Simulation and Its Discontents

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Author: Sherry Turkle

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262012706

Category: Computers

Page: 217

View: 9552

Simulation and its discontents /Sherry Turkle --What does simulation want? --Theview from the 1980s --design and science at the millennium --New ways of knowing/New ways of forgetting --Sites of simulation: case studies --Outer space and undersea --Becoming a rover /William J. ClanceyIntimate sensing /Stefan Helmreich --Buildings and biology --Performing the protein fold /Natasha Myers.

Digital Online Culture, Identity, and Schooling in the Twenty-First Century

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Author: K. Rosenfeld

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137442603

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 1268

Digital Online Culture, Identity and Schooling in the Twenty-First Century provides a cultural, ideological critique of identity construction in the context of virtualization. Kimberly Rosenfeld explores the growing number of people who no longer reside in one physical reality but live, work, and play in multiple realities. Rosenfeld's critique of neo-liberal practices in the digital environment brings to light the on-going hegemonic and counter-hegemonic battles over control of education in the digital age. Rosenfeld draws conclusions for empowering the population through schooling, and how it should understand, respond to, and help individuals live out the information revolution.

BIM Design

Realising the Creative Potential of Building Information Modelling

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Author: Richard Garber

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118719794

Category: Architecture

Page: 248

View: 7529

Building information modelling (BIM) is revolutionising building design and construction. For architects, BIM has the potential to optimise their creativity while reducing risk in the design and construction process, thus giving them a more significant role in the building process. This book demonstrates how innovative firms are using BIM technologies to move design away from the utilitarian problems of construction, engaging them in a stunning new future in the built environment. Whereas recent books about BIM have tended to favour case-study analyses or instruction on the use of specific software, BIM Design highlights how day-to-day design operations are shaped by the increasingly generative and collaborative aspects of these new tools. BIM strategies are described as operations that can enhance design rather than simply make it more efficient. Thus this book focuses on the specific creative uses of information modelling at the operational level, including the creative development of parametric geometries and generative design, the evaluation of environmental performance and the simulation and scheduling of construction/fabrication operations. This book also engages BIM’s pragmatic efficiencies such as the conflict checking of building systems and the creation of bills of quantities for costing; and in so doing it demonstrates how BIM can make such activities collaborative. Throughout, projects are used to illustrate the creative application of BIM at a variety of scales. These buildings showcase work by fi rms executing projects all over the world: SHoP Architects and Construction (New York), Morphosis (Los Angeles), Populous (London), GRO Architects (New York), Reiser + Umemoto (New York), Gensler (Shanghai) and UNStudio (Amsterdam).

Consuming History

Historians and Heritage in Contemporary Popular Culture

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Author: Jerome de Groot

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134148925

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2072

Non-academic history – ‘public history’ – is a complex, dynamic entity which impacts on the popular understanding of the past at all levels. In Consuming History, Jerome de Groot examines how society consumes history and how a reading of this consumption can help us understand popular culture and issues of representation. This book analyzes a wide range of cultural entities – from computer games to daytime television, from blockbuster fictional narratives such as Da Vinci Code to DNA genealogical tools – to analyze how history works in contemporary popular culture. Jerome de Groot probes how museums have responded to the heritage debate and the way in which new technologies have brought about a shift in access to history, from online game playing to internet genealogy. He discusses the often conflicted relationship between ‘public’ and academic history, and raises important questions about the theory and practice of history as a discipline. Whilst mainly focussing on the UK, the book also compares the experiences of the USA, France and Germany. Consuming History is an important and engaging analysis of the social consumption of history and offers an essential path through the debates for readers interested in history, cultural studies and the media.

