Self, Social Structure, and Beliefs

Explorations in Sociology

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Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander,Gary T. Marx,Christine L. Williams

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520241374

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 1916

Annotation This is an exploration of the creative work done by leading sociologists who were inspired by the scholarship of Neil Smelser.

Social Science Theories in Adult Education Research

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Author: Agnieszka Bron,Michael Schemmann

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825857875

Category: Education

Page: 338

View: 927

The relationship between adult education research and theory is one of tension. On the one hand, there are several empirical studies carried out without any theoretical guidance. On the other hand, there is theorizing and theory building taking place without any empirical support. Social Science Theories in Adult Education Research, the third volume of the Bochum Studies in International Adult Education series, pleads for the importance of the combination of empirical and theoretical work in a symbiotic way. Good empirical studies need theoretical guidance and good theory building needs a solid empirical basis; thus the book explores and displays the most often used theories and theoretical perspectives in adult education research in the last decade within the European discourse and analyzes their potentials for adult education research. The chapters presented in this volume have a more or less similar underlying structure. They display the most important contours of the theory or perspective in question; they analyze and discuss the relation to adult education research, focusing on examples of other researcher's work; and they give an outlook on what can be expected of the respective paradigm's in the future.

From Communists to Foreign Capitalists

The Social Foundations of Foreign Direct Investment in Postsocialist Europe

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Author: Nina Bandelj

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841259

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 2188

From Communists to Foreign Capitalists explores the intersections of two momentous changes in the late twentieth century: the fall of Communism and the rise of globalization. Delving into the economic change that accompanied these shifts in central and Eastern Europe, Nina Bandelj presents a pioneering sociological treatment of the process of foreign direct investment (FDI). She demonstrates how both investors and hosts rely on social networks, institutions, politics, and cultural understandings to make decisions about investment, employing practical rather than rational economic strategies to deal with the true uncertainty that plagues the postsocialist environment. The book explores how eleven postsocialist countries address the very idea of FDI as an integral part of their market transition. The inflows of foreign capital after the collapse of Communism resulted not from the withdrawal of states from the economy, as is commonly expected, but rather from the active involvement of postsocialist states in institutionalizing and legitimizing FDI. Using a wide array of data sources, and combining a macro-level account of national variation in the liberalization to foreign capital with a micro-level account of FDI transactions in the decade following the collapse of Communism in 1989, the book reveals how social forces not only constrain economic transformations but also make them possible. From Communists to Foreign Capitalists is a welcome addition to the growing literature on the social processes that shape economic life.

Social Structure and Aging

Psychological Processes

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Author: Klaus Warner Schaie,Carmi Schooler

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780805800937

Category: Psychology

Page: 265

View: 7357

This volume presents a systematic examination of the impact of social structures on individual behaviors and on their development in adulthood and old age. These papers and responses attempt to improve the reciprocal relationship between changes in social macro- and micro-structures and the process of psychological development in relation to issues of human aging. Using and combining concepts and data from various fields, this research promotes a better understanding of the effects of demographic patterns and social structures on the psychological development of adults.

Self and Society

Narcissism, Collectivism, and the Development of Morals

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Author: Drew Westen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521317702

Category: Psychology

Page: 438

View: 9127

The relation between individual and collective processes is central to the social sciences, yet difficult to conceptualize because of the necessity of crossing disciplinary boundaries. The result is that researchers in different disciplines construct their own implicit, and often unsatisfactory, models of either individual or collective phenomena, which in turn influence their theoretical and empirical work. In this book, Drew Westen attempts to cross these boundaries, proposing an interdisciplinary approach to personality, to culture, and to the relation between the two. Part I of the book sets forth a model of personality that integrates psychodynamic analysis with an understanding of cognitively mediated conditioning and social learning. In Part II, Westen offers a view of culture that blends symbolic and materialist modes of discourse, examining the role of both ideals and 'material' needs in motivating symbolic as well as concrete social structural processes. In Part III, he combines these models of personality and culture through an examination of cultural evolution and stasis, identity and historical change, and the impact of technological development on personality. Throughout the book, Westen provides reviews of the state of the art in a variety of fields, including personality theory, moral development, ego development, and culture theory. He also addresses and recasts central issues in psychology, sociology, anthropology, and social theory, such as the relations between emotion and cognition; social learning and psychodynamics; ideals and material forces; and individual and collective action. His book will appeal to students and scholars in all the social sciences, as well as to any reader concerned with understanding the relation between individuals and the world in which they live.

