Servants, Slaves, and Savages

Reflections of Law in American Literature

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Author: Veronica C. Hendrick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781594604423

Category: Law

Page: 139

View: 4467

Various forms of American literature comment upon the legal status of workers and residents, but none are as provocative as the literature discussing slavery and enforced servitude. Whether the literature is an autobiographical account or a contemporary novel, narrative impressions of slave/servant laws are powerfully translated. Equally compelling are the historical underpinnings leading to the development of codes and laws which dictate the rights, or lack thereof, of servants, slaves, and Native American people in the colonial and early American periods. In order to discuss the various intersections of forces that codify the status of individuals within the early American period, this work investigates three distinct yet interrelated areas of American law: the laws of slavery, the laws of servitude, and the laws governing Native American people who often straddle the divide. Although literature does not neatly divide itself according to these categories, a combination of autobiographical and fictional accounts has been selected for this purpose. These accounts reflect or comment upon particular laws that are useful for understanding the stratified system that developed as the nation evolved from a colonial possession into a fledgling, then established, nation. In total, Servants, Slaves, and Savages is offered as an overview of the disparate conditions experienced by European indentured servants, African slaves, and Native Americans while emphasizing commonalities shared among these groups during the colonial and early American periods.

Invisible Masters

Gender, Race, and the Economy of Service in Early New England

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Author: Elisabeth Ceppi

Publisher: Dartmouth College Press

ISBN: 1512602973

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 5745

Invisible Masters rewrites the familiar narrative of the relation between Puritan religious culture and New England's economic culture as a history of the primary discourse that connected them: service. The understanding early Puritans had of themselves as God's servants and earthly masters was shaped by their immersion in an Atlantic culture of service and the worldly pressures and opportunities generated by New England's particular place in it. Concepts of spiritual service and mastery determined Puritan views of the men, women, and children who were servants and slaves in that world. So, too, did these concepts shape the experience of family, labor, law, and economy for those men, women, and children - the very bedrock of their lives. This strikingly original look at Puritan culture will appeal to a wide range of Americanists and historians.

Dismemberment in the Fiction of Toni Morrison

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Author: Jaleel Akhtar

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443861863

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 180

View: 991

Dismemberment in the Fiction of Toni Morrison is a multifaceted study of Toni Morrison’s fiction. It investigates racism and the concomitant experiences of dismemberment in Morrison’s fiction from multiple perspectives, including history, psychology, and culture. Looking at dismemberment from multiple perspectives, rather than the more generic and abstract expression of fragmentation, likens the impact of racism on individuals to the splitting of bodies, amputation, phantom limbs and traumatic memories, and in more concrete and visceral terms. Morrison’s art of story-telling involves an interactive conversation from multiple perspectives, demanding more attentive participation from her readers in deconstructing the meaning of her narratives. Studying her fiction from multiple perspectives suggests various ways of examining the pernicious impact of racism which produces various forms of dismemberment in her characters. This investigation does this without giving prominence to one perspective at the expense of other equally relevant modes of interpretation. Morrison’s depiction of the trauma of racism on the psyche of her characters and the concomitant experiences of dismemberment has its roots in the historical and social realities of African Americans. The psychological impact of racism on Morrison’s characters requires viewing through the lens of the historical and social realities that play a significant role. Morrison enacts racial alienation and dismemberment as complex processes; it is consequently important to look at her project from multiple perspectives. Examining the lived reality of African Americans from only one perspective ignores dismemberment in the light of the socio-political and historical realities of African American experience in the United States, and entails reconsideration of the physical, historical, social and psychological realities. This investigation argues for the importance of combining these historical and psychological, as well as sociocultural, analyses of Morrison’s fiction in order to acquire a more rounded understanding of racism and its debilitating effects on the psyche. By situating Morrison’s fiction within a variety of discourses, this study offers a multifaceted, highly interdisciplinary framework for a more rewarding analysis of her fiction.

Gender and Trauma

Interdisciplinary Dialogues

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Author: Fatima Festić

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443835331

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 9643

This volume presents eight integrated essays that explore the intersection of the scholarly fields of gender and trauma, combining work that can broadly be located in the subject areas of literary studies, the humanities, and the social sciences. The contributors search for a more comprehensive theoretical ground to analyze the overlapping, inter-agency, and also, the lines that separate the issues of gender and trauma, to establish a more political linking of the materiality of the effects of trauma to the performativity of gender, as well as to examine the ways in which the categories of sex, sexual difference and sexual identity figure within such a relationship. Likewise, our discussion is guided by the increasing awareness of the cross-cultural delineation, dynamics, and translatability of these fields – the awareness that facilitates the understanding of the instances of their interference in the rhetoric of a dominant culture and in dominant societal structures. This specific input which refers to structurally quite comparable identity formations or to their prevention, and also to complex terms of symbolic legitimacy and intelligibility, is the attainment of a joined intercultural and interdisciplinary work on some of the key concerns we are confronting today.

The English Empire in America, 1602-1658

Beyond Jamestown

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Author: L H Roper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317313860

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 6044

This study situates the colonization of Virginia, the centrepiece of early English overseas settlement activity, in the social and political landscape of the early seventeenth century.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

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Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 1589

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

The Heath anthology of American literature

The colonial period : to 1700. The colonial period : 1700-1800. Early nineteenth century : 1800-1865

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Author: Paul Lauter,Juan Bruce Novoa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fiction

Page: 2935

View: 762

Readings from American Literature

A Textbook for Schools and Colleges

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Author: Mary Edwards Calhoun,Emma Leonora MacAlarney

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: 635

View: 8146

The Gold and Silver Road of Trade and Friendship

The McLeod and Richardson Diplomatic Missions to Tai States in 1837

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Author: Volker Grabowsky,Andrew Turton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789749575093

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 3451

: When British diplomats Captain William Couperus McLeod and Dr. David Richardson set out on their missions to the Tai states, their aim was trade and friendship. They traveled on elephants, horses, and in the caravans of traders to the present-day regions of the Shan States in Burma, northern Thailand, and Sipsong Panna in China. The first Europeans to officially visit the region, they were fluent in Burmese and had a basic knowledge of Tai. They wrote superbly of their journeys and diplomatic exchanges. Their journals are published here in full, with detailed notes, for the first time.

Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

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Author: Charles Reagan Wilson,William R. Ferris

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 1634

View: 2287

Offers a large-scale, detailed portrait of life and culture in the Southern United States. Bibliogs