Co-Designers

Cultures of Computer Simulation in Architecture

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Author: Yanni Loukissas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136336826

Category: Architecture

Page: 168

View: 6103

Designers employ a variety of tools and techniques for speculating about buildings before they are built. In their simplest form, these are personal thought experiments. However, embracing advanced computer simulations means engaging a network of specialized people and powerful machines. In this book, Yanni Alexander Loukissas demonstrates that new tools have profound implications for the social distribution of design work; computer simulations are technologies for collective imagination. Organized around the accounts of professional designers engaged in a high-stakes competition to redefine their work for the technological moment, this book explores the emerging cultures of computer simulation in architecture. Not only architects, but acousticians, fire safety engineers, and sustainability experts see themselves as co-designers in architecture, engaging new technologies for simulation in an evolving search for the roles and relationships that can bring them both professional acceptance and greater control over design. By illustrating how practices of simulation inform the social relationships and professional distinctions that define contemporary architecture, the book examines the cultural transformations taking place in design practice today.

Social Security and Its Discontents

Perspectives on Choice

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Author: Michael D. Tanner

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 1933995742

Category: Political Science

Page: 386

View: 5163

Social Security is the largest government program in the world. But it is also a deeply troubled one, on the verge of financial collapse. Within 15 years Social Security will begin running a deficit. Overall, the program is more than $26 trillion in debt. Without fundamental reform it will not be able to pay the benefits it has promised to our children and grandchildren. That has prompted the most far-reaching discussion of the purpose and structure of Social Security since the program was enacted in 1935. Not so very long ago, Social Security was rightly regarded as the “third rail” of American politics—touch it and your career dies. But no longer. Polls today show that the vast majority of Americans support proposals that would allow younger workers to privately invest at least part of their Social Security taxes through individual accounts. For more than 25 years the Cato Institute has led the debate for Social Security reform, arguing that the program is fundamentally flawed and calling for greater freedom and choice for working Americans. Social Security and Its Discontents represents the best of Cato’s publications on the issue. It includes essays by the nation’s top economists and Social Security experts, discussing Social Security’s finances; the urgent need for reform; how the program treats women, minorities, and low-income workers; and the options for reform. Edited by Michael D. Tanner, this collection is essential reading for anyone who cares about what kind of country we will leave to our children and grandchildren.

The Metamorphoses of the Brain – Neurologisation and its Discontents

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Author: Jan De Vos

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137505575

Category: Psychology

Page: 250

View: 3255

What are we exactly, when we are said to be our brain? This question leads Jan De Vos to examine the different metamorphoses of the brain: the educated brain, the material brain, the iconographic brain, the sexual brain, the celebrated brain and, finally, the political brain. This first, protracted and sustained argument on neurologisation, which lays bare its lineage with psychologisation, should be taken seriously by psychologists, educationalists, sociologists, students of cultural studies, policy makers and, above all, neuroscientists themselves.

Economics and Its Discontents

Twentieth Century Dissenting Economists

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Author: Richard P. F. Holt,Steven Pressman

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781858982724

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 289

View: 905

'. . . the essays overall are of high quality . . . a stimulating, timely, and disquieting collection.' - G.C. Harcourt, The Economic Journal

Handbook of Research on New Literacies

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Author: Julie Coiro,Michele Knobel,Colin Lankshear,Donald J. Leu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136650857

Category: Education

Page: 1386

View: 9013

Situated at the intersection of two of the most important areas in educational research today — literacy and technology — this handbook draws on the potential of each while carving out important new territory. It provides leadership for this newly emerging field, directing scholars to the major issues, theoretical perspectives, and interdisciplinary research pertaining to new literacies. Reviews of research are organized into six sections: Methodologies Knowledge and Inquiry Communication Popular Culture, Community, and Citizenship: Everyday Literacies Instructional Practices and Assessment Multiple Perspectives on New Literacies Research FEATURES Brings together a diverse international team of editors and chapter authors Provides an extensive collection of research reviews in a critical area of educational research Makes visible the multiple perspectives and theoretical frames that currently drive work in new literacies Establishes important space for the emerging field of new literacies research Includes a unique Commentary section: The final section of the Handbook reprints five central research studies. Each is reviewed by two prominent researchers from their individual, and different, theoretical position. This provides the field with a sense of how diverse lenses can be brought to bear on research as well as the benefits that accrue from doing so. It also provides models of critical review for new scholars and demonstrates how one might bring multiple perspectives to the study of an area as complex as new literacies research. The Handbook of Research on New Literacies is intended for the literacy research community, broadly conceived, including scholars and students from the traditional reading and writing research communities in education and educational psychology as well as those from information science, cognitive science, psychology, sociolinguistics, computer mediated communication, and other related areas that find literacy to be an important area of investigation.