Social Structures, Aging, and Self-Regulation in the Elderly

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Author: K. Warner Schaie, PhD,Laura L. Carstensen, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826124128

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9871

This collection considers ways in which societal contexts influence aging by influencing self-regulatory processes. No one doubts that the social contexts in which individuals develop exert strong influence on life trajectories. Those born into environments that provide high quality education, supportive social relations, and economic assets do better in old age than those born into environments bereft of such resources. The extent of this influence, however, is only beginning to be revealed. Recent research shows that life experiences influence basic brain structures (e.g. the effect of musical training on neural organization) and functions (e.g. inflammatory processes), and that social embeddedness may even protect against Alzheimer's disease. Similarly, education increasingly appears to have a "real" effect on neural integrity. Thus, societal contexts may not simply open or close doors for individuals, but may influence self-regulatory processes at the most basic levels of functioning. Although social structures are generally seen as the independent variables that affect individual aging, it is also possible to think of a lifetime development of self-regulatory processes leading to behaviors in old age that can have impact on and modify societal structures. Two parts of this book consider self-regulation as the dependent variable, asking how social contexts influence cognitive, emotional, and self-regulatory processes. The third part reverses the question, treating self-regulation as the independent variable and retirement and physical health as dependent variables. In this part, consideration is given to how the effectiveness of self-regulation influences physical and economic outcomes in old age.

Knowledge, Beliefs and Economics

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Author: R. Arena

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1847201539

Category: Economics

Page: 288

View: 7531

The contributors to this book also suggest the need for a more integrated perspective on the meaning, as well as the role, of knowledge and beliefs in economics in the future. Possible lines of future research such as the extension of the concept of rationality in economics or the focus on cognitive processes in economic action are discussed.

Belief and Organization

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Author: P. Case,H. Höpfl,H. Letiche

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137263105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 234

View: 310

Examines the alternative belief systems which contemporary organizational actors live by and through which they seek to find meaning within the dominant (neo)capitalist social order. This volume marks an attempt to move the study of belief forward within management and organization studies.

Beliefs and self-help

cross-cultural perspectives and approaches

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Author: George H. Weber,Lucy Cohen

Publisher: Human Sciences Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 359

View: 5417

Human Beliefs and Values

A Cross-cultural Sourcebook Based on the 1999-2002 Values Surveys

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Author: Ronald Inglehart

Publisher: Siglo XXI

ISBN: 9682325021

Category: Social Science

Page: 498

View: 3096

Social psychology of identity and the self concept

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Author: Glynis Marie Breakwell

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 271

View: 2283

This volume presents state-of-the-art reviews of social psychological theories and empirical research on the self-concept bringing togetherresearchers from a variety of theoretical traditions to debate current issues. It attempts to allow conflicting perspectives to be voiced and some syntheses to be achieved and aims to provide a framework for theorizing the self-concept which will be at the centre of research in the 1990s. The focus in the papers is upon the social and psychological processes which act to shape the structure and content of the self-concept. Contributors examine the effects of social identification and group membership, the motivated historical reconstruction of self-representations, the relationship between decision-making andself-conceptualization, the role of stereotyping in self-concept development and the way self-evaluation is reflected in social beliefs and activities.Most discuss problems in measuring the self-concept and self-evaluation and a broad range of methodologies will be described. They additionally explore how the self-concept responds to various threats of challenges emanating from the social environment (eg. being stigmatized, for instance, as a result of breaking key social norms or intergroup hostility). Dimensions of the self-concept which will be considered directly include gender, age, ethnicity and religion.

