View: 3096

Aimed at professional anthropologists, their students and academic policy-makers, the contributions to this volume provide an unprecedented array of insights into the current teaching and learning of social anthropology across Europe. With case-studies from eighteen different countries this volume presents a rich panorama of local histories, contexts and experiences, which are essential contributions to current debates on the role and significance of anthropology in an era of converging Higher Education policies. More practically,the volume offers teachers and students the possibility ofdeveloping international exchanges supported by a previously unobtainable knowledge of institutional historiesand differing local contexts.

Social Anthropology and Human Origins

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Alan Barnard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500449

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3861

The study of human origins is one of the most fascinating branches of anthropology. Yet it has rarely been considered by social or cultural anthropologists, who represent the largest subfield of the discipline. In this powerful study Alan Barnard aims to bridge this gap. Barnard argues that social anthropological theory has much to contribute to our understanding of human evolution, including changes in technology, subsistence and exchange, family and kinship, as well as to the study of language, art, ritual and belief. This book places social anthropology in the context of a widely-conceived constellation of anthropological sciences. It incorporates recent findings in many fields, including primate studies, archaeology, linguistics and human genetics. In clear, accessible style Barnard addresses the fundamental questions surrounding the evolution of human society and the prehistory of culture, suggesting a new direction for social anthropology that will open up debate across the discipline as a whole.

Social Anthropology

Canadian Perspectives on Culture and Society

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Edward Hedican

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 1551304074

Category: Ethnology

Page: 313

View: 2251

This is the first introductory text that focuses on social anthropological research using Canadian examples and perspectives. In this groundbreaking new book, Edward Hedican provides undergraduate students with a solid background on the theoretical and applied aspects of anthropology, while exploring the rich history of the discipline in a Canadian context. In ten concise chapters, readers are introduced to the basic conceptual building blocks of introductory anthropology in a refreshingly succinct and engaging way. With a strong focus on Canadian theory, this book includes discussion of evolutionism, feminist anthropology, marriage and the family, and political economy.

The Building of British Social Anthropology

W.H.R. Rivers and his Cambridge disciples in the development of kindship studies, 1898-1931

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ian Langham,K. Langham,Jan Langham,Wilfried Brutsaert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027712646

Category: Gardening

Page: 392

View: 806

Traces the influence of major anthropological figures on kinship studies; includes discussion of changing analyses of Australian Aboriginal kinship, marriage-class systems and totemism.

Appetites and Identities

An Introduction to the Social Anthropology of Western Europe

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Sara Delamont

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134924747

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 4622

Appetites and Identities is a clear, inviting and fascinating introduction to the social anthropology of western Europe. It covers food, migration, politics, urban and country life, magic, religion, sex and language in an accessible and straightforward fashion, introducing the student to aspects of the anthropology of contemporary European culture from mussel farmers in the Netherlands to Basque chambermaids in Lourdes, and from unhappy bachelors in western Ireland to unwitchers in Portugal. Avoiding the technical language of many anthropological textbooks, Appetites and Identities sets out the anthropological literature on the rich diversity of dialects, cultures and everyday lives of western European people, offering fascinating insights on how each region and community differs from its counterparts despite the notion of an integrated Europe. The book will stimulate curiosity about social anthropological investigation, and about life in Europe today.

Before Social Anthropology

Essays on the History of British Anthropology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: James Urry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136644245

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 5911

First Published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

An Introduction to Two Theories of Social Anthropology

Descent Groups and Marriage Alliance

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Louis Dumont

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845451479

Category: Social Science

Page: 110

View: 4664

Louis Dumont, who died in 1998, was one of the most important figures in post-war French anthropology. He is well-known for his early work on India, which culminated in Homo Hierarchicus (1966; in English 1972, 1980), an anthropological account of the caste system. He later extended this work into a comparison of the values of Indian and western society in works like Essays on Individualism (1986) and German ideology: From France to Germany and Back (1994). He is also known for pioneering work on kinship in south India and more generally (for example Affinity as a Value, 1983). The current volume represents the fruits of this side of his activities and originated in as a series of lectures providing an account of the British and French schools for students.

Biosocial anthropology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Robin Fox,Association of Social Anthropologists of the Commonwealth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 169

View: 2596

Social Anthropology and Australian Aboriginal Studies: A contemporary overview

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Berndt, Ronald Murray Berndt,Tonkinson, Robert Tonkinson

Publisher: Aboriginal Studies Press

ISBN: 0855755830

Category: Aboriginal Australians

Page: 279

View: 1364

This volume summaries major developments in the social anthropology of Aboriginal studies in the 1960s-80s. It is valuable as an overview of five important and interrelated topics; economy, kinship, gender, religion and law. It also contains stimulating comment and criticism and raised important issues for future research as well as current debate in Aboriginal studies.

Social Anthropology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Darshan Singh Maini

Publisher: Mittal Publications

ISBN: 9788170997863

Category: Anthropology

Page: 288

View: 7843