New Media

A Critical Introduction

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Author: Martin Lister,Jon Dovey,Seth Giddings,Iain Grant,Kieran Kelly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134083823

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 2962

New Media: A Critical Introduction is a comprehensive introduction to the culture, history, technologies and theories of new media. Written especially for students, the book considers the ways in which 'new media' really are new, assesses the claims that a media and technological revolution has taken place and formulates new ways for media studies to respond to new technologies. The authors introduce a wide variety of topics including: how to define the characteristics of new media; social and political uses of new media and new communications; new media technologies, politics and globalization; everyday life and new media; theories of interactivity, simulation, the new media economy; cybernetics, cyberculture, the history of automata and artificial life. Substantially updated from the first edition to cover recent theoretical developments, approaches and significant technological developments, this is the best and by far the most comprehensive textbook available on this exciting and expanding subject. At www.newmediaintro.com you will find: additional international case studies with online references specially created You Tube videos on machines and digital photography a new ‘Virtual Camera’ case study, with links to short film examples useful links to related websites, resources and research sites further online reading links to specific arguments or discussion topics in the book links to key scholars in the field of new media.

Videogames

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Author: James Newman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136500413

Category: Games & Activities

Page: 182

View: 4669

In the few decades since they first blipped their way onto television screens, videogames have become one of the most culturally, socially and economically significant media forms. Newman’s volume considers how we might approach videogames as media texts to be read, experiences to be played and played with, systems and simulations to be decoded and interrogated, and performances to be captured, codified and preserved. The updated second edition examines the emergence of new platforms as well as changing patterns of production and consumption in its analysis of Wii, Xbox 360, PS3 and mobile gaming. The new final chapter explores recent developments in games scholarship with particular focus falling on the study of gameplay as socially situated, ‘lived experience’, and on strategies for game history, heritage and preservation. In drawing attention to the fragility and ephemerality of hardware, software and gameplay, this new edition encourages readers and players not only to consider how games might be studied but also what can, will and should be left behind for the next generation of games researchers.

Simplicity

Die zehn Gesetze der Einfachheit

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Author: John Maeda

Publisher: Springer Spektrum

ISBN: 9783827430595

Category: Science

Page: 100

View: 2345

Weniger ist mehr, sagt man oft. Doch allzu häufig gilt auch: Einfach ist verdammt schwer. Dieses erhellende kleine Buch präsentiert die zehn Gesetze der Einfachheit für Wirtschaft, Technologie, Design und Alltag. "Simplicity" ist der Rettungsanker in einem Meer immer komplexerer Prozesse und zunehmend unüberschaubarer Funktionalitäten. Es ist nicht verwunderlich, dass viele Menschen heutzutage gegen eine Technologie rebellieren, die ihnen zu kompliziert geworden ist, ob es sich um DVD-Recorder mit verwirrend vielfältigen Funktionen handelt oder um Software mit 75-MB-"Read me"-Anleitungen. Doch es gibt Gegenentwürfe: So hat das klare, extrem reduzierte Design des iPod den Welterfolg dieses kleinen Geräts begründet. Manchmal geraten wir allerdings in das "Simplicity"-Paradox: Wir möchten etwas, das einfach zu verstehen und leicht zu benutzen ist, aber dennoch soll es alle denkbaren hochkomplexen Aufgaben erfüllen. In diesem erfrischend kurzen und pointierten Buch stellt uns John Maeda zehn Gesetze vor, mit denen sich Einfachheit und Komplexität in Einklang bringen lassen – Leitlinien, wie wir aus Weniger Mehr machen können. Der Professor am renommierten Media Lab des Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) und weltweit gefragte Grafikdesigner erkundet die Frage, wie wir das Konzept der "Verbesserung" so umdefinieren können, dass es nicht zwangsläufig Mehr bedeutet. Maedas erstes Gesetz heißt "Reduzieren", denn es ist nicht notwendigerweise hilfreich, neue technologische Features hinzuzufügen, bloss weil wir es könnten. Aber diejenigen Eigenschaften, die wir brauchen, sollten in einer vernünftigen Hierarchie organisiert sein (Gesetz 2), so dass die Nutzer nicht von Funktionen abgelenkt werden, die sie gar nicht brauchen. Maedas kompakter Führer zur „Simplicity“ im digitalen Zeitalter verdeutlicht, wie dieses Konzept zum Eckpfeiler von Organisationen und ihren Produkten werden kann – und warum es sich als treibende Kraft für Wirtschaft und Technologie erweisen wird. Wir können vieles vereinfachen, ohne Bedeutung und Nutzen einzubüßen. Und die Balance zwischen diesen Polen erreichen wir mit dem 10. Gesetz: "Einfachheit heißt, das Offensichtliche zu entfernen und das Bedeutsame hinzuzufügen."