Self-Care Science, Nursing Theory and Evidence-Based Practice

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Author: Katherine Renpenning, MScN,Susan Gebhardt Taylor, MSN, PhD, FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107796

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 8997

"This is an excellent review of the development of self-care deficit theory and the use of self-care in nursing practice. Explanations of the various theories and theory terms are well done and written at a level that novice theorists can relate to. The authors demonstrate how self-care science can be fiscally and effectively applied to the care of patients/clients."--Doody's Medical Reviews Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Theory has been used as a foundation for nursing practice in healthcare institutions and as the basis of curricula in nursing schools for decades. This book explores the high-level theory of the application of Orem's Self-Care Theory, and how it can improve patient outcomes as well as cost-effectiveness of nursing care delivery. Written for nursing theorists, researchers, administrators, and graduate students, the text addresses the relationship of self-care theory and evidence-based care in nursing, and provides a solution to improving contemporary healthcare outcomes. The book is divided into three sections. Section one discusses the reason for the existence of the nursing profession, and identifies the performance of self-care. Section two covers three nursing practice sciences-wholly compensatory nursing, partly compensatory nursing, and supportive educative nursing. Section three offer suggestions on how health care organizations can incorporate this broadened perspective of what constitutes evidence based practice and on-going research methodology into every-day delivery of nursing services. Key Features: Includes case examples to illustrate the application of theory to nursing practice Provides a current, cost-effective resource for implementing Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory for effective evidence-based practice Builds the link between the application of Orem's Self Care Theory and improved patient and fiscal healthcare outcomes

Handbook of Social Work Practice with Vulnerable and Resilient Populations

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Author: Alex Gitterman

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231537018

Category: Social Science

Page: 896

View: 7593

When community and family support systems are weak or unavailable, and when internal resources fail, populations that struggle with chronic, persistent, acute, and/or unexpected problems become vulnerable to physical, cognitive, emotional, and social deterioration. Yet despite numerous risk factors, a large number of vulnerable people do live happy and productive lives. This best-selling handbook examines not only risk and vulnerability factors in disadvantaged populations but also resilience and protective strategies for managing and overcoming adversity. This third edition reflects new demographic data, research findings, and theoretical developments and accounts for changing economic and political realities, including immigration and health care policy reforms. Contributors have expanded their essays to include practice with individuals, families, and groups, and new chapters consider working with military members and their families, victims and survivors of terrorism and torture, bullied children, and young men of color.

Escaping Alienation

A Philosophy of Alienation and Dealienation

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Author: Warren Frederick Morris

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761822202

Category: Philosophy

Page: 350

View: 7670

Finally, a prescription for overcoming alienation is provided in terms of socialization and the development of freedom and rationality for every individual."--BOOK JACKET.

Anthropology, Ecology, and Anarchism

A Brian Morris Reader

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Author: Brian Morris

Publisher: PM Press

ISBN: 1604869860

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8393

Over the course of a long career, Brian Morris has created an impressive body of engaging and insightful writings—from social anthropology and ethnography to politics, history, and philosophy—that is accessible to the layperson without sacrificing analytical rigor. But until now, the essays collected here, originally published in obscure journals and political magazines, have been largely unavailable to the broad readership to which they are so naturally suited. The opposite of arcane, specialized writing, Morris’s work takes an interdisciplinary approach that offers connections between various scholarly interests and anarchist politics and thought. There is a long history of anarchist writers drawing upon works in a range of fields, and Morris’s essays both explore past connections and suggest ways that broad currents of anarchist thought will have new and ever-emerging relevance for anthropology and many other ways of understanding social relationships.

Culture and Social Behavior

The Ontario Symposium

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Author: Richard M. Sorrentino,Dov Cohen,James M. Olson,Mark P. Zanna

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135617910

Category: Mathematics

Page: 12

View: 8041

Cross-cultural differences have many important implications for social identity, social cognition, and interpersonal behavior. The 10th volume of the Ontario Symposia on Personality and Social Psychology focuses on East-West cultural differences and similarities and how this research can be applied to cross-cultural studies in general. Culture and Social Behavior covers a range of topics from differences in basic cognitive processes to broad level cultural syndromes that pervade social arrangements, laws, and public representations. Leading researchers in the study of culture and psychology describe their work and their current perspective on the important questions facing the field. Pioneers in the field such as Harry Triandis and Michael Bond present their work, along with those who represent some newer approaches to the study of culture. Richard E. Nisbett concludes the book by discussing the historical development of the field and an examination of which aspects of culture are universal and which are culture-specific. By illustrating both the diversity and vitality of research on the psychology of culture and social behavior, the editors hope this volume will stimulate further research from psychologists of many cultural traditions. Understanding cultural differences is now more important than ever due to their potential to spark conflict, violence, and aggression. As such, this volume is a "must have" for cultural researchers including those in social, cultural, and personality psychology, and interpersonal, cultural, and political communication, anthropology, and sociology.

