Showdown at Gucci Gulch


Author: Alan Murray

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307761746

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 3978

The Tax Reform Act of 1986 was the single most sweeping change in the history of America's income tax. It was also the best political and economic story of its time. Here, in the anecdotal style of The Making of the President, two Wall Street Journal reporters provide the first complete picture of how this tax revolution went from an improbable dream to a widely hailed reality. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Failure of U. S. Tax Policy

Revenue and Politics


Author: Sheldon D. Pollack

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271038896

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 7976

The author examines federal tax policy over the past twenty years, through 1994, and shows how an assortment of players, politicians, and lawyers have made for erratic policy and a tangled tax system, and assesses the idea of a flat tax. UP.

Shifting the Burden

The Struggle Over Growth and Corporate Taxation


Author: Cathie J. Martin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226508320

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 251

View: 2774

Since World War II, the corporate tax burden has, overall, decreased enormously as a percentage of the government's total revenue. Until now, however, no explanation of this phenomenon has accounted for the periodic reforms—such as the dramatic 1986 Tax Reform Act—which significantly increase some corporate taxes. Remarkably accessible and rich in historical evidence, Shifting the Burden is the most compelling explanation to date of how our nation's tax policy is formulated. Cathie J. Martin shows how presidents' cultivation of allies within the business community and struggles within that community itself combine to shape tax policy.

Mr. Chairman

Power in Dan Rostenkowski's America


Author: James L. Merriner

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 9780809322800

Category: History

Page: 333

View: 2766

A sympathetic portrait of the former House Ways and Means Committee chairman who was ousted and indicted in 1994 reveals Rostenkowski as a man who openly sought power and wealth, but who was also victimized by the system he served.

Parallel Politics

Economic Policymaking in Japan and the United States


Author: Samuel Kernell

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815717805

Category: Political Science

Page: 390

View: 2281

While much has been written about economic competition between the United States and Japan, it is easy to lose sight of the fact that their relationship is founded essentially on each sides' domestic political concerns. Many critics have concluded that to gain a new equilibrium in relations, the two counties must develop a sophisticated appreciation of each other's political dynamics. Because budgets, taxes and macroeconomic policy are so central to activities of both governments, this book, by Japanese and American experts, focuses on the role of political institutions in formulating economic policy. Despite the differences in the two counties political systems—one-party/parliamentary versus two-party/presidential—there are striking similarities in the way politics is transacted in Japan and the United States. In particular, politicians in both countries are motivated primarily by the desire to serve local constituencies, which leads to overly parochial public policies. Combining case studies and discussions, the contributors provide an overview of the Japanese and American political systems, particularly those aspects that are most relevant to economic policymaking. In addition, they offer a comparative analysis of the politics of budgeting, tax reform, and structural policies

The Tools of Government

A Guide to the New Governance


Author: Lester M. Salamon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199881278

Category: Political Science

Page: 688

View: 2194

The Tools of Government is the first professional guide to the principles and practices of public administration in an age when governments no longer provide many services--but arrange for others to do so. Characterized by extensive collaboration among levels of government and between government and the private sector, this new approach to solving public problems presents many new important issues. Comprehensive in scope, this new book offers a first hand look at the challenges faced by contracting out to nonprofit and profit sectors for grants, insurance, regulation, vouchers, cooperative arrangements, tax data, grants-in-aid, and others. The chapters examine over 20 different tools in use today and summarizes their basic features, patterns of usage, key tasks, political and substantive rational, and the major management challenges that each one poses. International in coverage and application, this book is ideal for students, teachers, and scholars in public administration, management, public policy, economics, political science, and nonprofit management; managers and heads of state, local, and federal agencies; executives in foundations and other nonprofit organizations; and academic, government, and research libraries.

The Benefit and The Burden

Tax Reform-Why We Need It and What It Will Take


Author: Bruce Bartlett

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1451646267

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 3372

A thoughtful and surprising argument for American tax reform, arguably the most overdue political debate facing the nation, from one of the most respected political and economic thinkers, advisers, and writers of our time. THE UNITED STATES TAX CODE HAS UNDERGONE NO SERIOUS REFORM SINCE 1986. Since then, loopholes, exemptions, credits, and deductions have distorted its clarity, increased its inequity, and frustrated our ability to govern ourselves. By tracing the history of our own tax system and assessing the way other countries have solved similar problems, Bruce Bartlett explores the surprising answers to all these issues, giving a sense of the tax code’s many benefits—and its inevitable burdens. From one of the most respected political and economic thinkers, advisers, and writers of our time, The Benefit and the Burden is a thoughtful and surprising argument for American tax reform.

The Classics of Interest Group Behavior


Author: Robert M. Alexander

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534643843

Category: Political Science

Page: 401

View: 6315

An edited collection of articles on interest group behavior, this reader includes a combination of classic and contemporary readings with topics including group formation and mobilization, group behavior, and influence. An introductory chapter to the book includes a general overview and discussion of research in the area of Interest Groups and in each chapter there is a brief overview to each section, a summary chapter that discusses the future of research as well as suggestions for further reading, including internet resources.




Author: Iain Banks

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641163773

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 987

Eine Reise an die Grenzen des Vorstellbaren In einem entlegenen Sektor des Weltraums taucht eines Tages ein rätselhaftes Artefakt auf – eine riesige schwarze Kugel, die sich allen Kontaktversuchen verweigert. Messungen ergeben, dass das Objekt tausend Milliarden Jahre alt sein muss, älter also als unser Universum. Doch wie ist das möglich? Und wer oder was steckt dahinter?

The Lobbyists

How Influence Peddlers Work Their Way in Washington


Author: Jeffrey Birnbaum

Publisher: Three Rivers Press

ISBN: 0804152306

Category: Political Science

Page: 334

View: 9113

Jeffrey H. Birnbaum's The Lobbyists exposes the world of Washington's most influential players -- the more than eighty thousand who descend upon our national government, informing and bartering with Congress and blocking legislation on behalf of the richest business interests in the country. This acclaimed work -- now with a new introduction that analyzes the changes in lobbying in 1990s -- provides a shocking view of how our government really works.

Ökonomische Theorie der Demokratie


Author: Anthony Downs

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783165290523

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 303

View: 7651

English summary: It was Anthony Downs' objective to create a model dealing with voter and government behavior. In order to do so, he established goals which governments, parties and lobbyists as well as the voters can pursue. To motivate all those concerned, he introduced the self-interest axiom and called for rationality in order to attain these goals. With the help of marginal analysis, each voter determines his/her party differential, which will help to determine each voter's choice at the ballot box and to decide which party's rule will give him/her greater utility in the future. Downs describes how crucial the concept of ideology is to his theory. He maintains that a two-party democracy could not provide stable and effective government unless there is a large measure of ideological consensus amongst its citizens, and that political parties encouraged voters to be irrational by remaining vague and ambiguous. German description: Anthony Downs' inzwischen klassisches Demokratie-Modell des Wahler- und Regierungsverhaltens orientiert sich an der okonomischen Theorie. Er nimmt an, dass politische Parteien und Wahler in der Verfolgung bestimmter, deutlich spezifizierter Ziele optimal handeln. So treffen die Wahler unter Ungewissheit uber den Wahlvorgang und die zukunftige Regierungsbildung ihre Wahl nach dem mutmasslichen Nutzen. Die Regierung versucht, mit Hilfe der Manipulation des Budgets ihre Wiederwahl zu erreichen.Ideologien der Parteien auf der einen Seite, Interessengruppen auf der anderen stellen den Wahlern bzw. der Regierung Informationen zur rationalen Entscheidungsfindung zur Verfugung. Dabei wird deutlich, dass Mehrparteiensysteme und Verhaltniswahlrecht jedes Wahl-Kalkul unlosbar werden lassen. Auf die weiteren Folgerungen fur Demokratie-Forschung und -Verstandnis geht Downs im letzten Teil seines Werkes ausfuhrlich ein.

Geheimakte 16



Author: Steve Berry

Publisher: Blanvalet Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 364120805X

Category: Fiction

Page: 544

View: 4884

Eine Enthüllung, die die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika in den Ruin treiben könnte. Und nur 24 Stunden Zeit, um sie zu verhindern ... Cotton Malone hat sich aus dem aktiven Geheimagentenleben zurückgezogen. Doch dann bittet ihn seine ehemalige Chefin, einen Mann aufzuspüren, der in den Besitz hochbrisanter Geheimakten des amerikanischen Finanzministeriums gekommen ist. In den falschen Händen könnten diese Unterlagen die Vereinigten Staaten in die Knie zwingen. Die Spur führt von Venedigs Kanälen bis nach Nordkorea. Eine nervenzerfetzende Jagd beginnt, denn Malone bleibt nur ein Tag Zeit, um die Katastrophe zu verhindern ...

The Thumpin'

How Rahm Emanuel and the Democrats Learned to Be Ruthless and Ended the Republican Revolution


Author: Naftali Bendavid

Publisher: Doubleday

ISBN: 9780307491923

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 5864

In the 2006 midterm elections, the Democratic party ended twelve years of electoral humiliation by seizing back Congress and putting an end to Republican rule. The Thumpin’ is the story of that historic victory and the man at the center on whom Democratic hopes hinged: Congressman Rahm Emanuel, head of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC). Chicago Tribune reporter Naftali Bendavid had exclusive access to Emanuel and the DCCC in the year and a half leading up to the elections and ended up with the story of a lifetime, the thrilling blow-by-blow account of how Emanuel remade the campaign in his own ferocious image. Responsible for everything from handpicking Congressional candidates to raising money for attack ads, Emanuel, a talented ballet dancer better known in Washington for his extraordinary intensity and his inexhaustible torrents of profanity, threw out the playbook on the way Democrats run elections. Instead of rallying the base, Rahm sought moderate-to-conservative candidates who could attract more traditional voters. Instead of getting caught in the Democrats’ endless arguments about their positions, he went on the attack, personally vilifying Republicans from Tom DeLay to Christopher Shays. And instead of abiding by the gentlemen’s agreements of good-old-boy Washington, he broke them, attacking his counterpart in the Republican party and challenging Howard Dean, the chairman of his own party. In 2005, no one believed victory was within the Democrats’ grasp. But as the months passed, Republicans were caught in wave after wave of scandal, support for the war in Iraq steadily declined, and the president’s poll numbers plummeted. And in Emanuel, the Democrats finally had a killer, a ruthless closer like Karl Rove or Lee Atwater, poised to seize the advantage and deliver what President Bush would call “a thumpin.’” Taking its cues from classic political page-turners like Showdown at Gucci Gulch and documentaries like The War Room, The Thumpin’ takes us inside the key races and the national strategy-making that moved the Democrats from forecasted gains of three seats in 2005 to a sweeping gain of thirty seats when the votes were finally counted. Through this masterful account of Rahm’s rout, Bendavid shows how the lessons the Democrats learned in 2006—to fight for every vote, to abandon litmus tests, and to take no prisoners—will be crucial to the party’s future electoral success, and shape the political course the nation will take in the twenty-first century. From the Hardcover edition.

Applications of Neural Networks


Author: Alan Murray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475723792

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 3419

Applications of Neural Networks gives a detailed description of 13 practical applications of neural networks, selected because the tasks performed by the neural networks are real and significant. The contributions are from leading researchers in neural networks and, as a whole, provide a balanced coverage across a range of application areas and algorithms. The book is divided into three sections. Section A is an introduction to neural networks for nonspecialists. Section B looks at examples of applications using `Supervised Training'. Section C presents a number of examples of `Unsupervised Training'. For neural network enthusiasts and interested, open-minded sceptics. The book leads the latter through the fundamentals into a convincing and varied series of neural success stories -- described carefully and honestly without over-claiming. Applications of Neural Networks is essential reading for all researchers and designers who are tasked with using neural networks in real life applications.

Der Tyrann

Shakespeares Machtkunde für das 21. Jahrhundert


Author: Stephen Greenblatt

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 364122862X

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 7927

Was uns Shakespeare über Trump, Putin und Co. verrät Wie kann es sein, dass eine große Nation in die Hände eines Tyrannen fällt? Warum akzeptieren die Menschen die Lügen eines Mannes, der ihrem Land so offensichtlich schadet? Und gibt es eine Chance, den Tyrannen zu stoppen, ehe es zu spät ist? In seinen Dramen - von "Richard III." bis "Julius Cäsar" - hat sich William Shakespeare immer wieder mit diesen Fragen beschäftigt und vom Aufstieg der Tyrannen, von ihrer Herrschaft und ihrem Niedergang erzählt. Stephen Greenblatt, einer der renommiertesten Shakespeare-Experten unserer Zeit, zeigt uns, wie präzise und anschaulich der Dichter aus Stratford das Wesen der Tyrannei eingefangen hat – und wie erschreckend aktuell uns dies heute erscheint.

Analyzing Intercultural Communication


Author: Karlfried Knapp,Werner Enninger,Annelie Knapp-Potthoff

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110874288

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 327

View: 9941

Die Tragödie des Euro

Ein System zerstört sich selbst


Author: Philipp Bagus

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3862483290

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 205

View: 9280

DAS ENDE DES EURO? Das Projekt Euro steht kurz vor dem Scheitern. Philipp Bagus, Professor für Volkswirtschaft und Experte für Geld- und Konjunkturtheorie, belegt, dass diese Entwicklung eine fast schon logische Folge des intrigenreichen Ursprungs des Euro, seines selbstzerstörerisch angelegten Systems und politischer Einzelinteressen ist. So war es beispielsweise schon bei der Gründung ein vorrangiges Ziel der französischen Politklasse, sich der DM und der »Tyrannei der deutschen Bundesbank« zu entledigen. Die einzelnen Regierungen können sich zudem relativ unkontrolliert des Zentralbankensystems bedienen, um ihre Defizite zu finanzieren. Das Ganze ähnelt einer Notenpresse, aus der sich verschiedene Eigentümer nach Bedarf eindecken. Die Folgen sind die Schuldenkrise, monetäre Umverteilung und die Gefahren einer Transferunion – nicht zuletzt zu Lasten der Deutschen. Die gemeinsame Währung wird somit selbst zum Konflikterzeuger und potenziellen Zerstörer Europas. Der Autor stellt schlüssig dar, welche Auswege und Alternativen den Euro-Ländern noch bleiben.

The Money Men

The Real Story of Fund-raising's Influence on Political Power in America


Author: Jeffrey H. Birnbaum

Publisher: Times Books


Category: Political Science

Page: 287

View: 7175

A revealing look inside the workings of power in American government focuses on the new deal brokers--the people who raise campaign money and the contributors who expect access and even favors in return for their support. 25,000 first printing.

Herrschaft in den Internationalen Beziehungen


Author: Christopher Daase,Nicole Deitelhoff,Ben Kamis,Jannik Pfister,Philip Wallmeier

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658160969

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 7976

Der Band entfaltet eine Herrschaftsperspektive auf die internationalen Beziehungen und diskutiert verschiedene Formen, die Herrschaft im internationalen System annehmen kann, das Verhältnis von Herrschaft und Widerstand und die Konsequenzen, die sich aus einer solchen Perspektive für die Disziplin Internationale Beziehungen ergeben.Das internationale System gilt als der Ort, an dem politische Macht besonders eindrücklich studiert werden kann. Aber haben wir es nur mit Macht und Machtkonkurrenzen zu tun oder sind die Machtasymmetrien nicht längst so sehr verfestigt und institutionalisiert, dass wir von Herrschaftsverhältnissen sprechen sollten?