Tod und Leben großer amerikanischer Städte

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Author: Jane Jacobs

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035602123

Category: Architecture

Page: 220

View: 3209

In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.

Portable Play in Everyday Life: The Nintendo DS

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Author: Samuel Tobin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137396598

Category: Social Science

Page: 130

View: 3928

People play mobile games everywhere and at any time. Tobin examines this media practice through the players directly using the lens of the players and practice of the Nintendo DS system. He argues for the primacy of context for understanding how digital play functions in today's society, emphasizing location, "killing-time," and mobile communities.

Film Adaptation and Its Discontents

From Gone with the Wind to The Passion of the Christ

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Author: Thomas Leitch

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801891876

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 372

View: 9626

Most books on film adaptation—the relation between films and their literary sources—focus on a series of close one-to-one comparisons between specific films and canonical novels. This volume identifies and investigates a far wider array of problems posed by the process of adaptation. Beginning with an examination of why adaptation study has so often supported the institution of literature rather than fostering the practice of literacy, Thomas Leitch considers how the creators of short silent films attempted to give them the weight of literature, what sorts of fidelity are possible in an adaptation of sacred scripture, what it means for an adaptation to pose as an introduction to, rather than a transcription of, a literary classic, and why and how some films have sought impossibly close fidelity to their sources. After examining the surprisingly divergent fidelity claims made by three different kinds of canonical adaptations, Leitch's analysis moves beyond literary sources to consider why a small number of adapters have risen to the status of auteurs and how illustrated books, comic strips, video games, and true stories have been adapted to the screen. The range of films studied, from silent Shakespeare to Sherlock Holmes to The Lord of the Rings, is as broad as the problems that come under review. -- Shannon Wells-Lassagne

Neural

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computer hackers

Page: N.A

View: 3845

The Mind and Its Discontents

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Author: Grant Gillett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 5130

The first edition of The Mind and its Discontents was a powerful analysis of how, as a society, we view mental illness, looking beyond just biological models of mental pathologies. In the ten years since, there has been growing interest in the philosophy of psychiatry, and a new edition of this text is more timely and important than ever.

Post-Political and its Discontents

Spaces of Depoliticisation, Spectres of Radical Politics

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Author: Japhy Wilson

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748682988

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 3969

Our age is celebrated as the triumph of liberal democracy. Yet it is also marked by a narrowing of party differences, a decline in voter participation, a rise in nationalist and religious fundamentalisms and an explosion of popular protests that challenge technocratic governance and the power of markets in the name of democracy itself. This book seeks to make sense of this situation by critically engaging with the influential theory of 'the post-political' developed by Chantal Mouffe, Jacques Ranciere, Slavoj ?i?ek and others. Through a multi-dimensional and fiercely contested assessment of contemporary depoliticization, 'The Post-Political and Its Discontents' urges us to confront the closure of our political horizons, and to re-imagine the possibility of emancipatory change.

Life on the Screen

Identity in the Age of the Internet

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Author: Sherry Turkle

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 347

View: 323

Adding a third to Emerson's keys to the nature of humanity--dreams and beasts--the author of The Second Self argues that computers have created dramatic psychological changes in users and in methods of learning and thinking. 25,000 first printing.