Solidarity in Health and Social Care in Europe

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Author: Will Arts,R. Muffels

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402001642

Category: Medical

Page: 506

View: 9586

OF 'SOLIDARITY' IN UK SOCIAL WELFARE Here then, perhaps, is a British version of solidarity in social welfare, but early there are strong tensions between the powerfully liberal individualistic strands of the British understanding of the functions of the state and the socialistic or communitarian tendency of a commitment to universal welfare provision. In the search for the roots of this understanding of welfare we shall survey, fitst, the historical background to these tensions in some early British political philosophers, starting with Hobbes and ending with Mill. We then consider the philosophical and social influences on the Beveridge Report itself, and we will trace the emergence of the philosophy of the welfare state in the era following the Second World War. Finally we consider the contemporary debate, as it relates to the 'Third Way' thinking of New Labour. 2. A mSTORICAL SKETCH In the previous section we observed that the philosophy underlying the Beveridge Report could be described as 'liberal collectivism'. What are the historical antecedents of this strange amalgam of individualism and collectivism? Within the short scope of this chapter, any account of the philosophical history must be little more than a sketch, but we can perhaps understand most debates in British socio-political thought as a continuing dialogue with the well known claim of Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan that all political institutions are founded on egoistic motives.

Emotion and Social Structures

The Affective Foundations of Social Order

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Author: Christian von Scheve

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317577760

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 3409

The past decades have seen significant advances in the sociological understanding of human emotion. Sociology has shown how culture and society shape our emotions and how emotions contribute to micro- and macro-social processes. At the same time, the behavioral sciences have made progress in understanding emotion at the level of the individual mind and body. Emotion and Social Structures embraces both perspectives to uncover the fundamental role of affect and emotion in the emergence and reproduction of social order. How do culture and social structure influence the cognitive and bodily basis of emotion? How do large-scale patterns of feeling emerge? And how do emotions promote the coordination of social action and interaction? Integrating theories and evidence from disciplines such as psychology, cognitive science, and neuroscience, Christian von Scheve argues for a sociological understanding of emotion as a bi-directional mediator between social action and social structure. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of the sociology of emotion, microsociology, and cognitive sociology, as well as social psychology, cognitive science, and affective neuroscience.

Literacy Matters

Writing and Reading the Social Self

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Author: Robert Yagelski

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807738924

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 214

View: 5483

Literacy can empower students, but it may also limit their understanding if taught without regard for the context of their lives. Using his encounters with students, in high school, college, and state prison classrooms, as well as his own experience, Robert Yagelski looks at the sometimes ambiguous role of literacy in our lives and examines the mismatch between conventional approaches to teaching literacy and the literacy needs of students in a rapidly changing, increasingly technological world. He asserts that ultimately, the most important job of the English teacher is to reveal to students ways they can participate in the discourse that shapes their lives, and he offers a timely look at how technology has influenced the way we write and read. The scope of this fascinating book reaches beyond the classroom and offers insight about what it means to be "literate" in an economically driven, dynamic society. Addressing earlier works on the subject of literacy, as well as the ideas of theorists such as Foucault, this perceptive work has much to offer educators and anyone seeking to understand the nature of literacy itself.

The Structure and Development of Self-consciousness

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

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Author: Dan Zahavi,Thor Grünbaum,Josef Parnas

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9781588115713

Category: Psychology

Page: 160

View: 3887

Annotation "This volume presents essays on self-consciousness by prominent psychologists, cognitive neurologists, and philosophers. The different contributions in the volume amply demonstrate that self-consciousness is a complex multifaceted phenomenon that calls for an integration of different complementary interdisciplinary perspectives."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved